Sakai, Kenji; Oku, Takayuki; Okudaira, Takuya; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Hiroi, Kosuke; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa*; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; Hirota, Katsuya*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011116_1 - 011116_6, 2021/03
In neutron fundamental physics, study of correlation term of a neutron spin and a target nuclear spin is important because term interferes to parity non-conserving (PNC) and time reversal non-conserving terms. For this study, a xenon (Xe) is an interesting nucleus because it has been observed an enhancement of PNC effect around neutron resonance peaks, and polarizes up to by using a spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP) method. We would plan to develop a polarized Xe gas target with a compact in-situ SEOP system, and to study term by utilizing epithermal neutron beams supplied from a high intense pulsed spallation neutron source. As the first step, we attempted to measure neutron polarizing ability caused by term at a 9.6 eV s-wave resonance peak of Xe at BL10 in MLF, by detecting change of ratio between neutron transmissions with the polarized and unpolarized Xe target. After demonstrating that our apparatus could detect small change () of neutron transmissions caused by Doppler broadening effect, a signified value of has been obtained as preliminary results. For analyzing the obtained in detail, we are improving our nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance systems for evaluating Xe polarization independently of neutron beams.
Kitamura, Akira; Yoshida, Yasushi*
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 327(2), p.839 - 845, 2021/02
Thermodynamic data for radium for radioactive waste management have been predicted using an electrostatic model and correlation with the ionic radii of the alkaline earth metals. Estimation of the standard Gibbs free energy of formation and standard molar entropy of aqueous radium species and compounds has been based on such approaches as extrapolation of the thermodynamic properties of strontium and barium, and use of a model of ion pair formation. The predicted thermodynamic data for radium have been compared with previously reported values.
Shen, X.*; Sun, Haomin; Deng, B.*; Hibiki, Takashi*; Nakamura, Hideo
Proceedings of 17th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-17) (USB Flash Drive), 14 Pages, 2017/09
An experimental study on the upward bubbly air-water flows in a vertical large-diameter square duct have been performed by using four-sensor probes. The four-sensor probe were applied in the local measurements at 3 axial positions along the flow direction to obtain interfacial area concentration, 3-D bubble velocity vector and bubble diameter. The obtained void fraction, interfacial area concentration, 3-D bubble velocity vector and bubble diameter provided valuable insight into the flow structure and will serve as a valuable database to develop the mechanistic models for interfacial area transport equation sources and sinks.
JAEA-Research 2016-019, 53 Pages, 2017/01
Application of probability generating function for nondestructive nuclear materials assay system was studied. First, high-order neutron correlations were derived algebraically up to septuplet and basic characteristics of the correlations were investigated. It was found that higher-order correlation increases rapidly in response to the increase of leakage multiplication, crosses and leaves lower-order correlations behind, when leakage multiplication is 1.3 that depends on detector efficiency and counter setting. Next, fission rates and doubles count rates by fast neutron and by thermal neutron in their coexisting system were derived algebraically. It was found that the number of induced fissions per unit time by fast neutron and by thermal neutron, the number of induced fissions ( 1) by one source neutron, and individual doubles count rates were possible to be estimated from Rossi-alpha combined distribution and measured ratio of each area obtained by differential die-away self-interrogation and conventional assay data.
Matsuba, Kenichi; Isozaki, Mikio; Kamiyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu
Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-11) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2016/10
In order to evaluate the distance for fragmentation of molten core material discharged into the lower sodium plenum during core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors, experiments with simulated molten materials and coolants (water, sodium) was carried out, where an empirical correlation of the distance for fragmentation was developed. The empirical correlation developed by this study showed a good agreement with the measurement results obtained by the present experiments. It was found that in order to well-predict the distance for fragmentation in sodium, thermal phenomena, such as sodium boiling and resultant vapor expansion, needed to be considered.
