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JAEA Reports

Investigations on distribution of radioactive substances owing to the FDNPP accident in the fiscal year 2018 (Contract research)

Group for Fukushima Mapping Project

JAEA-Technology 2019-019, 135 Pages, 2020/03


After the accident at TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), distribution situation survey on radioactive materials have been conducted with financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (later the Nuclear Regulatory Agency) from June 2011 to FY2018. Results obtained in the project in FY2018 are presented in this report. Car-borne surveys, a flat ground measurement using survey meters, a walk survey and an unmanned helicopter survey were carried out to obtain air dose rate data. Air dose rate distribution maps were created and temporal changes of air dose rate were analyzed. Regarding radiocesium deposition in the soil, depth profile survey in the soil and in-situ measurement were performed. Based on these measurement results, effective half-life of the air dose rate and the deposition were evaluated. Considering radiation monitoring data obtained in previous surveys and the installation positions of existing monitoring posts, we tried to make the "score" of the importance of measurement points. Using the Bayesian hierarchical modeling approach, we obtained a map that integrated the air dose rate distribution data obtained from aircraft monitoring, car-borne surveys, and walk surveys for the entire region within 80 km from the FDNPS. The measurement results for FY2018 were published on the "Expansion Site of Distribution Map of Radiation Dose", and measurement data were stored as CSV format. Radiation monitoring and environmental sample analysis owing to the comprehensive radiation monitoring plan were carried out.

Journal Articles

${it In-situ}$ observation of dislocation evolution in ferritic and austenitic stainless steels under tensile deformation by using neutron diffraction

Sato, Shigeo*; Kuroda, Asumi*; Sato, Kozue*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Harjo, S.; Tomota, Yo*; Saito, Yoichi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Onuki, Yusuke*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

Tetsu To Hagane, 104(4), p.201 - 207, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:55.91(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Composite behavior of lath martensite steels induced by plastic strain, a new paradigm for the elastic-plastic response of martensitic steels

Ung$'a$r, T.*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Tomota, Yo*; Rib$'a$rik, G.*; Shi, Z.*

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 48(1), p.159 - 167, 2017/01


 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:15.68(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

A Study on self-terminating behavior of sodium-concrete reaction

Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Doi, Daisuke; Seino, Hiroshi; Miyahara, Shinya

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(12), p.2098 - 2107, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:45.52(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A sodium concrete reaction (SCR) is one of the important phenomena to cause the structural concrete ablation and the release of H$$_2$$ gas in the case of sever accident of sodium cooled fast reactors. In this study, the long-time SCR test had been carried out to investigate the self-termination mechanism. The results showed the SCR terminated even if the enough amount of Na remained on the concrete. The quantitative data were collected on the SCR terminating such as temperature and H$$_2$$ generation. The reaction products, which became the small solids in liquid Na were transferred with slurry state by generated H$$_2$$ bubbles. Though the Na transfers actively and ablated the concrete surface with the high H$$_2$$ generation rate, the mass exchange coefficient defined as $$E_p$$ decreased and the reaction products settled gradually with decreasing the H$$_2$$ generation rate. Therefore, the Na concentration decreased at the reaction front and resulted in the SCR terminating naturally.

Journal Articles

Application of profile fitting method to neutron time-of-flight protein single crystal diffraction data collected at the iBIX

Yano, Naomine*; Yamada, Taro*; Hosoya, Takaaki*; Ohara, Takashi; Tanaka, Ichiro*; Kusaka, Katsuhiro*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.36628_1 - 36628_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:29.16(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Detection of electron beam with a gas sheet

Ogiwara, Norio; Hikichi, Yusuke; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu

Journal of the Vacuum Society of Japan, 59(4), p.79 - 82, 2016/04

Journal Articles

Distribution and anisotropy of dislocations in cold-drawn pearlitic steel wires analyzed using micro-beam X-ray diffraction

Sato, Shigeo*; Shobu, Takahisa; Sato, Kozue*; Ogawa, Hiromi*; Wagatsuma, Kazuaki*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Tashiro, Hitoshi*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

ISIJ International, 55(7), p.1432 - 1438, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:65.7(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

To characterize the distribution and anisotropy of dislocations in cold-drawn pearlitic steel wires, X-ray diffraction line-profile analysis was performed using synchrotron radiation micro-beams. The plastic shear strain was generally more severe near the surface than the center of the wire, whereas the dislocation density distribution was almost constant from the center to the surface. On the other hand, the dislocation rearrangement, which evolves the dislocation cell structure, progressed closer to the surface. It was also revealed that a difference between the hardness in axial and transverse wire directions could be explained by anisotropic dislocation density. Line-profile analysis based on diffraction data at elevated temperatures was performed. Whereas the cementite recovery progressed at a constant rate, the ferrite phase recovery rate was temperature-dependent, suggesting that the ferrite phase recovery was less related to that of the cementite phase.

