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Journal Articles

Development of experimental technology for simulated fuel-assembly heating to address core-material-relocation behavior during severe accident

Abe, Yuta; Yamashita, Takuya; Sato, Ikken; Nakagiri, Toshio; Ishimi, Akihiro

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 6(2), p.021113_1 - 021113_9, 2020/04

Journal Articles

Development of experimental technology for simulated fuel-assembly heating to address core-material-relocation behavior during severe accident

Abe, Yuta; Yamashita, Takuya; Sato, Ikken; Nakagiri, Toshio; Ishimi, Akihiro; Nagae, Yuji

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2018/07

Journal Articles

Evaluation and demonstration of cutting the fuel assembly heating examination by AWJ

Maruyama, Shinichiro*; Watatani, Satoshi*

Mitsui Sumitomo Kensetsu Gijutsu Kenkyu Kaihatsu Hokoku, (15), p.107 - 112, 2017/10

It is essential to estimate characteristics and forms of fuel debris for safe and reliable removing at the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F). For the estimation, melting behavior of fuel assembly in the accident is being researched. To proceed the research, the fuel debris were need to cut, and the abrasive water jet (AWJ) which had enough results for cutting ceramic material or mixed material of zirconium alloy and stainless. The test results demonstrated that AWJ could cut the fuel assembly and accumulated the cutting data which will be subservient when removing the fuel debris in future.

Journal Articles

Development of non-transfer type plasma heating technology to address CMR behavior during severe accident with BWR design conditions

Abe, Yuta; Sato, Ikken; Nakagiri, Toshio; Ishimi, Akihiro; Nagae, Yuji

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/04

Journal Articles

Investigation of countermeasure against local temperature rise in vessel cooling system in loss of core cooling test without nuclear heating

Ono, Masato; Shimizu, Atsushi; Kondo, Makoto; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Shinohara, Masanori; Tochio, Daisuke; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takada, Shoji; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 2(4), p.044502_1 - 044502_4, 2016/10

In the loss of forced core cooling test using High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), the forced cooling of reactor core is stopped without inserting control rods into the core and cooling by Vessel Cooling System (VCS) to verify safety evaluation codes to investigate the inherent safety of HTGR be secured by natural phenomena to make it possible to design a severe accident free reactor. The VCS passively removes the retained residual heat and the decay heat from the core via the reactor pressure vessel by natural convection and thermal radiation. In the test, the local temperature was supposed to exceed the limit from the viewpoint of long-term use at the uncovered water cooling tube by thermal reflectors in the VCS, although the safety of reactor is kept. Through a cold test, which was carried out by non-nuclear heat input from gas circulators with stopping water flow in the VCS, the local higher temperature position was specified although the temperature was sufficiently lower than the maximum allowable working temperature, and natural circulation of water had insufficient cooling effect on the temperature of water cooling tube below 1$$^{circ}$$C. Then, a new safe and secured procedure for the loss of forced core cooling test was established, which will be carried out soon after the restart of HTTR.

Journal Articles

Preparation for a new experimental program addressing core-material-relocation behavior during severe accident with BWR design conditions; Conduction of preparatory tests applying non-transfer-type plasma heating technology

Abe, Yuta; Sato, Ikken; Ishimi, Akihiro; Nakagiri, Toshio; Nagae, Yuji

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/06

A new experimental program using non-transfer type plasma heating is under consideration in JAEA to clarify the uncertainty on core-material relocation (CMR) behavior of BWR. In order to confirm the applicability of this new technology, authors performed preparatory plasma heating tests using small-scale test pieces (107 mm $$times$$ 107 mm $$times$$ 222 mmh). Based on these preliminary results, an excellent perspective in terms of applicability of the non-transfer plasma heating technology to the SA (Severe Accident) experimental study was obtained. Furthermore, JAEA is preparing for the next step intermediate-scale preparatory tests in 2016 using ca. 50 rods and a control blade that would not only confirm its technical applicability, but also some insights relevant to the issue on CMR itself.

