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JAEA Reports

Technology development of diamond-base neutron sensors and radiation-resistive integrated-circuits for shielding-free criticality approach monitoring system (Contract research); FY2020 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; High Energy Accelerator Research Organization*

JAEA-Review 2021-038, 65 Pages, 2022/01


The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2020. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2020, this report summarizes the research results of the "Technology development of diamond-base neutron sensors and radiation-resistive integrated-circuits for shielding-free criticality approach monitoring system" conducted in FY2020. The present study aims to develop key components of neutron detection system without a radiation shield for a criticality approach monitoring system. It is required high neutron detection efficiency for a few cps/nv under high gamma ray radiation environment (i.e. 1 kGy/h maximum) and compact-light-weight to fit constraints of the penetration size and the payload. In order to develop the monitoring system, the project aims to design and evaluate neutron detection devices based on diamond sensors and a high radiation resistive signal-processi

Journal Articles

Thermal-neutron capture cross-section measurement of tantalum-181 using graphite thermal column at KUR

Nakamura, Shoji; Shibahara, Yuji*; Endo, Shunsuke; Kimura, Atsushi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(10), p.1061 - 1070, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a well-thermalized neutron field, it is principally possible to drive a thermal-neutron capture cross-section without considering an epithermal neutron component. This was demonstrated by a neutron activation method using the graphite thermal column (TC-Pn) of the Kyoto University Research Reactor. First, in order to confirm that the graphite thermal column was a well-thermalized neutron field, neutron irradiation was performed with neutron flux monitors: $$^{197}$$Au, $$^{59}$$Co, $$^{45}$$Sc, $$^{63}$$Cu, and $$^{98}$$Mo. The TC-Pn was confirmed to be extremely thermalized on the basis of Westcott's convention, because the thermal-neutron flux component took a constant value regardless of the sensitivity of each flux monitor to epithermal neutrons. Next, as a demonstration, the thermal-neutron capture cross section of $$^{181}$$Ta(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{182m+g}$$Ta reaction was measured using the graphite thermal column, and then derived to be 20.5$$pm$$0.4 barn, which supported the evaluated value of 20.4$$pm$$0.3 barn. The $$^{181}$$Ta nuclide could be useful as a flux monitor that complements the sensitivity between $$^{197}$$Au and $$^{98}$$Mo monitors.

JAEA Reports

Estimation of exchange time for neutron startup sources of HTTR

Ono, Masato; Kozawa, Takayuki; Fujimoto, Nozomu*

JAEA-Technology 2019-012, 15 Pages, 2019/09


The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor has a neutron source of $$^{252}$$Cf to start up the reactor and to confirm count rates of wide range monitors. The half-life of $$^{252}$$Cf is short, about 2.6 years, so it is necessary to replace at an appropriate time. In order to estimate the period to replace, it is necessary to consider not only the half-life but also the fluctuation of the count rate of the wide range monitor to prevent alarm. For that reason, the method has been derived to predict a minimum count rate from relationship between the count rate and the standard deviation of the count rate of the wide range monitors. As a result of predicting the count rate using this method, it was found that the minimum count rate reaches to 3.0cps in 2022 and 1.5 cps in 2024. Therefore, it is necessary to exchange $$^{252}$$Cf by 2024.

Journal Articles

On-line subcriticality measurement using a pulsed spallation neutron source

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Yagi, Takahiro*; Pyeon, C.-H.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(4), p.432 - 443, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:90.26(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA Reports

Irradiation test with silicon ingot for NTD-Si irradiation technology

Takemoto, Noriyuki; Romanova, N.*; Kimura, Nobuaki; Gizatulin, S.*; Saito, Takashi; Martyushov, A.*; Nakipov, D.*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Chakrov, P.*

JAEA-Technology 2015-021, 32 Pages, 2015/08


Silicon semiconductor production by neutron transmutation doping (NTD) method using the JMTR has been investigated in Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency in order to expand the industry use. As a part of investigations, irradiation test with a silicon ingot was planned using WWR-K in Institute of Nuclear Physics, Republic of Kazakhstan. A device rotating the ingot made with the silicon was fabricated and was installed in the WWR-K for the irradiation test. And that, a preliminary irradiation test was carried out using neutron fluence monitors to evaluate the neutronic irradiation field. Based on the result, two silicon ingots were irradiated as scheduled, and the resistivity of each irradiated silicon ingot was measured to confirm the applicability of high-quality silicon semiconductor by the NTD method (NTD-Si) to its commercial production.

