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Journal Articles

Current status of new research reactor at the Monju Site

Mineo, Hideaki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 64(11), p.617 - 621, 2022/11

In December 2016 Decisions were made by the Government on the Fast Breeder Prototype Reactor "Monju", which were decommissioning of the reactor and installation of a new research reactor at the Monju site. After the decisions, MEXT started research to list reactor candidates suitable for the site. Among the candidates, medium power reactor type of which thermal output less than 10,000 kW was chosen to utilize neutron beams. Then, from 2020, MEXT launched an entrusted business and adopted JAEA, Kyoto University and University of Fukui as the core institutions of the business to carry out the conceptual design. This paper describes the system to proceed the conceptual design and to examine the utilization management of the new research reactor and also shows their status.

JAEA Reports

Neutronic analysis of beam window and LBE of an Accelerator-Driven System

Nakano, Keita; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sugawara, Takanori; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Takeshita, Hayato*; Maekawa, Fujio

JAEA-Research 2021-018, 41 Pages, 2022/03

JAEA-Research-2021-018.pdf:2.93MB

Neutronic analysis of beam window of the Accelerator-Driven System (ADS) proposed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducted using PHITS and DCHAIN-PHITS codes. We investigate gas production of hydrogen and helium isotopes in the beam window, displacement per atom of beam window material, and heat generation in the beam window. In addition, distributions of produced nuclides, heat density, and activity are derived. It was found that at the maximum 12500 appm H production, 1800 appm He production, and damage of 62.1 DPA occurred in the beam window by the ADS operation. On the other hand, the maximum heat generation in the beam window was 374 W/cm$$^3$$. In the analysis of LBE, $$^{206}$$Bi and $$^{210}$$Po were found to be the dominant nuclides in decay heat and radioactivity. Furthermore, the heat generation in the LBE by the proton beam was maximum around 5 cm downstream of the beam window, which was 945 W/cm$$^3$$.

Journal Articles

Neutron measurement in the accelerator tunnel of J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Otsu, Satoru*; Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.494 - 498, 2021/10

J-PARC 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) provides more than 700 kW proton beam to the neutron target. In order to investigate the influence of the radiation, we intend to evaluate the radiations such as the neutron and gamma-rays, which are generated due to the proton beam loss. If the amount of beam loss is excessive, it becomes difficult to identify the individual neutron and gamma ray. Therefore, we investigated the signal rate of the extraction point of RCS. Preliminary result indicated that we can enough distinguish the neutron and gamma-ray by the liquid scintillator.

Journal Articles

Recent status of the pulsed spallation neutron source at J-PARC

Takada, Hiroshi; Haga, Katsuhiro

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.081003_1 - 081003_7, 2020/02

At the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), the pulsed spallation neutron source has been in operation with a redesigned mercury target vessel from October 2017 to July 2018, during which the operational beam power was restored to 500 kW and the operation with a 1-MW equivalent beam was demonstrated for one hour. The target vessel includes a gas-micro-bubbles injector and a 2-mm-wide narrow mercury flow channel at the front end as measures to suppress the cavitation damage. After the operating period, it was observed that the cavitation damage at the 3-mm-thick front end of the target vessel could be suppressed less than 17.5 $$mu$$m.

Journal Articles

Experimental evaluation of wall shear stress in a double contraction nozzle using a water mock-up of a liquid Li target for an intense fusion neutron source

Kondo, Hiroo*; Kanemura, Takuji*; Park, C. H.*; Oyaizu, Makoto*; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Furukawa, Tomohiro

Fusion Engineering and Design, 146(Part A), p.285 - 288, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.65(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Herein, the wall shear stress in a double contraction nozzle has been evaluated experimentally to produce a liquid lithium (Li) target as a beam target for intense fusion neutron sources such as the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF), the Advanced Fusion Neutron Source (A-FNS), and the DEMO Oriented Neutron Source (DONES). The boundary layer thickness and wall shear stress are essential physical parameters to understand erosion-corrosion by the high-speed liquid Li flow in the nozzle, which is the key component in producing a stable Li target. Therefore, these parameters were experimentally evaluated using an acrylic mock-up of the target assembly. The velocity distribution in the nozzle was measured by a laser-doppler velocimeter and the momentum thickness along the nozzle wall was calculated using an empirical prediction method. The resulting momentum thickness was used to estimate the variation of the wall shear stress along the nozzle wall. Consequently, the wall shear stress was at the maximum in the second convergent section in front of the nozzle exit.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design and verification of long-distance laser-probe system for Li target diagnostics of intense fusion neutron source

Kondo, Hiroo*; Kanemura, Takuji*; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Furukawa, Tomohiro

Fusion Engineering and Design, 136(Part A), p.24 - 28, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the IFMIF-EVEDA project, we designed and constructed the IFMIF-EVEDA Li Test Loop (ELTL), and we performed experiments to validate the stability of the Li target. This project required a diagnostic tool to be developed in order to examine the Li target; as such, we developed a unique laser-based method that we call the laser-probe method; this method combines a high-precision laser distance meter with a statistical data analysis method. Following the successful development of the laser-probe method, we proposes a long-distance-measurement of the laser probe method (long-distance LP method) as a diagnostics tool in off-beam conditions for IFMIF or the relevant neutron sources. In this study, the measurement uncertainty resulting from coherency of the laser in a long-distance-measurement has been verified by using stationary objects and a water jet simulating the liquid Li target.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 1; Pulsed spallation neutron source

