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JAEA Reports

Study of hydrogeology in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project; Numerical prediction of recovery behavior of groundwater environment during groundwater filling test and underground facility closure

Onoe, Hironori; Kimura, Hitoshi*

JAEA-Research 2019-001, 57 Pages, 2019/08

JAEA-Research-2019-001.pdf:10.03MB

In this study, predictive simulations were conducted in order to understand recovery behavior of groundwater environment during groundwater filling test and underground facility closure. As a result of predictive simulations of groundwater filling test, difference of groundwater environment changes around the closure test drift according to groundwater filling volume was confirmed quantitatively. As a result of the simulations, groundwater environment changes at 10 years after underground facility closure could be estimated. And, it was shown that up-corning of deep saline water through drift and shaft was occurred if hydraulic conductivity of backfill material is higher than host rock.

JAEA Reports

DECOVALEX-2019 Task C; GREET Intermediate report

Iwatsuki, Teruki; Onoe, Hironori; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Ozaki, Yusuke; Wang, Y.*; Hadgu, T.*; Jove-Colon C. F.*; Kalinina, E.*; Hokr, M.*; Balv$'i$n, A.*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2018-018, 140 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Research-2018-018.pdf:40.68MB

DECOVALEX-2019 Task C aims to develop modelling and prediction methods using numerical simulation based on the water-filling experiment to examine the post drift-closure environment recovery processes. In this intermediate report, the results of Step 1 (Modelling and prediction of environmental disturbance by CTD excavation) are summarized from each of the research teams (JAEA, Sandia National Laboratories, Technical University of Liberec). Groundwater inflow rates to the tunnel during the excavation, hydraulic drawdown, and variation of chlorine concentration at monitoring boreholes in the vicinity of the tunnel were chosen as comparison metrics for Step1 by mutual agreement amongst the research teams. It is likely to be possible to foresee the scales of inflow rate and hydraulic drawdown based on a data from the pilot borehole by current simulation techniques.

JAEA Reports

Information collection regarding geoscientific monitoring techniques during closure of underground facility in crystalline rock

Hosoya, Shinichi*; Yamashita, Tadashi*; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Onoe, Hironori; Ishibashi, Masayuki

JAEA-Technology 2015-027, 128 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Technology-2015-027.pdf:33.66MB

The study for development of drift backfilling technologies is one of the critical issues in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project, and its purposes are to develop closure methodology and technology, and long-term monitoring technology, and to evaluate resilience of geological environment. To achieve the purposes, previous information from the case example of underground facility constructed in crystalline rock in Europe has been collected. In particular, the boundary conditions for the closure, geological characteristics, technical specifications, and method of monitoring have been focused. The information on the international project regarding drift closure test and development of monitoring technologies has also been collected. In addition, interviews were conducted to specialists who have experiences involving planning, construction management, monitoring, and safety assessment for the closure. Based on the collected information, concept and point of attention, which are regarding drift closure testing, and planning, execution management and monitoring on the closure of MIU, have been specified.

JAEA Reports

A Research program for numerical experiments on coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical and chemical processes

Ito, Akira; Kawakami, Susumu; Yui, Mikazu

JNC-TN8400 2001-028, 38 Pages, 2002/01

JNC-TN8400-2001-028.pdf:2.35MB

In a repository for high-level radioactive waste, coupled thermo -hydro -mechanical and chemical (THMC) processes will ocurr, involving the interactive processes between radioactive decay heat from the vitrified waste, infiltration of groundwater, swelling pressure generation and chemical evolution of the buffer material and porewater chemistry. In this program, numerical experiment system for the coupled THMC processes will be developed in order to predict the long-term performance of the near-field (engineered barrier and host rock) for various geological environments. The simulation code development has been started in FY 2001 and three development steps are planned, because (1)development will be continued for some years, (2)feasibility of numerical experiment have to be confirmed by using existing tools. This report presents the following items of the simulation code development for the coupled THMC processes. (1)First step of the simulation code development (2)Mass transport passways in compacted bentonite (3)Parallelization of the simulation code

JAEA Reports

Measures of closing report of outside waste storage pits separate volume part II; Data collections about measurement of contamination and measurement after decontamination in outside waste storage pits

