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Pairing forces govern population of doubly magic $$^{54}$$Ca from direct reactions

Browne, F.*; Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; 緒方 一介*; 宇都野 穣; 吉田 数貴; Achouri, N. L.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Calvet, D.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_7, 2021/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Experimental evidence for common driving effects in low-energy fission from sublead to actinides

Schmitt, C.*; Lemasson, A.*; Schmidt, K.-H.*; Jhingan, A.*; Biswas, S.*; Kim, Y. H.*; Ramos, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Curien, D.*; Ciemala, M.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(13), p.132502_1 - 132502_6, 2021/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:72.06(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Isotopic distributions of fragments from fission of the neutron-deficient $$^{178}$$Hg nuclide are reported. This experimental observable is obtained for the first time in the region around lead using an innovative approach based on inverse kinematics and the coincidence between the large acceptance magnetic spectrometer VAMOS++ and a new detection arm close to the target. The average fragment $$N/Z$$ ratio and prompt neutron $$Mn$$ multiplicity are derived and compared with current knowledge from actinide fission. A striking consistency emerges, revealing the unexpected dominant role of the proton subsystem with atomic number between the $$Z$$ = 28 and 50 magic numbers. The origin of nuclear charge polarization in fission and fragment deformation at scission are discussed.


New $$alpha$$-emitting isotope $$^{214}$$U and abnormal enhancement of $$alpha$$-particle clustering in lightest uranium isotopes

Zhang, Z. Y.*; Yang, H. B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Liu, M. L.*; Ma, L.*; 他37名*

Physical Review Letters, 126(15), p.152502_1 - 152502_6, 2021/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A new $$alpha$$-emitting isotope $$^{214}$$U, produced by the fusion-evaporation reaction $$^{182}$$W($$^{36}$$Ar,4n)$$^{214}$$U, was identified by employing the gas-filled recoil separator SHANS and the recoil-$$alpha$$ correlation technique. More precise $$alpha$$-decay properties of even-even nuclei $$^{216,218}$$U were also measured in the reactions of $$^{40}$$Ar, $$^{40}$$Ca beams with $$^{180,182,184}$$W targets. By combining the experimental data, improved $$alpha$$-decay reduced widths $$delta$$$$^{2}$$ for the even-even Po-Pu nuclei in the vicinity of the magic neutron number ${it N}$ = 126 are deduced. Their systematic trends are discussed in terms of the ${it N}$ $$_{it p}$$ ${it N}$ $$_{it n}$$ scheme in order to study the influence of proton-neutron interaction on $$alpha$$ decay in this region of nuclei. It is strikingly found that the reduced widths of $$^{214,216}$$U are significantly enhanced by a factor of two as compared with the ${it N}$ $$_{it p}$$ ${it N}$ $$_{it n}$$ systematics for the 84 $$leq$$ ${it Z}$ $$leq$$ 90 and ${it N}$ $$<$$ 126 even-even nuclei. The abnormal enhancement is interpreted by the strong monopole interaction between the valence protons and neutrons occupying the $$pi$$1${it f}$ $$_{7/2}$$ and $$nu$$1${it f}$ $$_{5/2}$$ spin-orbit partner orbits, which is supported by the large-scale shell model calculation.


Quasifree neutron knockout reaction reveals a small $$s$$-Orbital component in the Borromean nucleus $$^{17}$$B

Yang, Z. H.*; 久保田 悠樹*; Corsi, A.*; 吉田 数貴; Sun, X.-X.*; Li, J. G.*; 木村 真明*; Michel, N.*; 緒方 一介*; Yuan, C. X.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(8), p.082501_1 - 082501_8, 2021/02

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:98.7(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

ボロミアン核であり中性子ハロー構造が期待される$$^{17}$$Bに対する($$p$$,$$pn$$)反応実験を行った。断面積の運動量分布を分析することで、$$1s_{1/2}$$$$0d_{5/2}$$軌道の分光学的因子を決定した。驚くべきことに、$$1s_{1/2}$$の分光学的因子は9(2)%と小さいことが明らかになった。この結果は、連続状態を含むdeformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov理論によってよく説明された。本研究の結果によると、現在知られているハロー構造を持つとされる原子核の中で$$^{17}$$Bは$$s$$および$$p$$軌道の成分が最も小さく、$$s$$または$$p$$軌道成分が支配的であることが必ずしもハロー構造の前提条件ではない可能性を示唆している。