Journal Articles

Depth profiles of radioactive cesium in soil using a scraper plate over a wide area surrounding the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, Japan

Matsuda, Norihiro; Mikami, Satoshi; Shimoura, Susumu*; Takahashi, Junko*; Nakano, Masakazu; Shimada, Kiyotaka*; Uno, Kiichiro; Hagiwara, Shigetomo; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.427 - 434, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:66 Percentile:4.1(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ductile damage progress of aluminum single crystal with prior activity of single slip system under tensile loading by using synchrotron white X-ray

Shibano, Junichi*; Kajiwara, Kentaro*; Tsukamoto, Takuya*; kawai, Hirokazu*; Miura, Setsuo*; Zhang, S.*; Shobu, Takahisa; Kobayashi, Michiaki*

Materials Science Forum, 777, p.176 - 181, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:35.47

Journal Articles

Measurement of LBE flow velocity profile by UDVP

Kikuchi, Kenji; Takeda, Yasushi*; Obayashi, Hiroo*; Tezuka, Masao*; Sato, Hiroshi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 356(1-3), p.273 - 279, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:46.14(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Measurements of LBE flow velocity profile were realized in the spallation target model by the ultrasonic Doppler velocity profile technique. Hitherto, it has not yet been done well because both of poor wetting property of LBE with stainless steels and poor performance of supersonic probes at high temperatures. Measurement was made for a return flow in the target model, which has coaxially arranged annular and tube channels. The electromagnetic pump generates LBE flow and the flow rate was measured by the electromagnetic flow meter. Measurement results show that re-circulation occurred near the surface of beam window, which might affect a heat transfer of target container.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the 3-Gev proton beam profile at the spallation target of the JSNS

Meigo, Shinichiro; Noda, Fumiaki*; Ishikura, Shuichi*; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.569 - 572, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:29.51(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ion and neutron beam analyses of hydrogen isotopes

Kubota, Naoyoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kutsukake, Chuzo; Kondo, Keitaro*; Shu, Wataru; Nishi, Masataka; Nishitani, Takeo

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(1-7), p.227 - 231, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:60.37(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Hydrogen isotopes play important roles in the fuel recycling, the plasma condition etc. at the surface region of plasma facing components. The Fusion Neutronics Source (FNS) of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute has started microanalysis studies for fusion components since 2002 by applying the beam analyses. In this study, we have measured tritium depth profiles of TFTR tiles exposed to the deuterium-tritium plasma to reveal the hydrogen isotope behavior at the surface region using some microscopic techniques for material analyses at FNS. As the result of the deuteron nuclear reaction analysis, four kinds of elements; deuterium, tritium, lithium-6 and lithium-7, were identified from the energy spectra. Using the spectra, depth profiles of each element were also calculated. The tritium profile had a peak at 0.5 micron, whereas the deuterium and lithium profiles were uniform from the surface to 1.0 micron depth. In addition, the surface region of the TFTR tile has retained the tritium more than one order of magnitude in the bulk.

Journal Articles

Observation of the bootstrap current reduction at magnetic island in a neoclassical tearing mode plasma

Oikawa, Toshihiro; Suzuki, Takahiro; Isayama, Akihiko; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Fujita, Takaaki; Naito, Osamu; Tsuda, Takashi; Kurita, Genichi; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 45(9), p.1101 - 1108, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:84.35(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Evolution of the current density profile associated with magnetic island formation in a neoclassical tearing mode plasma was measured for the first time in JT-60U by. As the island grew, the current density profile turned flat at the radial region of the island, followed by an appearance of a hollow structure. As the island shrank, the deformed region became narrower, and it finally diminished after the disappearance of the island. In an MHD-quiescent plasma, on the other hand, no deformation was observed. The observed deformation in the current density profile associated with the tearing mode is reproduced in a time dependent transport simulation assuming reduction of the bootstrap current in the radial region of the island. Comparison of the measurement with a calculated steady-state solution also explains the temporal behaviors of the current density and safety factor profiles with reduction and recovery of the bootstrap current. From the experimental observation and simulations, we reach conclusion that the bootstrap current decreases within the island O-point.

Journal Articles

JENDL photonuclear data file

Kishida, Norio*; Murata, Toru*; Asami, Tetsuo*; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Maki, Koichi*; Harada, Hideo*; Lee, Y.*; Chang, J.*; Chiba, Satoshi; Fukahori, Tokio

AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.199 - 202, 2005/05

Nuclear data for photonuclear reactions are required in the field of shielding design of high-energy electron accelerators and high-energy $$gamma$$-ray therapy. The JENDL Photonuclear Data File was prepared by a working group on nuclear data evaluations for photonuclear reactions in Japanese Nuclear Data Committee. From a survey of many literatures, it is difficult to construct the photonuclear data file by using only measured data, since there are not sufficient experimental data. We were therefore evaluating with theoretical calculations based on statistical nuclear reaction models. The photonuclear cross sections that are to be contained in the file are as follows: photoabsorption cross sections, yield cross sections and DDX for neutrons, protons, deuterons, tritons, $$^{3}$$He-particles and alpha-particles, and isotope production cross sections. For the actinide nuclides, photofission cross sections are also included. The maximum energy of incident photons is 140 MeV and stored are the photonuclear data for 68 nuclides from $$^{2}$$H to $$^{237}$$Np.

