Watanabe, Masashi; Matsumoto, Taku; Hirooka, Shun; Morimoto, Kyoichi; Kato, Masato
2018 GIF Symposium Proceedings (Internet), p.315 - 320, 2020/05
Recently, a research group studying at Plutonium Fuel Development Facility (PFDF) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency has systematically measured vast amounts of physical properties in the non-stoichiometric (U, Pu)O. Lattice parameter, elastic modulus, thermal expansion, oxygen potential, oxygen chemical diffusion coefficient and thermal conductivity were successfully measured as function of Pu content, O/M ratio and temperature, and the effects of Pu content and O/M ratio on their physical properties were evaluated. In this work, those experimental data are reviewed, and latest experimental data set on the non-stoichiometric (U, Pu)O are presented. The data set would be available in development of a fuel performance code.
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JNC-TN8400 2001-026, 29 Pages, 2001/12
The measurement condition by spectrophotometry was evaluated to measure Np content in MOX fuel containing Np. The Np concentration was obtained by measuring the 727nm absorption peak, after the valence of Np in the sample solution was adjusted to the Np(Ⅳ). The calibration curve showed the linearity up to Np concentration 0.8mg/ml. Though Pu and U quantity were respectively added to the Np solution to 30 times and 60 times of Np concentration, there was no effect to the Np analysis. By using this method, relative standard deviation (RSD) of the analyzed values of Np content for 2%Np - MOX fuel was about 4%. In addition, It was confirmed that the Np content could be measured without separating Np from Pu and U. This method can be sufficiently applied as a quick simple method to analyze Np content in MOX fuel containing Np.
Nishimura, Kazuhisa; Shoji, Shuichi*; *; Sato, Seiichi*; ; Endo, Hideo
JNC-TN8430 2001-005, 64 Pages, 2001/09
The external gelation process is one of the candidates of MOX particle fuel fabrication for advanced recycle system. It was necessary to perform preliminary fuel fabrication with uranium before starting MOX tests. As the result of the preliminary examination, Basics conditions of the fabrication were obtained: (1)Optimized uranyl nitrate solution and PVA solution, as raw materials were prepared. (2)The frequency of vibration and the amount of flow were obtained with optimized broth (mixture) in the vibration dropping process. (3)The influence of composition of broth and concentration of ammonia solution on gelation process was obtained. (4)Impurities after aging, washing and drying spHerical gel were surveyed, (5)The spherical gel were calcined to oxide particles and the particles were characterized by TG-DTA, therefore it is certain that outlook on the sintered particles as final products is very clear. On the top of that, there were no fatal technicalities of the external gelation process through material balance and a diameter dispersion of spherical gel and oxide particles. It is necessary to perform uranium examination to solve some new problems, for instant, surface crack of spherical gel. Although almost of all the preparations are completed and fabrication examination of MOX particles with vibration dropping equipment are ready for starting.
; *; *
JNC-TN8200 2001-001, 42 Pages, 2001/01
JNC-TN1400 2000-012, 250 Pages, 2000/11
no abstracts in English
JNC-TN8410 2000-015, 7 Pages, 2000/10
Some falsification has been detected in the results of quality control data relating to the diameter of samples of pellets produced in the BNFL's MOX Demonstration Facility (MDF) on September 1999. This document is the outlines of inspection procedure for the MONJU fuel pellet in plutonium fuel center of JNC.
JNC-TN1400 2000-010, 70 Pages, 2000/10
no abstracts in English
; Inagaki, Tatsutoshi*
JNC-TY1400 2000-004, 464 Pages, 2000/08
; Inagaki, Tatsutoshi*
JNC-TY1400 2000-003, 92 Pages, 2000/08
Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) and Japan Atomic Power company (JAPCO, that is the representative of the electric utilities in Japan) have established a new organization to develop a commercialized fast breeder reactor (FBR) cycle system since July 1, 1999 and feasibility studies (F/S) have been undertaken in order to determine the promising concepts and to define the necessary R&D tasks. In the first two-year phase, a number of candidate concepts will be selected from various options, featuring innovative technologies. In the F/S, the options are evaluated and conceptual designs are examined considering the attainable perspectives for following: (1) ensuring safety, (2) economic competitiveness to future LWRs, (3) efficient utilization of resources, (4) reduction of environmental burden and (5) enhancement of nuclear non-proliferation. The F/S should also guide the necessary R&D to commercialize FBR cycle system.
