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Journal Articles

Geodesic-acoustic-mode in JFT-2M tokamak plasmas

Ido, Takeshi*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Kamiya, Kensaku; Hamada, Yasuji*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(4), p.S41 - S50, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:119 Percentile:96.8(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The potential and density fluctuations of Geodesic-Acoustic-Mode (GAM) were investigated through the direct and simultaneous measurement of electrostatic and density fluctuations with a heavy ion beam probe(HIBP). It was found that the amplitude of the fluctuation has a maximum inside of the plasma boundary and that it has an almost constant frequency. It was also found that the mode propagates in the radial direction and that the GAM affects the background turbulence. The influence to the background turbulence was found to be in consistent with a theoretical prediction.

Journal Articles

Characterization of coherent magnetic fluctuations in JFT-2M high recycling steady high-confinement mode plasmas

Kamiya, Kensaku; Oyama, Naoyuki; Ido, Takeshi*; Bakhtiari, M.*; JFT-2M Group

Physics of Plasmas, 13(3), p.032507_1 - 032507_9, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:39.31(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Accompanying the HRS H-mode transition, the coherent magnetic fluctuations in the frequency range of the order of 10-100 kHz with significant variation are seen on the magnetic probes at the vessel wall. Above all, two types of edge MHD activities, which have associated toroidal mode number of n=1 and n$$sim$$7, respectively, seem to be more important for the HRS H-mode plasmas. To investigate their interaction, bi-spectral analysis is applied for the magnetic probe data. It is found to be a powerful tool, exhibiting the phase-coupled oscillations between two types of edge MHD activities having n=1 and n$$sim$$7.

Journal Articles

Study of SOL/divertor plasmas in JFT-2M

Kawashima, Hisato; Sengoku, Seio; Uehara, Kazuya; Tamai, Hiroshi; Shoji, Teruaki*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Shibata, Takatoshi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Kusama, Yoshinori; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.168 - 186, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experimental efforts on JFT-2M have been devoted to understand SOL/Divertor plasmas and to investigate power and particle controllability. Open divertor configuration was used for the first decade of JFT-2M started in 1984. We found out the SOL/Divertor plasma properties such as in/out asymmetry, heat and particle diffusivities, and SOL current at ELMs. Handling of power and particle was demonstrated by active control methods such as local pumping, edge ergodization, divertor biasing, and edge heating. For improvement of power and particle control capability of divertor, it was modified to closed configuration in 1995, which demonstrated the baffling effects with narrower divertor throat. Dense and cold divertor state (n$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ and T$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4 eV), compatible with the improved confinement modes (e.g. H-mode), was realized by strong gas puffing. Being related with the core confinement at H-mode, the edge plasma fluctuations were identified by an electrostatic probe. These are reviewed in this paper.

Journal Articles

Pedestal characteristics in JFT-2M HRS H-mode plasma

Kamiya, Kensaku; Oyama, Naoyuki; Miura, Yukitoshi; Hubbard, A. E.*

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 46(11), p.1745 - 1755, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:42.46(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Recent experiments in the JFT-2M tokamak have concentrated on the studies of the access condition for the H-mode operation without any large ELMs, namely High Recycling Steady (HRS) H-mode regime in terms of the pedestal parameters. The HRS regime is more likely at the higher edge density and lower edge temperature, while the ELMy H-mode having large ELMs appears at the lower edge density and higher edge temperature. It is found that the ELMy/HRS operational boundary occurs at the normalized electron collisionality of $$nu$$*$$_{e}$$$$sim$$1 in the plasma edge region, depending slightly on q$$_{95}$$. A key feature of the HRS H-mode is the presence of the coherent magnetic fluctuations in the frequency range of the order of 10-100 kHz. It is suggested that the edge MHD activities may keep an edge pressure below a certain level needed to induce a large ELM.

Journal Articles

Theory of superconductivity in strongly correlated electron systems

Yanase, Yoichi*; Jujo, Takanobu*; Nomura, Takuji; Ikeda, Hiroaki*; Hotta, Takashi; Yamada, Kosaku*

Physics Reports; A Review Section of Physics Letters, 387(1-4), 149 Pages, 2003/11

In this article we review essential natures of superconductivity in strongly correlated electron systems from a universal point of view. Here we consider materials such as high-$$T_{rm c}$$ cuprates, BEDT-TTF organic superconductors, ruthenate Sr$$_2$$RuO$$_4$$, and heavy fermion superconductors. After the review of experimental results, we explain the formalism to discuss superconducting properties of strongly correlated electron systems based on the Dyson-Gor'kov equations. Then, we introduce theoretical retults on cuprates, organics, ruthenate, and heavy fermion superconductors in this order.

Journal Articles

Measurements of density fluctuations in reflectometry of cylindrical plasmas

Bruskin, L. G.; Oyama, Naoyuki; Shinohara, Koji; Miura, Yukitoshi; Kogi, Yuichiro*; Mase, Atsushi*; Hasegawa, Makoto*; Hanada, Kazuaki*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 74(3), p.1473 - 1476, 2003/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:34.08(Instruments & Instrumentation)

An analytical model of fluctuation reflectometry is developed, which is capable of handling the plasma profiles of arbitrary shape and curvature. The experimental profiles are piece-wise approximated by the functions, which allow for the integration of the full-wave O-mode equation. The model is applied to the reflectometry of the JT-60U tokamak plasma to provide a preliminary estimation of the fluctuation amplitude and spectral width.

JAEA Reports

Abstracts of the Workshop on Orbital Ordering and Fluctuations in d- and f-electron Systems; March 4-6, 2002, ASRC, JAERI, Tokai, Japan

Ueda, Kazuo; Hotta, Takashi

JAERI-Review 2002-037, 31 Pages, 2002/12

JAERI-Review-2002-037.pdf:2.7MB

Strongly correlated f- and d-electron systems including heavy Fermion systems and transition metal oxides are important source of exciting new phenomena in condensed matter physics. Recently it has been recognized in more profound way that the orbital degeneracy of the f- and d-electrons plays very important role underlying those exotic phenomena. The idea of the present workshop is to bring active researchers in the field together and to exchange ideas in informal atmosphere. In the workshop many interesting results were presented and stimulating discussions were made as clearly seen by the present report.

Journal Articles

Fluctuation reflectometry of azimuthally symmetric plasmas

Bruskin, L. G.; Mase, Atsushi*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Miura, Yukitoshi

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 44(11), p.2305 - 2325, 2002/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:48.99(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The results of analytical solution of time-dependent 2D full-wave equation are presented here for the case of fluctuation reflectometry. We consider a family of plasma density profiles with cylindrical symmetry, which allow for an integration of the microwave scattering equation. Based on the results of analytical modeling, Doppler reflectometry as a method of plasma velocity measurements is investigated. It is shown that the accuracy of Doppler shift measurements is sensitive to the spectral content of the broadband turbulence, as well as to the curvature of the plasma cut-off layer. Addressing the problem of fluctuation amplitude measurements, it is suggested that a power-related parameter of the microwave signal, called fluctuation index, is suitable to quantify the plasma turbulence level provided that the fluctuation spectrum is a priori estimated.

Journal Articles

Fluctuations in the random-field Ising model

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 10(23), p.5179 - 5186, 1998/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Condensed Matter)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Kinetic theory of electromagnetic high-n ballooning instabilities

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Nuclear Fusion, 22(8), p.1031 - 1047, 1982/00

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:29.78(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

11 (Records 1-11 displayed on this page)
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