Takada, Hiroshi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Teshigawara, Makoto; Aso, Tomokazu; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.8_1 - 8_26, 2017/09

At the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), a pulsed spallation neutron source provides neutrons with high intensity and narrow pulse width to promote researches on a variety of science in the Materials and life science experimental facility. It was designed to be driven by the proton beam with an energy of 3 GeV, a power of 1 MW at a repetition rate of 25 Hz, that is world's highest power level. A mercury target and three types of liquid para-hydrogen moderators are core components of the spallation neutron source. It is still on the way towards the goal to accomplish the operation with a 1 MW proton beam. In this paper, distinctive features of the target-moderator-reflector system of the pulsed spallation neutron source are reviewed.

Journal Articles

Impact of PHITS spallation models on the neutronics design of an accelerator-driven system

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Matsuda, Norihiro; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Harada, Masahide; Maekawa, Fujio

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(10), p.1585 - 1594, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:86.22(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA Reports

Research report on the users' needs for next research reactor

Needs Research Task Force for Next Research Reactor

JAEA-Review 2014-054, 43 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Review-2014-054.pdf:6.57MB

JRR-3 has been operated for more than 25 years for that it is time to investigate the role of a next research reactor. A task force under the Committee for Promotion of JRR-3 Neutron Beam Application has been organized by Department of Research Reactor and Tandem Accelerator to survey neutron beam application trends in the future. This is a report on the survey results and users' requirements for the next research reactor have been summarized in this report carried by the task force.

Journal Articles

Development of neutron supermirror with large-scale ion-beam sputtering instrument

Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Ebisawa, Toru*; Hino, Masahiro*; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 385-386(2), p.1256 - 1258, 2006/11

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:70.52(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Neutron supermirror has become an important device to transport, bending and focusing a neutron beam. We have developed it using ion beam sputtering (IBS) instrument since it enables us to produce good quality layers with high density and small grain size. We have also investigated ion-polishing technique, which suppresses the interface roughness of multilayers. We have now installed new IBS instrument with effective deposit area of 500 mm in diameter for the realization of supermirror guide and bender with large effective critical angle. In this presentation, the performance of the supermirrors fabricated with it and the future development of neutron optical devices using supermirrors will be discussed.

Journal Articles

Design of "NeutrOn Beam-line for Observation & Research Use (NOBORU)" for JSNS of J-PARC

Maekawa, Fujio; Oikawa, Kenichi; Tamura, Masaya; Harada, Masahide; Ikeda, Yujiro; Watanabe, Noboru

LA-UR-06-3904, Vol.1, p.129 - 138, 2006/06

Total 23 neutron beam-lines will be installed for JSNS in the J-PARC project. One of them is assigned for the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF), and the MLF will construct a neutron beam-line to demonstrate and monitor neutronic performance of JSNS. The neutron beam-line was accordingly named as "Neutron Beam-line for Obserbation and Research Use (NOBORU)". Major parts of the NOBORU, i.e., beam ducts, shield, a beam stop, slits, a cabin for measurement, a pillar crane, a sample table, etc., have been ordered in March 2004, and installation will be completed in 2007. A T0 chopper, a frame-overlap chopper, detector systems, samples, etc. will be ordered later on. The sample position is at 14 m from the decoupled moderator. Approximate sample room dimensions are 3 $$times$$ 2.5 m in area and 3 m in height. A shield structure was determined by shielding calculations in which detailed 3-D structure was considered. The design of NOBORU will be presented in the session.

Journal Articles

Minor actinide neutron capture cross-section measurements with a 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Osa, Akihiko; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Oshima, Masumi; Igashira, Masayuki*; Osaki, Toshiro*; Harada, Hideo*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.767 - 770, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:43.95(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In order to measure the neutron capture cross section of minor actinides, we have proposed the use of a 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer. A Time-of-Flight neutron beam line for the experiment has been constructed at the KURRI electron LINAC. The assembling of the 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer is in progress. We are also developing a new data acquisition system based on a digital processing technique.

JAEA Reports

Activity report on the utilization of research reactors; Japanese fiscal year, 2003

Research Reactor Utilization Division

JAERI-Review 2005-034, 450 Pages, 2005/09

JAERI-Review-2005-034.pdf:38.93MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutronic performance of rectangular and cylindrical coupled hydrogen moderators in wide-angle beam extraction of low-energy neutrons

Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Watanabe, Noboru; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 550(1-2), p.329 - 342, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:75.12(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Neutronic study was performed on coupled hydrogen moderators to maximize time-integrated and pulse-peak intensities of slow neutrons when a large number of beams was required. The total increased with the number of beams, although the average decreased due to a reflector-missing by the beam extraction holes in the reflector. At a large beam extraction angle (25 degree), the spatial distribution of the vector-flux of neutrons was undesirable for a rectangular shape moderator. As an alternative we proposed a cylindrical shape one, resulting in a much improved spatial distribution. In addition, neutronic performance was calculated as a function of the diameter, indicating the optimal diameter was about 140 mm. The cylindrical one gave higher pulse-peak intensities with narrower pulse widths without penalty in time-integrated intensities and pulse decay characteristics, providing a more uniform angle-dependence. Some explanations are given for the difference in the pulse characteristics between the two. We decided to adopt the cylindrical one for the Japanese spallation neutron source.

