玉造 博夢; 村上 洋一*; 倉本 義夫*; 佐賀山 基*; 松浦 直人*; 川北 至信; 松石 聡*; 鷲尾 康仁*; 井下 猛*; 浜田 典昭*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(22), p.224406_1 - 224406_5, 2020/12
Magnetic excitations in layered electride YC have been found by inelastic neutron scattering. We have observed weak but clear magnetic scattering around the wave number , but no magnetic order down to the lowest temperature measured (7 K). The imaginary part of the dynamical susceptibility deduced is well described by the Lorentz function of energy for each momentum . The width of the Lorentzian is proportional to with at K. We have also found that with increasing the magnetic form factor decays faster than that of a electron in a single Y atom, which indicates a more extended magnetic moment in YC. These results provide experimental evidence that the itinerant magnetism in YC originates from the anionic electrons that reside in the interlayers. The Curie-Weiss-like behavior of the magnetic susceptibility reported in YC is ascribed to the mode coupling effects of spin fluctuations.
Zhang, D.*; Hu, X.*; Chen, T.*; Abernathy, D. L.*; 梶本 亮一; 中村 充孝; 古府 麻衣子; Foley, B. J.*; Yoon, M.*; Choi, J. J.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(22), p.224310_1 - 224310_10, 2020/12
The long carrier lifetime and defect tolerance in metal halide perovskites (MHPs) are major contributors to the superb performance of MHP optoelectronic devices. Large polarons were reported to be responsible for the long carrier lifetime. Yet microscopic mechanisms of the large polaron formation, including the so-called phonon melting, are still under debate. Here, time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering experiments and first-principles density-functional theory calculations were employed to investigate the lattice vibrations (or phonon dynamics) in methylammonium lead iodide, a prototypical example of MHPs. Our findings are that optical phonons lose temporal coherence gradually with increasing temperature which vanishes at the orthorhombic-to-tetragonal structural phase transition. Surprisingly, however, we found that the spatial coherence is still retained throughout the decoherence process. We argue that the temporally decoherent and spatially coherent vibrations contribute to the formation of large polarons in this metal halide perovskite.
川上 洋平*; 原田 正康*; 岡 眞; 鈴木 渓
Physical Review D, 102(11), p.114004_1 - 114004_9, 2020/12
Fleurence, A.*; Lee, C.-C.*; Friedlein, R.*; 深谷 有喜; 吉本 真也*; 向井 孝三*; 山根 宏之*; 小杉 信博*; 吉信 淳*; 尾崎 泰助*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(20), p.201102_1 - 201102_6, 2020/11
Vermeulen, M. J.; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Kean, K. R.; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Tsekhanovich, I.*; Andreyev, A. N.; 石崎 翔馬*; et al.
Physical Review C, 102(5), p.054610_1 - 054610_11, 2020/11
Fission fragment mass distributions for 23 nuclei (U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm, and Bk) were measured using the multi-nucleon transfer approach in the reaction of O+Np, and their excitation-energy dependence was obtained up to a maximum of 70 MeV. Among them, the low energy fission of Np, Pu, and Cm is reported for the first time. The experimental data for all the studied nuclei were compared to the Langevin calculations. The calculation which takes into account the effects of multi-chance fission well reproduced the peak-to-valley ratio and mass-asymmetric peak positions of the distributions. The angular momenta given to the fissioning nucleus is also discussed.
Carroll, R. J.*; Podolyk, Zs.*; Berry, T.*; Grawe, H.*; Alexander, T.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ansari, S.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Brunet, M.*; Creswell, J. R.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 125(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_6, 2020/11
The decay of Hg into the one-proton hole, one neutron-particle Tl nucleus was investigated at CERN-ISOLDE. Shell-model calculations describe well the level scheme deduced, validating the proton-neutron interactions used, with implications for the whole of the , quadrant of neutron-rich nuclei. While both negative and positive parity states with spin 0 and 1 are expected within the window, only three negative parity states are populated directly in the decay. The data provide a unique test of the competition between allowed Gamow-Teller and Fermi, and first-forbidden decays, essential for the understanding of the nucleosynthesis of heavy nuclei in the rapid neutron capture process. Furthermore, the observation of the parity changing decay where the daughter state is core excited is unique, and can provide information on mesonic corrections of effective operators.
大場 洋次郎; 足立 望*; 戸高 義一*; Gilbert, E. P.*; 間宮 広明*
Physical Review Research (Internet), 2(3), p.033473_1 - 033473_6, 2020/11
Formation of nanosized spin misalignment was found in pure iron processed by high-pressure torsion straining. The small-angle neutron scattering profiles show that the spin misalignment remains in magnetic field up to 10 T, whereas the magnetization is almost saturated below 1 T based on the magnetic measurement. These results indicates that anomalous magnetic anisotropy is induced in pure iron via the high-pressure torsion straining.