Osaka, Masahiko; Koyama, Shinichi; Mitsugashira, Toshiaki; Morozumi, Katsufumi; Namekawa, Takashi
JNC-TN9400 2000-058, 49 Pages, 2000/04
The analytical technique for Cm contained in a MOX FUEL was developed and analysis of Cm contained in irradiated fuel of experimental fast reactor "JOYO" was carried out, to contribute to evaluation of transmutation characteristics of MA nuclide in the fast reactor. The procedure of ion-exchange separation of Cm with nitric acid-methanol mixed media essential for the isotopic analysis in irradiated MOX fuel was adopted considering for being rapid and easy. The fundamental test to grasp separation characteristics of this procedure, such as Cm elution position and separation capacity between Cm and Am or Eu, was carried out. ln applying this procedure to the analysis of Cm contained in actual specimen, separation condition was evaluated and optimized, and the procedure consist of impurity removal and Am removal process was devised. This procedure resulted in high recovery rate of Cm and high removal rate of Am and impurity which becomes a problem in sample handling and mass-spectrometry such as Eu and Cs. The Cm separation test from irradiated MOX fuel was carried out using this technique, and Cm isotopic ratio analysis was enabled. The analytical technique for Cm contained in irradiated MOX fuel was established using the procedure of ion-exchange separation with nitric acid-methanol mixed media. The analysis of Cm contained in irradiated MOX fuel of experimental fast reactor "Joyo" was carried out. As a result, it was revealed from measured data that Cm content rate was 1.4 4.0lO atom%, small amount of Cm was generated and Cm isotopic ratio was constant above burn-up 60GWd/t.
Mizuta, Shunji; ;
JNC-TN9400 2000-048, 28 Pages, 2000/04
ODS (Oxide Dispersion Strengthened) ferritic-martainsitic steels are one of the most prospective cladding materials for advanced fast breeder reactors, since they are expected to have excellent swelling resistance and superior high temperature strength due to the finely distributed stable oxide particles(YO). Properties and the tentative strength equations for ODS ferritic-martainsitic were proposed on the basis of the latest data to apply to the feasibility study of the sodium coolant MOX fuel plant. The items of equations are follows. (1)creep rupture strength (2)correction factor of creep rupture strength (in Na and in reactor) (3)outer surface eorrosion (Na) (4)inner surface corrosion (in MOX fuel pin) (5)thermal conductivity
JNC-TN9400 2000-038, 98 Pages, 2000/04
As an effort in the feasibility study on commercialized Fast Breeder Reactor cycle systems, an evaluation of the measures to prevent the energetic re-criticality in sodium-cooled large MOX core, which is one of the candidates for the commercialized reactor, has been performed. The core disruptive accident analysis of Demonstration FBR showed that the fuel compaction of the molten fuel by radial motion in a large molten core pool had a potential to drive the severe super-prompt re-criticality phenomena in ULOF sequence. ln order to prevent occurrence of the energetic re-criticality, a subassembly with an inner duct and the removal of a part of LAB are suggested based on CMR (Controlled Material Relocation) concept. The objective of this study is the comparison of the effectiveness of CMR among these measures by the analysis using SIMMER-III. The molten fuel in the subassembly with inner duct flows out faster than that from other measures. The subassembly with inner duct will work effectively in preventing energetic re-criticality. Though the molten fuel in the subassembly without a part of LAB flows out a little slower, it is still one of the promising measures. However, the UAB should be also removed from the same pin to prevent the fuel re-entries into the core region due to the pressurization by FCl below the core, unless it disturbs the core performance. The effect of the axial fuel length of the center pin to CMR behavior is small, compared to the effect of the existence of UAB.
