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Journal Articles

Recent discussions toward regulatory implementation of the new occupational equivalent dose limit for the lens of the eye and related studies in Japan

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Tsujimura, Norio

International Journal of Radiation Biology, 95(8), p.1103 - 1112, 2019/08

Journal Articles

Radiation and spintronics

Ieda, Junichi

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (146), p.48 - 52, 2019/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Marine Drone development for investigating ocean

Sanada, Yukihisa

Fukushima Inobeshon, Kosuto Koso, Hama Dori No Mirai O Hiraku Jitsuyoka Kaihatsu Purojekuto 2018-Nendoban, P. 35, 2019/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Estimating internal dose coefficients of short-lived radionuclides in accordance with ICRP 2007 Recommendations

Manabe, Kentaro; Sato, Kaoru; Takahashi, Fumiaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(5), p.385 - 393, 2019/05

At high energy accelerator facilities, various radionuclides are produced by nuclear reactions of high energy particles with structure and/or ambient air of the facilities. Consequently, the radionuclides are potential sources of internal exposure for works of the facilities. However, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) do not provide dose coefficients, which are committed effective doses per intake, for the short-lived radionuclides whose half-lives are shorter than 10 minutes in accordance with the ICRP 2007 Recommendations. Then, we estimated the dose coefficients for inhalation and ingestion of these short-lived radionuclides in accordance with the ICRP 2007 Recommendations. In addition, we compared the dose coefficients with those in accordance with the ICRP 1990 Recommendations. As a result, a decreasing tendency was shown in the dose coefficients for inhalation cases; an increasing tendency was observed in those for ingestion cases. It was found that these changes in dose coefficients were mainly caused by the revision of the dose calculation procedures, alimentary tract models. The result of this study will be useful for planning of radiation protection at the high energy facilities.

Journal Articles

Impact of stoichiometry on the mechanism and kinetics of oxidative dissolution of UO$$_{2}$$ induced by H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and $$gamma$$-irradiation

Kumagai, Yuta; Fidalgo, A. B.*; Jonsson, M.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123(15), p.9919 - 9925, 2019/04

Radiation-induced oxidative dissolution of uranium dioxide (UO$$_{2}$$) is one of the most important chemical processes of U driven by redox reactions. We have examined the effect of UO$$_{2}$$ stoichiometry on the oxidative dissolution of UO$$_{2}$$ induced by hydrogen peroxide (H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$) and $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. By comparing the reaction kinetics of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ between stoichiometric UO$$_{2.0}$$ and hyper-stoichiometric UO$$_{2.3}$$, we observed a significant difference in reaction speed and U dissolution kinetics. The stoichiometric UO$$_{2.0}$$ reacted with H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ much faster than the hyper-stoichiometric UO$$_{2.3}$$. The U dissolution from UO$$_{2.0}$$ was initially much lower than that from UO$$_{2.3}$$, but gradually increased as the oxidation by H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ proceeded. The $$gamma$$-ray irradiation induced the U dissolution that is analogous to the kinetics by the exposure to a low concentration (0.2 mM) of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$. The exposure to higher H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ concentrations caused lower U dissolution and resulted in deviation from the U dissolution behavior by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation.

Journal Articles

Units of radiation (radioactivity)

Takahashi, Fumiaki

Genshiryoku No Ima To Ashita, p.109 - 111, 2019/03

The Atomic Energy Society of Japan has planned to publish a document for public, entitled "Current and tomorrow of atomic energy, -Experiences from the accident at the Tokyo Electronic Power Company Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPs-". The documents give us basics and usages of radiations, in addition to nuclear power plants and the accident at TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPs. This manuscript explains physical quantities (e.g., absorbed dose), protection quantities and operational quantities that are used for radiation measurement and protection. The unit of radioactivity is also explained, because radioactivity is measured for work places in a radiation facility for internal exposure protection. In addition, radiation dose constants that relate radiation dose to the activity are also introduced, as useful radiation units for radiation protection.

Journal Articles

5.1.2 Properties and characteristics of radiations

Takahashi, Fumiaki

Genshiryoku No Ima To Ashita, p.106 - 109, 2019/03

The Atomic Energy Society of Japan has planned to publish a document for public, entitled "Current and tomorrow of atomic energy, -Experiences from the accident at the Tokyo Electronic Power Company Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPs-". The documents give us basics and usages of radiations, in addition to nuclear power plants and the accident at TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPs. This manuscript explains interactions and penetrations in material for $$alpha$$-rays, $$beta$$-rays, $$gamma$$-rays and neutrons. In addition, exposure characteristics that is determined by properties of radiations are expressed here. This manuscript also explains characteristics in internal exposure and countermeasures of radiation protection following the TEPCO accident for Iodine-131 and Cesium-137.