斎藤 祐児; 藤原 秀紀*; 保井 晃*; 門野 利治*; 菅原 仁*; 菊地 大輔*; 佐藤 英行*; 菅 滋正*; 山崎 篤志*; 関山 明*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(16), p.165152_1 - 165152_8, 2020/10
Through a high-precision soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) study of the intermediate-valence compound SmOsSb, we show our successful approach of revealing unprecedented details of Kondo screening below a characteristic temperature of 20 K in the paramagnetic phase. The multiplet XMCD structure at the Sm edge sensitive to the 4 configuration enabled us to observe a clear difference between the temperature evolution above and below with one- and two-component behavior, respectively. Our findings are in strong contrast to the conventional Kondo crossover that coincides with the valence transition, but are qualitatively accounted for by theoretical XMCD predictions combined with the two-fluid phenomenology recently proposed. This work contributes to the large context of Kondo physics that is closely related to quantum criticality in heavy fermion systems.
永井 泰樹*; 木下 充隆*; 井頭 政之*; 延原 由利子*; 牧井 宏之; 三島 賢二*; 嶋 達志*; Mengoni, A.*
Physical Review C, 102(4), p.044616_1 - 044616_8, 2020/10
We measured the total capture cross section of the OO reaction, as well as partial cross sections leading to the ground ( and first excited ( states in O. The measurement was carried out at average neutron energies of 157, 349, 398, 427, 468, 498, and 556 keV by using pulsed neutrons produced via the LiBe reaction and a -ray detection system based on an anti-Compton NaI(Tl) spectrometer. We observed the interference effect between the resonance state at 4554 keV of O, corresponding to a neutron energy of 411 keV in the center-of-mass system, and a non-resonant contribution in the capture process. The measured partial cross sections are in good agreement with theoretical calculations obtained taking into account the interference between the resonance and a non-resonant p-wave direct radiative capture contribution. Using the present results, together with our previous measurement, we derived the Maxwellian-averaged capture cross sections (MACS) for thermal energies between kT = 5 and 100 keV, key quantities for process nucleosynthesis studies in massive stars.
Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Heberger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; Heinz, S.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Lommel, B.*; Mann, R.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 102(4), p.044312_1 - 044312_8, 2020/10
Nuclear structure of Fm, Fm, and their daughter nuclei were investigated via detection of their radioactive decays, , , and spontaneous fission. Measured -decay energies, half-lives, and branching ratios improve the literature data significantly. A signature for detection of the hitherto unknown Cm was found in the -decay chains from Fm. Two groups of events with average energies of 6.69(2) MeV and 7.01(2) MeV and with a half-life of = 300, s are suggested to originate from Cm. Tentative decay schemes for Fm, Cf, Cm, and Fm, Cf isotopes are suggested based on the present experimental data. Systematical trends of single-particle states in =141 isotones of = 92-98 nuclei are discussed.
Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Manea, V.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; 他39名*
Physical Review C, 102(4), p.044332_1 - 044332_12, 2020/10
A comprehensive study of the isotope Au has been made at the CERN-ISOLDE facility, using resonance laser ionization. Two long-lived states in Au were identified - a low-spin ground state and a high-spin isomer - each of which were produced as pure beams. Using the ISOLTRAP precision Penning trap, the excitation energy of the isomeric state in Au was determined to be 189(14) keV. The -decay fine structure patterns of the two states were studied using the Windmill decay station, providing information on the low-lying states in the daughter nucleus Ir. Nuclear spin assignments of Au and Au are made based on the observed -decay feeding and hyperfine structure intensity patterns.
仲田 光樹; 高吉 慎太郎*
Physical Review B, 102(9), p.094417_1 - 094417_11, 2020/09
いわゆる光学的Barnett効果[A. Rebei and J. Hohlfeld, Phys. Lett. A 372, 1915 (2008); J. Appl. Phys. 103, 07B118 (2008)], i.e., 円偏光レーザー誘起磁化成長[S. Takayoshi et al., Phys. Rev. B 90, 214413 (2014); S. Takayoshi et al., Phys. Rev. B 90, 085150 (2014)]をフェリ磁性絶縁体に応用し、THz領域におけるマグノン凝縮機構を微視的に解明した。これはBose統計に従うマグノンに特有の巨視的量子効果である。本研究が提供するTHzマグノン凝縮体を活用することで、従来の強磁性絶縁体中のものよりはるかに高速のスピン輸送「巨視的量子干渉効果によるJosephsonスピン流」を実現することができる。
植田 寛和; 笹川 裕矢*; Ivanov, D.*; 大野 哲*; 小倉 正平*; 福谷 克之
Physical Review B, 102(12), p.121407_1 - 121407_5, 2020/09
Ciccarelli, M.*; 湊 太志; 内藤 智也*
Physical Review C, 102(3), p.034306_1 - 034306_9, 2020/09
The isotope Mo, the generator of Tc used for diagnostic imaging, is supplied by extracting from fission fragments of highly enriched uranium in reactors. However, a reactor-free production method of Mo is searched over the world from the point of view of nuclear proliferation. Recently, Mo production through a muon capture reaction was proposed and it was found that about 50% of Mo turned into Mo through Mo reaction. However, the detailed physical process of the muon capture reaction is not completely understood. We, therefore, study the muon capture reaction of Mo by a theoretical approach. We used the QRPA to calculate the muon capture rate. The muon wave function is calculated with considering the electronic distribution of the atom and the nuclear charge distribution. The particle evaporation process from the daughter nucleus is calculated by the Hauser-Feshbach statistical model. From the model calculation, about 38% of Mo is converted to Mo through the muon capture reaction, which is in a reasonable agreement with the experimental data. It is revealed that negative parity states, especially state, play an important role in Mo Nb. Isotope production by the muon capture reaction strongly depends on the nuclear structure. To understand the mechanism, excitation energy functions have to be known microscopically.