Journal Articles

Conceptual proposal of new detection method for unauthorized removal from glovebox

Nakamura, Hironobu; Tanigawa, Masafumi; Mukai, Yasunobu; Nakamichi, Hideo; Umino, Yoshinori; Fujisaku, Sakae; Kimura, Takashi; Kurita, Tsutomu

Proceedings of INMM 56th Annual Meeting (Internet), 8 Pages, 2015/07

In the MOX handling facilities, many types and amount of nuclear materials (NM) that are relatively easy to access are used in a GB. In order to prevent unauthorized removal of NM from the GB by an insider, based on the Japanese regulation which was referred from INFCIRC/225 Rev.5, the 2 person rule are being introduced at the area where NM handling GB are installed. As an example of usage of the security counterplan for the detection of unauthorized removal of NM, a new proposal of detection concept for the unauthorized removal by operators were investigated with implementation of several experiments considering actual GB operation. In general, it is considered that normal concept is to use radiation monitor ($$gamma$$ or neutron) to detect the event by checking the variation of monitoring data. However, it is thought that distinguish between authorized NM movement during operation and the unauthorized removal (sample bag-out from GB) is very difficult. To solve this subject, JAEA studied and proposes a new concept about negative pressure monitoring in the GB in addition to the radiation monitoring. It is thought that the hybrid monitoring concept between pressure and radiation provides the detection alarm for it with central alarm station (CAS) accurately and rapidly with high integrity, and helps to complement current 2 person rule.

Journal Articles

Development of dose monitoring system applicable to various radiations with wide energy ranges

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Satoh, Daiki; Endo, Akira; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(9), p.768 - 778, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:74.09(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new inventive radiation monitor, designated to DARWIN (Dose Assessment system applicable to various Radiations with WIde energy raNges), has been developed for monitoring doses at workspaces of high energy accelerator facilities and on ground. Characteristics of DARWIN were studied by both calculation and experiment. The calculated results indicate that DARWIN gives reasonable estimations of doses at most radiation fields. It was found from the experiment that DARWIN has an excellent property of measuring doses from all particles that significantly contribute to the background dose - photon, muon and neutron with wide energy ranges.

Journal Articles

Calibration of epithermal neutron beam intensity for dosimetry at JRR-4

Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki; Kishi, Toshiaki; Torii, Yoshiya; Sakurai, Yoshinori*; Kobayashi, Toru*

Proceedings of 11th World Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ISNCT-11) (CD-ROM), 15 Pages, 2004/10

To carry out the boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) using the epithermal neutron, the epithermal neutron beam intensity was measured by using $$^{197}$$Au reaction rate activated on the resonance absorption peak (4.9eV). Two scaling factors, which are the reactor power calibration factor and the calculation/experiment (C/E) scaling factor, are necessary in order to correct with the simulation and actual irradiation experiment. First, an optimum detector position was investigated using MCNP code. The result of MCNP calculation showed that the influence of subject placed at the collimator was below 1% when the detector was placed in the distance of over 20cm from the collimator. Therefore we installed the monitor holders near the bismuth block in order to set three gold wire monitors. The factors were determined in the calibration experiments that measure the thermal neutron flux in the phantom and reaction rate of the gold wire monitors. The monitoring technique to measure epithermal neutron beam intensity was applied to clinical irradiation with the epithermal neutron beam.

Journal Articles

First measurement of time-resolved neutron yield on JT-60U using a microfission chamber

Hayashi, Takao; Nishitani, Takeo; Ishikawa, Masao

Review of Scientific Instruments, 75(10), p.3575 - 3577, 2004/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:47.59(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Micro fission chambers, which are pencil sized ionization chamber with fissile material inside, to be installed in the vacuum vessel as neutron monitor for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). The micro fission chamber has been installed inside toroidal field coils in JT-60U, in order to investigate the technical validity as neutron monitor in a magnetic field of about 2 T. Compared with the neutron yield measured by three $$^{235}$$U fission chambers which are used as neutron monitors in JT-60U, neutron yield measured by micro fission chamber has a good linearity with them. The influence of the magnetic field on the micro fission chamber has not been observed. However improper signals caused by plasma disruption and breakdown event of Neutral Beam Injection were observed, probably due to long wiring between the detector and the preamplifier. Therefore, by enhancement of noise protections, micro fission chambers can be available as neutron monitor for ITER.