; *; Nakazawa, Hiroaki;
JNC-TN8410 2000-012, 239 Pages, 2000/04
JNC has been conducted a great number of irradiation tests to develop MOX fuels for Advanced Thermal Reactor and Light Water Reactors. In order to manage irradiation data consistently and to effectively utilize valuable data obtained from the irradiation tests, we commenced construction of database system on MOX fuel for water reactors in 1998 JFY. Collection and selection of irradiation data and relevant fuel fabrication data, design of the database system and preparation of assisting programs have been finished and data registration onto the system is under way according to priority at present. The database system can be operated through the menu screen on PC. About 94,000 records of data on 11 fuel assemblies in total have been registered onto the database up to the present. By conducting registration of the remaining data and some modification of the system, if necessary, the database system is expected to complete in 2000 JFY. The completed database system is to be distributed to relevant sections in JNC by means of CD-R as a media. This report is an interim report covering 1998 and 1999 JFY, which gives the structure explanation and users manual concerning to the prepared database up to the present.
Yamanaka, Shinsuke*; Uno, Masayoshi*; Kurosaki, Ken*; ; Namekawa, Takashi
JNC-TY9400 2000-011, 41 Pages, 2000/03
no abstracts in English
Yamanaka, Shinsuke*; Abe, Kazuyuki
JNC-TY9400 2000-004, 78 Pages, 2000/03
no abstracts in English
JNC-TN9400 2000-045, 64 Pages, 2000/03
During the irradiation, the Pu redistribution phenomena would occur in the FBR MOX fuel pellets. The phenomena would considerably affect on the thermal properties of the fuels, therefore, it is need to establish the evaluation method for Pu redistribution phenomena. ln JNC, the efforts for development of the evaluation model for the phenomena had been continued and the simple evaluation model was constructed in 1992. In this work, the modification of the simple model developed in JNC has been done and the following results were obtained. (1)Based on the recent data of the MOX fuel irradiation tests, the evaluation model for Pu redistribution phenomena constructed in l992 is modified. And the model is included into the fuel performance analysis code "CEDAR". (2)To calibrate the modified CEDAR code, it is confirmed that the uncertainty in the Pu concentration evaluation for the center of the fuel pellet at EOL is about 3wt.%. (3)Based on the results of the evaluations using the modified CEDAR code, it is found that, in the early stage of the irradiation, the Pu redistribution is controlled by the vapor transportation mechanism via pores, and after that, the Pu redistribution is kept in progress due to the thermal diffusion mechanism with the change of the Pu concentration due to the degradation of U and Pu by fissions. And it is also found that the O/M ratio dependence of the U-Pu inter diffusion coefficients would affect on the Pu redistribution mechanisms, in especial, in the early stage of the irradiation.
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JNC-TN9400 2000-043, 23 Pages, 2000/03
ln the feasibility study on commercialized fast breeder reactor (FBR) cycle systems conducted in JNC, it is required for candidate FBR plants that the level of safety should be enhanced so as to assure: (1)Comparative or superior safety level to that of light water reactors (LWRs), and (2)releaf of the public from anxiety about potential nuclear hazard. Adopting Passive safety characteristics is one of the measures. To attain the above safety objective, we considered implication of the basic safety principles for nuclear power plants that were created by the international nuclear safety advisory group of IAEA. The way to relieve from the anxiety was also taken into account. Then a definite safety objective was set from the standpoint of prevention of core disruptive accident (CDA). Furthermore, as a definite safety goal relating to reactor coresafety, elimination of re-criticality issues under CDA was set by considering characteristics of FBR in comparison with those of LWR. To examine measures for elimination of re-criticality issues, we developed a quick method to estimate possibility of re-criticality under CDA, by drawing a map about criticality characteristics under CDA in various degraded cores. Then hopeful measures were proposed for elimination of re-criticality issues in sodium-cooled FBR with mixed-oxide fuel. Molten fuel discharge behavior of their measures was preliminarily analyzed. We concluded that discharge capability of "a subassembly with an internal duct" was effective, and that "partial removal of axial blanket" was also effective as one of the measures though it has small effect on core performance.