Shen, X.*; Sun, Haomin; Deng, B.*; Hibiki, Takashi*; Nakamura, Hideo
Progress in Nuclear Energy, 89, p.140 - 158, 2016/05
An experimental study was performed on the local structure of upward air-water two-phase flow in a vertical large diameter square duct by using a four-sensor probe. The four-sensor probe method classifying spherical and non-spherical bubbles was applied as a key measurement way to obtain local parameters such as 3-D bubble velocity vector, bubble diameter and interfacial area concentration. Both the local void fraction and interfacial area concentration indicated radial core-peak and wall-peak distributions at low and high liquid flow rates respectively. The 2 components of the bubble velocity vector in the cross-section revealed that there exists a rotating secondary flow in the octant symmetric triangular area and the magnitude of the rotating secondary flow increases with the liquid flow rate. Some of constitutive correlations of drift-flux model and interfacial area concentration are reviewed to study their predictabilities against the present data.
Liu, W.; Onuki, Akira; Tamai, Hidesada; Akimoto, Hajime
Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2005/10
In this research, the newest version of critical power correlation for tight-lattice rod bundles is proposed by using 7-rod and 37-rod bundle data derived in Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). For comparatively high mass velocity region, the correlation is written in local critical heat flux - critical quality type. For low mass velocity region, it is written in critical quality - annular flow length type. The correlation is verified by JAERI data and Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory data. It is confirmed the correlation is able to give good prediction for the effects of mass velocity, inlet temperature, pressure and heated equivalent diameter on critical power. The correlation is further implemented into TRAC code to analyze flow decrease and power increase transients. It is confirmed transient BT can be predicted within the accuracy of the implemented critical power correlation.
JAERI-Research 2005-004, 121 Pages, 2005/03
This report is the JAERI's report version of the doctor thesis by the author. In this report, first, the validity and usefulness of the application of the two-phase fluid model of the lattice-gas method and the lattice Boltzmann method(LBM) are examined. On the basis of the examination, next, the horizontal stratified two-phase flow that is the fundamental and important flow is simulated by the HCZ model which is one of the two-phase fluid model of the LBM. It is seen that the interfacial growth of the HCZ model satisfies the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability theory and reproduces the theoretical two-phase flow regime map of Taitel and Dukler(T-D map). It is found that more superficial flow velocity of the rare phase is necessary in the channel with the narrow width. The HCZ model can also simulate the droplet generation accompanying more complex interfacial phenomena and reproduce the experimental correlation of Ishii and Grolmes in the range of the distribution of the experimental data.
Liu, W.; Kureta, Masatoshi; Onuki, Akira; Akimoto, Hajime
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(1), p.40 - 49, 2005/01
In this research, critical power correlation for tight-lattice rod bundles is newly proposed using 7-rod axially uniform-heated data, 7-rod and 37-rod axially double-humped-heated data at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). For low mass velocity region ( 300 kg/ms), the correlation is written in critical quality - annular flow length type. For high mass velocity region ( 300 kg/ms), it is written in local critical heat flux - critical quality type. The standard deviation of ECPR (Experimental Critical Power Ratio) to the whole JAERI data (694 data points) is 6%. The correlation is verified by Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory data (177 points, standard deviation: 7.7%). The correlation is confirmed being able to give good prediction for the effects of mass velocity, inlet temperature, pressure and heated equivalent diameter on critical power. The applicable range of the correlation is: gap between rods from 1.0 to 2.29 mm, heated length from 1.26 to 1.8 m, mass velocity from 150 to 2000 kg/ms and pressure from 2 to 11 MPa.
Tanigawa, Tomonori; Matsuzaki, Masayuki*; Chiba, Satoshi
Physical Review C, 70(6), p.065801_1 - 065801_7, 2004/12
We study the proton pairing gap in neutron star matterputting emphasis on influence of the Dirac effective mass and theproton fraction on the gap within the relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubovmodel. The gap equation is solved using the Bonn-B potential as aparticle-particle channel interaction. It is found that the maximalpairing gap is 1-2MeV, which has a strongcorrelation with the Dirac effective mass. Hence we suggest that itserves as a guide to narrow down parameter sets of the relativisticeffective field theory. Furthermore, the more slowly protons increasewith density, the lower the peak of the gap and the wider thesuperfluid range become.
