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JAEA Reports

Calculations of Tritium Recoil Release from Li and U Impurities in Neutron Reflectors (Joint research)

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kenzhina, I.*; Okumura, Keisuke; Ho, H. Q.; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Chikhray, Y.*

JAEA-Technology 2018-010, 33 Pages, 2018/11

JAEA-Technology-2018-010.pdf:2.58MB

As a part of study on the mechanism of tritium release to the primary coolant in research and testing reactors, tritium recoil release rate from Li and U impurities in the neutron reflector made by beryllium, aluminum and graphite were calculated by PHITS code. On the other hand, the tritium production from Li and U impurities in beryllium neutron reflectors for JMTR and JRR-3M were calculated by MCNP6 and ORIGEN2 code. By using both results, the amount of recoiled tritium from beryllium neutron reflectors were estimated. It is clear that the amount of recoiled tritium from Li and U impurities in beryllium neutron reflectors are negligible, and 2 and 5 orders smaller than that from beryllium itself, respectively.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of tritium release curve in primary coolant of research reactors

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kenzhina, I. E.*

Physical Sciences and Technology, 4(1), p.27 - 33, 2018/06

Increase of tritium concentration in the primary coolant for the research and testing reactors during reactor operation had been reported. To clarify the tritium sources, a curve of the tritium release rate into the primary coolant for the JMTR and the JRR-3M are evaluated. It is also observed that the amount of released tritium is lower in the case of new beryllium components installation, and increases with the reactor operating cycle. These results show the beryllium components in core strongly affect to the tritium release into the primary coolant. As a result, the tritium release rate is related with produced $$^{6}$$Li by (n,$$alpha$$) reaction from $$^{9}$$Be, and evaluation results of tritium release curve are shown as the dominant source of tritium release into the primary coolant for the JMTR and the JRR-3M are beryllium components. Scattering of the tritium release rate with irradiation time were observed, and this phenomena in the JMTR occurred in earlier time than that of the JRR-3M.

JAEA Reports

Calculation by PHITS code for recoil tritium release rate from beryllium under neutron irradiation (Joint research)

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kenzhina, I. E.*; Okumura, Keisuke; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Chikhray, Y.*

JAEA-Technology 2016-022, 35 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Technology-2016-022.pdf:3.73MB

As a part of study on the mechanism of tritium release to the primary coolant in research and testing reactors, the calculation methods by PHITS code is studied to evaluate the recoil tritium release rate from beryllium core components. Calculations using neutron and triton sources were compared, and it is clear that the tritium release rates in both cases show similar values. However, the calculation speed for the triton source cases is two orders faster than that for the neutron source case. It is also clear that the calculation up to history number per unit volume of 2$$times$$10$$^{4}$$ (cm$$^{-3}$$) is necessary to determine the recoil tritium release rate of two effective digits precision. Furthermore, the relationship between the beryllium shape and recoil tritium release rate using the triton sources was studied. Recoil tritium release rate showed linear relation to the surface area per volume of beryllium, and the recoil tritium release rate showed about half of the conventional equation value.

Journal Articles

The Integral experiment on beryllium with D-T neutrons for verification of tritium breeding

Verzilov, Y. M.; Sato, Satoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Wada, Masayuki*; Klix, A.*; Nishitani, Takeo

Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(1), p.1 - 9, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:57.47(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New approach to measure double-differential charged-particle emission cross sections of several materials for a fusion reactor

Kondo, Keitaro; Takagi, Satoshi*; Murata, Isao*; Miyamaru, Hiroyuki*; Takahashi, Akito*; Kubota, Naoyoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Nishitani, Takeo

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1527 - 1533, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:29.89(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a fusion reactor development, double-differential charged-particle emission cross sections(DDXc) are necessary to estimate nuclear heating and material damages of candidate materials irradiated with neutrons. Especially in light nuclei such as Be, Li, and C, nuclear reactions are complicated and difficult to estimate energy spectra of emitted particles based only on theoretical calculations Therefore development of a new technique for precise measurements of DDXc is quite important. Recently we successfully developed a new spectrometer for measurement of DDXc using a pencil-beam DT neutron source of FNS in JAERI. In the present study we carried out measurements of DDXc of $$^{9}$$Be, $$^{12}$$C, $$^{19}$$F, and $$^{27}$$Al using the spectrometer. The present technique was valid from the result of measurement for the $$^{27}$$Al(n,x$$alpha$$) reactions. Slight differences appeared between measured data and evaluation or previous experimental values for $$^{9}$$Be(n,x$$alpha$$) reactions at backward scattering angle and in lower energy region.

Journal Articles

Production and compilation of charge changing cross sections of ion-atom and ion-molecule collisions

Imai, Makoto*; Shirai, Toshizo*; Saito, Manabu*; Haruyama, Yoichi*; Ito, Akio*; Imanishi, Nobutsugu*; Fukuzawa, Fumio*; Kubo, Hirotaka

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.7, p.323 - 326, 2006/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The HFR Petten high dose irradiation programme of beryllium for blanket application

Hegeman, J. B. J.*; Van der Laan, J. G.*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; M$"o$slang, A.*; Kupriyanov, I.*; Uchida, Munenori*; Hayashi, Kimio

Fusion Engineering and Design, 75-79, p.769 - 773, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:21.54(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Integral experiments for verification of tritium production on the beryllium/lithium titanate blanket mock-up with a one-breeder layer

