Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji
JAEA-Data/Code 2020-008, 41 Pages, 2020/08
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting a wide range of geoscientific research in order to build scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of nuclear wastes. This study aims to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in fractured crystalline rock. The Regional Hydrogeological Study (RHS) project is a one of the geoscientific research program at Tono Geoscience Center. This project started since April 1992 and main investigations were finished to FY2004. Since FY2005, hydrogeological and hydrochemical monitoring have been continued using the existing monitoring system. Furthermore, these monitoring were ceased at the end of FY2019 due to the completion of the RHS project. This report describes the results of the long term hydro-pressure monitoring for FY2019.
Onoe, Hironori; Kosaka, Hiroshi*; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Komatsu, Tetsuya; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Yasue, Kenichi
Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(1), p.3 - 14, 2019/06
In this study, it is focused on topographic changes due to uplift and denudation, also climate perturbations, a method which is able to assess the long-term variability of groundwater flow conditions using the coefficient variation based on some steady-state groundwater flow simulation results was developed. Spatial distribution of long residence time area which is not much influenced due to long-term topographic change and recharge rate change during the past one million years was able to estimate through the case study of the Tono area, Central Japan. By applying this evaluation method, it is possible to identify the local area that has low variability of groundwater flow conditions due to topographic changes and climate perturbations from the regional area quantitatively and spatially.
Keisan Kogaku, 24(1), p.3851 - 3854, 2019/01
In this study, inverse analysis using observed data of pumping test was carried for confirmation of the applicability of inverse analysis method of groundwater flow based on in-situ data. Target of this inverse analysis was spatial distribution of hydrogeological heterogeneity of the fault. Inverse analysis had been applied to the area around the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, which is constructed by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste. As a result of this study, the estimated results of inverse analysis are consistent with previous study result, and it was concluded that inverse analysis using hydraulic response due to pumping test is effective for hydrogeological characterization in deep underground.
Onoe, Hironori; Yamamoto, Shinya*; Kohashi, Akio; Ozaki, Yusuke; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Masumoto, Kiyoshi*
JAEA-Research 2018-003, 84 Pages, 2018/06
In this study, numerical experiments considered hydrogeological structures, which has high heterogeneity around the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory and inverse analysis using in-situ data were carried out. The results showed that concentration of hydrogeological structure to be estimated and location of monitoring point is important for application of inverse analysis. Furthermore, it is concluded that inverse analysis using hydraulic response due to pumping test is effective for hydrogeological characterization.
Sakai, Akihiro; Kurosawa, Ryohei*; Totsuka, Masayoshi; Nakata, Hisakazu; Amazawa, Hiroya
JAEA-Technology 2016-032, 117 Pages, 2017/02
JAEA has been planning to implement near surface disposal of low level waste generated from research, medical, and industrial facilities. JAEA plans to carry out 3d analysis of groundwater flow in geological model around the disposal site because of development of migration assessment modeling of radioactivity materials in the site. In the safety demonstration test in JAEA, 3d analysis of groundwater flow was carried out on 1999. The analysis was calculated by using the code "3D-SEEP". But it is necessary to improve the conditions of the model in the analysis. Therefore, we improved the geological model which had been developed carried out 3d analysis of groundwater flow by using the current 3D-SEEP for the specified disposal site in the future. From the result, we expect that 3d analysis of groundwater flow in the environment around the specified near surface disposal site will be able to be sufficiently conducted by developing an appropriate model for the disposal site.
Ueno, Tetsuro; Takeuchi, Ryuji
JAEA-Data/Code 2015-032, 30 Pages, 2016/03
Tono Geoscience Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has carried out the subsurface water balance observation in order to estimate groundwater recharge rate for setting the upper boundary conditions on groundwater flow simulation and to obtain data for calibration of hydrogeological model. In the subsurface water balance observations, precipitation data and river flowrate have been observed in the Garaishi River and Hiyoshi River watersheds. The missing or abnormal data in the monitoring data during the fiscal year 2014 were complemented or corrected, and these data were compiled in data set. Because many data were accumulated, these observations were finished in the end of March, 2015.