Tsukuba Daigaku Daigakuin Shisutemu Joho Kogaku Kenkyuka Hakase Gakui Rombun, 134 Pages, 2004/09
In this thesis, first the liquid-gas models of the lattice method are examined by applying them to two-phase flow simulations. Next the liquid-gas model(the HCZ model) of the lattice Boltzmann method is applied to the three-dimensional simulation of the horizontal stratified two-phase flow. The following results are obtained. (1)The two- and three- dimensional interface simulated by the HCZ model satisfies the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability theory. (2)In the simulation of the interfacial growth in the rectangular channel, it is found that the relation between the interfacial growth and the flow state is in agreement with the flow regime map proposed theoretically by Taitel and Dukler. (3)It is also found that the three dimensionality becomes remarkable and the interfacial growth needs more flow rate of the rare phase than that of the theoretical flow regime map when the channel width is narrower. (4)In the droplet creation simulation, it is found that the relation between the droplet creation and the flow state simulates the experimental correlation proposed by Ishii and Grolmes.
Ebihara, Kenichi; Watanabe, Tadashi
Nagare, 23(4), p.253 - 261, 2004/08
The lattice Boltzmann method for one-component two-phase fluid is applied to the simulation of the droplet creation in the horizontal stratified two-phase flow. It is observed in several flow states that the droplet tears from the interface wave. The dimensionless numbers that characterize the flow state are also measured during the simulations. After checking the influence of the lattice length and width to the simulation result, the relation between the droplet creation and the measured dimensionless numbers is compared with the inception criteria of the droplet creation that was proposed on the basis of experimental data by Ishii and Grolmes. It was found that the simulation results are included in the devitation of experimental data from the correlation of Ishii-Grolmes.
Yanase, Yoichi*; Jujo, Takanobu*; Nomura, Takuji; Ikeda, Hiroaki*; Hotta, Takashi; Yamada, Kosaku*
Physics Reports; A Review Section of Physics Letters, 387(1-4), 149 Pages, 2003/11
In this article we review essential natures of superconductivity in strongly correlated electron systems from a universal point of view. Here we consider materials such as high- cuprates, BEDT-TTF organic superconductors, ruthenate SrRuO, and heavy fermion superconductors. After the review of experimental results, we explain the formalism to discuss superconducting properties of strongly correlated electron systems based on the Dyson-Gor'kov equations. Then, we introduce theoretical retults on cuprates, organics, ruthenate, and heavy fermion superconductors in this order.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 40(7), p.544 - 551, 2003/07
A method for classifying benchmark results of criticality calculations according to similarity was proposed in this paper. After formulation of the method utilizing correlation coefficients, it was applied to burnup credit criticality benchmarks Phase III-A and II-A, which were conducted by the Expert Group on Burnup Credit Criticality Safety under auspices of the OECD/NEA. Phase III-A benchmark was a series of criticality calculations for irradiated BWR fuel assemblies, whereas Phase II-A benchmark was a suite of criticality calculations for irradiated PWR fuel pins. These benchmark problems and their results were summarized. The correlation coefficients were calculated and sets of benchmark results were classified according to the criterion that the correlation coefficients were no less than 0.15 for Phase III-A and 0.10 for Phase II-A benchmarks. When a couple of results were in a same group, one result was found predictable from the other. An example was shown for each of the Benchmarks. The evaluated nuclear data seemed the main factor of errors.
