※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
検索結果: 443 件中 1件目~20件目を表示


Initialising ...



Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...



One fixed point can hide another one; Nonperturbative behavior of the tetracritical fixed point of O($$N$$) models at large $$N$$

藪中 俊介; Delamotte, B.*

Physical Review Letters, 130(26), p.261602_1 - 261602_6, 2023/06

We show that at $$N=infty$$ and below its upper critical dimension, $$d<d_{rm up}$$, the critical and tetracritical behaviors of the O$$(N)$$ models are associated with the same renormalization group fixed point (FP) potential. Only their derivatives make them different with the subtleties that taking their $$Ntoinfty$$ limit and deriving them do not commute and that two relevant eigenperturbations show singularities. This invalidates both the $$epsilon$$- and the $$1/N$$- expansions. We also show how the Bardeen-Moshe-Bander line of tetracritical FPs at $$N=infty$$ and $$d=d_{rm up}$$ can be understood from a finite-$$N$$ analysis.


Field induced multiple superconducting phases in UTe$$_2$$ along hard magnetic axis

酒井 宏典; 常盤 欣文; Opletal, P.; 木俣 基*; 淡路 智*; 佐々木 孝彦*; 青木 大*; 神戸 振作; 徳永 陽; 芳賀 芳範

Physical Review Letters, 130(19), p.196002_1 - 196002_6, 2023/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$T_{rm c}$$=2.1Kのウラン2テルル化物単結晶における超伝導相図を磁気困難軸である結晶$$b$$軸方向に磁場をかけて調べた。電気抵抗と交流帯磁率を同時に測定した結果、低磁場超伝導(LFSC)相と高磁場超伝導(HFSC)相が、対照的な磁場-角度依存性をもつことがわかった。結晶の純良性が上がったことにより、LFSC相の上部臨界磁場は上昇したものの、HFSC相が現れる特徴磁場$$H^{ast}$$は、単結晶の純良性に関わらず、15Tと一定であることがわかった。また、$$H^{ast}$$近傍のLFSC相内に、弱い渦糸ピン留め力で特徴づけられる中間超伝導相を示唆する新たな相線の形跡を捉えた。


Superfluid signatures in a dissipative quantum point contact

Huang, M.-Z.*; Mohan, J.*; Visuri, A.-M.*; Fabritius, P.*; Talebi, M.*; Wili, S.*; 内野 瞬; Giamarchi, T.*; Esslinger, T.*

Physical Review Letters, 130(20), p.200404_1 - 200404_8, 2023/05

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:78.9(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Proof-of-principle experiment for testing strong-field quantum electrodynamics with exotic atoms; High precision X-ray spectroscopy of muonic neon

奥村 拓馬*; 橋本 直; 他40名*

Physical Review Letters, 130(17), p.173001_1 - 173001_7, 2023/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:78.9(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

To test bound-state quantum electrodynamics (BSQED) in the strong-field regime, we have performed high-precision X-ray spectroscopy of the 5$$g$$-4$$f$$ and 5$$f$$-4$$d$$ transitions (BSQED contribution of 2.4 eV and 5.2 eV, respectively) of muonic neon atoms in the low-pressure gas phase without bound electrons. Muonic atoms have been recently proposed as an alternative to few-electron high-Z ions for BSQED tests by focusing on circular Rydberg states where nuclear contributions are negligibly small. We determined the $$5g_{9/2}$$-$$4f_{7/2}$$ transition energy to be 6297.08 $$pm$$ 0.04 (stat.) $$pm$$ 0.13 (syst.) eV using superconducting transition-edge sensor microcalorimeters (5.2-5.5 eV FWHM resolution), which agrees well with the most advanced BSQED theoretical prediction of 6297.26 eV.


