Hirota, Koichi; Kojima, Takuji
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 78(9), p.1685 - 1690, 2005/09
Decomposition behavior under electron-beam irradiation was examined for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF) isomers in incinerator gases. Significant decomposition was obtained for all PCDD isomers over the investigated absorbed doses, which was resulted from oxidation reactions with OH radicals yielded by electron-beam irradiation. In the case of PCDFs, specific isomers having symmetrical structures such as 1, 2, 8, 9-, 2, 3, 7, 8-, and 3, 4, 6, 7-TeCDFs were yielded through the dechlorination of PeCDF isomers. Thermal electrons probably played a role in the dechlorination of PeCDF isomers.
Takigami, Machiko; Arai, Hidehiko*; Hirota, Koichi; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Hakoda, Teruyuki; Kojima, Takuji
Kankyo Kagaku, 14(1), p.13 - 23, 2004/03
The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute undertook a pilot scale electron beam decompostion of dioxins in the flue gases from the municipal solid waste incinerator at the Takahama Clean Center. The conventional method, following the Japan Industrial Standards (JIS) method, takes 2 weeks at least to extract and purify dioxins from the flue gases for analysis by GC/MS. However, using a carbon adsorbent, the time required for the extraction of dioxins was shortened from 16 to 2.5 hours. Further improvements in the clean up process enabled the overall time to be reduced to less than a half of that rquired by the JIS method. Using this simplified method allows analysts, who are not practiced in the pretreatment of flue gases, to prepare samples for dioxin analysis by GC/MS. The sampling and pretreatment of the flue gases can, with this process, be completed within 4 days with accuracy comparable to JIS method.
Hirota, Koichi; Hakoda, Teruyuki; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Takigami, Machiko; Kim, H.; Kojima, Takuji
Environmental Science & Technology, 37(14), p.3164 - 3170, 2003/07
The electron-beam technology was applied to reduce polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) in flue gases from the municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) at a temperature of 200C. More than 90% of PCDD/Fs in a flue gas of 1000 mN/h was decomposed at a dose of 14 kGy. The decomposition of PCDD/Fs was probably initiated through reactions with OH radicals, followed by the dissociation of ether bond (-C-O-C-), the cleavage of aromatic rings, and dichlorination. The dechlorination of the higher dechlorinated PCDF homologues produced the lower chlorinated ones, which led to lower decomposition efficiency of PCDF than that of PCDD.
JAERI's Internal Investigation Group on the Ruptured Glove; Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management
JAERI-Review 2002-017, 121 Pages, 2002/09
On November 21st, 2001, the glove rupture arose at an incinerator of Waste Treatment Building No.1 in JAERI Tokai Research Establishment. In order to examine the cause and recurrence prevention measure of the rupture, JAERI's Internal Investigation Group on the Ruptured Glove investigated the conditions of the incinerator including ash removing equipment and the glove, types and properties of waste which was incinerated on that day, and background factor of the trouble in cooperation with Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management.As the result, the causes of the rupture were that the solidification of liquid scintillator waste was insufficient, that the protective cover of the glove does not have pressure resistance and the degraded glove was used. For preventing the recurrence of the trouble, the direct confirmation of the solidification condition, the installation of protective cover for the glove, the improvement of the management of the glove, review of manuals and education and training were carried out.
Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Bamba, Tsunetaka; Maeda, Toshikatsu
Nihon Seramikkusu Kyokai Gakujutsu Rombunshi, 110(1277), p.55 - 59, 2002/01
Influence of additives and hot-pressing temperature on properties of the synthetic rock was investigated, which was developed for making harmless and stabilizing fly ash from municipal waste incinerator. Sintering test at 1200C for 16 h revealed that addition of 20 and 1.5 wt% of TiO and NaO, respectively, is necessary for preparation of dense products. X-ray diffractometry showed that these additives promoted the formation of perovskite (CaTiO) and gehlenite (CaAlSiO) minerals. During hot pressing, bulk density of the synthetic rock increased steeply with temperature between 1000 and 1100C. On the other hand, its open porosity decreased rapidly with temperature between 1050 and 1150C. These facts imply that the temperature of 1100150C is practical in hot pressing of fly ash.
*; Hirata, Masaru; Yahata, Taneaki
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 28(3), p.228 - 238, 1991/03
no abstracts in English
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 17(12), p.661 - 666, 1975/12
no abstracts in English
Yanase, Shinichiro*; Sugitsue, Noritake; Ishimori, Yuu; Yokoyama, Kaoru; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Takahashi, Nobuo; Rong, D.*; Takeda, Hiroshi*; Kochi, Toshinori*; Takami, Toshihiro*; et al.
no journal, ,
no abstracts in English