Tanigawa, Tomonori; Matsuzaki, Masayuki*; Chiba, Satoshi
Physical Review C, 68(1), p.015801_1 - 015801_8, 2003/07
We calculate a pairing gap in binary mixed matter of nucleons and hyperons within the relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov model since a recent experiment suggests a weaker attraction than before, which has a significant impact on properties of neutron stars in various aspects. Lambda hyperons to be paired up are immersed in background nucleons in normal state. A phenomenological interaction, which is derived relativistically from the Lagrangian of the system, is adopted to the gap equation. It is found that at background density the pairing gap is very small, and that denser background makes it rapidly suppressed. This result suggests a mechanism, specific to mixed matter dealt with relativistic models, of its dependence on the nucleon density.
Ueno, Takashi; Nagao, Seiya; Yamazawa, Hiromi
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 255(2), p.335 - 339, 2003/02
To evaluate the migration of radionuclides to the ground surface, deposition was collected from 1993 to 2001 with basin set up at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute at Tokai-mura. Monthly basin samples were evaporated to dryness to obtain residual samples.These samples were measured by a well type Ge detector for natural and fallout radionuclide. These monthly depositions showed a clear seasonal variation with peaks in the early spring from February to April, and also in May in some years. The depositions of K and Cs have good correlation with the dry weight of deposited material, the depositions of Be and Pb showed much lower correlation coefficients. This difference in the correlation coefficient between these two groups of radionuclides can be attributed to the difference in the originating processes. These features in the concentration are thought to be caused by the difference in mechanism and location of origination, which would result in difference in the contributing particle size, and hence by the difference in the transport and deposition processes.
Ueda, Kazuo; Hotta, Takashi
JAERI-Review 2002-037, 31 Pages, 2002/12
Strongly correlated f- and d-electron systems including heavy Fermion systems and transition metal oxides are important source of exciting new phenomena in condensed matter physics. Recently it has been recognized in more profound way that the orbital degeneracy of the f- and d-electrons plays very important role underlying those exotic phenomena. The idea of the present workshop is to bring active researchers in the field together and to exchange ideas in informal atmosphere. In the workshop many interesting results were presented and stimulating discussions were made as clearly seen by the present report.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 78(9), p.857 - 860, 2002/09
In order to understand the various phenomena related to the nonlocal transport and structure formation in the plasma, we reviw the topics in the field of (1)laser implosion plasma, (2)space plasma, and (3) magnetic fusion plasma, as a spatial series.
Uchiyama, Tomoaki; Oikawa, Tetsukuni; Kondo, Masaaki; Watanabe, Yuichi*; Tamura, Kazuo*
JAERI-Data/Code 2002-011, 205 Pages, 2002/03
This report is a user's manual of seismic system reliability analysis code SECOM2 developed at the JAERI for system reliability analysis, which is one of the tasks of seismic probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) of nuclear power plants (NPPs). The SECOM2 code has many functions such as calculation of component and system failure probabilities for given seismic motion levels at the site of an NPP based on the response factor method, calculation of accident sequence frequencies and the core damage frequency (CDF), importance analysis using various indicators, uncertainty analysis, and calculation of the CDF taking into account the effect of the correlations of responses and capacities of components. These analyses require the fault tree (FT) representing the occurrence condition of the system failures and core damage, information about responses and capacities of the components which compose the FT, and seismic hazard curve for the NPP site as input. This report presents calculation method used in the SECOM2 code and how to use those functions in the SECOM2 code.
Hotta, Takashi; Dagotto, E.*
Physical Review Letters, 88(1), p.017201_1 - 017201_4, 2002/01
The key role of the orbital degree of freedom to understand the magnetic properties of layered ruthenates is here discussed. In the G-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase of CaRuO, recent X-ray experiments reported the presence of 0.5 hole per site in the orbital, while the and orbitals contain 1.5 holes. This unexpected hole distribution is explained by a novel state with orbital ordering (OO), stabilized by a combination of Coulomb interactions and lattice distortions. In addition, the rich phase diagram presented here suggests the possibility of large magnetoresistance effects, and predicts a new ferromagnetic OO phase in ruthenates.