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Elucidation of solid particle interfacial phenomena in liquid sodium; Magnetic interactions on liquid metal and solid atoms at the solid interface

Tei, C.; 大高 雅彦; 桑原 大介*

Chemical Physics Letters, 829, p.140755_1 - 140755_6, 2023/10



Spontaneous topological Hall effect induced by non-coplanar antiferromagnetic order in intercalated van der Waals materials

高木 寛貴*; 高木 里奈*; 見波 将*; 野本 拓也*; 大石 一城*; 鈴木 通人*; 柳 有起*; 平山 元昭*; Khanh, N.*; 軽部 皓介*; et al.

Nature Physics, 19(7), p.961 - 968, 2023/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In ferromagnets, electric current generally induces a transverse Hall voltage in proportion to the internal magnetization. This effect is frequently used for electrical readout of the spin up and down states. While these properties are usually not expected in antiferromagnets, recent theoretical studies predicted that non-coplanar antiferromagnetic order with finite scalar spin chirality - meaning a solid angle spanned by neighboring spins - can induce a large spontaneous Hall effect even without net magnetization or external magnetic field. This phenomenon, the spontaneous topological Hall effect, can potentially be used for the efficient electrical readout of the antiferromagnetic states, but it has not been experimentally verified due to a lack of appropriate materials hosting such magnetism. Here, we report the discovery of all-in-all-out type non-coplanar antiferromagnetic order in triangular lattice compounds CoTa$$_{3}$$S$$_{6}$$ and CoNb$$_{3}$$S$$_{6}$$. These compounds are reported to host unconventionally large spontaneous Hall effect despite their vanishingly small net magnetization, and our analysis reveals that it can be explained in terms of the topological Hall effect that originates from the fictitious magnetic field associated with scalar spin chirality. These results indicate that the scalar spin chirality mechanism offers a promising route to the realisation of giant spontaneous Hall response even in compensated antiferromagnets, and highlight intercalated van der Waals magnets as a promising quasi-two-dimensional material platform to enable various nontrivial ways of electrical reading and possible writing of non-coplanar antiferromagnetic domains.


Short-range spin order in paramagnetic AgCrSe$$_{2}$$

中村 惇平*; 川北 至信; 岡部 博孝*; Li, B.*; 下村 浩一郎*; 末益 崇*

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 175, p.111199_1 - 111199_8, 2023/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Muon spin rotation ($$mu$$SR) experiments were performed to directly investigate the temperature dependence of the short-range order or correlations of chromium spins in the paramagnetic phase of AgCrSe$$_{2}$$. The detailed investigation of the $$mu$$SR spectra over a wide temperature range from low to high temperatures revealed that the short-range spin correlations developed below about 184 K. It also confirmed no short-range correlations at high temperatures, which had been controversial in previous quasi-elastic neutron scattering studies. In addition, the muon spin relaxation was qualitatively changed and showed large missing asymmetry below about 89 K, where the correlation clearly implied short-range spin order. There could be a preparative phenomenon of the phase transition or an anisotropic short-range spin correlation.


Ferromagnetic crossover within the ferromagnetic order of U$$_{7}$$Te$$_{12}$$

Opletal, P.; 酒井 宏典; 芳賀 芳範; 常盤 欣文; 山本 悦嗣; 神戸 振作; 徳永 陽

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(3), p.034704_1 - 034704_5, 2023/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

U$$_{7}$$Te$$_{12}$$の単結晶の物理的性質を調べた。U$$_{7}$$Te$$_{12}$$が3つの非等価な結晶ウランサイトを持つ六方晶構造を持つことを確認した。常磁性モーメントは、すべてのサイトで一様なモーメントを仮定すると、ウランサイトあたり約1$$mu_{B}$$と推定される。強磁性相転移は$$T_{rm C}$$=48Kで発生し、面内磁化は急激に増加するが、面外成分はあまり増加しない。磁場冷却条件下で温度がさらに$$T_{rm C}$$以下に低下すると、面外成分はT$$^{star}$$=26K付近で急激に増加する。対照的に、T$$^{star}$$付近で面内成分はほとんど変化しない。比熱測定では、T$$^{star}$$付近に$$lambda$$型の異常がないことが示されているため、これらの振る舞いは、秩序した磁気モーメントの再配向、もしくは複数のウランサイトの連続した逐次磁気転移を示唆している。


Magnetic properties of single crystalline Tb$$_5$$Sb$$_3$$

北折 暁*; 金澤 直也*; 木田 孝則*; 鳴海 康雄*; 萩原 政幸*; 金道 浩一*; 竹内 徹也*; 仲村 愛*; 青木 大*; 芳賀 芳範; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(2), p.024702_1 - 024702_6, 2023/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Magnetic properties of Tb$$_5$$Sb$$_3$$ are reported. Unlike previous investigations on a polycrystal showing multiple phase transitions, the present single crystal sample shows a single transition 133 K. It is also shown that the magnetic hysteresis increases at low temperatures.


