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Journal Articles

Field test of a full scale $$^{3}$$He-alternative HLNC-type counter; High Level Neutron counter-Boron (HLNB)

Henzlova, D.*; Menlove, H. O.*; Tanigawa, Masafumi; Mukai, Yasunobu; Nakamura, Hironobu

EUR-28795-EN (Internet), p.313 - 323, 2017/00

Facing the depletion of $$^{3}$$He gas supply and the continuing uncertainty of options for future resupply, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) designed and built a $$^{3}$$He free full scale thermal neutron coincidence counter based on boron-lined parallel-plate proportional technology. The counter was designed as a direct alternative to High Level Neutron Coincidence counter (HLNC-II). This paper provides a summary of performance evaluation of HLNB under realistic field conditions at Plutonium Conversion Development Facility (PCDF) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The field test included a range of small to large mass MOX materials that represent realistic process samples and provided key insight on and validation of the feasibility of HLNB as a safeguards instrument in realistic facility environment. In particular, the results of verification measurements demonstrate that HLNB is capable to satisfy ITV expected for HLNC-II-type counter of 2.1% in 300s measurement time.

Journal Articles

Development of alternative $$^3$$He NDA detector system

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Sakasai, Kaoru; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 58(11), p.642 - 646, 2016/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of sample assay system equipped with $$^{3}$$He Alternative Neutron Detectors (ASAS), 1; Design and fabrication of ASAS detector

Ozu, Akira; Tobita, Hiroshi; Kureta, Masatoshi; Tanigawa, Masafumi; Mukai, Yasunobu; Nakamichi, Hideo; Nakamura, Hironobu; Kurita, Tsutomu; Seya, Michio

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-36-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/12

Against the background of the serious shortage of $$^{3}$$He gas, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has newly developed an alternative ZnS ceramic scintillation neutron detector for the safeguards, with the support of the government (MEXT). A demonstrator of plutonium inventory sample assay system (ASAS) has been also developed as an alternative HLNCC (High Level Neutron Coincidence Counter). The results from numerical simulations using Monte-Carlo code MCNPX showed that the fundamental performances of ASAS equipped with the 24 alternative neutron detectors, such as neutron detection efficiency and die-away time, equal to or higher than those of conventional HLNCC could be obtained. Here we present the inner mechanical structure of ASAS, together with the results of the simulating design.

Journal Articles

Numerical evaluation of the light transport properties of alternative He-3 neutron detectors using ceramic scintillators

Ozu, Akira; Takase, Misao*; Haruyama, Mitsuo; Kurata, Noritaka*; Kobayashi, Nozomi*; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Sakasai, Kaoru; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 798, p.62 - 69, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:66.76(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The light transport properties of scintillator light inside alternative He-3 neutron detector modules using scintillator sheets have been investigated by a ray-tracing simulation code. The detector module consists of a light-reflecting tube, a thin rectangular ceramic scintillator sheet laminated on a glass plate, and two photo-multiplier tubes (PMTs) mounted at both ends of the detector tube. The light induced on the surface of the scintillator sheet via nuclear interaction between the scintillator and neutrons are detected by the two PMTs. The light output of various detector modules in which the scintillator sheets are installed with several different arrangements were examined and evaluated in comparison with experimental results. The results derived from the simulation reveal that the light transport property is strongly dependent on the arrangement of the scintillator sheet inside the tube and the shape of the tube.

Journal Articles

Basic technology development of advanced non-destructive detection / Measurement of nuclear material for nuclear security and nuclear nonproliferation

Seya, Michio; Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Nakamura, Takahisa; Hajima, Ryoichi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-35-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/01

The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting (based on collaborations with JAEA other centers) the following basic technology development programs of advanced non-destructive detection/measurement of nuclear material for nuclear security and nuclear non-proliferation. (1) The demonstration test of the Pu-NDA system for spent fuel assembly using PNAR and SINRD (JAEA/USDOE(LANL) collaboration, completed in JFY2013), (2) Basic development of NDA technologies using laser Compton scattered $$gamma$$-rays (Demonstration of an intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-ray source), (3) Development of alternative to He-3 neutron detection technology, (4) Development of neutron resonance densitometry (JAEA/JRC collaboration)This paper introduces above programs.

