Tamakuma, Yuki*; Yamada, Ryohei; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Tokonami, Shinji*
Hoken Butsuri, 54(1), p.5 - 12, 2019/03
Airborne radioactivity measurements are necessary to know the contamination level and internal doses for residents after a nuclear accident. In addition, measurements of radon progenies in air, which are the risk factor of lung cancer, are also important to evaluate lung dose. In these measurements, a filter sampling is used to collect radioactive aerosols. However, it is well known that results of the measurement using a filter are strongly dependent on characteristics of the used filter. Selection of a suitable filter is important to achieve the high-resolution and long-term measurement. "Surface collection efficiency (SCE)" and "stability of air flow rate" were examined for six types of filter that are commercially available in Japan. In Japan, cellulose-glass fiber filter paper (HE-40T) is used for an environmental monitoring in Japan. In this study, it was found that the SCE of HE-40T was lower than that of mixed cellulose ester type membrane filter by Merck Millipore (DAWP02500). Attenuation ratio of flow rate for DAWP02500 was evaluated to be 2.9% which was lowest in six filters. The results suggest that the DAWP02500 is the most suitable for collecting radioactive aerosols for a long term.
Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Kitamura, Akira; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Oda, Chie; Ishidera, Takamitsu; et al.
JAEA-Research 2014-030, 457 Pages, 2015/03
JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, based on some examples of developing method of hydro-geological structure model, acquired knowledge are arranged using the tree diagram, and model uncertainty and its influence on the evaluation items were discussed. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the developed approach for "defining conditions" has been reevaluated and improved from practical viewpoints. In addition, the uncertainty evaluation for the effect of use of cementitious material, as well as glass dissolution model, was conducted with analytical evaluation. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, based on survey of precedent procedures, multiple-approach for distribution coefficient of rocks was established, and the adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to sedimentary rock and granitic rock. Besides, an approach for solubility setting was developed including the procedure of selection of solubility limiting solid phase. The adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to key radionuclides.
Inagaki, Yaohiro*; Mitsui, Seiichiro*; Makino, Hitoshi*; Ishiguro, Katsuhiko*; Kamei, Gento*; Kawamura, Kazuhiro*; Maeda, Toshikatsu; Ueno, Kenichi*; Bamba, Tsunetaka*; Yui, Mikazu*
Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu, 10(1-2), p.69 - 83, 2004/03
no abstracts in English
; Sato, Haruo; Ishidera, Takamitsu; Fujii, Naoki*; Kawamura, Katsuyuki*
JNC-TN8400 2001-031, 44 Pages, 2002/05
In order to quantify effect of temperature on diffusivity of deuterated water (HDO) in compacted sodium-bentonite, through-diffusion experiments were conducted at elevated tempemture from 298 to 333 K. Kunipia F (Na-montmorillonite content 98 wt. %; Kunimine Industly Co.) was compacted to a dry density of 0.9 and l.35 Mg/m. Since smectite flakes were perpendicularly oriented to a direction of compaction, anisotropy of diffusivity was investigated parallel and normal to the preferred orientation of smectite. Effective diffusion coeficient D of HDO was larger for a diffusional direction parallel to the preferred orientation than normal to that for both dry densities. These results well agreed to the previously reported ones for tritiated water. Activation energies of D in compacted bentonite increased with increasing dry density in the range of 19 - 25 kJ/mol which was slightly larger than that in bulk water (18 kJ/mol). This relationship can be considered to be due to both the pore structure development and high activation energy of water (18-23 kJ/mol) in the vicinity of smectite surface (within 2 nm) on the basis of molecular dynamics simulations.
; Sato, Haruo
JNC-TN8410 2001-028, 36 Pages, 2002/03
For a safety assessment of the high-level radioactive waste disposal, effective diffusion coefficients (D) of radionuclides in bentonite have been accumulated by the through-diffusion method. It has been found recently that experimental results on Ds for several cations (cesium and strontium) by the fairly standard experimental method in JNC differ from those previously reported in several papers. Discrepancy can be considered to be due to different design of diffusion cell and system. In order to confirm influences of the experimental design on cation diffusivities in bentonite, a flow-through diffusion system was developed and several diffusion experiments were conducted.As a result, magnitude of D and its salinity dependence were relatively different between the standard and flow-through diffusion system. Since the latter system can control boundary conditions of the experiment more strictly than the standard method, we can conclude that the flow-through diffusion system provide correct results. In addition, we apply this flow-through diffusion system to a modification of controlling boundary condition during the experiment and to the diffusion experiment under controlled temperature.
