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JAEA Reports

Spatial distribution effect of feedback reactivity in TRACY experiments; Evaluation of the first power peak characteristics

Obara, Toru*; Nakajima, Ken; Miyoshi, Yoshinori; Sekimoto, Hiroshi*

JAERI-Research 2001-037, 60 Pages, 2001/06

JAERI-Research-2001-037.pdf:2.7MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study on improvement of reactor physics analysis method for FBRs with various core concept

*; Kitada, Takanori*; Tagawa, Akihiro*; *; Takeda, Toshikazu*

JNC-TJ9400 2000-006, 272 Pages, 2000/02

JNC-TJ9400-2000-006.pdf:9.69MB

Investigation was made on the follwing three themes as a part of the improvement of reactor physics analysis method for FBR with various core concept. Part 1: Investigation of Error Estimation of Neutron Spectra in FBR and Suggestions to Improve the Accuracy. In order to improve the spectrum unfolding method used in fast experimental reactor JOYO, a trial was made to evaluate the error in the estimated neutron spectrum, cause by cause. And the evaluated errors were summed up to obtain the most probable and reasonable error as possible. The summed up error was found relatively small compared to the error caused by the uncertainty of cross section data: most of the error in the spectrum unfolding method can be attributed to the error in cross sections. It was also found that the error due to the fission spectrum causes a considerable error in the high energy neutron spectrum which is over several MeV. Part 2: Study on Reactor Physics Analysis Method for Gas-Cooled FBR. In gas-cooled FBR, the portion of coolant channels in core volume is larger than sodium-cooled FBR. This leads to strong neutron streaming effects. For sodium-cooled FBR, several methods were proposed to evaluate the neutron streaming effect, however, these methods can not be used directly to gas-cooled reactor because the direction dependent diffusion coefficient becomes infinitive along the direction pararel to the coolant chammel. In this study, a new method is proposed to evaluate the neutron streaming effect, based on the method taking the axial buckling into consideration, which method was originally proposed by K$"o$hler. Part 3: Study on Reactor Physics Analysis Method for Water-Cooled FBR An investigation was made on low-moderated water-cooled FBR, on the point that the ordinary used analysis method for FBR may give considerable difference in results in such core. In light water reactors, it is well known that the space dependence of self-shielding effect of heavy nuclides are considerably ...

JAEA Reports

Demonstration study on shielding safety analysis code (VII)

*

JNC-TJ8400 2000-053, 41 Pages, 2000/02

JNC-TJ8400-2000-053.pdf:1.6MB

Dose evaluation for direct radiation and skyshine from nuclear fuel facilities is one of the environment evaluation items. This evaluation is carried out by using some shielding calculation codes. Because of extremely few benchmark data of skyshine, the calculation has to be performed very conservatively. Therefore, the benchmark data of skyshine and the well-investigated code for skyshine would be necessary to carry out the rational evaluation of nuclear facilities. The purpose of this study is to obtain the benchmark data of skyshine and to investigate the calculation code for skyshine. In this fiscal year, the followings are investigated; (1)To improve the detection sensitivity of pulsed neutron measurement, two neutron detectors and some electronic circuits are added to the system constructed last year. (2)To estimate the neutron dose at the distant point from the facility instead of the commercialized rem-counter, a $$^{3}$$He detector with paraffin moderator is equipped to the system. (3)Using the new detection system, the skyshine of neutrons from 45Mev LINAC facility was measured in the distance up to 300m. The results show that the time structure of pulsed neutrons almost disappears at the further points than 150m. (4)In the distance from 90m to 300m ordinal total counting method without gate pulse are applied to detect the neutrons. (5)The experimental results of space dependency up to 300m is fitted fairly well by the Gui's response function.

JAEA Reports

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