Multiple mechanisms in proton-induced nucleon removal at $$sim$$100 MeV/nucleon

Pohl, T.*; Sun, Y. L.*; Obertelli, A.*; Lee, J.*; G$'o$mez-Ramos, M.*; 緒方 一介*; 吉田 数貴; Cai, B. S.*; Yuan, C. X.*; Brown, B. A.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 130(17), p.172501_1 - 172501_8, 2023/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:92.17(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Magnonic Casimir effect in ferrimagnets

仲田 光樹; 鈴木 渓

Physical Review Letters, 130(9), p.096702_1 - 096702_6, 2023/03



Nonlinear magnon polaritons

Lee, O.*; 山本 慧; 埋田 真樹; Zollitsch, C. W.*; Elyasi, M.*; 吉川 貴史*; 齊藤 英治; Bauer, G. E. W.*; 紅林 秀和*

Physical Review Letters, 130(4), p.046703_1 - 046703_6, 2023/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We experimentally and theoretically demonstrate that nonlinear spin-wave interactions suppress the hybrid magnon-photon quasiparticle or "magnon polariton" in microwave spectra of an yttrium iron garnet film detected by an on-chip split-ring resonator. We observe a strong coupling between the Kittel and microwave cavity modes in terms of an avoided crossing as a function of magnetic fields at low microwave input powers, but a complete closing of the gap at high powers. The experimental results are well explained by a theoretical model including the three-magnon decay of the Kittel magnon into spin waves. The gap closure originates from the saturation of the ferromagnetic resonance above the Suhl instability threshold by a coherent back reaction from the spin waves.


Study of the $$N=32$$ and $$N=34$$ shell gap for Ti and V by the first high-precision multireflection time-of-flight mass measurements at BigRIPS-SLOWRI

飯村 俊*; Rosenbusch, M.*; 高峰 愛子*; 角田 佑介*; 和田 道治*; Chen, S.*; Hou, D. S.*; Xian, W.*; 石山 博恒*; Yan, S.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 130(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_6, 2023/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:78.9(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The atomic masses of $$^{55}$$Sc, $$^{56,58}$$Ti, and $$^{56-59}$$V have been determined using the high-precision multireflection time-of-flight technique. The radioisotopes have been produced at RIKEN's Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory (RIBF) and delivered to the novel designed gas cell and multireflection system, which has been recently commissioned downstream of the ZeroDegree spectrometer following the BigRIPS separator. For $$^{56,58}$$Ti and $$^{56-59}$$V, the mass uncertainties have been reduced down to the order of 10 keV, shedding new light on the $$N=34$$ shell effect in Ti and V isotopes by the first high-precision mass measurements of the critical species $$^{58}$$Ti and $$^{59}$$V. With the new precision achieved, we reveal the nonexistence of the $$N=34$$ empirical two-neutron shell gaps for Ti and V, and the enhanced energy gap above the occupied $$nu$$p$$_{3/2}$$ orbit is identified as a feature unique to Ca. We perform new Monte Carlo shell model calculations including the $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ and $$nu$$g$$_{9/2}$$ orbits and compare the results with conventional shell model calculations, which exclude the $$nu$$g$$_{9/2}$$ and the $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ orbits. The comparison indicates that the shell gap reduction in Ti is related to a partial occupation of the higher orbitals for the outer two valence neutrons at $$N = 34$$.


Extended $$p_{3/2}$$ neutron orbital and the $$N = 32$$ shell closure in $$^{52}$$Ca

Enciu, M.*; Liu, H. N.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Nowacki, F.*; 緒方 一介*; Poves, A.*; 吉田 数貴; Achouri, N. L.*; 馬場 秀忠*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 129(26), p.262501_1 - 262501_7, 2022/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Gaps in topological magnon spectra; Intrinsic versus extrinsic effects

Do, S.-H.*; Paddison, J. A. M.*; Sala, G.*; Williams, T. J.*; 金子 耕士; 桑原 慶太郎*; May, A. F.*; Yan, J.*; McGuire, M. A.*; Stone, M. B.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 106(6), p.L060408_1 - L060408_6, 2022/08

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:84.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

