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Journal Articles

Security measures at nuclear fuel facilities, 2; Internal threat countermeasure in cyber-security

Kono, Soma; Yamada, Hiroyuki; Goto, Atsushi*; Yamazaki, Katsuyuki; Nakamura, Hironobu; Kitao, Takahiko

Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Dai-39-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 2 Pages, 2018/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Physical property evaluation of valve seal material at analytical radioactive liquid waste storage tanks in reprocessing facility

Goto, Yuichi; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Kuno, Takehiko; Inada, Satoshi

Nippon Hozen Gakkai Dai-15-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.489 - 492, 2018/07

Radioactive liquid waste from the Tokai Reprocessing Facility Analytical Laboratory is temporarily stored in intermediate waste storage tank by using receiving valves. Then, the liquid waste is transferred to liquid treatment facility by using liquid feed valves. The deterioration of the gasket part of these valves (leakage of waste liquid) was confirmed in 2004. Since then, the material of gaskets was changed from polyethylene to Teflon. In 2016, the gaskets were replaced by periodical update. Therefore, physical properties of used gaskets were investigated, and the relevance between radioactive level and degradation degree was evaluated.

Journal Articles

Outline of decommissioning plan of Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Okano, Masanori; Akiyama, Kazuki; Taguchi, Katsuya; Nagasato, Yoshihiko; Omori, Eiichi

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (57), p.53 - 64, 2018/03

The construction of Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP) was initiated in June 1971, and its hot test using spent fuel started in September 1977. Thereafter TRP had been operated to reprocess 1,140 tons of spent fuel for approximately 30 years until May 2007, according to the reprocessing contract with domestic electric power companies. JAEA announced a policy of TRP in report of JAEA reform plan published in September 2014. The policy shows that TRP will shift to a decommissioning stage by economic reasons. Based on the policy, application of approval for TRP decommissioning plan was submitted to Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA) in June 2017. This plan provides basic guidelines such as procedures for decommissioning and specific activities for risk reduction, and implementation divisions of decommissioning, management of spent fuels and radioactive wastes, decommissioning budget, and decommissioning schedule. The process of TRP decommissioning is planned to continue for approximately 70 years until the release of controlled areas of approximately 30 facilities.

Journal Articles

Study on hydrogen generation from cement solidified products loading low-radioactive liquid wastes at Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Ito, Yoshiyuki; Matsushima, Ryotatsu; Sato, Fuminori

QST-M-8; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2016, P. 69, 2018/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Current status of research for the accident of evaporation to dryness caused by boiling of reprocessed high level radioactive liquid waste

Tamaki, Hitoshi; Yoshida, Kazuo; Abe, Hitoshi; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Maruyama, Yu

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2017 (ASRAM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2017/11

An accident of evaporation to dryness caused by boiling of high level radioactive liquid waste (HLLW) is postulated as one of severe accidents caused by the loss of cooling function at the fuel reprocessing plant. This accident can be divided into early boiling stage, late boiling stage and dry-out stage by characteristics of accident evolution. It is important to estimate the amount of fission product (FP) transport between the liquid and gas phases, and the amount of FP deposition on the walls in each stage in order to estimate the release amount of FP to the environment. Various research activities have been carried out for this issue. This paper reviews these activities and presents the recent activities at JAEA for development of simulation code for this type of accident.

Journal Articles

Replacement of the glove port equipped with glove box in Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Facility

Horigome, Kazushi; Taguchi, Shigeo; Nishida, Naoki; Goto, Yuichi; Inada, Satoshi; Kuno, Takehiko

Nippon Hozen Gakkai Dai-14-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.381 - 384, 2017/08

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Report on the evaluation of research and development activities in FY2014 issue; "Research and Development on Reprocessing of Nuclear Fuel Materials" (Ex-post evaluation)

Tokai Reprocessing Technology Development Center

JAEA-Evaluation 2015-012, 83 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Evaluation-2015-012.pdf:6.67MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (hereafter referred as "JAEA") consulted the "Evaluation Committee of Research and Development Activities for Fast Reactor Cycle" to assess the issue on "Research and Development on Reprocessing of Nuclear Fuel Materials" conducted by JAEA during the period from FY2010 to FY2014. In response to the JAEA's request, the committee assessed the R&D programs and the activities of JAEA related to the issue and concluded the mission was accomplished. This evaluation was performed based on the "General guideline for the evaluation of government R&D activities", the "Guideline for evaluation of R&D in Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)" and the "Operational rule for evaluation of R&D activities" by JAEA.