Onoe, Hironori; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Takeuchi, Ryuji
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 72(1), p.13 - 26, 2016/01
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency is conducting the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (URL) project in Mizunami, Gifu, in order to establish scientific and technical basis for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. This paper comprehensively describes the result of groundwater flow modeling using data of hydraulic responses and hydrochemical changes due to URL construction. Technical know-how and methodology of hydrogeological monitoring and groundwater flow modeling were presented for characterization of hydraulic heterogeneities in fractured crystalline rock. Furthermore, effectivity of data acquisition of hydrochemical changes in groundwater for validation of result of groundwater flow modeling was indicated.
Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Onoe, Hironori; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Tanaka, Tatsuya*; Abumi, Kensho*; Hashimoto, Shuji*; Bruines, P.*
JAEA-Research 2015-011, 59 Pages, 2015/10
It is important to evaluate groundwater flow characteristics on several spatial scales for assessment of long-term safety on geological disposal of high-level radioactive wastes. An estimation of hydraulic heterogeneity caused by fracture network is significant for evaluation of the groundwater flow characteristics in the region of tens of meters square. Heterogeneity of equivalent hydraulic properties is needed to estimate for evaluation of the groundwater flow characteristics in the region of several km square. In order to develop the methodology for multi-scale hydrogeological modeling taking into account the hydraulic heterogeneity, spatial distribution of fractures and their hydraulic properties have been modeled using discrete fracture network (DFN) model. Then, hydrogeological continuum model taking into account the hydraulic heterogeneity has been estimated based on the DFN model. Through this study, the methodology for multi-scale hydrogeological modeling according to type of investigation data has been proposed.
Onoe, Hironori; Kosaka, Hiroshi*; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Saegusa, Hiromitsu
JAEA-Research 2015-008, 146 Pages, 2015/08
Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project is being carried out by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) in the Cretaceous Toki granite in the Tono area, central Japan. The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation (Phase I), Construction (Phase II) and Operation (Phase III). In this study, calibration of hydrogeological model and groundwater flow simulation using the data obtained by the Phase I and Phase II were carried out in order to develop the methodology for construction and update of hydrogeological model on Site Scale. As a result, hydrogeological model on Site Scale, which is able to simulate comprehensively the obtained data regarding groundwater pressure distribution before excavation of the MIU facilities, hydraulic responses and inflow volume during excavation of the MIU facilities, was constructed.
Shimada, Taro; Takeda, Seiji; Mukai, Masayuki; Munakata, Masahiro; Tanaka, Tadao
Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.1744, p.229 - 234, 2015/04
Integrated safety assessment methodology which analyzes radionuclide migration reflecting the spatial and temporal changes of disposal systems was developed for a geological disposal site with uplift and denudation, and then some case analyses for an assumed site with sedimentary rocks were carried out. The combination of uniform uplift and denudation has the most effect on the radionuclide migration because the groundwater flow velocity increases with decreasing the depth from the ground surface. In the case without denudation, tilted uplift has more effect than uniform uplift because flow velocity in tilted uplift increase with increasing hydraulic gradient. The long-term change of the geological structures including the uplift and denudation, the hydraulic conditions, and the recharge and outlet of the groundwater around a candidate site should be carefully investigated to determine the appropriate the place,depth and layout of the repository.
Ogawa, Hiromichi; Nagao, Seiya; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Mukai, Masayuki; Munakata, Masahiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiaki; Nakayama, Shinichi; Takeda, Seiji; Kimura, Hideo; Kumata, Masahiro; et al.
