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JAEA Reports

The Regional-scale 3D geological model in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project

Sakai, Toshihiro; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki

JAEA-Data/Code 2019-007, 29 Pages, 2019/09

JAEA-Data-Code-2019-007.pdf:53.07MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2019-007-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:340.04MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is performing the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project, which includes a scientific study of the deep geological environment as a basis of research and development for the geological disposal of high level radioactive wastes, in order to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in the sedimentary rock. This report summarize numerical data of 3D geological model in regional-scale constructed by Maptek$$^{rm TM}$$ Vulcan$$^{rm TM}$$.

JAEA Reports

Risk communication activity which used "YUME Chisoukan" in the Horonobe Underground Research Center; FY2017

Nogami, Toshinobu; Hoshino, Masato; Tokunaga, Hiroaki*; Horikoshi, Hidehiko*

JAEA-Review 2019-004, 116 Pages, 2019/08

JAEA-Review-2019-004.pdf:6.89MB

Horonobe Underground Research Center managed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is the Japan's best environment to understand the project of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, because there is an Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in the center besides an exhibition facility which explains the content of research conducted in the URL. In the area of the center, there is also an exhibition facility for the full-scale model of engineered barrier system of geological disposal. JAEA takes advantage of this opportunity to conduct public hearing including questionnaire research regarding the questions, anxieties and comments by the visitors for geological disposal project. This report summarizes the result of statistical analysis of 3,842 visitors from April 2017 to January 2018.

JAEA Reports

Collection of measurement data from in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (until March, 2018)

Nakayama, Masashi; Ono, Hirokazu; Nakayama, Mariko*; Kobayashi, Masato*

JAEA-Data/Code 2019-003, 57 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2019-003.pdf:18.12MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2019-003-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:99.74MB

The Horonobe URL Project has being pursued by JAEA to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formation at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The URL Project consists of two major research areas, Geoscientific Research and Research and Development on Geological Disposal Technologies, and proceeds in 3 overlapping phases, Phase I: Surface-based investigations, Phase II: Investigations during tunnel excavation and Phase III: Investigations in the URL, over a period of around 20 years. Phase III investigation was started in 2010 FY. The in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system had been prepared from 2013 to 2014 FY at GL-350 m gallery, and heating by electric heater in simulated overpack had started in January, 2015. One of objectives of the experiment is acquiring data concerned with THMC coupled behavior. These data will be used in order to confirm the performance of engineered barrier system. This report summarizes the measurement data acquired from the experiment from December, 2014 to March, 2018. The summarized data of the EBS experiment will be published periodically.

Journal Articles

Preliminary results for natural groundwater colloids in sedimentary rocks of the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory, Hokkaido, Japan

Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Onda, Shingo*

Geological Society Special Publications, 482, 13 Pages, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:50.57

Colloid concentration is an important parameter in models of colloid-facilitated transport. The purpose of present study is to characterize colloid concentrations and colloid stability in natural groundwater from the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) as for development of a procedure. The particle sizes of colloids in groundwaters from the Horonobe URL range from several nm to ca. 500 nm, with a mode particle size of ca. 120 nm. Evaluation of colloid stability by DLVO theory suggests that larger colloids (i.e., $$>$$100 nm in diameter) would be more stable than smaller colloids in some groundwaters. The estimated colloid particle concentrations ranged from 2.33$$times$$10$$^{6}$$ to 1.12$$times$$10$$^{8}$$ pt/mL, and mass concentrations were estimated to range from 45 to 1540 $$mu$$g/L for diameters greater than 100 nm. Colloids in Horonobe groundwaters appear to be less stable, with a moderate potential for transport, than colloids investigated in similar international studies. This reduced stability may be due to relatively higher ionic strengths and moderate dissolved organic concentrations in Horonobe groundwaters compared to their international counterparts.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Investigation program for the 2018 fiscal year

Hanamuro, Takahiro

JAEA-Review 2018-011, 20 Pages, 2018/08

JAEA-Review-2018-011.pdf:2.77MB

As part of the research and development program on geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW), the Horonobe Underground Research Center, a division of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), is implementing the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Horonobe URL Project) with the aim at investigating sedimentary rock formations. According to the research plan described in the 3rd Mid- and Long-term Plan of JAEA, according to the Horonobe URL Project, "Near-field performance study", "Demonstration of repository design option", and "Verification of crustal-movement buffering capacity of sedimentary rocks" are the top priority issues, and schedule for finishing the project and backfill plan will be decides by the end of 2019 Fiscal Year. The Horonobe URL Project is planned to extend over a period of about 20 years. This report summarizes the investigation program for the 2018 fiscal year (2018/2019).

