Kurosaki, Yuzuru*; Yokoyama, Keiichi
Universe (Internet), 5(5), p.109_1 - 109_15, 2019/05
Regarding rovibrational transitions of diatomic alkali haride molecules, optimal waveform of laser electric field was calculated on the basis of the optimal control theory. In this study, we implemented the polarizability term into the Hamiltonian, which defines the field-molecule interaction. As a result, we obtained waveforms causing both one- and two-photon processes in a relatively high electric field regime, while waveforms causing only one-photon process was observed in a weak filed regime as well as the previous study. These results imply that the effect of two-photon process is successfully taken into account in the optimal control theory calculation. Now we can expect more reliable calculation even for strong laser field.
Bunseki, 2019(3), p.112 - 113, 2019/03
no abstracts in English
Kobayashi, Takanori*; Matsuoka, Leo*; Yokoyama, Keiichi
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry, 1150, p.40 - 48, 2019/02
One of important research targets in the development of cesium isotope separation system is design of recovery process of cesium atom. Relevant to this research target, the reaction cross section and reaction rate constant of a cesium exchange reaction through collision of the cesium iodide molecules with cesium atoms are calculated by a quasi-classical trajectory calculation based on a potential energy surface obtained by quantum chemistry calculations. Consequently, the rate constant is calculated to be 3.6 10 cmmolecules, as large as collision rate in the present condition. In addition, slightly positive temperature dependence is observed in the rate constant. This behavior is explained with the long-range attractive force and effect of subsequent dissociation process.
Bunko Kenkyu, 67(6), p.239 - 240, 2018/12
A spectroscopic technique for analysis developed by collaboration between Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST) is discussed for readers outside the field of nuclear energy. This paper introduces a quantitative analysis for Pd radioisotope contained in a spent nuclear fuel by using laser-induced photoreduction and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The importance and problems of quantitative analysis for radioisotopes in spent nuclear fuels are described, and the principle, advantages, and future applications of the spectroscopic technique are discussed.
Marsh, B. A.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Andreyev, A. N.; 41 of others*
Nature Physics, 14(12), p.1163 - 1167, 2018/12
Taguchi, Shigeo; Miyauchi, Hironari*; Horigome, Kazushi; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Kuno, Takehiko
Bunseki Kagaku, 67(11), p.681 - 686, 2018/11
In thermal ionization mass spectrometry, de-gassing is one of the important treatments to release impurities of filaments and to minimize the influence of background. In this work, the effect of the surface change in the tungsten filament induced by the conductively heating treatment on uranium isotopic (U/U) measurement has been investigated. It was found that the conductively heating treatment of the filament has the effect of smoothing the surface of the filament and also has the effect of improving the deposition of the sample on the filament surface. As a result of either these effects, the precision of uranium isotopic (U/U) measurement was improved.
Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Borschevsky, A.*; Beerwerth, R.*; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Mitsukai, Akina*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Osa, Akihiko; Toyoshima, Atsushi; et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 140(44), p.14609 - 14613, 2018/11
The first ionization potential (IP) yields information on valence electronic structure of an atom. IP values of heavy actinides beyond einsteinium (Es, Z = 99), however, have not been determined experimentally so far due to the difficulty in obtaining these elements on scales of more than one atom at a time. Recently, we successfully measured IP of lawrencium (Lr, Z = 103) using a surface ionization method. The result suggests that Lr has a loosely-bound electron in the outermost orbital. In contrast to Lr, nobelium (No, Z = 102) is expected to have the highest IP among the actinide elements owing to its full-filled 5f and the 7s orbitals. In the present study, we have successfully determined IP values of No as well as fermium (Fm, Z = 100) and mendelevium (Md, Z = 101) using the surface ionization method. The obtained results indicate that the IP value of heavy actinoids would increase monotonically with filling electrons up in the 5f orbital like heavy lanthanoids.
Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Uozumi, Yuki*; Yano, Masahiro; Asaoka, Hidehito; Suzuki, Shinichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.161 - 164, 2018/11
For nuclear transmutation of cesium-135 (Cs), which is long-lived fission product, we are developing selective absorbent which takes only Cs atom in, but does not CsI. In this study, absorbing property of Cs atom onto the surface of fullerene (C) film has been investigated using synchrotron-based angle-dependent X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results were compared with those of CsI. It was found that Cs penetrates into C deep bulk. In contrast, CsI deposits on shallow surface. Furthermore, XPS spectra were measured as a function of Ar-sputtering time in order to know Cs concentration profiles in deep region. Results showed that Cs penetrates into deep region of several hundreds .
Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Konda, Miki; Suzuki, Daisuke; Magara, Masaaki; Kimura, Takaumi; Ishihara, Ryo*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*
Talanta, 185, p.98 - 105, 2018/08
Estimating the risks associated with radiation from long-lived fission products (LLFP) in radioactive waste is essential to ensure the long-term safety of potential disposal sites. In this study, the amount of Zr, a LLFP, was determined by ICP-MS after separating Zr from a spent nuclear fuel solution using a microvolume anion-exchange cartridge (TEDA cartridge). The TEDA cartridge achieved highly selective separation of Zr regardless of its small bed volume of 0.08 cm. The time taken to complete the Zr separation was 1.2 min with a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min, which was 10 times faster than that for a conventional anion-exchange resin column. Almost all the other elements were removed, leading to accurate measurement of Zr. The result connects experimental value to theoretical prediction provided by ORIGEN2, which requires verification. With the measured value, we demonstrated that the theoretical value is reliable enough to estimate radiation risks.
Nakata, Kotaro*; Hasegawa, Takuma*; Oyama, Takahiro*; Miyakawa, Kazuya
Journal of Hydrology, 561, p.547 - 556, 2018/06
no abstracts in English
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(6), p.614 - 622, 2018/06
Toward the development of the next version of Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library (JENDL) general-purpose file, we calculate neutron cross-sections on Cu from 50 keV to 20MeV, which is the incident energy range above the resolved resonance region in JENDL-4.0. A dispersive optical model potential is adopted with a coupled-channel method for interaction between neutron and Cu. Direct, pre-equilibrium, and compound processes are taken into account in the calculation. All cross-sections, differential and double-differential cross-sections are consistently calculated with a single set of model parameters. The calculation results reproduce the measured data very well. In addition, disagreement between the calculated and experimental values seen in an integral test for the Cu reaction is improved by using the cross-section data obtained from the present work.
Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Adachi, Motoyasu*; Kawakita, Yukinobu
JAEA-Review 2018-002, 36 Pages, 2018/03
Since J-PARC started operation for user programs with high-intensity pulsed neutron beams, many material and life science studies have been carried out at J-PARC. Since partial or complete deuteration of organic compounds for contrast variation in the scattering length densities of materials is one of the most effective techniques in the application of neutron scattering analysis, deuterated materials have led to significant progress in our understanding of the structure of novel organic materials. Aiming at accelerating development of deuteration activities in our country, an international workshop "Deuterated Materials Enhancing Neutron Science for Structure Function Applications" was held as a J-PARC Workshop at Ibaraki Quantum Beam Research Center from 19th October to 20th October in 2017. In this workshop, the chemical/biological deuteration activities and recent scientific results of deuterated materials enhancing neutron study in Japan and other countries were discussed by domestic/foreign deuteration and neutron scientists. This is a report of the workshop summarized by organizers.
Khim, B.-K.*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Park, K.-A.*; Noriki, Shinichiro*
Ocean Science Journal, 53(1), p.17 - 29, 2018/03
Distribution of carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (C, N) in sinking particles collected in four stations in the Japan Sea was summarized. The C and N values in the sinking particles showed a clear seasonal variation, which agreed well with the variation in the chlorophyll a concentration in the surface seawater and in the sinking flux of biogenic particles. In particular, during the highly productive season of phytoplankton, a remarkable isotopic fractionation of N was found in the sinking particles, and it was inferred that the fractionation indicates the degree of nitrogen uptake by diatoms in the surface layer. These results are helpful information for linking the phenomenon in the ocean surface and the isotopic information recorded in the seafloor.
Akagi, Hiroshi*; Kumada, Takayuki; Otobe, Tomohito*; Itakura, Ryuji*; Hasegawa, Hirokazu*; Oshima, Yasuhiro*
Applied Physics B, 124(1), p.14_1 - 14_8, 2018/01
We propose and numerically simulate a method of laser isotope separation based on field-free alignment of isotopologues, utilizing an intense switched nanosecond (ns) laser field which is slowly turned on and rapidly turned off at the peak with the falling time of 200 fs. The femtosecond (fs) laser induced alignment of molecules including a heavy atom is severely disturbed by ionization because of their small ionization potential. Our simulations for Br and Br isotopologues demonstrate that the switched ns laser field can make isotopologues well-aligned with the reduced ionization probability at the laser intensity which is an order-of-magnitude lower than a typical intensity for field-free alignment induced by a fs laser field.