Journal Articles

Improved cavitation resistance of structural materials in pulsed liquid metal targets by surface hardening

Koppitz, T.*; Jung, P.*; M$"u$ller, G.*; Weisenburger, A.*; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 343(1-3), p.92 - 100, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:45.1(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Cavitation damage of structural materials due to pressure waves is expected to be one of the majior life-time limiting factors in high power liquid metal spallation targets under pulsed operation. Two methods are developed for the European Spallation Source (ESS) to mitigate this damage: Introduction of gas bubbles to surpress the pressure pulse and surface-hardening of structural materials. Surface-hardening of four 8-13%Cr martenstic steels was examined by thermal treatment with pulsed or scanned electron- and laser-beams as well as by nitriding in plasma. A specimens of the 12%Cr steel were tested in liquid mercury under pulsed proton irradiation, and under mechanical pulsed-loading. Surface damage was analysed by optical, confocal-laser, or scanning-electron microscopy, showing in both tests much better resistance of the hardened material compared to standard condition.

JAEA Reports

Research and development plan of fusion technologies in JAERI toward DEMO reactors

Department of Fusion Engineering Research

JAERI-Review 2005-011, 139 Pages, 2005/03

JAERI-Review-2005-011.pdf:11.95MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation injury of boron neutron capture therapy using mixed epithermal- and thermal neutron beams in patients with malignant glioma

Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Nagahiro, Shinji*; Mizobuchi, Keiji*; Toi, Hiroyuki*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Kumada, Hiroaki

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 61(5), p.1063 - 1067, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:52.83(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Calibration of epithermal neutron beam intensity for dosimetry at JRR-4

Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki; Kishi, Toshiaki; Torii, Yoshiya; Sakurai, Yoshinori*; Kobayashi, Toru*

Proceedings of 11th World Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ISNCT-11) (CD-ROM), 15 Pages, 2004/10

To carry out the boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) using the epithermal neutron, the epithermal neutron beam intensity was measured by using $$^{197}$$Au reaction rate activated on the resonance absorption peak (4.9eV). Two scaling factors, which are the reactor power calibration factor and the calculation/experiment (C/E) scaling factor, are necessary in order to correct with the simulation and actual irradiation experiment. First, an optimum detector position was investigated using MCNP code. The result of MCNP calculation showed that the influence of subject placed at the collimator was below 1% when the detector was placed in the distance of over 20cm from the collimator. Therefore we installed the monitor holders near the bismuth block in order to set three gold wire monitors. The factors were determined in the calibration experiments that measure the thermal neutron flux in the phantom and reaction rate of the gold wire monitors. The monitoring technique to measure epithermal neutron beam intensity was applied to clinical irradiation with the epithermal neutron beam.

Journal Articles

Analysis of intracellular distribution of boron and gadolinium in 9L sarcoma cells using a single-ended accelerator (Micro PIXE)

Endo, Kiyoshi*; Shibata, Yasushi*; Yoshida, Fumiyo*; Nakai, Kei*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Matsumura, Akira*; Ishii, Keizo*; Sakai, Takuro; Sato, Takahiro; Oikawa, Masakazu*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th World Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ISNCT-11) (CD-ROM), 2 Pages, 2004/10

Micro PIXE, which is installed in a single end accelerator in JAERI, was used for quantitative analysis of boron and gadolinium distribution in a cell level. The micro beam of 1 $$mu$$m diameter is possible to observe the distribution. In the adjustment procedure of the sample, first is a fix of mylar film by using a glass ring and a bite ring of 2cm diameter. Next the 9L cells were scattered on the washed film, and is cultivated on 37$$^{circ}$$C in medium until they form the mono-layer. After the Gd-BOPTA was added, it incubates for the 24-72 hour on 37$$^{circ}$$C. The film is washed in the THAM liquid, and is directly put on liquid nitrogen. A vacuum drying for 24 hours is conducted in order to fix a film on holder. It is important to uniformly fix the cell in distribution analysis in the cell using Micro PIXE. In recent result, it became possible that the distribution of P, S, Gd, etc. was analyzed. But we could not distinguish whether K and Gd exist in the cell or whether it exists around the cell. It was indicated that these elements was leaked by the reason of cell breaking or other on the cytoplasm.

JAEA Reports

Activity report on the utilization of research reactors; Japanese fiscal year, 2002

Takahashi, Toshiyuki; Research Reactor Utilization Division

JAERI-Review 2004-016, 542 Pages, 2004/08

JAERI-Review-2004-016.pdf:74.07MB

no abstracts in English

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