Journal Articles

Development of radiation detectors for in-pile measurement

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Nagata, Hiroshi; Endo, Yasuichi; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

KAERI/GP-418/2015, p.110 - 112, 2015/00

$$gamma$$ irradiation experiments with a $$^{60}$$Co source were carried out for developing Self-Powered Gamma Detectors (SPGDs) with lead (Pb) emitter and Self-Powered Neutron Detectors (SPNDs) with Pt-40%Rh emitter prior to in-core irradiation experiments. The results showed the output currents of the SPGDs were proportional to the $$gamma$$ dose rate in the range from about 200-6000 Gy/h with about 10% accuracy. In the case of SPNDs, the output currents flowed in inverse direction and were an order of magnitude lower compared with that of the SPGDs. These different behaviors of the output currents are considered to be caused by the difference in the emitter sizes and the current component originated at the MI cables.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of light transport property in alternative He-3 neutron detectors using ceramic scintillators by a ray-tracing simulation

Ozu, Akira; Takase, Misao*; Kurata, Noritaka*; Kobayashi, Nozomi*; Tobita, Hiroshi; Haruyama, Mitsuo; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; To, Kentaro; et al.

Proceedings of 2014 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference; 21st International Symposium on Room-Temperature Semiconductor X-ray and $$gamma$$-ray detectors (NSS/MIC 2014), 5 Pages, 2014/00

In Japan Atomic Energy Agency, the helium-3 alternative neutron detector using ceramic scintillators for nuclear safeguards is under development with the support of the government. The alternative detector module consists of four components: an aluminum regular square tube, a light reflecting foil put on the inner surface of the square tube, a rectangular scintillator sheet sintered on a glass plate, and two PMTs provided at both ends of the tube. The scintillator sheet is fit on the diagonal inside the square tube. The light transport property of scintillator lights inside the tube influences on the fundamental performance of the alternative detector. Therefore, the properties of the lights emitted on the surface of the scintillator sheet and scintillation lights passing through the glass plate to the PMTs in several arrangements of the scintillator in the tubes were investigated with a ray-tracing simulation. The results are described in comparison with the experimental results.

Journal Articles

Direct numerical simulation on non-equilibrium superconducting dynamics after neutron capture in MgB$$_{2}$$ superconductor

Machida, Masahiko; Koyama, Tomio*; Kato, Masaru*; Ishida, Takekazu*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 559(2), p.594 - 596, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:32.35(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of SCINFUL-CG code to calculate response functions of scintillatiors with various shapes used for neutron measurement

Endo, Akira; Kim, E.; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro

JAERI-Data/Code 2001-027, 62 Pages, 2001/10


SCINFUL has been used to calculate response functions of organic scintillators for high-energy neutron spectroscopy. However, the applicability of SCINFUL is limited to the calculations for cylindrical NE213 and NE110 scintillators. In the present study, SCINFUL-CG was developed by introducing a geometry specifying function and high-energy neutron cross-section data into SCINFUL. The geometry package MARS-CG, the extended version of the CG (Combinatorial Geometry), was programmed into SCINFUL-CG to express various geometries of detectors. Neutron spectra in the regions specified by the CG can be evaluated by the track length estimator. The cross section data of silicon, oxygen and aluminum for neutron transport calculation were incorporated up to 100MeV using the data of LA150. Validity of SCINFUL-CG was examined by comparing calculated results with those by SCINFUL and MCNP and experimental data. SCINFUL-CG can be used for the designs of high-energy neutron spectrometers and neutron monitors using the organic scintillators. The present report is a user's manual of SCINFUL-CG.

JAEA Reports

Development of a position-sensitive fission counter and measurement of neutron flux distributions

Yamagishi, Hideshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kakuta, Tsunemi; Ochiai, Masaaki; Iwamura, Takamichi; Saishu, Sadanori*; Urakami, Masao*; Masuda, Naohiro*; Yamauchi, Yuki*; Otani, Junichi*; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2001-053, 19 Pages, 2001/08


no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of neutron detection efficiencies of micro-strip-gas-counter as two-dimensional position sensitive neutron detectors

Yamagishi, Hideshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kaneko, Junichi; Ikeda, Yujiro

JAERI-Tech 2000-085, 21 Pages, 2001/02


no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study of pressure vessels for micro-strip-gas-counters as two-dimensional neutron position sensitive detectors

Yamagishi, Hideshi; Kaneko, Junichi

JAERI-Tech 2000-079, 9 Pages, 2001/01


no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

JOYO MK-II core plant characteristics test data

JNC-TN9410 2000-010, 72 Pages, 2000/03


The experimental fast reactor JOYO served as the MK-II irradiation bed core for testing fuel and material for FBR development for 16 years from 1982 to 1997. During the MK-II core operation, extensive data were accumulated from the plant characteristic tests. Tests conducted at JOYO included operating characteristic tests for confirming operational safety, performance tests for confirming design performance of the MK-II core, and special tests for research and development ofthe plant. In this report, the outline and the results of each test item are shown. These test data can be provided by the magnet-optical disk.