Observation of Coulomb-assisted nuclear bound state of $$Xi^-$$-$$^{14}$$N system

早川 修平; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 橋本 直; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(6), p.062501_1 - 062501_6, 2021/02

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:97.77(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In an emulsion-counter hybrid experiment performed at J-PARC, a $$Xi^-$$ absorption event was observed which decayed into twin single-$$Lambda$$ hypernuclei. Kinematic calculations enabled a unique identification of the reaction process as $$Xi^{-} + ^{14}$$N$$ rightarrow ^{10}_Lambda$$Be + $$^5_Lambda$$He. For the binding energy of the $$Xi^{-}$$ hyperon in the $$Xi^-$$-$$^{14}$$N system a value of $$1.27 pm 0.21$$ MeV was deduced. The energy level of $$Xi^-$$ is likely a nuclear $$1p$$ state which indicates a weak $${Xi}N$$-$$LambdaLambda$$ coupling.


Laser spectroscopy of neutron-rich $$^{207,208}$$Hg isotopes; Illuminating the kink and odd-even staggering in charge radii across the $$N$$ = 126 shell closure

Day Goodacre, T.*; Afanasjev, A. V.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Marsh, B. A.*; Sels, S.*; Ring, P.*; 中田 仁*; Andreyev, A. N.; 他36名*

Physical Review Letters, 126(3), p.032502_1 - 032502_7, 2021/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:87.23(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The charge radii of $$^{207,208}$$Hg have been studied for the first time and those of $$^{202,203,206}$$Hg remeasured by laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE (CERN). The characteristic kink in the charge radii at the $$N$$ = 126 shell closure has been revealed, providing the first information on its behavior below the $$Z$$ = 82 shell closure. By a theoretical analysis, it is demonstrated, contrary to previous interpretations, that both the kink at $$N$$ = 126 and the odd-even staggering can be described predominantly at the mean-field level and that pairing does not need to play a crucial role in their origin.


Large long-distance contributions to the electric dipole moments of charged leptons in the standard model

山口 康宏; 山中 長閑*

Physical Review Letters, 125(24), p.241802_1 - 241802_7, 2020/12

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:81.73(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

本論文では、標準模型の範囲で、ハドロン有効模型を用いた荷電レプトンの電気双極子モーメント(EDM)の再評価が行われた。そこで、ハドロンによるlong-distance effectによって大きなEDMの生成が見られ、電子($$e$$)とミューオン($$mu$$),タウレプトン($$tau$$)に対し、それぞれ$$d_e=5.8times 10^{-40}$$, $$d_{mu}=1.4times 10^{-38}$$, and $$d_{tau}=-7.3times 10^{-38}$$ $$e$$cmというEDMが得られた。これらハドロンからの寄与は、これまで知られていた4ループレベルの素粒子の寄与に比べて非常に大きなものである。


DMFT reveals the non-Hermitian topology and Fermi arcs in heavy-fermion systems

永井 佑紀; Qi, Y.*; 磯部 大樹*; Kozii, V.*; Fu, L.*

Physical Review Letters, 125(22), p.227204_1 - 227204_7, 2020/11

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:77.76(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Competition between allowed and first-forbidden $$beta$$ decay; The Case of $$^{208}$$Hg $$rightarrow$$ $$^{208}$$Tl

Carroll, R. J.*; Podoly$'a$k, Zs.*; Berry, T.*; Grawe, H.*; Alexander, T.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ansari, S.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Brunet, M.*; Creswell, J. R.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 125(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_6, 2020/11

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:63.95(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The $$beta$$ decay of $$^{208}$$Hg into the one-proton hole, one neutron-particle $$^{208}_{81}$$Tl$$_{127}$$ nucleus was investigated at CERN-ISOLDE. Shell-model calculations describe well the level scheme deduced, validating the proton-neutron interactions used, with implications for the whole of the $$N > 126$$, $$Z < 82$$ quadrant of neutron-rich nuclei. While both negative and positive parity states with spin 0 and 1 are expected within the $$Q_{beta}$$ window, only three negative parity states are populated directly in the $$beta$$ decay. The data provide a unique test of the competition between allowed Gamow-Teller and Fermi, and first-forbidden $$beta$$ decays, essential for the understanding of the nucleosynthesis of heavy nuclei in the rapid neutron capture process. Furthermore, the observation of the parity changing $$0^{+} rightarrow 0^{-} beta$$ decay where the daughter state is core excited is unique, and can provide information on mesonic corrections of effective operators.