; Sato, Wakaei*;
JNC-TN9400 2000-037, 87 Pages, 2000/03
ln order to compare the nuclear characteristics of water-cooled bleeder cores with that of LMFBR, MOX fuel cell models are established for boiling and non-boiling LWR, non-boiling HWR and sodium-cooled reactor. Frst, the comarison is made between the heterogeneous cell calculation results by SRAC and those by SLAROM. The results show some differences as for neutron energy spectrum, one-grouped cross section and conversion ratio due to the different grouped cross section library (both are based on JENDL-3.2, though) used for each code, however, the difference is acceptably small for grasping the basic characteristics of the above-mentioned cores. Second, using the SLAROM code, main core parameters such as mean neutron energy, ratio of fast neutron and -value, are analyzed. The comparison between the cores show that softened neutron spectrum by the scattering effect of hydrogen or heavy hydrogen increase the contribution of nuclear reaction (especially for neutron capture reaction rather than fission reaction) in lower energy region comparing with LMFBR. ln order to overcome the effect, tighter lattice than LMFBR is necessary for water-cooled cores to realize the breeding of fissile nuclides. Third, effects of Pu isotopic composition on the breeding ratio are evaluated using SRAC burnup calculation. From the results, it is confirmed that degraded Pu (larger ratio of Pu-240) show the larger breeding ratio. At last, sensitivity analyses are made for k-effective and main reaction ratios. As for k-effective, using a temporary covariance data of JENDL-3.2, uncertainty resulting from the cross sections' error is analyzed for a boiling LWR and a sodium-cooled reactor. The boiling LWR core shows larger sensitivity in lower energy region than the sodium-cooled reactor (especially for the energy region lower than 1kev), And, 18-group analysis that is considered acceptably good for LMFBR analysis, should not be enough for accurate sensitivity estimation of ...
; Koyama, Tomozo; Funasaka, Hideyuki
JNC-TN8400 2000-014, 78 Pages, 2000/03
We investigated the factors which affected the dissolution of U and Pu to the nitric acid solution with the fragmentation model, which was based on the results of dissolution experiments for the irradiated fast reactor fuels in the Chemical Processing Facility(CPF). The equation that gave the fuel dissolution rate was estimated with the condition of fabrication (Pu ratio (Pu/(U+Pu))), irradiation (burn-up) and dissolution (nitric acid concentration, solution temperature and U+Pu concentration) by evaluating these effects quantitatively. We also investigated the effects of fuel volume ratio to the solution in the dissolver, burn-up and flouring ratio of the fuel on the f-value (the parameter which shows the diffusion and osmosis of nitric acid to the fuel) in the fragmentation model. It was confirmed that the fuel dissolution rate calculated with this equation had better agreement with the results of dissolution experiments for the irradiated fast reactor fuels in the CPF than that estimated with the surface area model. In addition, the efficiency of this equation was recognized for the dissolution of unirradiated U pellet and high Pu enriched MOX fuel. It was shown that the dissolution rate of the fuel slowed down at the condition of the high U-Pu concentration dissolution by the calculation of the dissolution behavior with this equation. The dissolution of the fuel can be improved by increasing the nitric acid concentration and temperature, but from the viewpoint of lowering the corrosion of the dissolver materials, it is desirable that the f-value is increased by optimizing the condition of shearing and stirring for the improvement of dissolution.
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JNC-TJ9440 2000-007, 43 Pages, 2000/03
Planning of the plutonium utihzation in the Light water thermal reactor has been investigated to evaluate scenario for FBR development. Plans for MOX fuel utilization in the ABWR including Ooma plant are studied, and information of high burnup fuels for a future BWR is summarized based on public documents. Nuclear compositions of the present burnup fuel (45,000MWd/t) and a high burnup fue (60,000MWd/t) have been evaluated using an open code: SRAC. Results of the study are follows; (1)Surveying the status of MOX fuel utilization. The status of MOX and UO fuel utilization in the present BWR and future BWR have been summarized based on public documents. (2)Evaluation of spent MOX and UO fuel composition. Nuclear compositions of spent MOX and UO fuels at 45,000MWd/t and 60,000MWd/t burnup have been evaluated and summarized for recycle scenarios by FBR.