; ; Shigetome, Yoshiaki
JNC-TN8200 2001-006, 19 Pages, 2001/12
; Inagaki, Tatsutoshi*
JNC-TY1400 2000-004, 464 Pages, 2000/08
; Inagaki, Tatsutoshi*
JNC-TY1400 2000-003, 92 Pages, 2000/08
Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) and Japan Atomic Power company (JAPCO, that is the representative of the electric utilities in Japan) have established a new organization to develop a commercialized fast breeder reactor (FBR) cycle system since July 1, 1999 and feasibility studies (F/S) have been undertaken in order to determine the promising concepts and to define the necessary R&D tasks. In the first two-year phase, a number of candidate concepts will be selected from various options, featuring innovative technologies. In the F/S, the options are evaluated and conceptual designs are examined considering the attainable perspectives for following: (1) ensuring safety, (2) economic competitiveness to future LWRs, (3) efficient utilization of resources, (4) reduction of environmental burden and (5) enhancement of nuclear non-proliferation. The F/S should also guide the necessary R&D to commercialize FBR cycle system.
JNC-TN1440 2000-007, 115 Pages, 2000/08
no abstracts in English
JNC-TN1440 2000-005, 214 Pages, 2000/08
no abstracts in English
; ; ; ;
JNC-TN9400 2000-066, 52 Pages, 2000/06
Phase I of feasibility studies on commercialized fast reactor system is being peformed for two years from Japanese Fiscal Year 1999. In this report, results of the study on fluid fuel reactors (especialiy a molten salt fast breeder reactor concept) are described from the viewpoint of technical and economical concerns of the plant system design. ln JFY1999, we have started to investigate the fluid fuel reactors as alternative concepts of sodium cooled FBR systems with MOX fuel, and selected the unique concept of a molten chloride fast, breeder reactor, whose U-Pu fuel cycle can be related to both light water reactors and fast breeder reactors on the basis of present technical data and design experiences. We selected a preliminary composition of molten fuel and conceptual plant design through evaluation of technical and economical issues essential for the molten salt reactors and then compared them with reference design concepts of sodium cooled FBR systems under limited information on the molten chloride fast breeder reactors. The following results were obtained. (1)The molten chloride fast breeder reactors have inherent safety features in the core and plant performances, ad the fluid fuel is quite promising for cost reduction of the fuel fabrication and reprocessing. (2)On the other hand, the inventory of the molten chloride fuel becomes high and thermal conductivity of the coolant is inferior compared to those of sodium cooled FBR systems, then, the size of main components such as lHX's becomes larger and the amount of construction materials is seems to be increased. (3)Furthermore economical vessel and piping materials which contact with the molten chloride salts are required to be developed. From the results, it is concluded that further steps to investigate the molten chloride fast breeder reactor concepts are too early to be conducted.
Ohtaki, Akira; ; ; *; *;
JNC-TN9410 2000-006, 74 Pages, 2000/04
To evaluate materials balance in nuclear fuel cycle quickly and quantitatively the fuel cycle requirement code "FAMILY" was improved. And an accumulated TRU&LLFP quantity analysis code was developed. The contents are as follows: (1)A calculation ability of minor actinide production and expenditure was added to the "FAMILY" code. (2)An output program for the "FAMILY" calculation results was developed. (3)A simple version of "FAMILY" code was developed. (4)An analysis code for accumulated TRU&LLFP quantity in nuclear fuel cycle was developed.
Fujiwara, Masayuki; Mizuta, Shunji;
JNC-TN9400 2000-050, 19 Pages, 2000/04
For evaluating the fast reactor system technology, it is important to evaluate the practical feasibility of ODS ferritic cdaddings, which is the most promising matelials to attain the goal of high coolant temperature and more than 150 GWd/t. Based on the results of their technology development, mass production process with highly economically benefit as well as manufacturing cost estimation of ODS ferritic claddings were preliminarily conducted. From the view point of future utility scale, the cost for manufacturig mother tubes has a dominant factor in the total manufacturing cost. The method to reduce the cost of mother tube manufacturing was also preliminarily investigated.
JNC-TN9400 2000-041, 29 Pages, 2000/03
Irradiation behavior and performance models were investigated in order to apply for nitride fuel options in feasibility study on fast breeder reactor and related recycle systems. (1)MechanicaI design of nitride fuel pin: The behaviors of fission gas release (increase of internal Pressure) and fuel-to-cladding chemical interaction (decrease of cladding thickness) are needed to evaluate cumulative damage fraction in case of fuel pin mechanical design. The behaviors of fission gas release and fuel-to-cladding chemical interaction were investigated from the past studies up to high burnuP, since the lower fission gas release in nitride fuel than in oxide fuel could contribute to reduce the plenum volume and result in the shortening of fuel Pin length. (2)Fuel pin smear density: The higher fuel smear density is preferred for the higher fissile density to improve the core characteristic. The behaviors of fuel pellet swelling were investigated from the past studies up to higher burnup, since the larger fuel pellet swelling in nitride fuel than in oxide fuel would restrict high burunp capability due to fuel-cladding mechanical interaction. (3)Compatibility of nitride fuel with high Temperature water: Compatibility of nitride fuel with high temperature water were investigated from the past studies to contribute water cooled fast breeder reactor options.
; ; Mizuta, Shunji
JNC-TN9400 2000-040, 41 Pages, 2000/03
The corrosion behavior of ferritic stainless steels applied to core components under C0 gas environment was investigated in order to be helpful to fuel design in C0 gas cooled reactor as the feasibility study for fast breeder reactor. The dependence of the corrosion behavior, before a breakaway occurs, on C0 gas temperature, Si and Cr contents of ferritic steels was determined quantitatively. The following correlations to calculate the metal loss thickness was established. X = 4.4w w = √(kt) k = exp( - 5.45[Si]) exp( - 1.09[Cr]) exp( - 11253/T) = 1.65 104.40 10 X : metal loss thickness[ml, w : corrosion weight gain [mg/cm] k : parabola constant [(mg/cm)/hr], t : time [hr], : constant [Si] : Si content[wt.%], [Cr] : Cr content [wt.%], T : temperature [K]
JNC-TN9400 2000-031, 15 Pages, 2000/03
For the irradiation performance of metallic fuel, many of the analyses were conducted in USA using EBR-l and EBR-II. ln this study, based on the published data and papers on the above results, the appropriate methods to the evaluation of the irradiation performance of FBR metallic fuel for the design study were considered, as the fbasibility study for FBR. The followings are the targets in this work; (1)deformation of cladding (2)deformation of fuel slug (3)FP gas release (4)fluctuation of the bonding Na level in the fuel pin (5)FCCI
JNC-TN1440 2000-003, 88 Pages, 1999/08
no abstracts in English