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Journal Articles

An Investigation on the control rod homogenization method for next-generation fast reactor cores

Takino, Kazuo; Sugino, Kazuteru; Oki, Shigeo

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 162, p.108454_1 - 108454_7, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

The Effect of the inhomogeneity of rock mass to the tunnel support stress during tunnel excavation

Okazaki, Yasuyuki*; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Kumasaka, Hiroo*; Shinji, Masato*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, F1 (Tonneru Kogaku) (Internet), 72(3), p.I_1 - I_15, 2016/00

In the rational tunnel support design, numerical analysis is powerful tool to know the estimation of the behavior before tunnel construction in the case of the special ground condition and limited similar construction. In order to evaluate the support structure quantitatively, it is necessary to understand the effect of the inhomogeneity of rock mass to the tunnel support stress in advance. In this study, tunnel excavation analysis considering the inhomogeneity of rock mass was carried out. The analysis results were compared with the stress measured in the tunnel support in the Horonobe underground research laboratory. As a result, it was revealed that the local stress measured in the tunnel support can be simulated by considering the inhomogeneity of rock mass stochastically. In addition, this study evaluated the effect of the inhomogeneity of rock mass to the tunnel support stress quantitatively by processing analysis results statistically.

Journal Articles

Applications of stimulated brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirror to Thomson scattering diagnostics in JT-60U and ITER

Hatae, Takaki; Naito, Osamu; Kitamura, Shigeru; Sakuma, Takeshi*; Hamano, Takashi*; Nakatsuka, Masahiro*; Yoshida, Hidetsugu*

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S160 - S164, 2006/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Multipass beam breakup in energy recovery linacs

Pozdeyev, E.*; Tennant, C.*; Bisognano, J. J.*; Sawamura, Masaru; Hajima, Ryoichi; Smith, T. I.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 557(1), p.176 - 188, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:65.95(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

System of the advanced volume reduction facilities for LLW at JAERI

Higuchi, Hidekazu; Momma, Toshiyuki; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Kozawa, Kazushige; Tohei, Toshio; Sudo, Tomoyuki; Mitsuda, Motoyuki; Kurosawa, Shigenobu; Hemmi, Ko; Ishikawa, Joji; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

The JAERI constructed the Advanced Volume Reduction Facilities(AVRF). The AVRF consists of the Waste Size Reduction and Storage Facilities(WSRSF) and the Waste Volume Reduction Facilities(WVRF). By operating the AVRF, it will be able to produce waste packages for final disposal and to reduce the amount of the low level solid wastes. Cutting installations for large wastes such as tanks in the WSRSF have been operating since June 1999. The wastes treated so far amount to 600 m$$^{3}$$ and the volume reduction ratio is around 1/3. The waste volume reduction is carried out by a high-compaction process or melting processes in the WVRF. The metal wastes from research reactors are treated by the high-compaction process. The other wastes are treated by the melting processes that enable to estimate radioactivity levels easily by homogenization and get chemical and physical stability. The WVRF have been operating with non-radioactive wastes since February 2003 for the training and the homogeneity investigation in the melting processes. The operation with radioactive wastes will start in FY2005.

Journal Articles

Recent R&D of Thomson scattering diagnostics for JT-60U and ITER

Hatae, Takaki; Kondoh, Takashi; Naito, Osamu; Nakatsuka, Masahiro*; Yoshida, Hidetsugu*

Proceedings of 12th International Symposium on Laser-Aided Plasma Diagnostics (LAPD-12) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ultrahigh CHF prediction for subcooled flow boiling based on homogenous nucleation mechanism

Liu, W.; Nariai, Hideki*

Journal of Heat Transfer, 127(2), p.149 - 158, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:41.85(Thermodynamics)

Homogeneous nucleation, although being discounted as a mechanism for vapor formation for water in most conditions, is found being possible to occur under some extreme conditions in subcooled flow boiling. In this paper, firstly, the existence of the homogeneous nucleation governed condition is indicated. Followed, a criterion is developed to judge a given working condition is the conventional one or the homogeneous nucleation governed one. With the criterion, subcooled flow boiling data are categorized and typical homogeneous nucleation governed datasets are listed. CHF triggering mechanism for the homogeneous nucleation governed condition is proposed and verified. Parametric trends of the CHF, in terms of mass flux, pressure, inlet subcooling, channel diameter and the ratio of heated length to diameter are also studied.