Sonoda, Tetsu*; Iimura, Hideki; Reponen, M.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Sonnenschein, V.*; Takamatsu, Takahide*; Tomita, Hideki*; Kojima, Takao*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 877, p.118 - 123, 2018/01
In order to produce low-energy RI beams at RIKEN RIBF, a laser ion source, PALIS, is under construction. This ion source is based on resonance ionization of RI atoms captured in Ar gas. Because the ion source is located 70m away from lasers, we have developed an optical system for laser beam transport. This system can be controlled remotely when the ion source is not accessible because of high radiation level. The position of laser beam after transport is reasonably stable, and the transport efficiency is about 50%.
Kobayashi, Takanori*; Matsuoka, Leo*; Yokoyama, Keiichi
Nippon Enerugi Gakkai-Shi, 96(10), p.441 - 444, 2017/10
To investigate the reaction cross section of the cesium exchange reaction of CsI (v = 0, j = 0) + Cs Cs + ICs, we performed quasi-classical trajectory calculations on the potential energy surface calculated by the ab initio molecular orbital theory. The potential energy surface shows that intermediate CsI is formed without entrance barrier and has two equivalent Cs-I bonds. The reaction cross sections decrease monotonically with increasing collision energy. The rate constant k (v = 0, j = 0) was estimated to be about 310cm molecules at temperatures ranging from 500 to 1200K and a slight negative temperature dependence was observed.
Esaka, Fumitaka; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Suzuki, Daisuke; Miyamoto, Yutaka; Magara, Masaaki
Talanta, 165, p.122 - 127, 2017/04
The isotope ratios of Pu/Pu, Pu/Pu, Pu/Pu, and Pu/Pu were measured for individual Pu and U-Pu mixed oxide particles by a combination of alpha spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). As a consequence, we were able to determine the Pu/Pu, Pu/Pu, and Pu/Pu isotope ratios with ICP-MS after particle dissolution and chemical separation of uranium, plutonium and americium with UTEVA resins. Furthermore, Pu/Pu isotope ratios were able to be calculated by using both the Pu/( Pu+Pu) activity ratios that had been measured through alpha spectrometry and the Pu/Pu isotope ratios determined through ICP-MS. Therefore, the combined use of alpha spectrometry and ICP-MS is useful in determining plutonium isotope ratios, including Pu/Pu, in individual U-Pu mixed oxide particles.
Tomita, Jumpei; Abe, Takuya
JAEA-Research 2016-026, 12 Pages, 2017/03
An analytical method of low-level Ra isotopes in freshwater samples with combination of pre-concentration from large volume of water sample (170 L) using Powdex resin and -ray spectrometry followed by simple coprecipitation of Ra was developed. pre-concentration of Ra by batch method using Powder resin was examined, and it was shown that the amount of the resin required collecting Ra in the water sample could be determined by measuring the electric conductivity (EC) of water sample. It was found that coprecipitation of Ra with barium sulfate could remove more than 96% of potassium that increases the background. The validation of this method was confirmed by the analyses of 170 L of water sample containing the known amount of Ra isotopes with different EC. Among the analyses, the recovery of Ra was 98% in average and detection limits of Ra and Ra were achieved to be approximately 0.3 and 0.5 mBq L, respectively.
Genshikaku Kenkyu, 61(1), p.96 - 106, 2016/09
We successfully determined the first ionization potential of lawrencium (Lr, Z=103). The result experimentally substantiated for the first time that Lr is the last member of the actinide series. Measured ionization potential suggested that Lr atom would have the electronic configuration which is different from the configuration expected based on the Periodic table. For the measurement, we have developed a novel method applied the surface ionization process. Public responses after the publication are also introduced.
JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.147 - 152, 2016/09
Copper is an important element relevant to heat sink material for fusion reactors, structural material for accelerator-driven systems, and so on. Therefore, more precise neutron nuclear data on copper isotopes are currently required. In addition, covariance data are also required to estimate uncertainties of various integral quantities obtained from calculation using the nuclear data. Covariance includes correlated uncertainties between different nuclear data, e.g. cross sections of different reactions. In evaluation on Cu of JENDL-4.0, the cross sections and angular distributions for several reactions were calculated by various computational codes. Towards preparation of covariance data, we evaluated neutron nuclear data on Cu by a consistent method using the CCONE code.