Journal Articles

Reaction between spin-correlated triplet positronium and OH radical in water

Hirade, Tetsuya

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011022_1 - 011022_3, 2019/03

OH radicals which are very reactive are formed by radiation decomposition in water. The behavior of OH radicals is important in corrosion of materials and reactions in living bodies. Recently, the reaction occurring between positronium (Ps) formed by OH radicals formed at the end of the positron track when positron is incident and positronium (Ps) formed by reaction of excess electrons formed with OH radical formation with the thermo-positron, it is reported that quantum beat occurs due to spin correlation. This quantum beat seems to have a period depending on the hyperfine coupling constant of OH radical. It is thought that the period and intensity of the quantum beat depends on the temperature, and it seems that it reflects the state around the OH radical. From the temperature dependence of the quantum beat detected by the reaction of this spin-correlated OH radical and triplet positronium we will explain what the liquid structure might be.

Journal Articles

Development of radiation resistant monitoring system in light water reactor

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Nakano, Hiroko; Iida, Tatsuya*; Ozawa, Osamu*; Shibagaki, Taro*; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

QST-M-16; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2017, P. 67, 2019/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Testing of criticality accident alarm system detectors to pulsed radiation at TRACY

Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Sanada, Yukihisa

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011013_1 - 011013_6, 2019/01

Journal Articles

Recent progress of radiation physicochemical process (third part)

Kai, Takeshi; Yokoya, Akinari*; Fujii, Kentaro*; Watanabe, Ritsuko*

Hoshasen Kagaku (Internet), (106), p.21 - 29, 2018/11

It is thought to that the biological effects such as cell death or mutation are induced by complex DNA damage which are formed by several damage sites within a few nm. As the prediction of complex DNA damage at an electron track end, we report our outcomes. These results indicate that DNA damage sites comprising multiple nucleobase lesions with a single strand breaks can be formed by multiple collisions of the electrons within 1 nm. This multiple damage site cannot be processed by base excision repair enzymes. Pre-hydrated electrons can also be produced resulting in an additional base lesion over a few nm from the multi-damage site. This clustered damage site may be finally converted into a double strand break. These DSBs include another base lesion(s) at their termini that escape from the base excision process and which may result in biological effect. Our simulation is useful to reveal phenomena involved in radiation physico-chemistry as well as the DNA damage prediction.

Journal Articles

Development of an air dose rate evaluation system (3D-ADRES) for complex real environments in Fukushima Prefecture; Using remote sensing data and evaluating the influence of different features (topography, soil, buildings, trees, etc.)

Kim, M.; Malins, A.; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Akihiro; Machida, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*; Yanagi, Hideaki*

RIST News, (64), p.3 - 16, 2018/09

To improve the accuracy of simulations for air dose rates over fallout contaminated areas, the distribution of the radionuclides within the environment should be modelled realistically, e.g. considering differences in radioactivity levels between agricultural land, urban surfaces, and forest compartments. Moreover simulations should model the shielding of $$gamma$$ rays by buildings, trees and land topography. Here we outline a system for generating three dimensional models of urban and rural areas in Fukushima Prefecture. The $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity distribution can be set flexibly across the different components of the model. The models incorporate realistic representations of local buildings, based on nine common Japanese designs, individual conifer and broadleaf trees, and the topography of the land surface. Models are generated from Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and Digital Surface Model (DSM) datasets, and refined by users assisted with ortho-photographs of target sites. Completed models are exported from the system in a format suitable for the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) for the calculation of air dose rates and other radiological quantities. The system is demonstrated by modelling a suburban area 4 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant that has yet to be decontaminated. Air dose rates calculated in PHITS were correlated with measurements taken across the site in a car-borne survey.

Journal Articles

Challenge of decommissioning of Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, 4; Development of radiation resistant image sensor

Watanabe, Takashi*; Ozawa, Osamu*; Takeuchi, Tomoaki

Denki Gakkai-Shi, 138(8), p.529 - 534, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The ICRU proposal for new operational quantities for external radiation

Otto, T.*; Hertel, N. E.*; Bartlett, D. T.*; Behrens, R.*; Bordy, J.-M.*; Dietze, G.*; Endo, Akira; Gualdrini, G.*; Pelliccioni, M.*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 180(1-4), p.10 - 16, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:38.14(Environmental Sciences)

Report Committee 26 of the ICRU proposes a set of operational quantities for radiation protection for external radiation, directly based on effective dose and for an extended range of particles and energies. It is accompanied by new quantities for estimating deterministic effects to the eye lens and the local skin. The operational quantities are designed to overcome the conceptual and technical shortcomings of those presently in use. This paper describes the proposed operational quantities, and highlights the improvements with respect to the present legal monitoring quantities.

