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Utilizing PUNITA experiments to evaluate fundamental delayed gamma-ray spectroscopy interrogation requirements for nuclear safeguards

Rodriguez, D.; 小泉 光生; Rossi, F.; 瀬谷 道夫; 高橋 時音; Bogucarska, T.*; Crochemore, J.-M.*; Pedersen, B.*; 高峰 潤

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(8), p.975 - 988, 2020/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:24.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Present safeguards verification methods of high-radioactivity nuclear material use destructive analysis techniques since passive nondestructive techniques are incapable of determining the nuclear material content. To improve this verification process, the JAEA and EC-JRC Ispra, Italy have been collaborating to develop delayed gamma-ray spectroscopy for composition analysis of the fissile nuclides as an aspect of the MEXT subsidy for improving nuclear security and the like. Multiple experiments were performed over three years using PUNITA to interrogate U and Pu samples to determine the signature from the short-lived fission products. We observed many gamma rays useful to determine the composition of a mixed nuclear material sample. Presented here are the results of these measurements with correlations to the interrogation, mass, volume, and sample homogeneity.


Model design of a compact delayed gamma-ray moderator system using $$^{252}$$Cf for safeguards verification measurements

Rodriguez, D.; Rossi, F.; 高橋 時音; 瀬谷 道夫; 小泉 光生

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 148, p.114 - 125, 2019/06

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:20.8(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Delayed gamma-ray spectroscopy is an active-NDA technique used to determine the composition of HRNM samples by peak-ratio comparison of GRs above 3-MeV from the short-lived fission products. Filtering out the passive GRs from long-lived FPs reduces the DGS signal, so thermal neutrons are used to induce more fission events from fissile nuclides. We are developing a compact system to moderate $$sim$$ 2-MeV neutrons that are easier to moderate than 14-MeV neutrons from DT generators. This work describes the ideal moderator optimization for a $$^{252}$$Cf source that results in $$25.9times10^{-4}$$ cm$$^{-2}$$ $$n_{source}^{-1}$$ passing through the sample space with $$geq$$ 70% of those below 1-eV. Practical modifications resulted in $$leq$$ 20% reductions compared to the optimized design. Evaluations of DGS signals and backgrounds conclude that only a 21-MBq $$^{252}$$Cf source is required.


Delayed $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy combined with active neutron interrogation for nuclear security and safeguards

小泉 光生; Rossi, F.; Rodriguez, D.; 高峰 潤; 瀬谷 道夫; Bogucarska, T.*; Crochemore, J.-M.*; Varasano, G.*; Abbas, K.*; Pedersen, B.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.09018_1 - 09018_4, 2017/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:10.14

Along with the global increase of applications using nuclear materials (NM), the requirements to nuclear security and safeguards for the development of effective characterization methods are growing. Mass verification of NM of low radioactivity is performed using passive non-destructive analysis (NDA) techniques whereas destructive analysis (DA) techniques are applied for accurate analysis of nuclide composition. In addition to the characterization by passive NDA, a sample can be further characterized by active NDA techniques. An active neutron NDA system equipped with a pulsed neutron generator is currently under development for studies of NDA methods. Among the methods DGS uses the detection of decay $$gamma$$-rays from fission products (FP) to determine ratios of fissile nuclides present in the sample. A proper evaluation of such $$gamma$$-ray spectra requires integration of nuclear data such as fission cross-sections, fission yields, half-lives, decay chain patterns, and decay $$gamma$$-ray emission probabilities. The development of the DGS technique includes experimental verification of some nuclear data of fissile materials, as well as development of the device. This presentation will be a brief introduction of the active neutron NDA project and an explanation of the DGS development program.


Delayed gamma-ray analysis for characterization of fissile nuclear materials

小泉 光生; Rossi, F.; Rodriguez, D.; 高峰 潤; 瀬谷 道夫; Bogucarska, T.*; Crochemore, J.-M.*; Varasano, G.*; Abbas, K.*; Pedersen, B.*; et al.

EUR-28795-EN (Internet), p.868 - 872, 2017/00

Under the collaboration between the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and European Commissions' Joint Research Center (EC-JRC), development of four active neutron-interrogation non-destructive assay methods for nuclear non-proliferation and safeguards are in progress. The techniques are differential die-away analysis, delayed gamma-ray analysis (DGA), neutron resonance transmission analysis, and prompt gamma-ray analysis. Information obtained by each method is used complementarily to characterize a sample. DGA utilizes moderated pulsed neutrons from a D-T neutron generator to induce fission reaction of nuclear materials. Delayed gamma rays from the fission products (FP) are measured to determine the ratios of fissile nuclides (e.g. $$^{235}$$U, and $$^{239,241}$$Pu) in the sample. Experimental studies of the DGA method are in progress with the Pulsed Neutron Interrogation Test Assembly (PUNITA) in EC-JRC Ispra. Here we present an overview of the study plan of these DGA experiments along with the latest results. This research was implemented under the subsidiary for nuclear security promotion of MEXT.


Development of active neutron NDA techniques for nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security, 7; Measurement of DG from MOX and Pu liquid samples for quantification and monitoring

向 泰宣; 小川 剛; 中村 仁宣; 栗田 勉; 関根 恵; Rodriguez, D.; 高峰 潤; 小泉 光生; 瀬谷 道夫

Proceedings of INMM 57th Annual Meeting (Internet), 7 Pages, 2016/07

核不拡散用のアクティブ中性子非破壊測定技術開発の一環として、核分裂性核種($$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Pu, $$^{235}$$U)の組成比を分析するために、3MeV超のエネルギーを有する遅発$$gamma$$線に着目した遅発$$gamma$$線分光(DGS)法の技術開発を行っている。DGS法の確認試験として、PCDFにおいて、Pu溶液及びMOX粉末試料を用いた遅発$$gamma$$線測定試験を下記の4段階で実施することを計画している。(1)自発核分裂性核種由来の遅発$$gamma$$線測定(パッシブ測定)、(2)速中性子利用による遅発$$gamma$$線測定(アクティブ測定)、(3)DGSI(試料中の自発核分裂性核種由来の中性子作用による遅発$$gamma$$線)測定(パッシブ測定)、(4)熱中性子利用による遅発$$gamma$$線測定(パッシブ測定)。本報告では、PCDFで実施する核物質試料を用いたDGS試験計画について報告する。※本件は、今回のINMMにて開催される核不拡散用アクティブ中性子非破壊測定技術開発(実施窓口:ISCN)のシリーズ発表(全7件)のうち、ISCNから発表の依頼を受け、PCDFで実施する核物質試料を用いたDGS測定試験の目的及び具体的な試験方法について報告するものである。


Assessment of human body surface and internal dose estimations in criticality accidents based on experimental and computational simulations

曽野 浩樹; 大野 秋男*; 小嶋 拓治; 高橋 史明; 山根 義宏*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 43(3), p.276 - 284, 2006/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:89.16(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Using an inverse Monte Carlo method to determine measurement uncertainties

Rodriguez, D.

no journal, , 


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