Search for axionlike particles produced in $$e^+e^-$$ collisions at Belle II

Abudin$'e$n, F.*; 谷田 聖; Belle II Collaboration*; 他334名*

Physical Review Letters, 125(16), p.161806_1 - 161806_9, 2020/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:72.03(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We present a search for the direct production of a light pseudoscalar $$a$$ decaying into two photons with the Belle II detector at the SuperKEKB collider. We search for the process $${e^+e^-togamma a, a togammagamma}$$ in the mass range $${0.2} , < m_a < {9.7},$$${GeV/$c^2$}$ using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $$(445pm 3),$$pb$$^{-1}$$. Light pseudoscalars interacting predominantly with standard model gauge bosons (so-called axion-like particles or ALPs) are frequently postulated in extensions of the standard model. We find no evidence for ALPs and set 95% confidence level upper limits on the coupling strength $$g_{agammagamma}$$ of ALPs to photons at the level of $$10^{-3},$$GeV$$^{-1}$$. The limits are the most restrictive to date for $$0.2, < ,m_a, < ,1,$$GeV/$$c^2$$.


Simultaneous determination of neutron-induced fission and radiative capture cross sections from decay probabilities obtained with a surrogate reaction

P$'e$rez S$'a$nchez, R.*; Jurado, B.*; M$'e$ot, V.*; Roig, O.*; Dupuis, M.*; Bouland, O.*; Denis-Petit, D.*; Marini, P.*; Mathieu, L.*; Tsekhanovich, I.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 125(12), p.122502_1 - 122502_5, 2020/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:32.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Reliable neutron-induced-reaction cross sections of unstable nuclei are essential for nuclear astrophysics and applications but their direct measurement is often impossible. The surrogate-reaction method is one of the most promising alternatives to access these cross sections. In this work, we successfully applied the surrogate-reaction method to infer for the first time both the neutron-induced fission and radiative capture cross sections of $$^{239}$$Pu in a consistent manner from a single measurement. This was achieved by combining simultaneously measured fission and $$gamma$$-emission probabilities for the $$^{240}$$Pu($$^{4}$$He, $$^{4}$$He') surrogate reaction with a calculation of the angular-momentum and parity distributions populated in this reaction. While other experiments measure the probabilities for some selected $$gamma$$-ray transitions, we measure the $$gamma$$-emission probability. This enlarges the applicability of the surrogate-reaction method.


First- and second-order topological superconductivity and temperature-driven topological phase transitions in the extended Hubbard model with spin-orbit coupling

Kheirkhah, M.*; Yan, Z.*; 永井 佑紀; Marsiglio, F.*

Physical Review Letters, 125(1), p.017001_1 - 017001_8, 2020/07

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:91.8(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Sequential nature of ($$p,3p$$) two-proton knockout from neutron-rich nuclei

Frotscher, A.*; G$'o$mez-Ramos, M.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Orlandi, R.; 他86名*

Physical Review Letters, 125(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_7, 2020/07

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:51.78(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Twenty-one two-proton ($$p,3p$$) knock-out cross sections of neutron-rich radioactive isotopes were measured in inverse kinematics using the MINOS time-projection chamber at RIBF, RIKEN. The proton angular distributions, measured for the first time, reveal that the reaction kinematics of the ($$p,3p$$) reaction is consistent with sequential proton collisions within the projectile nucleus.