Bahtiyar, H.*; Can, K. U.*; Erkol, G.*; Gubler, P.; 岡 眞; 高橋 徹*
Physical Review D, 102(5), p.054513_1 - 054513_18, 2020/09
Prez Snchez, R.*; Jurado, B.*; Mot, V.*; Roig, O.*; Dupuis, M.*; Bouland, O.*; Denis-Petit, D.*; Marini, P.*; Mathieu, L.*; Tsekhanovich, I.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 125(12), p.122502_1 - 122502_5, 2020/09
Reliable neutron-induced-reaction cross sections of unstable nuclei are essential for nuclear astrophysics and applications but their direct measurement is often impossible. The surrogate-reaction method is one of the most promising alternatives to access these cross sections. In this work, we successfully applied the surrogate-reaction method to infer for the first time both the neutron-induced fission and radiative capture cross sections of Pu in a consistent manner from a single measurement. This was achieved by combining simultaneously measured fission and -emission probabilities for the Pu(He, He') surrogate reaction with a calculation of the angular-momentum and parity distributions populated in this reaction. While other experiments measure the probabilities for some selected -ray transitions, we measure the -emission probability. This enlarges the applicability of the surrogate-reaction method.
吉川 智己*; Antonov, V. N.*; 河野 嵩*; 鹿子木 将明*; 角田 一樹; 宮本 幸治*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 後藤 一希*; 桜庭 裕弥*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(6), p.064428_1 - 064428_7, 2020/08
X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectroscopy were applied at the Ge (Ga) edge to unravel the spin-resolved unoccupied electronic states of CoMnGe (Ga). Complicated spectral features were observed in both XAS and XMCD spectra. For their interpretation, we compared the experimental XAS and XMCD spectra with the calculated Ge (Ga) 4 and 4 orbital partial density of states. The comparison enabled a qualitative explanation of the XMCD spectra as the difference between the majority and minority-spin unoccupied density of states summed over the 4 and 4 orbitals. Our finding provides a new approach to uncover the spin-split partial density of states above the Fermi level.
上地 昇一*; 大山 研司*; 福本 陽平*; 金澤 雄輝*; 八方 直久*; 原田 正英; 稲村 泰弘; 及川 健一; 松浦 航*; 伊賀 文俊*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(5), p.054104_1 - 054104_10, 2020/08
We have succeeded in visualizing the local atomic structures around Sm in B ( =Yb, La), in which a rareearth atom is located in the boron cage, using the newly developed technique for local structure investigations, multiple-wavelength neutron holography in a pulsed neutron facility. From the local atomic structures, we were able to clarify the behavior of Sm in the boron cage. Doped Sm in YbB fluctuates within the boron cage with a mean displacement of 0.25(4) , while that of Sm in LaB is approximately 0.15 . The Sm doping causes the fluctuation of the first-nearest-neighbor B with a mean displacement of 0.28 , while its effect on La, Yb, and the rest of the boron atoms is negligible. These are the first observations of the local behavior of doped rare-earth atoms and B in rare-earth borides with boron cages.
田屋 英俊*; Park, A.*; Cho, S.*; Gubler, P.; 服部 恒一*; Hong, J.*; Huang, X.-G.*; Lee, S. H.*; 門内 明彦*; 大西 明*; et al.
Physical Review C, 102(2), p.021901_1 - 021901_6, 2020/08
We investigate the hadron production from the vortical quark-gluon plasma created in heavy-ion collisions. Based on the quark-coalescence and statistical hadronization models, we show that total hadron yields summed over the spin components are enhanced by the local vorticity with quadratic dependence. The enhancement factor amounts to be a few percent and may be detectable within current experimental sensitivities. We also show that the effect is stronger for hadrons with larger spin, and thus propose a new signature of the local vorticity, which may be detected by the yield ratio of distinct hadron species having different spins such as and . The vorticity dependence of hadron yields seems robust, with consistent predictions in both of the hadron production mechanisms for reasonable values of the vorticity strength estimated for heavy-ion collisions.