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論文

Effect of topsoil removal and selective countermeasures on radiocesium accumulation in rice plants in Fukushima paddy field

Yang, B.*; 恩田 裕一*; 大森 良弘*; 関本 均*; 藤原 徹*; 脇山 義史*; 吉村 和也; 高橋 純子*; Sun, X.*

Science of the Total Environment, 603-604, p.49 - 56, 2017/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:83.76(Environmental Sciences)

In this study, the effect of topsoil removal measure and fertilizer application on radiocesium uptake by rice plants was investigated over a four-year period. The results indicate that the effect of topsoil removal measure on the accumulation of radiocesium in rice plants was effective. We summarized four year's data to further confirm that potassium and nitrogen fertilizers had an opposite effect on the accumulation of radiocesium in rice plants. Increasing potassium and reducing nitrogen fertilizer conditions tended to inhibit the radiocesium uptake by rice plants.

論文

Time dependence of the $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in particles discharged from rice paddies to freshwater bodies after the Fukushima Daiichi NPP accident

吉村 和也; 恩田 裕一*; 若原 妙子*

Environmental Science & Technology, 50(8), p.4186 - 4193, 2016/04

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:42.78(Engineering, Environmental)

Particulate radiocesium concentration in paddy fields was studied for its parameterization and temporal changes over an extensive area covering various deposition levels of radiocesium after the FDNPP accident. The particulate radiocesium concentration in the paddy field correlated with the deposition amounts, indicating that the entrainment coefficient, defined as the ratio of concentration and deposition amounts, is useful for estimating the particulate radiocesium concentration in a paddy field. Variability of the entrainment coefficient was reduced by correcting the particle size dependency of particulate radiocesium concentration. The entrainment coefficient decreased with time according to a double exponential function. The decrease rate constant of the entrainment coefficient was higher than those of other land uses, thus demonstrating a rapid decrease in the particulate radiocesium concentration in the tested paddy field.

論文

Temporal changes of radiocesium in irrigated paddy fields and its accumulation in rice plants in Fukushima

Yang, B.*; 恩田 裕一*; 脇山 義史*; 吉村 和也; 関本 均*; Ha, Y.*

Environmental Pollution, 208(Part B), p.562 - 570, 2016/01

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:55.17(Environmental Sciences)

In this study, we investigated the temporal changes of radiocesium in soil, irrigation water, and rice plant in two adjacent rice paddies, with and without surface-soil-removal practice, in Fukushima Prefecture for over three years (2012 to 2014). Our results showed that radiocesium migrated into 24-28 cm soil layers and that the concentration and inventory of radiocesium in paddy soils generally decreased. The newly added radiocesium to paddies through irrigation water contributed only the maximum values of 0.15% and 0.75% of the total amount present in normal and decontaminated paddies, respectively, throughout the study period. The change trend of radiocesium concentration in suspended sediment in irrigation water exponentially decreased. Radiocesium accumulation in rice plant also decreased with time in both paddies. However, the transfer factor of radiocesium for rice plant in the decontaminated paddy increased compared with normal paddy.

論文

Development of dynamic compartment model for estimation of C-14 behavior in paddy field

安藤 麻里子; 天野 光

Proceedings of International Symposium on Radioecology and Environmental Dosimetry, p.484 - 487, 2003/00

原子力関連施設から環境中に放出された放射性核種の圃場における挙動を把握することは、栽培植物の安全性を評価するために重要である。本研究では、原子力発電所や再処理施設等の稼働により環境中に放出される主要な放射性核種の一つであるC-14を対象として、水田における移行挙動に関する動的コンパートメントモデルを構築し、大気中C-14比放射能が一時的に上昇した場合の水田中C-14比放射能の変化について計算を行った。

論文

Statistical analysis of fallout radionuclides transfer to paddy-field rice

高橋 知之; 森澤 眞輔*; 井上 頼輝*

Int. Conf. on Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste,Conf. Proc., 0, p.4.107 - 4.116, 1996/00

重みつき線形回帰モデルをフォールアオウト$$^{90}$$Sr及び$$^{137}$$Csの米中濃度の推定に適用した。本モデルの独立変数は放射性核種沈着フラックス及び水田土壌中放射性核種濃度、従属変数は玄米あるいは白米中放射性核種濃度であり、定数項は含まない。本研究により、線形モデルが米中$$^{90}$$Sr及び$$^{137}$$Cs濃度の評価に有効であることを確認し、移行パラメータであるNSA値及び土壌-植物移行係数値を各核種について算出した。また、これらのパラメータ値を用いて玄米中放射性核種の白米部位への分配率を移行経路毎に推定し、移行経路及び核種により分配率が大きく異なることを明らかにした。

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