For topological magnon spectra, determining and explaining the presence or absence of a gap at a magnon crossing point is a central issue. An inelastic neutron scattering study of a single crystals is a powerful experimental technique to investigate the spin dynamics and hence is widely employed to probe the magnetic excitation spectra of topological materials. However, when the neutron intensity rapidly disperses, such as near a crossing point for a Dirac magnon, the apparent spectrum is extremely sensitive to experimental conditions including sample mosaic, resolution, and integration range. Here we study a gapless Dirac magnon candidate CrCl$$_{3}$$ to show how the quantification of a gapless or gaped spectrum at the Dirac point is extremely sensitive to the integration range of data. Our work calls for a careful examination of reports of gaps in inelastic neutron scattering spectra to ensure that topological gaps are not misdiagnosed or overestimated due to experimental factors.


Real-time observation of charge-spin cooperative dynamics driven by a nonequilibrium phonon environment

黒山 和幸*; 松尾 貞茂*; 村本 丈*; 藪中 俊介; Velentin, S. R.*; Ludwig, A.*; Wieck, A. D.*; 都倉 康弘*; 樽茶 清悟*

Physical Review Letters, 129(9), p.095901_1 - 095901_6, 2022/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:38.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report on experimental observations of charge-spin cooperative dynamics of two-electron states in a GaAs double quantum dot located in a nonequilibrium phonon environment. When the phonon energy exceeds the lowest excitation energy in the quantum dot, the spin-flip rate of a single electron strongly enhances. In addition, originated from the spatial gradient of phonon density between the dots, the parallel spin states become more probable than the antiparallel ones. These results indicate that spin is essential for further demonstrations of single-electron thermodynamic systems driven by phonons, which will greatly contribute to understanding of the fundamental physics of thermoelectric devices.


Electric monopole transition from the superdeformed band in $$^{40}$$Ca

井手口 栄治*; Kib$'e$di, T.*; Dowie, J. T. H.*; Hoang, T. H.*; Kumar Raju, M.*; 青井 考*; Mitchell, A. J.*; Stuchbery, A. E.*; 清水 則孝*; 宇都野 穣; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 128(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_6, 2022/06

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:59.5(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Theory of Emergent Inductance with Spin-Orbit Coupling Effects

山根 結太*; 深見 俊輔*; 家田 淳一

Physical Review Letters, 128(14), p.147201_1 - 147201_6, 2022/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:71.46(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Novel coupled channel framework connecting the quark model and lattice QCD for the near-threshold $$D_s$$ states

Yang, Z.*; Wang, G.-J.*; Wu, J.-J.*; 岡 眞; Zhu, S.-L.*

Physical Review Letters, 128(11), p.112001_1 - 112001_6, 2022/03

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:97.5(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Measurements of strong-interaction effects in kaonic-helium isotopes at sub-eV precision with X-ray microcalorimeters

橋本 直; 谷田 聖; 他68名*

Physical Review Letters, 128(11), p.112503_1 - 112503_6, 2022/03

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:78.71(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have measured the $$3d to 2p$$ transition X-rays of kaonic $$^3$$He and $$^4$$He atoms using superconducting transition-edge-sensor microcalorimeters with an energy resolution better than 6 eV (FWHM). We determined the energies to be $$6224.5 pm 0.4$$ (stat) $$pm 0.2$$ (syst) eV and $$6463.7pm 0.3$$ (stat) $$pm 0.1$$ (syst) eV, and widths to be $$2.5pm 1.0$$ (stat) $$pm 0.4$$ (syst) eV and $$1.0 pm 0.6$$ (stat) $$pm 0.3$$ (stat) eV, for kaonic $$^3$$He and $$^4$$He, respectively. These values are nearly 10 times more precise than in previous measurements. Our results exclude the large strong-interaction shifts and widths that are suggested by a coupled-channel approach, and agree with calculations based on optical-potential models.