Transverse single-spin asymmetry for very forward neutral pion production in polarized $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 510 GeV

Kim, M. H.*; 谷田 聖; RHICf Collaboration*; 他23名*

Physical Review Letters, 124(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_6, 2020/06

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:51.78(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Transverse single-spin asymmetries of very forward neutral pions generated in polarized $$p + p$$ collisions allow us to understand the production mechanism in terms of perturbative and non-perturbative strong interactions. During 2017 the RHICf Collaboration installed an electromagnetic calorimeter in the zero-degree region of the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and measured neutral pions produced at pseudorapidity larger than 6 in polarized $$p$$+$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 510 GeV. The large non-zero asymmetries increasing both in longitudinal momentum fraction $$x_{F}$$ and transverse momentum $$p_{T}$$ have been observed at low transverse momentum $$p_{T} < 1$$ GeV/$$c$$ for the first time at this collision energy. The asymmetries show an approximate $$x_{F}$$ scaling in the $$p_{T}$$ region where non-perturbative processes are expected to dominate. A non-negligible contribution from soft processes may be necessary to explain the nonzero neutral pion asymmetries.


How different is the core of $$^{25}$$F from $$^{24}$$O$$_{g.s.}$$ ?

Tang, T. L.*; 上坂 友洋*; 川瀬 頌一郎; Beaumel, D.*; 堂園 昌伯*; 藤井 俊彦*; 福田 直樹*; 福永 拓*; Galindo-Uribarri. A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:88.96(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

中性子過剰核$$^{25}$$Fの構造が($$p,2p$$)反応で調査した。$$pi 0d_{5/2}$$軌道の分光学的因子は1.0$$pm$$0.3と大きいが、一方で残留核である$$^{24}$$Oが基底状態である割合は約35%,励起状態は約0.65%であることが明らかになった。この結果は、$$^{25}$$Fのコア核$$^{24}$$Oは基底状態とは大きく異なり、$$^{24}$$Oの$$0d_{5/2}$$軌道に陽子がひとつ加わることで$$^{24}$$Oと$$^{25}$$Fの中性子軌道が相当に変化していると推測される。これは酸素同位体ドリップライン異常のメカニズムである可能性がある。


Multiple magnetic bilayers and unconventional criticality without frustration in BaCuSi$$_2$$O$$_6$$

Allenspach, S.*; Biffin, A.*; Stuhr, U.*; Tucker, G. S.*; 河村 聖子; 古府 麻衣子; Voneshen, D. J.*; Boehm, M.*; Normand, B.*; Laflorencie, N.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(17), p.177205_1 - 177205_7, 2020/05

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:77.76(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The dimerized quantum magnet BaCuSi$$_2$$O$$_6$$ was proposed as an example of "dimensional reduction" arising near the magnetic-field-induced quantum critical point (QCP) due to perfect geometrical frustration of its interbilayer interactions. We demonstrate by high-resolution neutron spectroscopy experiments that the effective intrabilayer interactions are ferromagnetic, thereby excluding frustration. We explain the apparent dimensional reduction by establishing the presence of three magnetically inequivalent bilayers, with ratios $$3 colon 2 colon 1$$, whose differing interaction parameters create an extra field-temperature scaling regime near the QCP with a nontrivial but nonuniversal exponent. We demonstrate by detailed quantum Monte Carlo simulations that the magnetic interaction parameters we deduce can account for all the measured properties of BaCuSi$$_2$$O$$_6$$, opening the way to a quantitative understanding of nonuniversal scaling in any modulated layered system.


Search for an invisibly decaying $$Z^{prime}$$ boson at Belle II in $$e^+ e^- to mu^+ mu^- (e^{pm} mu^{mp})$$ plus missing energy final states

足立 一郎*; 谷田 聖; Belle II Collaboration*; 他358名*

Physical Review Letters, 124(14), p.141801_1 - 141801_9, 2020/04

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:91.8(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Theories beyond the standard model often predict the existence of an additional neutral boson, the $$Z^{prime}$$. Using data collected by the Belle II experiment during 2018 at the SuperKEKB collider, we perform the first searches for the invisible decay of a $$Z^{prime}$$ in the process $$e^+ e^- to mu^+ mu^- Z^{prime}$$ and of a lepton-flavor-violating $$Z^{prime}$$ in $$e^+ e^- to e^{pm} mu^{mp} Z^{prime}$$. We do not find any excess of events and set 90% credibility level upper limits on the cross sections of these processes. We translate the former, in the framework of an $$L_{mu}-L_{tau}$$ theory, into upper limits on the $$Z^{prime}$$ coupling constant at the level of $$5 times 10^{-2}$$ - $$1$$ for $$M_{Z^prime}leq 6$$ GeV/$$c^2$$.