Journal Articles

Evolution of the current density profile associated with magnetic island formation in JT-60U

Oikawa, Toshihiro; Isayama, Akihiko; Fujita, Takaaki; Suzuki, Takahiro; Tsuda, Takashi; Kurita, Genichi

Physical Review Letters, 94(12), p.125003_1 - 125003_4, 2005/04

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:44.53(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Evolution of the current density profile associated with the magnetic island formation during a tearing mode was measured for the first time in the JT-60U tokamak. With the island growth, the current density profile turned flat at the radial region of the island, followed by appearance of a hollow structure. As the island shrank, the flat region became narrower, and it finally diminished after disappearance of the island. It was also observed that the local poloidal magnetic field fluctuated in correlation with the island rotation. This indicates that the observed deformation in the current density profile is localized in the O-point of the island. The result is the first experimental demonstration of theoretical predictions on the current density evolution in tearing modes.

Journal Articles

Investigation of photo neutralization efficiency of high intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam with Nd:YAG laser in J-PARC

Tomisawa, Tetsuo; Akikawa, Hisashi; Sato, Susumu; Ueno, Akira; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Sasa, Toshinobu; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Lee, S.*; Igarashi, Zenei*; et al.

Proceedings of 7th European Workshop on Beam Diagnostics and Instrumentation for Particle Accelerators (DIPAC 2005), p.275 - 277, 2005/00

The photo neutralization method with Nd:YAG laser for negative hydrogen ions has been expected as an available candidate for the transverse beam profile measurement. The fraction of photo detached electron can also be used for charge exchange procedure to extract very low power proton beam for Transmutation Experimental Facility in J-PARC. The laser system has advantages of maintenance and radiation hardness in high intensity proton accelerators. In order to establish the low power beam extraction system and beam profile monitor, the photo neutralization efficiency must be surveyed in practical beam line with high intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam. In this paper, an experimental set-up and preliminary results of photo neutralization method for intense H$$^{-}$$ beam in J-PARC MEBT1 are described.

Journal Articles

Intelligible seminor on fusion reactors, 1; Introduction to fusion reactors

Ueda, Yoshio*; Inoue, Takashi; Kurihara, Kenichi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 46(12), p.845 - 852, 2004/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron diagnostics for the energetic ion transport analysis

Nishitani, Takeo; Osakabe, Masaki*; Shinohara, Koji; Ishikawa, Masao

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 80(10), p.860 - 869, 2004/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Investigation of fireproofing and airtight for floor openings in J-PARC linac building

Suganuma, Kazuaki; Anami, Shozo*; Chishiro, Etsuji; Kusano, Joichi; Ouchi, Nobuo; Yamaguchi, Seiya*

Proceedings of 1st Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 29th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.248 - 250, 2004/08

Consideration have been given to the airtight and fireproofing for floor openings in J-PARC Linac building where cables,waveguides,and coaxial waveguides will penetrate. It was decided to adopt the fireploof block method for fireproofing, and to use a two-component liquid sealant for airtight. From measurement of leak rate for the proposed method for airtight, it was shown that the methods has enough margin compared with acceptable leak rate.

Journal Articles

Advanced control scenario of high-performance steady-state operation for JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Tamai, Hiroshi; Kurita, Genichi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Urata, Kazuhiro*; Sakurai, Shinji; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Morioka, Atsuhiko; Miura, Yushi; Kizu, Kaname; Kamada, Yutaka; et al.

Plasma Science and Technology, 6(3), p.2281 - 2285, 2004/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

High performance steady-state operation for JT-60SC are evaluated by the TOPICS analysis. $$beta$$$$_N$$$$sim$$5 and bootstrap current fraction $$sim$$86% is kept steady at I$$_p$$=1.5 MA, B$$_t$$=2 T by neutral beam power of 11 MW. The ERATO-J analysis shows that the external-kink mode with multiple toroidal mode numbers of n=1 and n=2 is stable at $$beta$$$$_N$$ $$leq$$5.5 at the average ratio of conducting wall radius to plasma minor radius of about 1.2 with the wall stabilisation effect. Resistive wall modes, induced by a close location of the wall to plasma, is expected to be suppressed by the active feedback stabilisation with a set of non-axisymmetric field coils behind the stabilising plates. Further optimisation for the high-$$beta$$$$_N$$ accessibility by the plasma shaping is performed with the TOSCA analysis. The plasma shaping factor defined as S=(I$$_p$$/aB$$_t$$)q$$_9$$$$_5$$ and strongly correlated to the plasma elongation and triangularity, is scanned from $$sim$$4 to $$sim$$6, which extends the availability of current and pressure profile control for the high performance plasma operation.

121 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)