; Sukegawa, Yasuhiro*; Suzuki, Satoshi*; ; ; *; Miyo, Hiroaki

JNC-TN8440 2000-022, 180 Pages, 2000/10

JNC-TN8440-2000-022.pdf:12.16MB

At outside waste strage pits, containers for strage of wastes corroded and were flooded, and it was confirmed on August 26, 1997. Confirmation of contamination of the pits outskirts, installation of sheets to prevent rainwater from flowing into the pits, drawing stay water were executed, promptly. Design and authorization works of the work house and waste treatment devices to take out wastes of the pits were executed too. After construction of the work house, taking out wastes of the pits started, and finished on April 10, 1998. Investigations of the inflow point of rainwater and leak of stay water were executed next. The results were reported to Science and Technology Agency (STA), adjoining authorities on December 21, 1998. After decontamination of the pits inner walls to background level of the radioactivity which included general concrete, control area was removed, and the pits were closed by concrete. Measures of closing of the pits were prepared from the middle of August, 1999, and dismantlement of unnecessary instruments started. Decontamination of the pits started from the beginning of September, 1999. The above works finished on June 30, 2000. After decontamination of the pits, STA, adjoining authorities confirmed the dircumstances. Work pouring concrete into the pits was executed three times (three levels), and finished on August 31, 2000. In addition to above, the amount of concrete poured into the pits was about 1,200 m$$^{3}$$. These data compiled the inspection of contamination in measures of closing of the pits.

JAEA Reports

Measures of closing report of outside waste storage pits; Separate Volume Part I; Photographs sbout improvement step of outside waste storage pits

; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Sukegawa, Yasuhiro*; Miyo, Hiroaki

JNC-TN8440 2000-021, 180 Pages, 2000/10

JNC-TN8440-2000-021.pdf:42.37MB

At outside waste storage pits, containers for storage of wastes corroded and were flooded, and it was confirmed on August 26, 1997. Confirmation of contamination of the pits outskirts, installation of sheets to prevent rainwater from flowing into the pits, drawing stay water were executed, promptly. Design and authorization works of the work house and waste treatment devices to take out wastes of the pits were executed too. After construction of the work house, taking out wastes of the pits started, and finished on April 10, 1998. Investigations of the inflow point of rainwater and leak of stay water were executed next. The results were reported to Science and Thechnology Agency (STA), adjoining authorities on December 21, 1998. After decontamination of the pits inner walls to background level of the radioactivity which included general concrete, control area was removed, and the pits were closed by concrete. Measures of closing of the pits were prepared from the middle of August, 1999, and dismantlement of unnecessaly instruments started. Decontamination of the pits started fiom the beginning of September, 1999. The above works finished on June 30, 2000. After decontamination of the pits, STA, adjoining authorities confirmed the circumstances. Work pouring concrete into the pits was executed three times (three levels), and finished on August 31, 2000. In addition to above, the amount of concrete poured into the pits was about 1,200 m$$^{3}$$. This report compiled the photographs of the works from confirmation of stay water at August, 1997 by finish of measures of closing of the pits at September, 2000.

JAEA Reports

Measures of closing report of outside waste storage pits

; Ishibashi, Yuzo; ; Miyo, Hiroaki; Sukegawa, Yasuhiro*; *; Suzuki, Satoshi*

JNC-TN8440 2000-020, 500 Pages, 2000/10

JNC-TN8440-2000-020.pdf:25.91MB

At outside waste storage pits, containers for storage of wastes corroded and were flooded, and it was confirmed on August 26, 1997. Confirmation of contamination of the pits outskirts, installation of sheets to prevent rainwater from flowing into the pits, drawing stay water were executed, promptly. Design and authorization works of the work house and waste treatment devices to take out wastes of the pits were executed too. After construction of the work house, taking out wastes of the pits started, and finished on April 10, 1998. Investigations of the inflow point of rainwater and leak of stay water were executed next. The results were reported to Science and Thechnology Agency (STA), adjoining authorities on December 21, 1998. After decontamination of the pits inner walls to background level of the radioactivity which included general concrete, control area was removed, and the pits were closed by concrete. Measures of closing of the pits were prepared from the middle of August, 1999, and dismantlement of unnecessary instruments started. Decontamination of the pits started from the begining of September, 1999. The above works finished on June 30, 2000. After decontamination of the pits, STA, adjoining authorities confirmed the circumstances. Work pouring concrete into the pits was executed three times (three levels), and finished on August 31, 2000. In addition t0 above, the amount of concrete poured into the pits was about 1,200 m$$^{3}$$.