Journal Articles

Estimation of in situ stress based on the measurement of convergence during gallery excavation

Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Kamemura, Katsumi*; Sugawara, Kentaro*; Hagihara, Takeshi*

Dai-53-Kai Jiban Kogaku Kenkyu Happyokai Happyo Koenshu (DVD-ROM), p.11 - 12, 2018/07

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Risk communication activity which used "YUME Chisoukan" in the Horonobe Underground Research Center; 2016

Nogami, Toshinobu; Hoshino, Masato; Tokunaga, Hiroaki*; Horikoshi, Hidehiko*; Kawabata, Kazuki*

JAEA-Review 2018-003, 151 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Review-2018-003.pdf:3.94MB

Horonobe Underground Research Center managed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is the Japan's best environment to understand the project of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, because there is an Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in the center besides an exhibition facility which explains the content of research conducted in the URL. In the area of the center, there is also an exhibition facility for the full-scale model of engineered barrier system of geological disposal. JAEA takes advantage of this opportunity to conduct public hearing including questionnaire research regarding the questions, anxieties and comments by the visitors for geological disposal project. This report summarizes the result of statistical analysis of 2,795 visitors from April to November in 2016.

JAEA Reports

Records of physico-chemical parameters by geochemical monitoring system in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Mezawa, Tetsuya; Mochizuki, Akihito; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Sasamoto, Hiroshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-001, 55 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-001.pdf:10.63MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-001-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:8.57MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been conducting "geoscientific study" and "research and development on geological disposal" in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) for safe geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Geochemical parameters of groundwater pressure, pH, and oxidation-reduction potential in the deep groundwater has been continuously monitored with monitoring systems which were developed in the Horonobe URL Project. This report presents the physico-chemical parameters of groundwater which have been obtained by the monitoring systems installed at the 140 m, 250 m and 350 m gallery. The data obtained until March 31, 2017 was summarized along with related information such as the specifications of boreholes and the excavation of the URL.

Journal Articles

Temporal trend in excavation disturbed zone around a modeled disposal pit in Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Miyara, Nobukatsu; Ishii, Eiichi; Matsuzaki, Yoshiteru

Shigen, Sozai Koenshu (Internet), 5(1), 7 Pages, 2018/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Development of extra high head pump for cutoff grout drainage in a deep vertical shaft

Shirase, Mitsuyasu*; Abe, Akimasa*; Nago, Makito*; Ishii, Eiichi; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Wakasugi, Shinichi*

Doboku Gakkai Heisei-29-Nendo Zenkoku Taikai Dai-72-Kai Nenji Gakujutsu Koenkai Koen Gaiyoshu (DVD-ROM), p.1795 - 1796, 2017/09

JAEA has executed the underground facility construction operation from February 2011 to June 2014, while carrying out the maintenance and research project until 2018. This report is about the extra high head pump which was able to drain the high specific gravity grout drainage, which develops during grouting operation at this facility, directly from 250m underground to the surface.