Journal Articles

Release Characteristics of Ruthenium from Highly Active Liquid Waste in Drying Step

Tashiro, Shinsuke; Amano, Yuki; Yoshida, Kazuo; Yamane, Yuichi; Uchiyama, Gunzo; Abe, Hitoshi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 14(4), p.227 - 234, 2015/12

The release characteristics of Ru from highly active liquid waste (HALW) have been investigated under the condition of accidental evaporation to dryness by boiling of HALW. Using a laboratory-scale apparatus, non-radioactive simulated HALW (s-HALW) was heated with an external heater to dryness to observe the release characteristics of Ru and gaseous nitrogen oxides. As a result, Ru was significantly released between 120 and 300 $$^{circ}$$C of the s-HALW. The cumulative release ratio of Ru was 0.088. It was also found that the partially released amount of Ru against the temperature of the s-HALW had two peaks with one maximal at about 140 $$^{circ}$$C and maximum at about 240 $$^{circ}$$C. Referring to the results of the release rate of gaseous nitrogen oxides and the volume of condensate, which was a collection of the mixed vapors of steam and nitric acid released from the s-HALW, we discussed the causes of Ru release around these peaks.

JAEA Reports

Environmental sampling from the hot cell in the Tokai Reprocessing Plant for safeguards

Yamamoto, Masahiko; Mori, Eito; Surugaya, Naoki

JAEA-Technology 2015-024, 19 Pages, 2015/09

JAEA-Technology-2015-024.pdf:19.11MB

Environmental Sampling from the hot cell in the Operating Testing Laboratory (OTL) of the Tokai Reprocessing Plant is implemented as an inspection of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for the first time. The specified sampling place requested from IAEA inspector is a device inside the hot cell. Since it is expected to be highly radioactive, the dose rates of samples and inside the hot cell are evaluated in advance. Also, the threshold dose rates of samples are determined. Subsequently, the sampling procedure describing radiation protection has been prepared. The environmental sampling from OTL hot cell is safely performed in accordance with the procedure and the radioactivity of sample is measured. The samples are categorized as Excepted Package according to the transport regulation and are transported to Safeguards Analytical Services of IAEA.

Journal Articles

Progress and foresight of maintenance technology in Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Abe, Sadayoshi

Gijutsushi, 27(6), p.4 - 7, 2015/06

AA2014-0901.pdf:0.46MB

In a reprocessing plant, some apparatuses are in severe corrosive condition, like exposure to boiling nitric acid. Safety functions, like fire prevention on organic solvent, are needed on some apparatuses. To maintain the apparatuses and functions, various inspections are performed. The features of the maintenance in high dose, are represented in experiences of remote operation. The way of decommissioning of Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been indicated last year. But importance of maintenance will not change, because the apparatuses for treatment of high level liquid waste will be used for long term. Continuing development of remote maintenance technology and contribution to decommissioning Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP are expected.

Journal Articles

Development of mechanistic entrainment correlation in accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of reprocessed high-level liquid waste

Yoshida, Kazuo

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 14(1), p.40 - 50, 2015/02

An accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of high level liquid waste (HLLW) is postulated as one of the severe accidents to occur caused by the loss of cooling function at a fuel reprocessing plant. In this case, some amount of non-volatiles fission products (FPs) will be transferred in form of mists to the vapor phase in the tank, and could be released to the environment. Therefore, the quantitative estimation of transfer rate is one of the key issues in the assessment of the accident consequence. To resolve this issue, a mechanistic correlation of entrainment rate with upward vapor velocity has been developed based on the data obtained from the experiments using simulated and actual HLLW.

Journal Articles

Integrity check of Tokai Reprocessing Plant after the Tohoku Region Pacific Coast Earthquake

Nakano, Takafumi; Sato, Fuminori; Shirozu, Hidetomo; Nakanishi, Ryuji; Fukuda, Kazuhito; Tachibana, Ikuya

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 57(1), p.14 - 20, 2015/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of Ru transfer rate correlation to vapor phase in accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of reprocessed high-level liquid waste

Yoshida, Kazuo; Tashiro, Shinsuke; Amano, Yuki; Yamane, Yuichi; Uchiyama, Gunzo; Abe, Hitoshi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 13(4), p.155 - 166, 2014/12

An accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of high level liquid waste (HLLW) is postulated as one of the severe accidents to occur caused by the loss of cooling function at a fuel reprocessing plant. In this case, a large amount of ruthenium (Ru) will be volatilized and transfer to the vapor phase in the tank, and could be released to the environment. Therefore, the quantitative estimation of released Ru is one of the key issues in the assessment of the accident consequence. To resolve this issue, an empirical correlation for Ru transfer rate to vapor phase with the temperature, nitric acid mol fraction and activity of HLLW has been developed based on the data obtained from the accelerated experiments using simulated HLLW. A simulation study with the developed correlation demonstrated that amount of Ru transfer to vapor phase was in a good agreement with the long term experiment using actual HLLW.

