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Journal Articles

Phase analysis of simulated nuclear fuel debris synthesized using UO$$_{2}$$, Zr, and stainless steel and leaching behavior of the fission products and matrix elements

Tonna, Ryutaro*; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kodama, Yuji*; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Kirishima, Akira*; Sato, Nobuaki*; Kumagai, Yuta; Kusaka, Ryoji; Watanabe, Masayuki

Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 55(4), p.1300 - 1309, 2023/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:75.85(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Simulated debris was synthesized using UO$$_{2}$$, Zr, and stainless steel and a heat treatment method under inert or oxidizing conditions. The primary U solid phase of the debris synthesized at 1473 K under inert conditions was UO$$_{2}$$, whereas a (U,Zr)O$$_{2}$$ solid solution formed at 1873 K. Under oxidizing conditions, a mixture of U$$_{3}$$O$$_{8}$$ and (Fe,Cr)UO$$_{4}$$ phases formed at 1473 K whereas a (U,Zr)O$$_{2+x}$$ solid solution formed at 1873 K. The leaching behavior of the fission products from the simulated debris was evaluated using two methods: the irradiation method, for which fission products were produced via neutron irradiation, and the doping method, for which trace amounts of non-radioactive elements were doped into the debris. The dissolution behavior of U depended on the properties of the debris and aqueous medium the debris was immersed in. Cs, Sr, and Ba leached out regardless of the primary solid phases. The leaching of high-valence Eu and Ru ions was suppressed, possibly owing to their solid-solution reaction with or incorporation into the uranium compounds of the simulated debris.

JAEA Reports

Study on rational treatment/disposal of contaminated concrete waste considering leaching alteration (Contract research); FY2021 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Hokkaido University*

JAEA-Review 2022-038, 102 Pages, 2023/01

JAEA-Review-2022-038.pdf:4.76MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2021. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2020, this report summarizes the research results of the "Study on rational treatment/disposal of contaminated concrete waste considering leaching alteration" conducted in FY2021. The present study aims to understand migration behaviors of radionuclides in relation to the properties of concrete altered by leaching, to develop a model to predict concentration profiles, and to analyze waste management scenarios, with a focus on underground concrete structures in contact with contaminated water. Migration behaviors depend on radionuclides and their chemical species. Sorption of I$$^{-}$$ is less significant on C-S-H and C-A-S-H than on hardened cement paste with two orders of magnitude smaller distribution coefficient $$K_{d}$$, while $$K_{d}$$ of U was the same …

JAEA Reports

Study on rational treatment/disposal of contaminated concrete waste considering leaching alteration (Contract research); FY2020 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Hokkaido University*

JAEA-Review 2021-070, 98 Pages, 2022/03

JAEA-Review-2021-070.pdf:4.75MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2020. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2020, this report summarizes the research results of the "Study on rational treatment/disposal of contaminated concrete waste considering leaching alteration" conducted in FY2020. The present study aims to understand migration behaviors of radionuclides in relation to the properties of concrete materials altered due to leaching, to develop a model to simulate the migration behaviors based on the experimental findings, and to analyze waste management scenarios for radioactive concrete. The focus of the study is the underground concrete structures of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, which is in contact with contaminated water.

Journal Articles

Leaching behavior of radionuclides from samples prepared from spent fuel rod comparable to core debris in the 1F NPS

Onishi, Takashi; Maeda, Koji; Katsuyama, Kozo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(4), p.383 - 398, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:76.65(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Leaching behavior of prototypical Corium samples; A Step to understand the interactions between the fuel debris and water at the Fukushima Daiichi reactors

Nakayoshi, Akira; Jegou, C.*; De Windt, L.*; Perrin, S.*; Washiya, Tadahiro

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 360, p.110522_1 - 110522_18, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:88.35(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Application of phosphate modified CAC for incorporation of simulated secondary aqueous wastes in Fukushima Daiichi NPP, 1; Characterization of solidified cementitious systems with reduced water content

Garcia-Lodeiro, I.*; Lebon, R.*; Machoney, D.*; Zhang, B.*; Irisawa, Keita; Taniguchi, Takumi; Namiki, Masahiro*; Osugi, Takeshi; Meguro, Yoshihiro; Kinoshita, Hajime*

Proceedings of 3rd International Symposium on Cement-based Materials for Nuclear Wastes (NUWCEM 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Swelling pressure and leaching behaviors of synthetic bituminized waste products with various salt contents under a constant-volume condition