Development of a miniature electromagnet probe for the measurement of local velocity in heavy liquid metals

有吉 玄; 大林 寛生; 佐々 敏信

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1071 - 1088, 2022/09

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:40.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

液体重金属中の局所流速計測において、電磁誘導を用いた計測手法は効果的手法の一つである。永久磁石を利用した流速計として、Ricou and Vives' probeやVon Weissenfluh's probeが広く知られているが、これらの流速計は液温上昇に伴う永久磁石の熱減磁により、流速感度および計測体積が低下することが問題点として挙げられる。特に、永久磁石のキュリー温度を超える温度域では流速検出不能となる。そこで本研究では、流速計が持つ温度依存性の解消を目的とし、小型電磁石を内蔵する流速計を開発した。開発された流速計の直径は6mm、長さは155mmである。流速計の基本性能は、室温環境下における矩形管内水銀流れの局所流速分布計測を通して確認され、流速感度および計測体積が評価された。計測された局所流速分布は数値計算によりその妥当性が確認された。


Single crystal growth and magnetic properties of $$alpha$$-Mn and $$beta$$-Mn

大貫 惇睦*; 青木 大*; 仲村 愛*; 松田 達磨*; 中島 美帆*; 芳賀 芳範; 竹内 徹也*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(6), p.065001_1 - 065001_2, 2022/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Single crystals of $$alpha$$-Mn and $$beta$$-Mn are successfully grown. Non-Fermi-liquid relations of the low-temperature resistivity and specific heat are found in the spin-liquid state of $$beta$$-Mn. On the other hand, $$alpha$$-Mn exhibits antiferromagnetic transition.


Single crystal growth and magnetic properties of noncentrosymmetric antiferromagnet Mn$$_3$$IrSi

大貫 惇睦*; 金子 良夫*; 青木 大*; 仲村 愛*; 松田 達磨*; 中島 美帆*; 芳賀 芳範; 竹内 徹也*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(6), p.065002_1 - 065002_2, 2022/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Single crystals of Mn$$_3$$IrSi were grown using Bridgman method. Mn$$_3$$IrSi shows a remarkable increase of the electrical resistivity below antiferromagnetic transition temperature accompanied by a large jump of specific heat.


Precise magnetization measurements down to 500 mK using a miniature $$^3$$He cryostat and a closed-cycle $$^3$$He gas handling system installed in a SQUID magnetometer without continuous-cooling functionality

島村 一利*; 輪島 裕樹*; 牧野 隼士*; 阿部 聡*; 芳賀 芳範; 佐藤 由昌*; 河江 達也*; 吉田 靖雄*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 61(5), p.056502_1 - 056502_7, 2022/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Applied)

We have conducted precise magnetization measurements down to 500 mK using a commercial magnetometer. The gas handling system contains two sorption pumps filled with granular charcoals. $$^3$$He gas is pressurized up to ambient pressure for liquification at 3 K and the vapor is pumped for cooling. We demonstrate the performance of the system by observing the Meissner effect of aluminum below the superconducting transition temperature.


Abrupt change in electronic states under pressure in new compound EuPt$$_3$$Al$$_5$$

小泉 尭嗣*; 本多 史憲*; 佐藤 芳樹*; Li, D.*; 青木 大*; 芳賀 芳範; 郷地 順*; 長崎 尚子*; 上床 美也*; 金子 良夫*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(4), p.043704_1 - 043704_5, 2022/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A new ternary europium compound EuPt$$_3$$Al$$_5$$ is reported. It orders antiferromagnetically at 12.4 K. Application of hydrostatic pressure varies the transition temperature and the compound becomes non-magnetic above the critical pressure 9 GPa. The pressure-temperature phase diagram is indicative of a possible valence crossover at the critical pressure.


Magnetic Bragg peak enhancement under ultrasound injection

社本 真一*; 赤津 光洋*; 松浦 直人*; 河村 聖子; 針井 一哉*; 小野 正雄*; Chang, L.-J.*; 伊藤 孝; 根本 祐一*; 家田 淳一

Physical Review Research (Internet), 4(1), p.013245_1 - 013245_7, 2022/03




小川 大輝; 濱 友紀*; 浅森 浩一; 上田 匠*

物理探査, 75, p.38 - 55, 2022/00



Experimental analysis on dynamics of liquid molecules adjacent to particles in nanofluids

橋本 俊輔*; 中島 健次; 菊地 龍弥*; 蒲沢 和也*; 柴田 薫; 山田 武*

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 342, p.117580_1 - 117580_8, 2021/11

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:31.91(Chemistry, Physical)



Half-integer Shapiro steps in strong ferromagnetic Josephson junctions

Yao, Y.*; Cai, R.*; Yang, S.-H.*; Xing, W.*; Ma, Y.*; 森 道康; Ji, Y.*; 前川 禎通; Xie, X.-C.*; Han, W.*

Physical Review B, 104(10), p.104414_1 - 104414_6, 2021/09

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:9.64(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the experimental observation of half-integer Shapiro steps in the strong ferromagnetic Josephson junction (Nb-NiFe-Nb) by investigating the current-phase relation under radio-frequency microwave excitation. The half-integer Shapiro steps are robust in a wide temperature range from T = 4 to 7 K. The half-integer Shapiro steps could be attributed to co-existence of 0- and $$pi$$-states in the strong ferromagnetic NiFe Josephson junctions with the spatial variation of the NiFe thickness. This scenario is also supported by the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy characterization of the Nb/NiFe/Nb junction.