JAERI-Research 2000-052, 101 Pages, 2001/01
no abstracts in English
Takeda, Seietsu; ; ; Nakatsuka, Noboru; ; ;
JNC-TN7410 2000-003, 65 Pages, 2000/11
Koide, Kaoru; ; Takeuchi, Shinji; ; ; ;
JNC-TN7400 2000-014, 83 Pages, 2000/11
The Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) has been conducting a wide range of geoscientific research in order to build a firm scientific and technological basis for the research and development of geological disposal. One of the major components of the ongoing geoscientific research programme is the Regional Hydrogeological Study (RHS) project in the Tono region, central Japan. The main goal of the RHS project is to develop and demonstrate surface-based investigation methodologies to characterize geological environments at a regional scale in Japan. The RHS project was initiated in 1992. The first five years of the project were devoted mainly to develop methodologies and techniques for deep borehole investigations in crystalline rock in Japan. Investigations to verify the performance of new instruments and methods for borehole drilling, hydraulic testing and groundwater sampling were conducted. In the last four years, surface-based investigations and a stepwise development of models of the geological environment have been carried out. To date, remote sensing, geological mapping, airborne and ground geophysical investigations, and measurements in eleven deep boreholes have been carried out. Hydro monitorring is continuing in these boreholes. Important results that have been obtained from these investigations include multi-disciplinaly information about the heterogeneity of lithology and hydraulic, geochemical and rock mechanical properties of the granitic rock, and evolution of the groundwater geochemistry. Technical knowledge and experience have been accumulated, which allow application of the methodologies and techniques to characterize the geological environment in crystalline rock. The results from these R%D activities were used as prime inputs for the H12 report that JNC submitted to the Japanese Government in l999. Results from such R&D is also acknowledged by other geoscientific studies in general. JNC will synthesize the results from R&D ...
JNC-TN1440 2000-010, 145 Pages, 2000/11
no abstracts in English
JNC-TN1440 2000-009, 150 Pages, 2000/11
no abstracts in English
JNC-TJ7400 2000-015, 203 Pages, 2000/08
no abstracts in English
JNC-TN1400 2000-003, 0 Pages, 2000/07
JNC-TY7400 2000-004, 62 Pages, 2000/05
*; *; *; *
JNC-TJ8400 2000-006, 232 Pages, 2000/05
In this research, simulations with some parameters which characterize ground water flow and the reliability evaluation for the expansion of the calculation method of groundwater flow were carried out by using the radionuclide transport computations in nearfield heterogeneous porous media. Concretely contents are follows: (1)With the series of calculation method for three-dimensional saturated/unsaturated groundwater flow and one-dimensional radionuclide transport. the computational analyses with the parameters used in JNC report in 2000 was carried out and the influence of the different input flux was evaluated. (2)The examination of the application for the different ways of inverse laplace transformation which is used in one-dimensional radionuclide tansport analysis code "MATRICS" was carried out. (3)The examination of the application of multi-element "MATRICS" (m-MATRICS) for radionuclide transport computations in nearfield heterogeneous porous media was carried out. (4)The series of calculation methods from three-dimensional saturated/unsaturated ground water flow simulation code to one-dimensional radionuclide transport simulation code was integrated.
*; *; *; *
JNC-TJ8400 2000-005, 71 Pages, 2000/05
In this research, simulations with some parameters which characterize ground water flow and the reliability evaluation for the expansion of the calculation method of groundwater flow were carried out by using the radionuclide transport computations in nearfield heterogeneous porous media. Concretely contents are follows: (1)With the series of calculation method for three-dimensional saturated/unsaturated groundwater flow and one-dimensional radionuclide transport, the computational analyses with the parameters used in JNC report in 2000 was carried out and the influence of the different input flux was evaluated. (2)The examination of the application for the different ways of inverse laplace transformation which is used in one-dimensional radionuclide transport analysis code "MATRICS" was carried out. (3)The examination of the application of multi-element "MATRICS" (m-MATRICS) for radionuclide transport computations in nearfield heterogeneous porous media was carried out. (4)The series of calculation methods from three-dimensional saturated/unsaturated ground water flow simulation code to one-dimensional radionuclide transport simulation code was integrated.