Journal Articles

Improvement of Thomson scattering diagnostics using stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-based phase conjugate mirrors

Hatae, Takaki; Nakatsuka, Masahiro*; Yoshida, Hidetsugu*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 80(10), p.870 - 882, 2004/10

A high performance phase conjugate mirror by stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS-PCM) is applied to Thomson scattering diagnostics in JT-60U for the first time. To improve the measurement performance, two developments were performed with SBS-PCM. First, we developed a new optical design to provide a double-pass scattering scheme with SBS-PCM. A laser beam passing through the plasma is reflected by the SBS-PCM, and a reflected beam returned back through the same path as coming one by the phase conjugate effect, and passed through the plasma again. The double path Thomson scattering scheme demonstrated in JT-60U plasma that a factor of 1.6 increase of the scattered light in contrast with single-pass scattering. Second, an improvement of the output power of YAG laser system using the SBS-PCM was performed. As a result, average power was increased over 8 times in contrast with conventional system, and was achieved up to 368 W (7.4 J $$times$$ 50 Hz). A multi-pass Thomson scattering scheme is also proposed based on the results of double-pass scattering.

Journal Articles

Laser pattern profile emitted through optical glass fiber bundle with load

Yamauchi, Toshihiko

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 43(9A), p.6473 - 6474, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

The output pattern of He-Ne laser that passes through the optical glass fiber bundle used for free electron laser etc. depends on the weight of load (modulation of transverse mode). The increment of pattern radius exponentially increases with the load. It is considered that the micro bending causes this increment. Next, the estimated delay time also exponentially increases with the weight of load, and the estimated delay time is the extent of pico-second.

Journal Articles

Study of HOM instability of the JAERI ERL-FEL

Sawamura, Masaru; Hajima, Ryoichi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Minehara, Eisuke; Nagai, Ryoji; Nishimori, Nobuyuki

Free Electron lasers 2003, p.II_31 - II_32, 2004/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Interference between thomson scattering and resonant scattering in X-ray diffraction from CeB$$_{6}$$

Nagao, Tatsuya*; Igarashi, Junichi

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 72(9), p.2381 - 2384, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:56.14(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We examine the mechanism of the X-ray diffraction process by including the Thomson scattering (TS) term in addition to the resonant X-ray scattering (RXS) term near the Ce L absorption edge in the antiferroquadrupole (AFQ) ordering phase of CeB$$_{6}$$. Assuming the AFQ order in the 4f states but without any lattice distortion, we obtain the TS intensity comparable to the RXS intensity, owing to the anisotropic charge distribution of 4f states. The present calculation reproduces well the interference pattern between the TS and RXS terms for the (5/2,3/2,3/2) spot observed in the recent experiment. The result suggests that the TS signal as well as the main peak of the RXS signal are a direct reflection of the AFQ order in CeB$$_{6}$$.

Journal Articles

Studies on two types of built-in inhomogeneities for polymer gels; Frozen segmental concentration fluctuations and spatial distribution of cross-links

Norisue,Tomohisa*; Kida, Yusuke*; Masui, Naoki*; Tran-Cong-Miyata, Q.*; Maekawa, Yasunari; Yoshida, Masaru; Shibayama, Mitsuhiro*

Macromolecules, 36(16), p.6202 - 6212, 2003/08

 Times Cited Count:70 Percentile:89.06(Polymer Science)

The shrinking kinetics of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPA) gels has been studied for two types of PNIPA gels prepared by (i) copolymerization of constituent monomer and cross-linker and (ii) $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in the PNIPA solutions in order to investigate the role of cross-linking on shrinking kinetics. The shrinking kinetics of the monomer cross-linked gels is quite similar to that of the polymer cross-linked gels. On the other hand, a significant difference was found when the microscopic structure and the dynamics were investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and static/dynamic light scattering (SLS/DLS). The degree of built-in inhomogeneities and dynamic fluctuations were evaluated as a function of the cross-linking degree and the gel preparation temperature by intensity decomposition methods for both types of gels. It is concluded that the monomer cross-linked gels have extra built-in inhomogeneities due to the spatial distribution of crosslinks in addition to the frozen concentration fluctuations inherent in polymer gels.

Journal Articles

HOM properties of the JAERI ERL-FEL

Sawamura, Masaru; Nagai, Ryoji; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Hajima, Ryoichi; Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Minehara, Eisuke

Proceedings of 28th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.384 - 386, 2003/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Prospects for $$alpha$$-particle diagnostics by CO$$_{2}$$ laser collective Thomson scattering in ITER

Kondoh, Takashi; Richards, R. K.*; Hutchinson, D. P.*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Costley, A. E.*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Lee, S.*

Proceedings of 30th EPS Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2003/07

In order to understand the behavior of alpha-particles which are the dominant heat source in a burning plasma, it is necessary to measure the spatial distribution of the number of the alpha-particles and their energy spectrum. A collective Thomson scattering (CTS) system based on a pulsed CO$$_{2}$$ laser is being developed and is under consideration for alpha-particle measurements on ITER. Heating beam ions (E = 1 MeV) are normally co-injected and have a similar velocity with alpha-particles in ITER. The CTS measurement can not, in general, distinguish beam ions and alpha-particles which have the same velocity. A vertical scattering geometry to distinguish between beam ions and alpha-particles is proposed. Calculations have shown that the vertically viewing CTS can resolve counter-travelling alphas without being masked by beam ions. Preliminary design of a beam line and a receiver system with the vertical scattering geometry has been developed. A proof-of-principle test on the CTS system using the JT-60U plasma is being conducted.