Journal Articles

The Role of surface-bound hydroxyl radicals in the reaction between H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and UO$$_{2}$$

Fidalgo, A. B.*; Kumagai, Yuta; Jonsson, M.*

Journal of Coordination Chemistry, 71(11-13), p.1799 - 1807, 2018/07

In this work, we have studied the reaction between H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and UO$$_{2}$$ with particular focus on the nature of the hydroxyl radical formed as an intermediate. Experiments were performed to study the kinetics of the reaction at different initial H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ concentrations. The results show that the consumption rates at a given H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ concentration are different depending on the initial H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ concentration. This is attributed to an alteration of the reactive interface, likely caused by blocking of surface sites by oxidized U/surface-bound hydroxyl radicals. The U dissolution yield decreases with increasing initial H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ concentration. This is expected from the mechanism of catalytic decomposition of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ on oxide surfaces. As the experiments were performed in solutions containing 10 mM and a strong concentration dependence was observed in the 0.2 - 2.0 mM H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ concentration range, we conclude that the intermediate hydroxyl radical is surface bound rather than free.

JAEA Reports

English translation of material used at "Meeting to Answer Questions on Radiation"

Kono, Yuko; Ayame, Junko; Yoshida, Tomoo*; Ikuta, Yuko; Kawase, Keiichi; Yamashita, Kiyonobu

JAEA-Review 2018-007, 36 Pages, 2018/06

JAEA-Review-2018-007.pdf:6.72MB

English translation of the material used at "Meeting to Answer Questions on Radiation" was made. "Meeting to Answer Questions on Radiation" was planned, just after the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident, by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) with the purpose of providing comprehensive knowledge of radiation to the public. A total of 220 meetings was carried out from July, 2011 to February, 2013 mainly in Fukushima prefecture. Since the material used in the meetings contains many charts and is easy to understand, it has drawn attention of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) who has in recent years actively supported outreach activities to disseminate knowledge on nuclear and radiation. At one of the IAEA meetings in May, 2017, Asian Network for Education in Nuclear Technology (ANENT), it was requested to make it for the usage of all. Providing IAEA and the member states with the English translation of the material will be a meaningful contribution sharing the outreach activity experiences in Japan.

Journal Articles

A Three-dimensional imaging technique for radioactive contamination

Sato, Yuki; Torii, Tatsuo

Isotope News, (757), p.44 - 47, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of hydrogen gas generation by radiolysis for cement-solidified products of used adsorbents for water decontamination

Sato, Junya; Kikuchi, Hiroshi*; Kato, Jun; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Matsushima, Ryotatsu; Sato, Fuminori; Kojima, Junji; Nakazawa, Osamu

QST-M-8; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2016, P. 62, 2018/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Introduction to radiation physics; Third revised edition

Tada, Junichiro*; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Hayano, Ryugo*; Kobayashi, Hitoshi*; Asano, Yoshihiro*

Wakariyasui Hoshasen Butsurigaku; Kaitei 3-Han, 305 Pages, 2018/03

This book is an introduction to radiation physics. Under the concept of "linking physics of high school and radiation physics" for readers with high school graduation degree, we are doing simple commentary on the basis of qualitative explanation as much as possible. This book begins with "What is Radiation Physics", and consists of 12 chapters, including introductory special relativity, introductory quantum theory, structures of atoms and nuclei, radiations, radioactivity, interactions between radiation and matter, accelerators, radiation dose and so on.

Journal Articles

Knowledge discovery of suppressive effect of disease and increased anti-oxidative function by low-dose radiation using self-organizing map

Kanzaki, Norie; Kataoka, Takahiro*; Kobashi, Yusuke*; Yunoki, Yuto*; Ishida, Tsuyoshi*; Sakoda, Akihiro; Ishimori, Yuu; Yamaoka, Kiyonori*

Radioisotopes, 67(2), p.43 - 57, 2018/02

We previously reported that low-dose radiation induces the anti-oxidative function in many organ systems of mice. This results in the suppression of several kinds of oxidative stress-induced damage. This study was conducted with the objective of revealing the health effects of low-dose radiation obtained from our previous reports and searching for a new treatment based on low-dose radiation, such as radon therapy. We extracted the characteristics of the effects of low dose radiation suppressing diseases and enhancing the anti-oxidative function using fuzzy answer by self-organizing map (SOM) based on mutual knowledge. The relationship between the suppressive effect and increased antioxidative function was shown in our result, and the concentration dependence of the effect against pain was shown on the output map. Although the effect against other organs depending on concentration was unpredictable, our results indicate that low-dose radiation may also be suitable for treatment of liver disease and brain disease.

2212 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)