JAEA Reports

Risk communication activity which used "YUME Chisoukan" in the Horonobe Underground Research Center; 2015

Fujiwara, Toshiyuki; Hoshino, Masato; Tokunaga, Hiroaki*; Horikoshi, Hidehiko*

JAEA-Review 2017-008, 128 Pages, 2017/07

JAEA-Review-2017-008.pdf:8.28MB

Horonobe Underground Research Center managed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is the Japan's best environment to understand the project of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, because there is an Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in the center besides an exhibition facility which explains the content of research conducted in the URL. In the area of the center, there is also an exhibition facility for the full-scale model of engineered barrier system of geological disposal. JAEA takes advantage of this opportunity to conduct public hearing including questionnaire research regarding the questions, anxieties and comments by the visitors for geological disposal project. This report summarizes the result of statistical analysis of 2,674 visitors from April to November in 2015.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Investigation program for the 2017 fiscal year

Hanamuro, Takahiro

JAEA-Review 2017-013, 22 Pages, 2017/06

JAEA-Review-2017-013.pdf:2.85MB

As part of the research and development program on geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW), the Horonobe Underground Research Center, a division of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), is implementing the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Horonobe URL Project) with the aim at investigating sedimentary rock formations. According to the research plan described in the 3rd Mid- and Long-term Plan of JAEA, according to the Horonobe URL Project, "Near-field performance study", "Demonstration of repository design option", and "Verification of crustal-movement buffering capacity of sedimentary rocks" are the top priority issues, and schedule for finishing the project and backfill plan will be decides by the end of 2019 Fiscal Year. The Horonobe URL Project is planned to extend over a period of about 20 years. This report summarizes the investigation program for the 2017 fiscal year (2017/2018).

JAEA Reports

Groundwater pressure records by geochemical monitoring system in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Mezawa, Tetsuya; Mochizuki, Akihito; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Sasamoto, Hiroshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-010, 63 Pages, 2017/06

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-010.pdf:9.66MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2017-010-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:5.08MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting "geoscientific study" and "research and development on geological disposal" in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) for safe geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Geochemical parameters of groundwater pressure, pH, and oxidation-reduction potential in the deep groundwater has been continuously monitored by the monitoring system which was developed in the Horonobe URL Project. This report presents the data of groundwater pressure which have been obtained by the monitoring system installed at the 140 m and 350 m gallery. The data obtained until March 31, 2016 was summarized along with related information such as the specifications of boreholes and the excavation of the URL.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Synthesis of Phase II (Construction Phase) investigations to a depth of 350m

Sato, Toshinori; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Ishii, Eiichi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Hayano, Akira; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Fujita, Tomoo*; Tanai, Kenji; Nakayama, Masashi; Takeda, Masaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2016-025, 313 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Research-2016-025.pdf:45.1MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formations at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. This report summarizes the results of the Phase II investigations carried out from April 2005 to June 2014 to a depth of 350m. Integration of work from different disciplines into a "geosynthesis" ensures that the Phase II goals have been successfully achieved and identifies key issues that need to made to be addressed in the Phase II investigations Efforts are made to summarize as many lessons learnt from the Phase II investigations and other technical achievements as possible to form a "knowledge base" that will reinforce the technical basis for both implementation and the formulation of safety regulations.

JAEA Reports

Data of geophysical logging based on the deep borehole investigations in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Phase I)

Miyara, Nobukatsu; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-005, 34 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-005.pdf:5.12MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2017-005-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:27.66MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is performing the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project, which includes a scientific study of the deep geological environment as a basis of research and development for geological disposal of high level radioactive wastes (HLW), in order to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in the sedimentary rock. This report integrates geophysical logging data obtained from the deep borehole investigations (HDB-1 $$sim$$ HDB-11) conducted in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Phase I).

Journal Articles

Retention of rare earth elements, thorium and uranium in sedimentary rocks; A Case study in the Horonobe area of Hokkaido, Japan

Murakami, Takuma; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Mizuno, Takashi

Chikyu Kagaku, 50(4), p.299 - 317, 2016/12

Development of techniques for investigating the long-term migration of elements in deep underground is important with respect to safety assessment for the geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. As one study of the migration of elements in deep underground, the distribution of REE, Th and U in sedimentary rock of Horonobe area in Hokkaido was investigated, and discussed whether the difference of hydrogeological structure and lithofacies influences on the distributions. As the results, it was considered that REE and Th were mainly retained in minerals originating from terrigenous clastic and secondary mineral occurred in early diagenesis, and their distributions were relatively homogenous in both the Koetoi and Wakkanai formations. Uranium was indicated to be maintained in the sedimentary rock until now after depositing in deep-sea sediment. It was considered that the U deposition was occurred by adsorption on organic matter and reductive precipitation with decomposition of organic matter. In addition, it was confirmed that the distributions of these elements were not influenced by the difference of hydrogeological and lithofacies.