JAEA Reports

Inferring $$Z_{eff}$$ spatial profile from background light in incoherent Thomson scattering diagnostic

Naito, Osamu; Hatae, Takaki

JAERI-Research 2002-033, 9 Pages, 2003/03


A simulation study on the feasibility of inferring spatial $$Z_{eff}$$ profile along with electron temperature and density in Thomson scattering diagnostic is presented. The background signal, which is usually discarded after subtracted from the Thomson scattered signal, is used in the reconstruction procedure. If the contribution from line radiation to the background signal is by one order of magnitude smaller than that from bremsstrahlung, a fairly accurate $$Z_{eff}$$ profile can be reconstructed.

Journal Articles

Critical experiments on 10% enriched uranyl nitrate solution using an 80-cm-diameter cylindrical core

Yamane, Yuichi; Miyoshi, Yoshinori; Watanabe, Shoichi; Yamamoto, Toshihiro

Nuclear Technology, 141(3), p.221 - 232, 2003/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.68(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Collective Thomson scattering based on CO$$_{2}$$ laser for ion energy spectrum measurements in JT-60U

Kondoh, Takashi; Miura, Yukitoshi; Lee, S.*; Richards, R. K.*; Hutchinson, D. P.*; Bennett, C. A.*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 74(3), p.1642 - 1645, 2003/03

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:67.28(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Measurements of energy spectrum and density profile of confined alpha-particles are required for ITER. Several methods have been proposed, however, a measurement technique hasn't been established yet. A collective Thomson scattering (CTS) system based on a pulsed CO$$_{2}$$ laser is being developed to demonstrate feasibility of alpha-particle diagnostics for ITER. The pulse laser (15J, 1$$mu$$m, 0.6 $$mu$$m) and a wide band (~ 8GHz) heterodyne receiver with a quantum-well infrared photodetector (QWIP) have been developed and installed in the JT-60U tokamak. Stray light is reduced by a notch filter with hot CO$$_{2}$$ gas. Heterodyne receiver is absolutely calibrated using large area blackbody radiation source. Scattered signal from JT-60U plasma has not detected because of electrical noise originated from discharge of the pulsed laser and stray signal caused by impurity of the spectrum of the pulsed laser.

Journal Articles

Utilization of background signal for inference of $$Z_{eff}$$ spatial profile in incoherent Thomson scattering diagnostic

Naito, Osamu; Hatae, Takaki

Review of Scientific Instruments, 74(3), p.1374 - 1376, 2003/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A simulation study on the feasibility of inferring spatial $$Z_{eff}$$ profile along with electron temperature and density in Thomson scattering diagnostic is presented. The background signal, which is usually discarded after subtracted from the Thomson scattered signal, is used in the reconstruction procedure. If the background signal consists predominantly of bremsstrahlung radiation, a fairly accurate $$Z_{eff}$$ profile can be reconstructed. Additional benefit of including background signal in the reconstruction is the reduction of errors in the inferred electron temperature and density.

Journal Articles

Enlarged FAMSBAS; Protein 3D structure models of genome sequences for 41 species

Yamaguchi, Akihiro*; Iwadate, Mitsuo*; Suzuki, Eiichiro*; Yura, Kei; Kawakita, Shigetsune*; Umeyama, Hideaki*; Go, Michiko*

Nucleic Acids Research, 31(1), p.463 - 468, 2003/01

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:26.75(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Enlarged FAMSBASE is a relational database of comparative protein structure models for the whole genome of 41 species, presented in the GTOP database. The models are calculated by FAMS, Full Automatic Modeling System. Enlarged FAMSBASE provides a wide range of query keys, such as name of ORF (open reading frame), ORF keywords, PDB ID, PDB heterogen atoms, and sequence similarity. Heterogen atoms in PDB include cofactors, ligands, and other factors that interact with proteins, and are a good starting point for analyzing interactions between proteins and other molecules. The data may also work as a template for drug design. The present number of ORFs with protein 3D models in FAMSBASE is 183,805, and the database includes an average of three models for each ORF. FAMSBASE is available at

Journal Articles

Performance and upgrade of the JAERI ERL-FEL

Sawamura, Masaru; Hajima, Ryoichi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Minehara, Eisuke; Nagai, Ryoji; Nishimori, Nobuyuki

Proceedings of 2003 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC 2003) (CD-ROM), p.3446 - 3448, 2003/00

no abstracts in English

83 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)