Measurement of $$mathcal{R}(D)$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*)$$ with a semileptonic tagging method

Caria, G.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他202名*

Physical Review Letters, 124(16), p.161803_1 - 161803_8, 2020/04

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:95.86(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The experimental results on the ratios of branching fractions $$mathcal{R}(D) = {cal B}(bar{B} to D tau^- bar{nu_{tau}})/{cal B}(bar{B} to D ell^- barnu_{ell})$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*) = {cal B}(bar{B} to D^* tau^- bar{nu_{tau}})/{cal B}(bar{B} to D^* ell^- bar{nu_{ell}})$$, where $$ell$$ denotes an electron or a muon, show a long-standing discrepancy with the Standard Model predictions, and might hint to a violation of lepton flavor universality. We report a new simultaneous measurement of $$mathcal{R}(D)$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*)$$, based on a data sample containing $$772 times 10^6$$ $$Bbar{B}$$ events recorded at the $$Upsilon(4S)$$ resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB $$e^+ e^-$$ collider. In this analysis the tag-side $$B$$ meson is reconstructed in a semileptonic decay mode and the signal-side $$tau$$ is reconstructed in a purely leptonic decay. The measured values are $$mathcal{R}(D)= 0.307 pm 0.037 pm 0.016$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*) = 0.283 pm 0.018 pm 0.014$$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. These results are in agreement with the Standard Model predictions within $$0.2$$, $$1.1$$ and $$0.8$$ standard deviations for $$mathcal{R}(D)$$, $$mathcal{R}(D^*)$$ and their combination, respectively. This work constitutes the most precise measurements of $$mathcal{R}(D)$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*)$$ performed to date as well as the first result for $$mathcal{R}(D)$$ based on a semileptonic tagging method.


Observation of the radiative decays of $$Upsilon(1S)$$ to $$chi_{c1}$$

Katrenko, P.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他168名*

Physical Review Letters, 124(12), p.122001_1 - 122001_7, 2020/03

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:51.78(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report the first observation of the radiative decay of the $$Upsilon(1S)$$ into a charmonium state. The statistical significance of the observed signal of $$Upsilon(1S) to gamma chi_{c1}$$ is 6.3 standard deviations including systematics. The branching fraction is calculated to be Br($$Upsilon(1S) to gamma chi_{c1}$$) = $$(4.7^{+2.4}_{-1.8} (stat) ^{+0.4}_{-0.5} (sys)) times 10^{-5}$$. We also searched for $$Upsilon(1S)$$ radiative decays into $$chi_{c0,2}$$ and $$eta_c(1S,2S)$$ and set upper limits on their branching fractions. These results are obtained from a 24.9 fb$$^{-1}$$ data sample collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $$e^+e^-$$ collider at a center-of-mass energy equal to the $$Upsilon(2S)$$ mass using $$Upsilon(1S)$$ tagging by the $$Upsilon(2S) to Upsilon(1S) pi^+pi^-$$ transitions.


Study of quasielastic barrier distributions as a step towards the synthesis of superheavy elements with hot fusion reactions

田中 泰貴*; 森田 浩介*; 森本 幸司*; 加治 大哉*; 羽場 宏光*; Boll, R. A.*; Brewer, N. T.*; Van Cleve, S.*; Dean, D. J.*; 石澤 倫*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(5), p.052502_1 - 052502_6, 2020/02

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:72.03(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The excitation functions for quasielastic scattering of $$^{22}$$Ne+$$^{248}$$Cm, $$^{26}$$Mg+$$^{248}$$Cm, $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{238}$$U are measured using a gas-filled recoil ion separator The quasielastic barrier distributions are extracted for these systems and are compared with coupled-channel calculations. The results indicate that the barrier distribution is affected dominantly by deformation of the actinide target nuclei, but also by vibrational or rotational excitations of the projectile nuclei, as well as neutron transfer processes before capture. From a comparison between the experimental barrier distributions and the evaporation residue cross sections for Sg (Z=106), Hs (108), Cn (112), and Lv (116), it is suggested that the hot fusion reactions take advantage of a compact collision, where the projectile approaches along the short axis of a prolately deformed nucleus. A new method is proposed to estimate the optimum incident energy to synthesize unknown superheavy nuclei using the barrier distribution.

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