Irisawa, Keita; Meguro, Yoshihiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(3), p.365 - 372, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:19.91(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA Reports

Development of denitration technique for MA-type bituminized waste product by aqueous leaching method

Irisawa, Keita; Komatsuzaki, Toshio; Kawato, Yoshimi; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Nakazawa, Osamu; Meguro, Yoshihiro

JAEA-Technology 2015-008, 28 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-008.pdf:13.63MB

In JAEA, 16,671 drums of intermediate-radioactive bituminized waste products (BWPs) have been stored in asphalt solidification storages. As a way of reduction of uncertainty in assessment of disposal of the BWPs, a processing technique of separation of nitrate salts from the BWP by means of an aqueous leaching method was studied. As elemental techniques for the denitration process, (1) crushing techniques of a BWP and (2) denitration techniques for the crushed BWP by the aqueous leaching method were investigated. In order to promote leaching amounts of nitrates, the BWP was crushed, and the grain size distribution was investigated by sieving. Moreover, leaching behaviors of nitrate, nitrite and elements as radionuclides including in the BWP were investigated.

Journal Articles

Leaching behavior of simulated bituminized radioactive waste form under deep geological conditions

Nakayama, Shinichi; Iida, Yoshihisa; Nagano, Tetsushi; Akimoto, Toshiyuki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 40(4), p.227 - 237, 2003/04

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:62.35(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Leaching behavior of synthetic bituminized waste form was studied to inquire data for performance assessment of the geologic disposal. Laboratory-scale leaching tests were performed. The bituminized samples were contacted with an alkaline solution representing cement-contacting groundwater, with a saline solution simulating seawater for a possible repository construction at the coastal area, and with deionized water as reference. The release of soluble components, Na and Cs, was enhanced by the swelling, and considered to be diffusion controlled in the swelled layers of the specimens. The release of insoluble components such as Ba and Np was solubility-limited in addition to control by the progression of leaching. Neptunium, a redox-sensitive element, showed a distinct difference in release reflecting the difference between the anoxic and atmospheric conditions. The concentrations of Pu were below the detection limit ($$2 times 10^{-10}$$ mol/L) under all of the leaching conditions in this study.

Journal Articles

A Response of an imaging plate to heavy ion beams and its LET effects

Abe, Ken*; Kojima, Takuji; *; *; *; *; Sakai, Takuro; *

Radiation Detectors and Their Uses, p.323 - 328, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Three year experimental study on leaching behavior from low level radioactive plastic-based waste

*; Takeda, Tsuneo; Muraoka, Susumu; *; *

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 33(3), p.268 - 270, 1996/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Leaching and adsorption characteristics of radionuclides in activated concrete waste

Kato, Shohei; Yanase, Yoshiaki; Honda, Tetsutaro*

IRPA9: 1996 International Congress on Radiation Protection, Proceedings, 3, p.354 - 356, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Study of plateout fission product behavior during a large-scale pipe rupture accident in a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor

Sawa, Kazuhiro; Murata, Isao; Shiozawa, Shusaku; *

Nuclear Technology, 106, p.265 - 273, 1994/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:28.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of lift-off fraction in accident condition of HTGR

Sawa, Kazuhiro; ; *; Endo, Yasuichi; Shiozawa, Shusaku;

JAERI-M 91-207, 34 Pages, 1991/12

JAERI-M-91-207.pdf:0.93MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Long term leaching test of low level radioactive homogeneous solidified waste; Cumulative leaching ratio vs. pH of land water

; ; Takeda, Tsuneo; Muraoka, Susumu;

Hoshasei Haikibutsu Kenkyu Renrakukai Rombunshu, VI, p.64 - 75, 1991/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Waterproof effect of plastic coating on radioactive waste solids

*; *; *; *; Matsuzuru, Hideo

JAERI-M 89-200, 26 Pages, 1989/12

JAERI-M-89-200.pdf:0.98MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Progress report on safety research of high-level waste management for the period April 1988 to March 1989

Nakamura, Haruto; Muraoka, Susumu

JAERI-M 89-192, 74 Pages, 1989/11

JAERI-M-89-192.pdf:1.87MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Leaching of C-14 from solidified cement product

Ogawa, Hiromichi; Onuki, Toshihiko; ;

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 30(8), p.684 - 686, 1988/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:19.7(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

42 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)