Nuclear Science and Engineering, 193(4), p.431 - 439, 2019/04
We proposed "linear combination method" to reduce the higher order mode effect on the prompt neutron decay constant measured by the pulsed neutron experiment. When the spatial higher order mode effect is taken into account, the time evolution of the neutron counts after the pulsed neutron injection is given by linear combination of multiple exponential functions. However, the measurement results by the conventional method include the systematic error derived from the higher order mode effect because the conventional method fit the neutron counts with a single exponential function. The proposed method extract the single exponential function of the fundamental mode by linear combination of the neutron counts at multiple detectors, thus the proposed method reduces the higher order mode effect. As the verification, we applied the proposed method to the numerical simulation. The results indicate that the proposed method can reduce the higher order mode effect by linear combination.
Mori, Takamasa; Kojima, Kensuke*; Suyama, Kenya
JAEA-Research 2018-010, 57 Pages, 2019/02
In order to estimate applicability of the statistical geometry model (STGM) of MVP/GMVP, a parametric study in infinite geometry and criticality safety analyses for direct disposal of spent fuel in simple finite geometry have been carried out by using the MVP Monte Carlo code. It has been found that calculations with STGM for larger fuel spheres give larger thermal utilization factors and larger infinite multiplication factors compared with explicit random models in the range of fuel sphere packing fraction between 6.5 % and 63.3 %. Substantial differences are not observed between the results with two nearest neighbor distributions (NNDs); that given by the MCRDF code and the analytical expression based on a statistically uniform distribution. It is inferred that the overestimation by STGM is caused by the facts that STGM cannot take account of the surroundings of each neutron, whether a fuel sphere rich region or a water moderator rich one, because STGM always uses an NND averaged over such surroundings and that STGM, therefore, cannot take the effect of consecutive scatterings in the water moderator into account.
Katano, Ryota; Endo, Tomohiro*; Yamamoto, Akio*; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(10), p.1099 - 1109, 2018/10
In this study, we propose the penalized regression "adaptive smooth-lasso" for the estimation of sensitivity coefficients of the neutronics parameters. The proposed method estimates the sensitivity coefficients of the neutronics parameters using the variation of the microscopic cross sections and the neutronics parameter obtained by random sampling. The proposed method utilizes only the forward calculations. Thus, the proposed method can be applied for the complex reactor analysis for which the application of the adjoint method is difficult. In this study, we proposed a penalty term considering the characteristics of the sensitivity coefficients of the neutronics parameter to the microscopic multi-group cross sections. Through verification calculation, we show that the proposed method achieves high accuracy with less computational cost compared to the method based on random sampling proposed in the previous studies.
Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kimura, Atsushi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Tada, Kenichi
Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (120), p.35 - 46, 2018/06
We report 30th WPEC meeting, expert group meeting, and subgroup meeting in Paris, May 14-18, 2018.
Narukawa, Takafumi; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Jang, S.*; Amaya, Masaki
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 499, p.528 - 538, 2018/02
Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02
The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides that significantly impact criticality in nuclear facilities - U, U, Pu, Fe, O and H - with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality. This report summarizes our results and outlines plans for the next phase of this collaboration.
Zheng, X.; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Maruyama, Yu
Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2017 (ASRAM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2017/11
Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center
JAEA-Review 2017-011, 54 Pages, 2017/07
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national and some local governments in case of a nuclear incident. In case of a nuclear emergency, the Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) dispatches experts of JAEA, supplies the governments with emergency equipment, and gives them technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various drills/exercises and training courses to nuclear emergency responders. In FY2015, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Improvement of hardware and software for technical support activities (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency responders ; (3) Researches on nuclear emergency preparedness and response, and dissemination of useful information for emergency responders; (4) Arrangements for technical support for aerial monitoring; and (5) Technical contributions to Asian countries on nuclear emergency preparedness and response.
Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (117), p.5 - 14, 2017/06
The benchmark calculation is one of the main activities of the Nuclear Science Committee under the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/NEA/NSC). The international benchmark relatively frequently means the benchmark activity carried out by the NEA. In this manuscript, the author discusses the significance of the international benchmark by describing (i) the current status of the benchmark in the field of the reactor physics conducted by the OECD/NEA/NSC, (ii) revision of the neutronics calculation code system to reflect the results of the benchmark, (iii) the benchmark calculation as the asset for the future research and development, (iv) examples of the benchmark calculation based on the experimental data, and (v) how to propose the benchmark in the OECD/NEA/NSC.
Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Kimura, Atsushi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Tada, Kenichi
Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (117), p.36 - 51, 2017/06
no abstracts in English
Baba, Yuji; Shimoyama, Iwao
Photon Factory Activity Report 2016, 2 Pages, 2017/00
In order to elucidate the adsorption states of radioactive Sr-90 in soil, chemical bonding states of non-radioactive strontium adsorbed on layered oxide (mica) have been investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy. Since the number of atoms in radioactive Sr-90 is extremely small, the XPS and XANES were measured under total reflection condition of the incident X-rays. The detection limit in total reflection XPS was about 150 pg/cm, which corresponds to 300 Bq of Sr-90. The Sr 2p core-level energy in XPS shifted to lower energy with the decrease in the thickness of Sr layer. Also, the Sr 2p Sr 4d resonance energy in XANES shifts to lower energy with the decrease in the thickness. On the basis of a simple point charge model, it was elucidated that the chemical bond between Sr and mica surface becomes ionic with the decrease in the adsorbed amount of strontium.
Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (115), p.61 - 69, 2016/10
In recent years, discussion on the reform of the governing body of OECD/NEA Data Bank has been carried out. This document explains its background and outline.
Fukahori, Tokio; Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Yokoyama, Kenji
Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (114), p.35 - 43, 2016/06
no abstracts in English
Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center
JAEA-Review 2016-005, 55 Pages, 2016/05
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency, JAEA, is a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national government and/or local governments in case of nuclear and/or radiological incidents. In order to fulfill the tasks as the designated public institution, the JAEA has established the Emergency Action Plan and the Civil Protection Action Plan. In case of a nuclear/radiological emergency, the Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) dispatches specialists of JAEA, supplies the national government and local governments with emergency equipment and materials, and gives them technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various exercises and training courses concerning nuclear preparedness and response to emergency responders including the national and local government officers, in addition to the JAEA staff members. The NEAT also researches nuclear emergency preparedness and response, and cooperates with international organizations on the above research theme. In the FY2014, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Technical support activities as a designated public institution in cooperation with the national and local governments, (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency responders for the national and local governments, (3) Researches on nuclear emergency preparedness and response, and release to the public as useful information, (4) Technical contributions to Asian countries on nuclear emergency preparedness and response in collaboration with the international organizations.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko
Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 168(2), p.190 - 196, 2016/02
Deposit energy distribution in microscopic site in a living cell is important information for understanding of biological effects of energetic heavy ion beams. In this work, a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter has been used for the measurement of lineal energy (y) distributions and dose-mean of y (yD) at radial direction of 30 MeV H at TIARA, for the verification of the microdosimetric function of PHITS. The measured yf(y) summed in radial direction agree with the corresponding data from the microdosimetric calculations using the PHITS code fairly well. The yD of 30 MeV proton beam presents the smallest value at r = 0.0 and gradually increase with radial distance, while the values of heavy ions such as iron showed rapid decrease with radial distance. This experimental result demonstrates that the stochastic deposit energy distribution of high-energy protons in microscopic region is rather constant both in the core and in the penumbra region of the track structure.
Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Yokoyama, Kenji
Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (111), p.51 - 62, 2015/06
no abstracts in English
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 57(6), P. 422, 2015/06
The conference of "The Seventh Asian Regional Conference on the Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection" was open in June 8-9 2015 in Tokyo University. In this conference, the various stakeholders presented and discuss about the activity of radiation protection in Fukushima prefecture. I will report this conference.
Ido, Takeshi*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Kamiya, Kensaku; Hamada, Yasuji*; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Kawasumi, Yoshiaki*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Shinohara, Koji; et al.
Nuclear Fusion, 46(5), p.512 - 520, 2006/05
The electrostatic fluctuation spectrum and the fluctuation-induced particle flux of the JFT-2M tokamak were estimated using the hevy ion beam probe (HIBP) measurement. A geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) of the frequency about15kHz was identified in the L-mode. The GAM has its peak at about 3cm inside of the separatrix with the electric field of about 1.4kV/m. The estimated turbulent particle flux is found to be intermittent. It is found that the density fluctuation is modulated by the GAM in the wide frequency range and the coherence analysis shows that the flucruation-induced particle flux is partially contributed by the GAM. In the H-mode the GAM disappears and the fluctuation and the flux is much decreased.The mechanism of the large burst-like flux in the L-mode is not understood yet and left as the future problem.
Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Takase, Yuichi*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Ejiri, Akira*; Ida, Katsumi*; Shinohara, Koji; et al.
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(4), p.S1 - S15, 2006/04
This paper presents the results of bispectral analysis of floating potential fluctuations in the edge region of ohmically heated plasmas in the JFT-2M tokamak. Inside of the outermost magnetic surface,coherent modes were observed around the frequency of geodesic acoustic mode which is a kind of the zonal flow. The squared bicoherence shows significant nonlinear couplings between the coherent fluctuations and the background fluctuations (which are likely to contain drift wave turbulent fluctuations). The experimental results that the total bicoherence is proportional to the squared amplitude of the coherent fluctuation, and that the biphase of the coherent modes localizes around a constant value , are consistent with the theoretical prediction on the drift wave - zonal flow systems based on the Hasegawa-Mima model.
Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Baba, Yuji; Shimoyama, Iwao; Nath, K. G.
Surface and Interface Analysis, 38(4), p.352 - 356, 2006/04
We investigated the orientation nature at the top-most layers of F-irradiated graphite using polarization dependent near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy which incorporates partial electron yield (PEY) detection and photon-stimulated ion desorption (PSID) techniques. The fluorine K-edge NEXAFS spectra conducted in PEY mode show no significant dependence on polarization angles. In contrast, NEXAFS spectra recorded in F ion yield mode show enhanced yields at a feature of 689.4 eV assigned as a *(C-F) state relevant to =C-F sites, which depend on polarization angles. The C-F bonds prefer relatively tilting down the surface at the top-most layer, while the C-F bonds are randomly directed at deeper regions. We conclude that the difference in the orientation structures between the top surface and bulk is reflected in the NEXAFS recorded in the two different detection modes. It was also found that H- and F- PSID NEXAFS spectra are helpful in understanding desorption mechanism, thus in analysing NEXAFS data.