Kato, Hiroshige*; Mine, Tatsuya*; Mihara, Morihiro; Oi, Takao; Honda, Akira
JNC-TN8400 2001-029, 63 Pages, 2002/01
Cementitious materials will be used for the TRU waste repository as a component of engineered barrier system. The distribution coefficients which represent the retardation of radionuclides migration for the cementitious materials would be one of the important parameter for the safety assessment. The much information of radionuclide sorption onto the cementitious materials has been accumulated through the study in the world. Therefore it is necessary to compile the information and Kd of the radionuclides reported in previous studies. In this report, the Kd of the important radionuclides, such as C, Ni, Se, Sr, Zr, Nb, Mo, Tc, Sn, I, Cs, Sm, Pb, Ra, Ac, Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm, for the cementitious materials were compiled as the Sorption Database (SDB). For radionuclides to be sensitive to the redox potential, e.g. Se, Tc, Pa, U, Pu and Np, some Kds measured under the controlled atmosphere had been reported, and few Kds measured under the controlled redox potential had been reported. For Se, Mo, Sm, Cm and Ac, the distribution coefficients had not been reported, therefore distribution coefficients of Se and Mo for OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement) pastes were measured by batch sorption experiments and these data were added into the SDB.
Uehara, Hitoshi; Tamura, Masanori; Yokokawa, Mitsuo
Hai Pafomansu Komputingu To Keisan Kagaku Shimpojium (HPCS2002) Rombunshu, p.73 - 80, 2002/01
The Earth Simulator is an ultra high-speed supercomputer which is developed now for global environment change simulations. For achieving high performance computing on large scale distributed memory parallel computer such as the Earth Simulator, an optimization of communication processings in user applications is required, and the optimization needs an evaluation for performances of communication methods. In the Earth Simulator, Message Passing Interface (MPI) is supported as the communication method. We evaluated performances of the MPI-1/MPI-2 functions on the Earth Simulator in detail using MBL which we developed.
Uehara, Hitoshi; Tsuda, Yoshinori*; Yokokawa, Mitsuo
Joho Shori Gakkai Kenkyu Hokoku 2001-HPC-87, 2001(77), p.67 - 72, 2001/07
MPI is one of major message communication interfaces for application programs. The MPI consists of an MPI-1 as a basic specification, and an MPI-2 as extensions.Some benchmark program for MPI-1 had been proposed already. However benchmark programs for MPI-2 are a little and their measurements are limited. We have developed an MPI benchmark program library for MPI-2 (MBL2) which measures the detail performance of MPI-I/O and RMA functions of MPI-2. In this report, we describe the MBL2 and performance data of MPI-2 on VPP5000, which we measured using MBL2.
; Ishikawa, Hirohisa;
JNC-TN8200 2001-004, 160 Pages, 2001/06
Kato, Tomoko; ; *;
JNC-TN8400 2001-014, 212 Pages, 2001/03
Reference Biospheres are regarded as tools which can be used for making reasonable estimates of radiological impacts for the purposes of safety assessment of geological disposal. Moreover, those are available for reducing the uncertainties based on future human environments and lifestyles. On the other hand, it is recognised that the parameter values have some uncertainties derived from experimental or sampling errors. It is possible to estimate the impacts of these uncertainties throughout the model by sensitivity analysis. Thus for this study, to evaluate the impact of the variation of migration conditions and exposure pathways, we changed some of migration and exposure parameters in turn, which were used in the compartment model where the geosphere-biosphere interface is a river in a plain.
Miyabe, Kenjiro; Takasaki, Koji; *; *
JNC-TN8420 2000-007, 100 Pages, 2000/08
The commercial detergents, which are cleansing cream, shampoo, neutral detergent, etc., were examined in order to select the body cleaners that are substitutes for the titanium dioxide paste. JNC entrusted Japan Environment Research Corporation Limited with these examinations since 1997. In 1997 and 1998, the commercial detergents were examined for Ce-144, Cs-137 and Ru-106. In 1999, 22 detergents were examined for Co-60 from the result of the past examinations. In this examination, the radioactive solution of Co-60 was dropped on the pig-skin samples. These samples were washed with each detergent after 5 minutes and 40 minutes. The decontamination factors of detergents were estimated by the radioactive ratio of the samples before and after washing. As a result of this examination, the decontamination factors for Co-60 was the same as the decontamination factors for Ce-144 and Cs-137, and 11 detergents were nominated as the cleaner that have the decontamination factor more than that of titanium dioxide paste.
