Studer, E.*; Abe, Satoshi; Andreani, M.*; Bharj, J. S.*; Gera, B.*; Ishay, L.*; Kelm, S.*; Kim, J.*; Lu, Y.*; Paliwal, P.*; et al.
Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-12) (USB Flash Drive), 16 Pages, 2018/10
Sanami, Toshiya*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kunieda, Satoshi; Nakamura, Shoji
JAEA-Conf 2017-001, 222 Pages, 2018/01
The 2016 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at Kobayashi Hall of High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, on November 17 and 18, 2016. The symposium was organized by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan in cooperation with Radiation Science Center, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Nuclear Science and Engineering Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency and North Kanto Branch of Atomic Energy Society of Japan. In the symposium, there were one tutorial, "Historical Evolution of Accelerators" and four oral sessions, "Overview of the ImPACT Program - Reduction and Resource Recycling of High Level Wastes through Nuclear Transmutation", "Facilities and experiments for nuclear data in Japan", "Nuclear data from measurement to application", and "Progress of neutron nuclear data measurement and research for its basics and application". In addition, recent research progress on experiments, evaluation, benchmark and application was presented in the poster session. Among 65 participants, all presentations and following discussions were very active and fruitful. This report consists of total 31 papers including 10 oral and 21 poster presentations.
Fukushima, Masahiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Okajima, Shigeaki
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(7), p.795 - 805, 2017/07
A series of integral experiments was conducted in FCA assemblies with systematically changed neutron spectra covering from the intermediate to fast ones. The experiments provide systematic data of central fission rates for TRU nuclides containing minor actinides, Np, Pu, Pu, Pu, Am, Am, and Cm. Latest major nuclear data libraries, JENDL-4.0, ENDF/B-VII.1, and JEFF-3.2, were tested using benchmark models regarding the fission rate ratios relative to Pu. For all the libraries, the benchmark tests by a Monte Carlo calculation code show obvious overestimations particularly for the fission rate ratios of Cm to Pu. Additionally, a large discrepancy about by 20% between the libraries is revealed for the fission rate ratio of Pu to Pu measured in the intermediate neutron spectrum. The cause of discrepancy is furthermore clarified by sensitivity analyses.
Ohgama, Kazuya; Aliberti, G.*; Stauff, N. E.*; Oki, Shigeo; Kim, T. K.*
Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00592_1 - 16-00592_9, 2017/06
Ohgama, Kazuya; Aliberti, G.*; Stauff, N. E.*; Oki, Shigeo; Kim, T. K.*
Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/04
Iwamoto, Osamu; Sanami, Toshiya*; Kunieda, Satoshi; Koura, Hiroyuki; Nakamura, Shoji
JAEA-Conf 2016-004, 247 Pages, 2016/09
The 2015 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at Ibaraki Quantum Beam Research Center, on November 19 and 20, 2015. The symposium was organized by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan in cooperation with Nuclear Science and Engineering Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency and North Kanto Branch of Atomic Energy Society of Japan. In the symposium, there were two tutorials, "Theory of Few-Body Systems and Recent Topics" and "Use of Covariance Data 2015" and four oral sessions, "Recent Research Topics", "Progress of AIMAC Project", "Present Status of JENDL Evaluated Files", and "Nuclear Data Applications". In addition, recent research progress on experiments, evaluation, benchmark and application was presented in a poster session. Among 99 participants, all presentations and following discussions were very active and fruitful. This report consists of total 46 papers including 13 oral and 33 poster presentations.
Ohgama, Kazuya; Aliberti, G.*; Stauff, N. E.*; Oki, Shigeo; Kim, T. K.*
Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2016/06
Under the cooperative effort of the Civil Nuclear Energy R&D Working Group within the framework of the U.S.-Japan bilateral, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) have been performing benchmark study using Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) design with metal fuel. In this benchmark study, core characteristic parameters at the beginning of cycle were evaluated by the best estimate deterministic and stochastic methodologies of ANL and JAEA. The results obtained by both institutions are agreed well with less than 200 pcm of discrepancy on the neutron multiplication factor, and less than 3% of discrepancy on the sodium void reactivity, Doppler reactivity, and control rod worth. The results by the stochastic and deterministic were compared in each party to investigate impacts of the deterministic approximation and to understand potential variations in the results due to different calculation methodologies employed. Impacts of the nuclear data libraries were also investigated using a sensitivity analysis methodology.