Spin elastodynamic motive force

船戸 匠*; 松尾 衛

Physical Review Letters, 128(7), p.077201_1 - 077201_6, 2022/02

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:38.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The spin-motive force (SMF) in a simple ferromagnetic monolayer caused by a surface acoustic wave is studied theoretically via spin-vorticity coupling (SVC). The SMF has two mechanisms. The first is the SVC-driven SMF, which produces the first harmonic electromotive force, and the second is the interplay between the SVC and the magnetoelastic coupling, which produces the dc and second harmonic electromotive forces. We show that these electric voltages induced by a Rayleigh-type surface acoustic wave can be detected in polycrystalline nickel. No sophisticated device structures, noncollinear magnetic structures, or strong spin-orbit materials are used in our approach. Consequently, it is intended to broaden the spectrum of SMF applications considerably.


Einstein-de Haas nanorotor

泉田 渉*; 奥山 倫*; 佐藤 健太郎*; 加藤 岳生*; 松尾 衛

Physical Review Letters, 128(1), p.017701_1 - 017701_6, 2022/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:71.46(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We propose a nanoscale rotor embedded between two ferromagnetic electrodes that is driven by spin injection. The spin-rotation coupling allows this nanorotor to continuously receive angular momentum from an injected spin under steady current flow between ferromagnetic electrodes in an antiparallel magnetization configuration. We develop a quantum theory of this angular-momentum transfer and show that a relaxation process from a precession state into a sleeping top state is crucial for the efficient driving of the nanorotor by solving the master equation. Our work clarifies a general strategy for efficient driving of a nanorotor.


Intrinsic torques emerging from anomalous velocity in magnetic textures

荒木 康史; 家田 淳一

Physical Review Letters, 127(21), p.277205_1 - 277205_7, 2021/12

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:47.12(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Measurement of differential branching fractions of inclusive $${B to X_u , ell^+, nu_{ell}}$$ decays

Cao, L.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他199名*

Physical Review Letters, 127(26), p.261801_1 - 261801_8, 2021/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:20.22(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The first measurements of differential branching fractions of inclusive semileptonic $${B to X_u , ell^+, nu_{ell}}$$ decays are performed using the full Belle data set of 711 fb$$^{-1}$$ of integrated luminosity at the $$Upsilon(4S)$$ resonance and for $$ell = e, mu$$. Differential branching fractions are reported as a function of the lepton momentum, the four-momentum-transfer squared, light-cone momenta, the hadronic mass, and the hadronic mass squared. They are obtained by subtracting the backgrounds from semileptonic $${B to X_c , ell^+, nu_{ell}}$$ decays and other processes, and corrected for resolution and acceptance effects. The measured distributions are compared to predictions from inclusive and hybrid $${B to X_u , ell^+, nu_{ell}}$$ calculations.


Hybridization of Bogoliubov quasiparticles between adjacent CuO$$_2$$ layers in the triple-layer cuprate Bi$$_2$$Sr$$_2$$Ca$$_2$$Cu$$_3$$O$$_{10+delta}$$ studied by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

出田 真一郎*; Johnston, S.*; 吉田 鉄平*; 田中 清尚*; 森 道康; 安齋 太陽*; 井野 明洋*; 有田 将司*; 生天目 博文*; 谷口 雅樹*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 127(21), p.217004_1 - 217004_6, 2021/11

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:20.22(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Hybridization of Bogoliubov quasiparticles (BQPs) between the CuO$$_2$$ layers in the triple-layer cuprate high-temperature superconductor Bi$$_2$$Sr$$_2$$Ca$$_2$$Cu$$_3$$O$$_{10+delta}$$ is studied by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). In the superconducting state, an anti-crossing gap opens between the outer- and inner-BQP bands, which we attribute primarily to interlayer single-particle hopping with possible contributions from interlayer Cooper pairing. We find that the $$d$$-wave superconducting gap of both BQP bands smoothly develops with momentum without abrupt jump in contrast to a previous ARPES study. Hybridization between the BQPs also gradually increases in going from the off-nodal to the anti-nodal region, which is explained by the momentum-dependence of the interlayer single-particle hopping. As possible mechanisms for the enhancement of the superconducting transition temperature, the hybridization between the BQPs, as well as the combination of phonon modes of the triple CuO$$_2$$ layers and spin fluctuations are discussed.

443 件中 1件目~20件目を表示