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Journal Articles

Investigation of countermeasure against local temperature rise in vessel cooling system in loss of core cooling test without nuclear heating

Ono, Masato; Shimizu, Atsushi; Kondo, Makoto; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Shinohara, Masanori; Tochio, Daisuke; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takada, Shoji; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 2(4), p.044502_1 - 044502_4, 2016/10

In the loss of forced core cooling test using High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), the forced cooling of reactor core is stopped without inserting control rods into the core and cooling by Vessel Cooling System (VCS) to verify safety evaluation codes to investigate the inherent safety of HTGR be secured by natural phenomena to make it possible to design a severe accident free reactor. The VCS passively removes the retained residual heat and the decay heat from the core via the reactor pressure vessel by natural convection and thermal radiation. In the test, the local temperature was supposed to exceed the limit from the viewpoint of long-term use at the uncovered water cooling tube by thermal reflectors in the VCS, although the safety of reactor is kept. Through a cold test, which was carried out by non-nuclear heat input from gas circulators with stopping water flow in the VCS, the local higher temperature position was specified although the temperature was sufficiently lower than the maximum allowable working temperature, and natural circulation of water had insufficient cooling effect on the temperature of water cooling tube below 1$$^{circ}$$C. Then, a new safe and secured procedure for the loss of forced core cooling test was established, which will be carried out soon after the restart of HTTR.

Journal Articles

Nuclear heat supply fluctuation test by non-nuclear heating using HTTR

Takada, Shoji; Sekita, Kenji; Nemoto, Takahiro; Honda, Yuki; Tochio, Daisuke; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05

To investigate the safety design criteria of heat utilization system for the HTGRs, it is necessary to evaluate the effect of fluctuation of thermal load on the reactor. The nuclear heat supply fluctuation test by non-nuclear heating was carried out to simulate the nuclear heat supply test which is carried out in the nuclear powered operation. The test data is used to verify the numerical code to calculate the temperature of core bottom structure to carry out the safety evaluation of abnormal events in the heat utilization system. In the test, the helium gas temperature was heated up to 120$$^{circ}$$C. A sufficiently high temperature disturbance was imposed on the reactor inlet temperature. It was found that the response of temperatures of metallic components such as side shielding blocks was faster than those of graphite blocks in the core bottom structure, which was significantly affected by the heat capacities of components, the level of imposed disturbance and heat transfer performance.

Journal Articles

Investigation of characteristics of natural circulation of water in vessel cooling system in loss of core cooling test without nuclear heating

Takada, Shoji; Shimizu, Atsushi; Kondo, Makoto; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Shinohara, Masanori; Seki, Tomokazu; Tochio, Daisuke; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2015/05

In the loss of forced core cooling test using High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), the forced cooling of reactor core is stopped without inserting control rods into the core and cooling by Vessel Cooling System (VCS) to demonstrate the inherent safety of HTGR be secured by natural phenomena to make it possible to design a severe accident free reactor. In the test, the local temperature was supposed to exceed the limit from the viewpoint of long-term use at the uncovered water cooling tube by thermal reflectors in the VCS, although the safety of reactor is kept. The local higher temperature position was specified although the temperature was sufficiently lower than the maximum allowable working temperature, and natural circulation of water had insufficient cooling effect on the temperature of water cooling tube below 1$$^{circ}$$C. Then, a new safe and secured procedure for the loss of forced core cooling test was established, which will be carried out soon after the restart of HTTR.

Journal Articles

Calculation of $$gamma$$ heating rate in the JMTR core using MCNP

Nagao, Yoshiharu

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Monte Karuro Ho Ni Yoru Ryushi Shimyureshon No Genjo To Kadai, p.219 - 223, 2002/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fission product release behavior from individual coated fuel particles for high-temperature gas-cooled reactors

Minato, Kazuo; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Koya, Toshio; Tomita, Takeshi; Ishikawa, Akiyoshi; Baldwin, C. A.*; Gabbard, W. A.*; Malone, C. M.*

Nuclear Technology, 131(1), p.36 - 47, 2000/07

 Times Cited Count:55 Percentile:95.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of B$$_{4}$$C-carbon fiber composite ceramics as plasma facing materials in nuclear fusion reactor, 3; Heat resistance evaluation by electron beam irradiation and by in situ plasma discharge in JT-60

Jimbo, Ryutaro*; Saido, Masahiro; Nakamura, Kazuyuki; Akiba, Masato; ; Dairaku, Masayuki; *; *; *; *

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, International Edition, 105, p.1179 - 1187, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Electron beam irradiation experiments of monoblock divertor mock-up

Sato, Kazuyoshi; Akiba, Masato; Araki, Masanori; ; ; I.Smid*; A.Cardella*; R.Duwe*; E.D.Pietro*

JAERI-M 93-058, 22 Pages, 1993/03

JAERI-M-93-058.pdf:1.23MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Construction of VHTRC(Very High Temperature Reactor Critical Assembly)

; Akino, Fujiyoshi; Yamane, Tsuyoshi; ; Kitadate, Kenji; ; Takeuchi, Motoyoshi; Ono, Toshihiko; Kaneko, Yoshihiko

JAERI 1305, 138 Pages, 1987/08

JAERI-1305.pdf:5.59MB

no abstracts in English

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