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A Comparative CFD exercise on bubble hydrodynamics using Euler-Euler and interface tracking approaches

Dehbi, A.*; Cheng, X.*; Liao, Y.*; 岡垣 百合亜; Pellegrini, M.*

Proceedings of 19th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-19) (Internet), 15 Pages, 2022/03

Nuclear degraded cores produce fission product aerosols that may reach the environment if not removed by natural processes and/or filtering equipment. The transport paths of aerosols usually include transits through stagnant water pools. It is therefore essential to develop computational tools to predict the aerosols retention by water pools. Currently, this is mostly done with 1-D lumped-parameter codes that are too simplistic to capture the physics. It is hence worthwhile to attempt the CFD approach, which has recently become reasonably mature to address bubble hydrodynamics in low momentum two-phase flows. In this first comparative exercise, we restrict the investigation to a hypothetical parallelepiped water pool (2$$times$$2$$times$$8 cm$$^{3}$$) into which air is injected through a circular 4 mm ID orifice at low velocity of 0.2 m/s. We present predictions of the gas phase dynamics (void and velocity profiles) for both Euler-Euler and Interface Tracking (IT, Volume-of-Fluid (VOF)) methodologies. In addition, we compare bubble shape, volume and detachment frequency from various IT simulation codes (CFX, Fluent, Star-CCM+, OpenFOAM). Reasonable agreement is found between IT simulations near the injector, but discrepancies increase as one moves towards the free surface. The disagreement between the Euler-Euler and IT results is substantial throughout the domain. Future studies will consist of validation exercises against experimental data to highlight potential model deficiencies and point to ways of remedying them.


Lattice Boltzmann modeling and simulation of forced-convection boiling on a cylinder

齋藤 慎平*; De Rosis, A.*; Fei, L.*; Luo, K. H.*; 海老原 健一; 金子 暁子*; 阿部 豊*

Physics of Fluids, 33(2), p.023307_1 - 023307_21, 2021/02

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:97.14(Mechanics)



Numerical study on the potential of cavitation damage in a lead-bismuth eutectic spallation target

Wan, T.; 直江 崇; 粉川 広行; 二川 正敏; 大林 寛生; 佐々 敏信

Materials, 12(4), p.681_1 - 681_15, 2019/02

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:9.85(Chemistry, Physical)

To perform basic R&D for future Accelerator-driven Systems (ADSs), Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) will construct an ADS target test facility. A Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) spallation target will be installed in the target test facility and bombarded by pulsed proton beams (250 kW, 400 MeV, 25 Hz, and 0.5 ms pulse duration). To realize the LBE spallation target, cavitation damage due to pressure changes in the liquid metal should be determined preliminarily because such damage is considered very critical from the viewpoint of target safety and lifetime. In this study, cavitation damage due to pressure waves caused by pulsed proton beam injection and turbulent liquid metal flow, were studied numerically from the viewpoint of single cavitation bubble dynamics. Specifically, the threshold of cavitation and effects of flow speed fluctuation on cavitation bubble dynamics in an orifice structure, were investigated in the present work. The results show that the LBE spallation target will not undergo cavitation damage under normal nominal operation conditions, mainly because of the long pulse duration of the pulsed proton beam and the low liquid metal flow velocity. Nevertheless, the possibility of occurrence of cavitation damage, in the orifice structure under certain extreme transient LBE flow conditions cannot be neglected.


Numerical study on effect of pressure on behavior of bubble coalescence by using CMFD simulation

小野 綾子; 鈴木 貴行*; 吉田 啓之

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/07



Pitting damage by pressure waves in a mercury target

二川 正敏; 直江 崇; Tsai, C.-C.*; 粉川 広行; 石倉 修一*; 池田 裕二郎; 祖山 均*; 伊達 秀文*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 343(1-3), p.70 - 80, 2005/08

 被引用回数:55 パーセンタイル:95.67(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Investigation of transition frequencies of two acoustically coupled bubbles using a direct numerical simulation technique

井田 真人

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 73(11), p.3026 - 3033, 2004/11

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:49.04(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

音響的に相互作用する二気泡の「遷移周波数」について数値的に検証した。Ida[Phys. Lett. A $textbf{297}$ (2002) 210]により、音場中の二気泡系に三つまでの遷移周波数が存在することが理論的に示された。これは気泡の脈動と入射波の位相差を$$pi/2$$にする特徴周波数である。続編にあたる論文[M. Ida, Phys. Rev. E $textbf{67}$ (2003) 056617]ではさらに、遷移周波数こそが二次Bjerknes力の符号を決定する要因であることが理論的に示唆された。本論文では表面張力項付きの圧縮性Navier-Stokes方程式を支配方程式に選んだ直接数値シミュレーションによってこれらの理論的結果を検証する。得られた数値計算結果はそれらの理論的予測をよく再現し、遷移周波数の存在を正当化する。



石倉 修一*; 粉川 広行; 二川 正敏; 神永 雅紀; 日野 竜太郎; 齊藤 正克*

日本原子力学会和文論文誌, 3(1), p.59 - 66, 2004/03



Bubble dynamics in the thermal shock problem of the liquid metal target

石倉 修一*; 粉川 広行; 二川 正敏; 菊地 賢司; 日野 竜太郎; 荒川 忠一

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 318, p.113 - 121, 2003/05

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:63.39(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)




功刀 資彰

日本機械学会論文集,B, 63(609), p.88 - 96, 1997/05

本研究は、VOF(Volume of Fluid)法の特徴である質量の完全な保存性を保ちつつ、その欠点である界面こう配輸送の不正確性を克服する新しい流体率輸送法を開発し、最終的には相変化を伴う固体・液体・気体の混在する多相熱流体の統一的直接解析手法の構築を目指している。本報告では、表面張力モデルの取り扱い及び新しく開発した「界面こう配を考慮した界面輸送法」を含む多相流の直接解析手法MARS(Multi-interface Advection and Reconstruction Solver)の概要を述べるとともに、解析例として、2次元気泡塔下部オリフィスから連続的に発生する気泡及び発生した気泡同士の合一挙動、3次元気泡塔内における2つの気泡の合一挙動及び2次元容器内における沸騰・凝縮挙動シミュレーションを示す。

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