JAEA Reports

Release behavior of smoke and clogging characteristics of the ventilation filter under the fire accident (Contract research)

Takada, Junichi; Hayashi, Shiro*; Watanabe, Koji; Takita, Koji*; Tsukamoto, Michio; Tashiro, Shinsuke; Abe, Hitoshi*; Uchiyama, Gunzo*

JAERI-Tech 2002-102, 87 Pages, 2003/01

JAERI-Tech-2002-102.pdf:3.27MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

A Study of structure of base-isolated

; ; ; ; ; Kondo, Toshinari*; *

JNC-TN8400 2001-030, 99 Pages, 2002/01

JNC-TN8400-2001-030.pdf:13.24MB

There is a great deal of that we build a Base-Isolated building with the quaternary deposit ground. In an atomic energy institution, a study request is strong. When we build a Base-Isolated building with the quaternary deposit ground, evaluation of earthquake vibration of a vertical direction is an important problem. In an atomic energy institution, we design it by big earthquake load, and therefore examination is necessary. And, in this study, we do examination to build a Base-Isolated building with the quaternary deposit ground, we report it about an evaluation method of a design. Furthermore, we report that we estimated pipe laying and machinery to put in a building of Base-lsolated.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of Tokai Works FY 2001

Shinohara, Kunihiko; Takeishi, Minoru; ; ; Mizutani, Tomoko

JNC-TN8440 2001-019, 141 Pages, 2001/11

JNC-TN8440-2001-019.pdf:12.69MB

This report was written about the effluent control in JNC Tokai Works from 1$$^{st}$$ April 2000 to 31$$^{st}$$ March 2001. In this period, the quantities and concentrations of retroactivities in liquid waste from Tokai Works were under the discharge limits of "Safety Regulations for the Tokai Reprocessing Plant", "Safety Regulations for the Tokai Reprocessing Plant" and regulations of government.

JAEA Reports

The 4th technological meeting of Tokai Reprocessing Plant

; Maki, Akira; ; ; ; ; Fukuda, Kazuhito

JNC-TN8410 2001-023, 188 Pages, 2001/11

JNC-TN8410-2001-023.pdf:30.98MB

"The 4th technological meeting of Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP)" was held in JNFL Rokkasyo site on octorber 11$$^{th}$$, 2001. The report contains the proceedings, transparancies and questionnaires of themeetin. This time, we reported about "Maintenance and repair results of Tokai Reprocessing Plant" based on technology and knowledge accumulated in Tokai Reprocessing Plant.

JAEA Reports

Behavior of carbon-14 in the Tokai reprocessing plant

; ; ;

JNC-TN8410 2001-021, 33 Pages, 2001/09

JNC-TN8410-2001-021.pdf:4.37MB

Carbon-14 released from the nuclear facilities is an important radionuclide for the safety assessment, because it tends to accumulate in environment through food chain and has as a significant impact to personal dose. Carbon-14 has been monitored routinely as one of the main gaseous radionuclides exhausted from the Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP) since OCtober of 1991. Furthermore, behavior of carbon-14 in TRP has been investigated through the reprocessing operation and the literature survey. This report describes the result of investigation about the behavior of carbon-14 in TRP as followings. (1)Only a very small amount of carbon-14 in the fuel was liberated into the shear off-gas and most of it was liberated into the dissolver of-gass. Part of the carbon-14 was trapped at the caustic scrubber installed in the of-gas treatment process, and untrapped carbon-14 was released into the environment from the main stack. Amount of carbon-14 released from the main stack was about 4.1$$sim$$6.5GBq every ton of uranium reprocessed. (2)Carbon-14 trapped at the caustic scrubbers installed in the dissolver off-gas and in the vessel off-gas treatment process is transferred to the low active waste vessel. Amount of carbon-14 transferred to the low active waste vessel was about 5.4$$sim$$ 9.6GBq every ton of uranium reprocessed. (3)The total amount of carbon-14 input to TRP was summed up to about 11.9$$sim$$15.5 GBq every ton of uranium reprocessed considering the released amount from the main stack and the trapped amount in the off-gas treatment devices. The amount of nitrogen impurity in the initial fuel was calculated about 15$$sim$$22ppm of uranium metal based on the measured carbon-14. (4)The solution in the low active waste vesselis concentrated at the evaporator.Most of the carbon-14 in the solution was transferred into concentrated solution. (5)Tokai vitrification Demonstration Facility (TVF) started to operate in 1994. Since then, carbon-14 has been measured in the ...

JAEA Reports

Manufacture of ultrasonic thickness measurement apparatus

Oba, Toshihiro; Yanagihara, Takao; Kato, Chiaki; Hamada, Shozo

JAERI-Tech 2001-059, 36 Pages, 2001/09

JAERI-Tech-2001-059.pdf:7.8MB

The demonstration test for evaluating reliability of the acid recovery evaporator at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant has been carried out at JAERI. For the nondestructive mesurement of the thickness of heat transfer tubes in the acid recovery evaporator and short tubes used in corrosion test, we have developed ultra sonic thickness measuring apparatus using immersion method with high resolution. This apparatus can measure and record tube thickness automatically with a personal computer. The results obtained by this apparatus are coincident with the results obtained by a destructive method using an optical microscope.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around Tokai reprocessing plant FY 2000

Maruo, Yoshihiro; ; Takeishi, Minoru; ; ; Takeyasu, Masanori;

JNC-TN8440 2001-011, 146 Pages, 2001/06

JNC-TN8440-2001-011.pdf:2.98MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed since 1975, based on "Safety Regulations for the Tokai Reprocessing Plant, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitants due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant during April 2000 to March 2001. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring program, monitoring results, meteorological data and annual discharges from the plant.

129 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)