JAEA Reports

Basic properties of the concrete using the low alkaline cement (HFSC) developed by JAEA

Seno, Yasuhiro*; Nakayama, Masashi; Sugita, Yutaka; Tanai, Kenji; Fujita, Tomoo

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-011, 164 Pages, 2016/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-011.pdf:8.45MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2016-011-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:0.1MB

The cementitious materials are used as candidate materials for the tunnel support of the deep geological repository of high-level radioactive wastes (HLW).Generally the pH of leachate from concrete mixed Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) shows a range of 12 to 13. The barrier function of bentonite used as a buffer material and that of host rock might be damaged by the high alkaline leachate from cementitious materials. Therefore, low alkalinity that does not damage each barrier function is necessary for cementitious materials used for the tunnel support system of the HLW geological repository. JAEA has developed a low alkaline cement named as HFSC (Highly Fly-ash contained Silicafume Cement) which the pH of the cement leachate could lower approximately 11. We have confirmed the applicability of HFSC for the tunnel support materials, by using experimentally as the shotcreting materials to the part of gallery wall at 140m, 250m and 350m depth in Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory. And moreover, HFSC has been used as the cast-in-place concrete for the shaft lining concrete at the depth of 374m-380m. This Data/Code summarized the past HFSC mix proportion test results about the fresh concrete properties and hardened concrete properties, in order to offer the information as a reference for selecting the mix proportion of HFSC concrete adopted to the disposal galleries et al. in the future.

JAEA Reports

Synthesized research report in the second mid-term research phase, Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project and Geo-stability Project (Translated document)

Hama, Katsuhiro; Sasao, Eiji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Onoe, Hironori; Sato, Toshinori; Fujita, Tomoo; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Takeda, Masaki; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-014, 274 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Review-2016-014.pdf:44.45MB

We synthesized the research results from the Mizunami/Horonobe Underground Research Laboratories (URLs) and geo-stability projects in the second midterm research phase. This report can be used as a technical basis for the Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan/Regulator at each decision point from siting to beginning of disposal (Principal Investigation to Detailed Investigation Phase).

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Investigation program for the 2016 fiscal year

Hanamuro, Takahiro

JAEA-Review 2016-010, 22 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-010.pdf:2.98MB

As part of the research and development program on geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW), the Horonobe Underground Research Center, a division of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), is implementing the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Horonobe URL Project) with the aim at investigating sedimentary rock formations. According to the research plan described in the 3rd Mid- and Long-term Plan of JAEA, according to the Horonobe URL Project, "Near-field performance study", "Demonstration of repository design option", and "Verification of crustal-movement buffering capacity of sedimentary rocks" are the top priority issues, and schedule for finishing the project and backfill plan will be decides by the end of 2019 Fiscal Year. The Horonobe URL Project is planned to extend over a period of about 20 years. This report summarizes the investigation program for the 2016 fiscal year (2016/2017).

JAEA Reports

Risk communication activity which used "YUME Chisoukan" in the Horonobe Underground Research Center; FY2014

Fujiwara, Toshiyuki; Katada, Inao; Hoshino, Masato; Tokunaga, Hiroaki*; Horikoshi, Hidehiko*

JAEA-Review 2015-035, 103 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-035.pdf:5.65MB

Horonobe Underground Research Center managed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is the Japan's best environment to understand the project of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste of Japan because there is an underground research laboratory (URL) in the center besides an exhibition facility which explains the content of research conducted in the URL. In the area of the center, there is also an exhibition facility for the full-scale model of engineered barrier system of geological disposal. JAEA takes advantage of this opportunity to conduct public hearing including questionnaire research regarding the questions, anxieties and comments by the visitors for geological disposal project. This report summarizes the result of statistical analysis of 2457 comments by the visitors from April to November in 2014.

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