; ; ; Ikeda, H.; Jitsukata, Shu*; *
JNC-TN8410 2000-022, 55 Pages, 2000/05
Measurement of U and Pu concentrations by wavelength dispersion type X-ray fluorescence spectrometry was studied. Sample holder was installed inside of glove box and other instruments, X-ray tube, monochromator and detectors were set out side of the glove box. X-rays was irradiated to sample though Be window. Fluorescent X-rays form sample were also passing though the same Be window and detected outside. Analytical conditions were optimized as follows. Sample thickness is 8 mm, which is 3ml of sample volume by the sample holder. Voltage and eurrent for X-ray tube is 50kV and 40 mA, respectively. Measurement was done twice, 60 seconds each, and averaged X-ray intensity was used to calculate elemental concentrations. Matrix correction was necessary to measure U and Pu concentration within 10% accuracy. Detection limits were calculated to 0.4 mg/L for U and 0.7mg/L for Pu. Calibration curve was liner up to 9 g/L fbr U and Pu. Two calculation methods, calibration curve method and standard addition method, were studied to measure Pu concentration in organic solution. Detection limit was 5.3 mg/L and 0.2 mg/L, respectively.
Shirai, Nobutoshi; ; ; Shirozu, Hidetomo; ; Hayashi, Shinichiro;
JNC-TN8410 2000-006, 116 Pages, 2000/04
Criticality limits for equipments in Tokai Reprocessing Plant which handle fissile material solution and are under shape and dimension control were reevaluated based on the guideline No.10 "Criticality safety of single unit" in the regulatory guide for reprocessing plant safety. This report presents criticality safety evaluation of each equipment as single unit. Criticality safety of multiple units in a cell or a room was also evaluated. The evaluated equipments were ones in dissolution, separation, purification, denitration, Pu product storage, and Pu conversion processes. As a result, it was reconfirmed that the equipments were safe enough from a view point of criticality safety of single unit and multiple units.
*; *; *
JNC-TY8400 2000-006, 52 Pages, 2000/03
Mori, Koji*; Neyama, Atsushi*; Nakagawa, Koichi*
JNC-TJ8400 2000-064, 175 Pages, 2000/03
In this study, the following tasks have been performed in order to evaluate the stability of earthquake resistance for the engineered barrier system(EBS) of High Level Waste (HLW) geological isolation system. (1)validation studies for the liquefaction model. The function of single-phase analysis without interaction between soil and pore water in three-dimensional effective stress analysis code, which had been developed in this study, have been verified using by actual vibration test data. This fiscal year, some validation studies for the function of liquefaction analysis was conducted usig by actual measured data through the laboratory liquefaction test. (2)Supplemental Studies for JNC Second Progress Report. Through the JNC second progress report, it was considered that the stability of earthquake resistance of the engineered barrier system would be maintained under the major seismic event. At the same time we have recognized that several model parameters for joint-crack element, which takes into account for the response behavior of material discontinuous surface such as between overpack and buffer material, will become important in the response behavior of the whole EBS. This year, we have studied about several topics, which arise from technical discussion on JNC second progress report and we have discussed about total seismic stability of EBS. (3)Supplemental Studies for joint study with NRIDP. At this fiscal year, the joint study with National Research Institute for Disaster Prevention (NRIDP) will be final stage. UP to this day, incremental validation studies had been continued using by mesuared data obtained from vibration test. In this final stage, validation analysis has been conducted again using by current version new analysis code and maintained the validation data which will be contribute to the joint study mentioned above.
WILLIAM S.DERSHO*; *
JNC-TJ8440 2000-001, 408 Pages, 2000/02
*; Fusaeda, Shigeki*
JNC-TJ1400 2000-004, 245 Pages, 2000/02
no abstracts in English
*; Fusaeda, Shigeki*
JNC-TJ1400 2000-003, 100 Pages, 2000/02
no abstracts in English
Shinohara, Yoshinori*; *
JNC-TJ1400 2000-002, 280 Pages, 2000/02
no abstracts in English
Shinohara, Yoshinori*; *
JNC-TJ1400 2000-001, 137 Pages, 2000/02
no abstracts in English