JAEA Reports

None

*; *; *; *

JNC-TJ3410 2000-021, 73 Pages, 2000/03

JNC-TJ3410-2000-021.pdf:52.78MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Design research about geological disposal facility (II)

*; *; Okutsu, Kazuo*; Yamamoto, Takuya*; Amemiya, Kiyoshi*

JNC-TJ8400 2000-022, 303 Pages, 2000/02

JNC-TJ8400-2000-022.pdf:10.42MB

This report gives supplementary information and discussions on issues of the high-level waste geological disposal study. The following subjects are discussed ; (1)Evaluation of the effects of coefficient of lateral pressure to the specifications of disposal facilities (2)Functional development of remote operational machinery (3)Arrangement of basic data on cost estimation for disposal (4)Understanding of engineering countermeasures to potential phenomena deep under the ground (5)Selection of construction technologies (6)Establishment of the disposal concept under the coasts. For the coefficient of lateral pressure equal to 2, the cross section of disposal drift, the disposal drift spacing, the waste package pitch in the disposal drift and the specification of supporting system are designed. They are compared with those for the case of coefficient of lateral pressure equal to 1. In the case of coefficient of lateral pressure equal to 2, total length of drifts is 1.5 times, and total excavation volume is 1.8 times larger than later case. For the sealing, transportation and emplacement equipment for waste, technology of the fundamental function, remote operation, accidental events and countermeasures are discussed. The plan for developments on those items is proposed. The item of the cost for the construction, operation, and backfilling are discussed. The surface facilities, and, worker arrangement plan are proposed. For the potential phenomena encountered deep under the ground, the countermeasures are investigated form the construction experience, and the future research subjects are discussed for the underground research laboratory. For the construction technologies, the experience of construction management for the tunnel is investigated, and, the research subjects are proposed. For the disposal concept under coasts, rock condition, design condition, construction management, and quality control are compared with the disposal concept under the ground. The ...

JAEA Reports

Literature survey of redox reactions in the new field

Miki, Takahito*; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Chiba, Tamotsu*; Inagaki, Manabu*; Yui, Mikazu

JNC-TN8400 2000-007, 32 Pages, 2000/01

JNC-TN8400-2000-007.pdf:0.69MB

This report presents a summary of literature survey about geochemical reactions which are important to evaluate the redox conditions in the near field rock mass and buffer. The results of literature survey are summarized as follows; (1)Minerals including ferrous iron and organic materials in the rock mass are important reductants. Initial stage after closure of repository, oxygen will be consumed by pyrite, because the reaction rate between pyrite and oxygen is relatively fast. (2)It is possible to estimate the redox capacity for reductants by rock (mineral)-water iteraction experiment in a laboratory. And it is expected that the ferrous iron-rich rock and higher porosity rock may have bigger redox capacity. (3)It is possible to estimate the oxygen consumption rate by reductants such as minerals including ferrous iron. The rate law and rate constant for the oxidation reaction of ferrous iron in the solution are also determined. As a conclusion, it seems that we can evaluate kinetically the evolution of geochemical conditions in the near field rock mass and buffer by excavation of drifts, based on data derived from these existing literatures.

JAEA Reports

Investigations on repository layouts

Tanai, Kenji; Iwasa, Kengo; Hasegawa, Hiroshi; Goke, Mitsuo*; Horita, Masakuni*; Noda, Masaru*

JNC-TN8400 99-044, 140 Pages, 1999/11

JNC-TN8400-99-044.pdf:7.85MB

This report consists of three items: (1)Study of the repository configuration, (2)Study of the surface facilities configuration for construction, operation and buckfilling, (3)Planning schedule, In the repository configuration, the basic factors influencing the design of the repository configuration are presented, and the results of studies of various possible repository configurations are presented for both hard and soft rock systems. Here, the minimum conditions regarding geological environment required to guide design are assumed, because it is difficult to determine the repository configuration without considering specific conditions of a disposal site. In the surface facility configuration, it is illustrated based on the results of construction, operation, buckfilling studies for underground disposal facility and EIS report of CANADA. In the schedule, the overall schedule corresponding to the repository layout is outlined in link with the milestone of disposal schedule set forth in the government's basic policy. The assumptions and the basic conditions are summarized to examine the General Schedule from start of construction to closure of a repository. This summaly is based on the technologies to be used for construction, operation and closure of a repository. The basic national policies form the framework for this review of the general schedule.