Probing the long-range structure of the $$T^{+}_{cc}$$ with the strong and electromagnetic decays

Meng, L.*; Wang, G.-J.*; Wang, B.*; Zhu, S.-L.*

Physical Review D, 104(5), p.L051502_1 - L051502_8, 2021/09

 被引用回数:46 パーセンタイル:98.62(Astronomy & Astrophysics)



Dependence of charge-exchange efficiency on cooling water temperature of a beam transport line

山本 風海; 畠山 衆一郎; Saha, P. K.; 守屋 克洋; 岡部 晃大; 吉本 政弘; 仲野谷 孝充; 藤来 洸裕; 山崎 良雄; 菅沼 和明

EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation (Internet), 8(1), p.9_1 - 9_9, 2021/07

J-PARC 3GeVシンクロトロン(RCS)は最大1MWの高出力陽子ビームを中性子ターゲットに供給している。稼働率を向上し実験成果の最大化を図るために、RCSではさまざま運転パラメータの履歴を記録しているが、そのデータのうち入射効率と入射ビームラインの磁石を冷却している冷却水温度が同期していることを発見した。RCS入射時に、入射負水素(H$$^{-}$$)ビームは炭素薄膜を通過し陽子に変換されるので、入射効率が変動しているという事は陽子への変換効率が冷却水温度に依存していることを示している。ビーム形状,薄膜の条件等から、入射ビームのフォイルへの入射位置が0.072mm程度振動していて、それが磁石磁場の変動に換算して1.63$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$となることを求めた。この値は、単純に磁石が冷却水の温度変動に従って伸び縮みするとして評価した結果とファクタ程度で一致し、変換効率の変動の主要因は磁場変動であることが確認できた。


Anisotropic physical properties of layered antiferromagnet U$$_2$$Pt$$_6$$Ga$$_{15}$$

松本 裕司*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 竹内 徹也*; 三宅 厚志*; 徳永 将史*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.074707_1 - 074707_6, 2021/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A uranium intermetallic compound U$$_2$$Pt$$_6$$Ga$$_{15}$$ was successfully synthesized. This compound crystallizes in the hexagonal Sc$$_{0.6}$$Fe$$_2$$Si$$_{4.9}$$-type structure. Antiferromagnetic transition with highly magnetic anisotropy was established by the physical property measurements.


Observation of longitudinal magnetic fluctuations at a first-order ferromagnetic quantum phase transition in UGe$$_2$$

野間 雄一郎*; 小手川 恒*; 久保 徹郎*; 藤 秀樹*; 播磨 尚朝*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*; 伊藤 公平*; 仲村 愛*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.073707_1 - 073707_5, 2021/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Ferromagnetic fluctuation relevant to the pressure-induced superconductivity in UGe$$_2$$ is investigated by means of NMR spectroscopy. Longitudinal magnetic fluctuations were observed in the spin-echo decay rate near the ferromagnetic critical point where superconductivity takes place. This result strongly suggests that superconductivity in ferromagnets is universally mediated by anisotropic magnetic fluctuations.


Nonmagnetic-magnetic transition and magnetically ordered structure in SmS

吉田 章吾*; 小山 岳秀*; 山田 陽彦*; 中井 祐介*; 上田 光一*; 水戸 毅*; 北川 健太郎*; 芳賀 芳範

Physical Review B, 103(15), p.155153_1 - 155153_5, 2021/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

SmS, a protopypical intermediate valence compound, has been studied by performing high-pressure nuclear magnetic resonance measurements. The observation of an additional signal at high pressure gives evidence of a magnetic phase transition. The cancellation of the hyperfined fields at the S site suggests a type-II antiferromagnetic structure.


Feasibility study of magnetic-domain observation by means of non-resonant magnetic X-ray diffraction

稲見 俊哉*; 菖蒲 敬久; 石井 賢司*

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 57(3, Part2), p.6400105_1 - 6400105_5, 2021/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Although the observation of magnetic domains well below the surface of a sample appears to be relatively easy, in reality, magnetic domains inside metallic samples have not been investigated in detail due to a lack of adequate techniques. Non-resonant magnetic X-ray diffraction (NRMXRD) is a candidate for such 3-D magnetic microscopy. A relatively small focus size of less than 100 nm and a relatively long attenuation length of more than 100 $$mu$$m can be obtained by using high-energy synchrotron X-rays. However, NRMXRD has a disadvantage in that the magnetic contrast is low. It is known that the magnetic contrast in NRMXRD increases with increasing the total polarization of the incident X-rays. In this feasibility study, we carried out NRMXRD experiments on a metallic iron sample to examine whether the magnetic contrast can be sufficiently enhanced even for high-energy X-rays.

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