Journal Articles

Computational and experimental examination of simulated core damage and relocation dynamics of a BWR fuel assembly

Hanus, G.*; Sato, Ikken; Iwama, Tatsuya*

Proceedings of International Waste Management Symposia 2016 (WM 2016) (Internet), 12 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA plans a large-scale test to evaluate damage and relocation behavior of BWR core materials consisting of fuel rods, channel boxes, control blade and lower support structures. Its purpose is to contribute to understanding of core material relocation behavior in the event of severe accidents with the BWR design conditions for which existing experimental database is quite limited. Prior to large-scale testing, JAEA desires preliminary investigations to examine melting test pieces. The purpose of such tests is to verify the materials and test piece will be heated by plasma to the target temperature (ca.2900K) and to collect data about the material relocation behavior. Results from preliminary computational simulations are presented illustrating the effectiveness of a 150 kW non-transferred plasma jet. An experimental test program using the computational analyses as a basis and a plasma torch is described.

Journal Articles

Nuclear heat supply fluctuation test by non-nuclear heating using HTTR

Takada, Shoji; Sekita, Kenji; Nemoto, Takahiro; Honda, Yuki; Tochio, Daisuke; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05

To investigate the safety design criteria of heat utilization system for the HTGRs, it is necessary to evaluate the effect of fluctuation of thermal load on the reactor. The nuclear heat supply fluctuation test by non-nuclear heating was carried out to simulate the nuclear heat supply test which is carried out in the nuclear powered operation. The test data is used to verify the numerical code to calculate the temperature of core bottom structure to carry out the safety evaluation of abnormal events in the heat utilization system. In the test, the helium gas temperature was heated up to 120$$^{circ}$$C. A sufficiently high temperature disturbance was imposed on the reactor inlet temperature. It was found that the response of temperatures of metallic components such as side shielding blocks was faster than those of graphite blocks in the core bottom structure, which was significantly affected by the heat capacities of components, the level of imposed disturbance and heat transfer performance.

Journal Articles

Investigation of characteristics of natural circulation of water in vessel cooling system in loss of core cooling test without nuclear heating

Takada, Shoji; Shimizu, Atsushi; Kondo, Makoto; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Shinohara, Masanori; Seki, Tomokazu; Tochio, Daisuke; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2015/05

In the loss of forced core cooling test using High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), the forced cooling of reactor core is stopped without inserting control rods into the core and cooling by Vessel Cooling System (VCS) to demonstrate the inherent safety of HTGR be secured by natural phenomena to make it possible to design a severe accident free reactor. In the test, the local temperature was supposed to exceed the limit from the viewpoint of long-term use at the uncovered water cooling tube by thermal reflectors in the VCS, although the safety of reactor is kept. The local higher temperature position was specified although the temperature was sufficiently lower than the maximum allowable working temperature, and natural circulation of water had insufficient cooling effect on the temperature of water cooling tube below 1$$^{circ}$$C. Then, a new safe and secured procedure for the loss of forced core cooling test was established, which will be carried out soon after the restart of HTTR.

Journal Articles

Nuclear technology and potential ripple effect of superconducting magnets for fusion power plant

Nishimura, Arata*; Muroga, Takeo*; Takeuchi, Takao*; Nishitani, Takeo; Morioka, Atsuhiko

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1675 - 1681, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.3(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a fusion reactor plant, a neutral beam injector (NBI) will be operated for a long time, and it will allow neutron streaming from NBI ports to outside of the plasma vacuum vessel. It requires the superconducting magnet to develop nuclear technology to produce stable magnetic field and to reduce activation of the magnet components. In this report, the back ground of the necessity and the contents of the nuclear technology of the superconducting magnets for fusion application are discussed and some typical investigation results are presented, which are the neutron irradiation effect on Nb$$_{3}$$Sn wire, the development of low activation superconducting wire, and the design concept to reduce nuclear heating and nuclear transformation by streaming. In addition, recent activities in high energy particle physics are introduced and potential ripple effect of the technology of the superconducting magnets is described briefly.