JAEA Reports

Assessment on the mechanical stability of underground excavations

; Taniguchi, Wataru; Koo, Shigeru*; Hasegawa, Hiroshi; ; Kubota, Shigeru*; *

JNC-TN8400 99-037, 281 Pages, 1999/11

JNC-TN8400-99-037.pdf:15.51MB

It is planned to construct the tunnels and emplace waste packages at several hundred meters to 1,000 meters under the ground for the repository of high-level radioactive waste based on a policy to assure the safe life environment. It is required to be mechanically stable for the tunnels to assure the work safety throughout the construction, operation and closure phase. In this report, the mechanical stability of tunnels, that is a factor of design requisites, was evaluated by the analyses to present an outline of the technical reliability of geological disposal. To put it concretely, the tunnel sections were determined to have the required areas and shapes, and the analyses on the mechanical stability at tunnel excavations and earthquake, at tunnel intersections were conducted by the theoretical analysis and finite element method. The results obtained by these investigations are shown below: (1)It will be able to construct the tunnels with present techniques. The mechanical stability of tunnels will be assured if proper supports are given, and adequate tunnel spacing and disposal-pit pitches are set. (2)The mechanical stability will be assured at the tunnels intersections if proper reinforcement measures are taken. The reinforcement will be required for the intersection areas over the distance of 1D (D: diameter of tunnels) on the obtuse angle side, and 4D on the acute angle side, when intersection angle is set at 30 degrees. (3)The investigations were conducted on the assumption that the experienced big earthquake occurred. The results show that the effect of earthquake on the mechanical stability of tunnels is small, and tunnels are stable at the earthquake when the mechanical stability at tunnel excavations is assured.

JAEA Reports

None

; ; Shimizu, Kazuhiko; Miyahara, Kaname; ; Hasegawa, Hiroshi; Iwasa, Kengo

JNC-TN1400 99-008, 656 Pages, 1999/04

JNC-TN1400-99-008.pdf:34.68MB

None

JAEA Reports

Safety research in nuclear fuel cycle at PNC

PNC-TN1410 98-018, 69 Pages, 1998/09

PNC-TN1410-98-018.pdf:2.0MB

This report collects the results of safety research in nuclear fuel cycle at power reactor ans nuclear fuel development corporation, in order to answer to the questionnaire of OECD/NEA. The questionnaire request to inelude information concerning to research topic, description, main results (if available), reference documents, research institutes involved, sponsoring organization and other pertinent information about followings: (1) Recently completed reseach projects (2) Ongoing (current) research projects achievements on following items are omitted by request of oecd/nea. Uranium mining and milling, uranium refining and conversion to UF$$_{6}$$, uranium enrichment, fuel manufacturers, spent fuel storage, radioactive waste management, transport of radioactive materials, decommissioning we select topics from the fields of a (1) Nuclear installation, (2) Seismic, and (3) PSA, in projects from frame of annual safety research plan for nuclear installations established by nuclear safety ...

JAEA Reports

None

PNC-TN1100 98-002, 208 Pages, 1997/12

PNC-TN1100-98-002.pdf:6.97MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

; ;

PNC-TN9420 97-001, 82 Pages, 1996/10

PNC-TN9420-97-001.pdf:2.58MB

None

JAEA Reports

None

PNC-TJ1100 96-004, 46 Pages, 1996/02

PNC-TJ1100-96-004.pdf:1.15MB

None

JAEA Reports

None

PNC-TJ1100 96-003, 133 Pages, 1996/02

PNC-TJ1100-96-003.pdf:9.21MB

None

JAEA Reports

None

PNC-TN9420 96-003, 160 Pages, 1996/01

PNC-TN9420-96-003.pdf:8.19MB

None

JAEA Reports

None

Sugita, Yutaka; Kanno, Takeshi; Ishikawa, Hirohisa; Ishiguro, Katsuhiko

PNC-TN8410 96-014, 46 Pages, 1995/12

PNC-TN8410-96-014.pdf:0.08MB

None

32 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)