Verzilov, Y. M.; Sato, Satoshi; Nakao, Makoto*; Ochiai, Kentaro; Wada, Masayuki*; Nishitani, Takeo

JAERI-Research 2004-015, 55 Pages, 2004/10

JAERI-Research-2004-015.pdf:3.29MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

First wall and divertor materials as plasma facing components

Suzuki, Satoshi

Koon Gakkai-Shi, 30(5), p.243 - 247, 2004/09

Selection and the development of plasma facing materials for fusion devices, mainly ITER, are presented. For the divertor, CFC (Carbon fiber reinforced carbon composite) materials are utilized as plasma facing materials in the lower part of vertical targets in ITER. Since the design maximum heat flux to the vertical targets is 20 MW/m$$^{2}$$, CFC materials, which have higher thermal conductivity than pure copper, are preferable from a heat removal point of view. On the other hand, a plasma facing material of a dome and a liner is tungsten because tungsten has low sputtering yield and has relatively high thermal conductivity among metals. First wall covers 80% of the plasma facing area of ITER. The plasma facing material of the first wall should have good compatibility with plasma. Therefore, beryllium is utilized as a plasma facing material from the low contamination and the minimization of the oxygen impurity to the plasma points of view.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive analysis of impurities in beryllium, affecting evaluation of the tritium breeding ratio

Verzilov, Y. M.; Ochiai, Kentaro; Klix, A.; Sato, Satoshi; Wada, Masayuki*; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Nishitani, Takeo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(Part2), p.1337 - 1341, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.23(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Analysis of impurities in beryllium, affecting evaluation of the tritium breeding ratio

Verzilov, Y. M.; Ochiai, Kentaro; Sato, Satoshi; Wada, Masayuki*; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Nishitani, Takeo

JAERI-Research 2004-005, 30 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Research-2004-005.pdf:1.93MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Initial results of neutronics experiments for evaluation of tritium production rate in solid breeding blanket

Nishitani, Takeo; Ochiai, Kentaro; Klix, A.; Verzilov, Y. M.; Sato, Satoshi; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Nakao, Makoto*; Hori, Junichi; Enoeda, Mikio

Proceedings of 20th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE 2003), p.454 - 457, 2003/10

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of HIP technique for bonding of CuCrZr with stainless steel and beryllium for application to the ITER first wall

Hatano, Toshihisa; Enoeda, Mikio; Kuroda, Toshimasa*; Akiba, Masato

JAERI-Tech 2002-075, 59 Pages, 2002/10

JAERI-Tech-2002-075.pdf:17.38MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Optimization of coupled hydrogen moderator for a short pulse spallation source

Kai, Tetsuya; Teshigawara, Makoto; Watanabe, Noboru; Harada, Masahide; Sakata, Hideaki*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(2), p.120 - 128, 2002/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:43.52(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Permeation behavior of deuterium implanted into beryllium

Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Ohira, Shigeru; Nishi, Masataka

JAERI-Research 2001-042, 21 Pages, 2001/09

JAERI-Research-2001-042.pdf:1.82MB

Study on Implantation Driven Permeation (IDP) behavior of deuterium through pure beryllium was investigated as a part of the research to predict the tritium permeation through the first wall components of ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor). The permeation experiments were carried out with two beryllium specimens, one was an unannealed specimen and the other was that annealed at 1173 K. The permeation flux was measured as a function of specimen temperature and incident ion flux. Surface analysis of specimen was also carried out after the permeation experiment. Permeation was observed only with the annealed specimen and no significant permeation was observed with unannealed specimen under the present experimental condition (maximum temperature: 685K, detection limit: 1x10$$^{13}$$Datoms/m$$^{2}$$s). It could be attributed that the intrinsic lattice defects, which act as diffusion preventing site, decreased with the specimen annealing. Based on the result of steady and transient permeation behavior and surface analysis, it was estimated that the deuterium permeation implanted into annealed beryllium was controlled by surface recombination due to the oxide layer on the surface of the permeated side.

Journal Articles

Determination of a deuteron-beryllium neutron source spectrum by multi-foil activation

Maekawa, Fujio; U.Moellendorff*; P.Wilson*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Fusion Technology, 36(2), p.165 - 172, 1999/09

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Data collection of fusion neutronics benchmark experiment conducted at FNS/JAERI

Maekawa, Fujio; Konno, Chikara; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Oyama, Yukio; Ikeda, Yujiro

JAERI-Data/Code 98-021, 93 Pages, 1998/08

JAERI-Data-Code-98-021.pdf:4.43MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dependence of attenuation coefficient on penetrating path length in cold neutron radiography

*; *; Matsubayashi, Masahito; *

Fifth World Conf. on Neutron Radiography, 0, p.199 - 205, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of low energy neutron spectrum below 10keV inside various bulk media with the slowing down time method

Maekawa, Fujio; Oyama, Yukio

Proc. of 9th Int. Symp. on Reactor Dosimetry, 0, p.77 - 84, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutronics integral experiments of lithium-oxide fusion blanket with heterogeneous configurations using deuterium-tritium neutrons

Oyama, Yukio; Konno, Chikara; Ikeda, Yujiro; ; ; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Maekawa, Hiroshi; Nakakawa, Masayuki; Mori, Takamasa; Nakamura, Tomoo; et al.

Fusion Technology, 28(1), p.216 - 235, 1995/08

no abstracts in English

42 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)