JAEA Reports

Demonstration study on shielding safety analysis code (VII)


JNC-TJ8400 2000-053, 41 Pages, 2000/02


Dose evaluation for direct radiation and skyshine from nuclear fuel facilities is one of the environment evaluation items. This evaluation is carried out by using some shielding calculation codes. Because of extremely few benchmark data of skyshine, the calculation has to be performed very conservatively. Therefore, the benchmark data of skyshine and the well-investigated code for skyshine would be necessary to carry out the rational evaluation of nuclear facilities. The purpose of this study is to obtain the benchmark data of skyshine and to investigate the calculation code for skyshine. In this fiscal year, the followings are investigated; (1)To improve the detection sensitivity of pulsed neutron measurement, two neutron detectors and some electronic circuits are added to the system constructed last year. (2)To estimate the neutron dose at the distant point from the facility instead of the commercialized rem-counter, a $$^{3}$$He detector with paraffin moderator is equipped to the system. (3)Using the new detection system, the skyshine of neutrons from 45Mev LINAC facility was measured in the distance up to 300m. The results show that the time structure of pulsed neutrons almost disappears at the further points than 150m. (4)In the distance from 90m to 300m ordinal total counting method without gate pulse are applied to detect the neutrons. (5)The experimental results of space dependency up to 300m is fitted fairly well by the Gui's response function.

JAEA Reports

Pulse propagation characteristics of the solenoid electrode for a position-sensitive fission counter

Yamagishi, Hideshi; Suzuki, Katsuo; Kakuta, Tsunemi; ; *; *

JAERI-Research 99-002, 18 Pages, 1999/01


no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Design of the characteristic impedance and trial manufacturing of the solenoid electrode structure for a position-sensitive fission counter

Yamagishi, Hideshi; Suzuki, Katsuo; Kakuta, Tsunemi;

JAERI-Research 98-063, 21 Pages, 1998/11


no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Shielding analysis of neutron detector guide tubes of advanced marine reactor MRX

*; Ishida, Toshihisa; *

JAERI-Tech 98-030, 38 Pages, 1998/08


no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of the flow control irradiation facility for JOYO

Soroi, Masatoshi;

PNC-TN9410 98-050, 57 Pages, 1998/05


This report describes the present situation and problems with the development of the flow control irradiation facility (FLORA). The purpose of FLORA is to run the cladding breach (RTCB) irradiation test under loss of flow conditions in the experimental fast reactor "JOYO". FLORA is a facility like FPTF (Fuel Performance Test Facility) plus BFTF (Breached Fuel Test Facility) in EBR-II, USA. The technical feature of FLORA is its annular linear induction pump (A-LIP), which was developed in response to a need identified through the experiences in the mechanical flow control of FPTF. We have already designed the basic system facility of FLORA for the JOYO MK-II core. However, to put FLORA to practical use in the future, we have to confirm the stability of the JOYO MK-III core condition, solve problems and improve the design. The main results and problems of the development of FLORA are as follows; (1)The results of the development: (a)The neutron detector in FLORA can detect the delayed neutron which is emitted from failed fuel. (b)Out-of-pile A-LIP tests in sodium conditions has been completed. (The length of the tested A-LIP is half the actual size.) Out-of-pile test results showed that the A-LIP achieved a 300$$ell$$/min flow rate and 265kPa pressure in 550$$^{circ}$$C sodium. This pump performance satisfied the FLORA requirements. (c)By controlling the sodium flow rate from 40 to 100% using the A-LIP, we can control the fuel cladding temperature satisfactorily. (2)The problems: (a)In the development of the process detector, it is necessary to miniaturize the neutron detector and test the effect of neutron irradiation and high temperatures on the permanent magnet in the flow meter. (b)The problem which is left about A-LIP is its influence on neutron irradiation. For this purpose, we have to irradiate a small size A-LIP and test its characteristics and electric isolation. (c)To get more accurate results concerning the efficiency of the A-LIP, we have to ...

JAEA Reports

Measurement of fast neutron induced fission cross section of minor-actinide


PNC-TJ9601 98-002, 115 Pages, 1998/03


In fuel cycles with recycled actinide, core characteristics are largely influenced by minor actinide (MA: Np, Am), Accurate nuclear data of MA such as fission cross section are required to estimate the effect of MA with high accuracy. In this study, fast neutron induced fission cross section of MA was measured using Dynamitron Accelerator in Tohoku University. New or improved techniques and tools with high precision and fast timing capability were developed for this study. Those are as follows: (1)Development of a sealed fission chamber,(2)Intensification of Li neutron target, (3)Improvement of time-resolution of Time-of-Right (TOF) electronic circuit, (4)Introduction of MA (Np237, Am241 and Am243) samples with large sample mass and (5)Introduction of a U235 sample with high purity. Using these improved tools and samples, fission cross section of Np237 was measured between 10 to 100 keV. On the other hand, averaged fission cross section for Maxwell distribution spectrum with kt=25.3 keV was measured for Am241 and Am243.

JAEA Reports


PNC-TJ1600 98-004, 50 Pages, 1998/03


no abstracts in English

68 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)