Journal Articles

Development of a heat-resistant neutron shielding resin for the national centralized tokamak

Morioka, Atsuhiko; Sakurai, Shinji; Okuno, Koichi*; Tamai, Hiroshi

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(9), p.645 - 646, 2005/09

A 300 $$^{circ}$$C heat-resistant neutron shielding material is newly developed, which consists of phenol-based resin with 5 weight-% boron. The neutron shielding performance of the developed resin, examined by the $$^{252}$$Cf neutron source, is almost the same as that of the polyethylene. The resin is applicable to the port section of vacuum vessel of the DD plasma device to suppress the streaming neutrons and to reduce the nuclear heating of the superconducting coils.

Journal Articles

Intelligible seminor on fusion reactors, 3; Plasma heating system to generate high temperature fusion palsmas

Inoue, Takashi; Sakamoto, Keishi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 47(2), p.120 - 127, 2005/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Accelerator R&D for JT-60U and ITER NB systems

Inoue, Takashi; Hanada, Masaya; Iga, Takashi*; Imai, Tsuyoshi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Kawai, Mikito; Morishita, Takatoshi; Taniguchi, Masaki; Umeda, Naotaka; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 66-68, p.597 - 602, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:18.87(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The neutral beam (NB) injection has been one of the most promising methods for plasma heating and current drive in tokamak fusion devices. JAERI has developed high energy electrostatic accelerators for the NB systems in JT-60U and ITER. Recent progress on this R&D are as follows: 1) In the JT-60U NB system, some of the beams has been deflected due to distorted electric field in the accelerator, resulting in an excess heat load on the NB port. By correcting the electric field, a continuous injection of H$$^{0}$$ beam was succeeded for 10 s with the NB power of 2.6 MW at 355 keV. 2) To increase the beam energy, a metal structure called stress ring was designed. The ring reduces electric field concentration at the triple junction point (interface between metal and dielectric insulator inside vacuum). Initial test of the accelerators with the stress rings has shown higher voltage hold off performance in both accelerators for JT-60U and ITER R&D than that without rings.

Journal Articles

Optimization of coupled hydrogen moderator for a short pulse spallation source

Kai, Tetsuya; Teshigawara, Makoto; Watanabe, Noboru; Harada, Masahide; Sakata, Hideaki*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(2), p.120 - 128, 2002/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:38.92(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design of neutral beam system for ITER-FEAT

Inoue, Takashi; Di Pietro, E.*; Hanada, Masaya; Hemsworth, R. S.*; Krylov, A.*; Kulygin, V.*; Massmann, P.*; Mondino, P. L.*; Okumura, Yoshikazu; Panasenkov, A.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 56-57, p.517 - 521, 2001/10

 Times Cited Count:55 Percentile:3.54(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ITER R&D: Auxiliary systems; Neutral beam heating and current drive system

Inoue, Takashi; Hemsworth, R. S.*; Kulygin, V.*; Okumura, Yoshikazu

Fusion Engineering and Design, 55(2-3), p.291 - 301, 2001/07

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:18.63(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Premoderator extension effect for a decoupled hydrogen moderator

Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Sakata, Hideaki*; Watanabe, Noboru; Ikeda, Yujiro

JAERI-Research 2000-014, p.40 - 0, 2000/03

JAERI-Research-2000-014.pdf:2.99MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Neutronics study on the JAERI 5MW spallation neutron source; Neutronic performance of the reference target-moderator-reflector system and the target shape/size effects

Teshigawara, Makoto*; Watanabe, Noboru*; Takada, Hiroshi; Kai, Tetsuya; Nakashima, Hiroshi; *; Oyama, Yukio; Ikeda, Yujiro; Kosako, Kazuaki*

JAERI-Research 99-020, 33 Pages, 1999/03

JAERI-Research-99-020.pdf:1.83MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Neutronic studies of bare targets for JAERI 5MW pulsed spallation neutron source

Teshigawara, Makoto*; Watanabe, Noboru*; Takada, Hiroshi; Nakashima, Hiroshi; *; Oyama, Yukio; Kosako, Kazuaki*

JAERI-Research 99-010, 16 Pages, 1999/02

JAERI-Research-99-010.pdf:0.86MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fusion dosimetry based on nuclear heating measurement with microcalorimeters

Ikeda, Yujiro; A.Kumar*

Proc. of 9th Int. Symp. on Reactor Dosimetry, 0, p.881 - 888, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

52 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)