Fukushima, Masahiro; Kitamura, Yasunori*; Yokoyama, Kenji; Iwamoto, Osamu; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Leal, L. C.*
Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors; Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century (PHYSOR 2016) (USB Flash Drive), p.605 - 619, 2016/05
A nuclear data of U has been recently evaluated for the CIELO (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organization) project. We tested the newly-evaluated data of U using integral experiments of the Fast Critical Assembly (FCA) performed at JAEA. We selected two integral data of uranium-fueled FCA assemblies; one is the sodium-void reactivity worth of FCA XXVII-1 assembly and the other is the criticalities of the seven assemblies of FCA IX. The benchmark tests support the evaluation done in the resonance regions. However, the U capture cross section above the unresolved resonance range needs further investigation.
Aikawa, Masayuki*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ebata, Shuichiro*; Kunieda, Satoshi; Nakamura, Shoji; Koura, Hiroyuki
JAEA-Conf 2015-003, 332 Pages, 2016/03
The 2014 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at Conference Hall, Hokkaido University, on November 27 and 28, 2014. The symposium was organized by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, Hokkaido Branch of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, and Nuclear Reaction Data Centre, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University in cooperation with Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In the symposium, there were two tutorials, "Cross section measurement strategy for long lived fission product" and "Physics and Nuclear Data in Radiation Therapy" and four sessions, "A Neutron TOF Measurement Instrument desired by Nuclear Data Community", "Recent Topics", "Application of Nuclear Data", and "Nuclear Theory and Nuclear Data". In addition, recent research progress on experiments, evaluation, benchmark and application was presented in a poster session. Among 88 participants, all presentations and following discussions were very active and fruitful. This report consists of total 62 papers including 2 tutorials, 16 oral and 44 poster presentations.
Fukushima, Masahiro; Kitamura, Yasunori; Kugo, Teruhiko; Okajima, Shigeaki
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(3), p.406 - 424, 2016/03
Briggs, L.*; Monti, S.*; Hu, W.*; Sui, D.*; Su, G. H.*; Maas, L.*; Vezzoni, B.*; Partha Sarathy, U.*; Del Nevo, A.*; Petruzzi, A.*; et al.
Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.3030 - 3043, 2015/08
The International Atomic Energy Agency Coordinated Research Project, "Benchmark Analyses of an EBR-II Shutdown Heat Removal Test" is in the third year of its four-year term. Nineteen participants representing eleven countries have simulated two of the most severe transients performed during the Shutdown Heat Removal Tests program conducted at Argonne's Experimental Breeder Reactor II. Benchmark specifications were created for these two transients, enabling project participants to develop computer models of the core and primary heat transport system, and simulate both transients. In phase 1 of the project, blind simulations were performed and then evaluated against recorded data. During phase 2, participants have refined their models to address areas where the phase 1 simulations did not predict as well as desired the experimental data. This paper describes the progress that has been made to date in phase 2 in improving on the earlier simulations and presents the direction of planned work for the remainder of the project.
Kobayashi, Jun; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohno, Shuji; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kamide, Hideki
Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.6664 - 6677, 2015/08
Numerical simulation is recognized an essential tool for the physical phenomena analysis and plant design study of a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). In order to enhance credibility of the numerical results in the activities for plant design by using numerical simulations, it is recognized that verification and validation (V&V) process is very important. In this study, experiments for planar triple parallel jets mixing phenomena conducted in JAEA were proposed as benchmark problems for the code validation in the area of thermal striping study in the SFR development.
Fukushima, Masahiro; Oizumi, Akito; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Kitamura, Yasunori
JAEA-Data/Code 2014-030, 50 Pages, 2015/03
In the IX-th experimental series in 1980's at the fast critical assembly (FCA) facility, central fission rate ratios for TRU such as Np, Pu, Pu, Am, Am and Cm to Pu were measured in the seven uranium-fueled assemblies with systematically changed neutron spectra. In the present report, benchmark problems with respect to central fission rate ratios were established for the assessment of the TRU's fission cross sections. We reported the sample calculation results on the benchmark problems by using JENDL-4.0.
Buiron, L.*; Rimpault, G*; Fontaine, B.*; Kim, T. K.*; Stauff, N. E.*; Taiwo, T. A.*; Yamaji, Akifumi*; Gulliford, J.*; Fridmann, E.*; Pataki, I.*; et al.
Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors; The Role of Reactor Physics toward a Sustainable Future (PHYSOR 2014) (CD-ROM), 16 Pages, 2014/09
Within the activities of the Working Party on Scientific Issues of Reactor Systems (WPRS) of the OECD, an international collaboration is ongoing on the neutronic analyses of several Generation-IV Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) concepts. This paper summarizes the results obtained by participants from institutions of different countries (ANL, CEA, ENEA, HZDR, JAEA, CER, KIT, UIUC) for the large core numerical benchmarks. These results have been obtained using different calculation methods and analysis tools to estimate the core reactivity and isotopic composition evolution, neutronic feedbacks and power distribution. For the different core concepts analyzed, a satisfactory agreement was obtained between participants despite the different calculation schemes used. A good agreement was generally obtained when comparing compositions after burnup, the delayed neutron fraction, the Doppler coefficient, and the sodium void worth. However, some noticeable discrepancies between the k-effective values were observed and are explained in this paper. These are mostly due to the different neutronic libraries employed (JEFF3.1, ENDFB7.0 or JENDL-4.0) and to a lesser extent the calculations methods.
Asano, Yoshihiro; Sugita, Takeshi*; Hirose, Hideyuki; Suzaki,Takenori
Nuclear Science and Engineering, 151(2), p.251 - 259, 2005/10
no abstracts in English
Okumura, Keisuke; Kawasaki, Kenji*; Mori, Takamasa
JAERI-Research 2005-018, 64 Pages, 2005/08
In the KRITZ-2 critical experiments, criticality and pin power distributions were measured at room temperature and high temperature (about 245 degree C) for three different cores loading slightly enriched UO or MOX fuels. For nuclear data testing, benchmark analysis was carried out with a continuous-energy Monte Carlo code MVP and its four nuclear data libraries based on JENDL-3.2, JENDL-3.3, JEF-2.2 and ENDF/B-VI.8. As a result, fairly good agreements with the experimental data were obtained with any libraries for the pin power distributions. However, the JENDL-3.3 and ENDF/B-VI.8 give under-prediction of criticality and too negative isothermal temperature coefficients for slightly enriched UO cores, while the older nuclear data JENDL-3.2 and JEF-2.2 give rather good agreements with the experimental data. From the detailed study with an infinite unit cell model, it was found that the differences among the libraries are mainly due to the different fission cross section of U-235 in the energy rage below 1.0 eV.
Wu, H.; Okumura, Keisuke; Shibata, Keiichi
JAERI-Research 2005-013, 31 Pages, 2005/06
The under prediction of k depending on U enrichment in low enriched uranium fueled systems was studied in this report. Benchmark testing was carried out with several evaluated nuclear data files, including the new uranium evaluations from preliminary ENDF/B-VII and CENDL-3.1. Another problem reviewed here was k underestimation vs. temperature increase, which was observed in the slightly enriched system with recent JENDL and ENDF/B uranium evaluations. Through the substitute analysis of nuclear data of U and U, we propose a new evaluation of U data to solve both of the problems. The new evaluation was tested for various uranium fueled systems including low or highly enriched metal and solution benchmarks in the ICSBEP handbook. As a result, it was found that the combination of the new evaluation of U and the U data from the preliminary ENDF/B-VII gives quite good results for most of benchmark problems.
AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.47 - 52, 2005/05
In recent years, intermediate energy nuclear data are required for various applications such as accelerator-driven systems for waste transmutation, spallation neutron sources, advanced cancer therapies, estimation of single event up set rate and dose on astronauts. For these requirements, many groups in the world continue intermediate energy nuclear data evaluation. The early stage of this evaluation was initiated in USA. For example, Pearlstein at Brookhaven National Laboratory produced systematics, modified ALICE code and evaluated proton and neutron nuclear data in late 1980s. At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, similar data developed for a medical application. Following them, many countries, such as Europe, Japan, Russia, China, Korea, started the preparation of nuclear data in this energy region. Overview of evaluation methods, results of evaluations are presented in comparison between experimental data and evaluated files, mainly JENDL High Energy File, as well as results from benchmark calculations.
Tahara, Yoshihisa*; Fukahori, Tokio
JAERI-Conf 2005-003, 254 Pages, 2005/03
The 2004 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at Tokai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), on 11th and 12th of November 2004. Japanese Nuclear Data Committee and Nuclear Data Center, JAERI organized this symposium. In the oral sessions, presented were 19 papers on topics of nuclear data for LWR and nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear data for ADS development, experiences from use of JENDL-3.3 and requests to JENDL-4, recent cross section measurements, nuclear data for life and material sciences, and nuclear data needs and activities in the World. In the poster session, presented were 21 papers concerning experiments, evaluations, benchmark tests, applications and so on. Those presented papers are compiled in the proceedings.