Journal Articles

Development of neutron-monitor detector using liquid organic scintillator coupled with $$^{6}$$Li+ZnS(Ag) sheet

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Endo, Akira; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Fumiaki

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 110(1-4), p.255 - 261, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:50.96(Environmental Sciences)

For monitoring of neutron doses in high-energy accelerator facilities, we have developed a neutron-monitor detector applicable to energies from the thermal energy to 100 MeV. The detector is composed of a cylindrical (12.7 cm in diameter and 12.7 cm in length) liquid organic scintillator BC501A covered with $$^{6}$$Li+ZnS(Ag) sheets. Characteristics of this phoswitch-type detector were studied experimentally in moderated neutron fields of $$^{241}$$Am-Be and $$^{252}$$Cf sources, and in quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields of 40 and 70 MeV. It was found from the experiments that the detector is enough sensitive to both thermal and fast neutrons, and has an excellent property of pulse-shape discrimination between them. We concluded, therefore, that the detector can be used for monitoring of neutron doses over a wide energy range from the thermal to 100 MeV.

Journal Articles

Development of neutron-monitor detectors applicable to energies from thermal to 100MeV

Endo, Akira; Kim, E.; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Yoshizawa, Michio; Tanaka, Susumu; Nakamura, Takashi; Rasolonjatovo, A. H. D.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(Suppl.4), p.510 - 513, 2004/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A New approach to the D-T neutron monitor using water flow

Verzilov, Y. M.; Ochiai, Kentaro; Nishitani, Takeo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(Suppl.4), p.395 - 398, 2004/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation control system for J-PARC

Miyamoto, Yukihiro

Hokeikyo Nyusu, (32), p.2 - 3, 2003/10

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Dosimetry for External Radiations; November 28-29, 2002, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan

Yoshizawa, Michio; Endo, Akira

JAERI-Conf 2003-002, 166 Pages, 2003/03


The present report is Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Dosimetry for External Radiations, held at the Tokai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), in November 28-29, 2002. The proceedings comprises 16 papers and a summary of general discussion. The Third Workshop, subtitled "On an opportunity of the completion of the facility of calibration standards for neutron at JAERI", focused on neutron dosimetry and included presentations on the status of international neutron standards, the development of calibration techniques of neutron dosimeters using accelerator neutron sources, and dosimetry for high-energy neutrons. The workshop identified the directions for the future research and development in this field.

Journal Articles

Neutron activation system using water flow for ITER

Nishitani, Takeo; Ebisawa, Katsuyuki*; Kasai, Satoshi; Walker, C.*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 74(3), p.1735 - 1738, 2003/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:58.19(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Adsorbed compounds on pine needle surfaces for the environmental monitoring of uranium

Saito, Yoko; Miyamoto, Yutaka; Magara, Masaaki; Sakurai, Satoshi; Usuda, Shigekazu

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 255(2), p.341 - 345, 2003/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.68(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a non-destructive testing technique using ultrasonic wave for evaluation of irradiation embrittlement in nuclear materials

Ishii, Toshimitsu; Ooka, Norikazu; Hoshiya, Taiji; Kobayashi, Hideo*; Saito, Junichi; Niimi, Motoji; Tsuji, Hirokazu

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311(Part.1), p.240 - 244, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.34(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of SCINFUL-CG code to calculate response function of hybrid neutron detectors using scintillators

Kim, E.; Endo, Akira; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(Suppl.2), p.693 - 696, 2002/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fusion power measurement based on $$^{16}$$O(n,p)$$^{16}$$N reaction in flowing water

Nishitani, Takeo; Uno, Yoshitomo; Kaneko, Junichi*; Ochiai, Kentaro; Maekawa, Fujio

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(Suppl.2), p.1139 - 1142, 2002/08

no abstracts in English

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