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Journal Articles

Analytical study on removal mechanisms of cesium aerosol from a noble gas bubble rising through liquid sodium pool, 2; Effects of particle size distribution and agglomeration in aerosols

Miyahara, Shinya*; Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Seino, Hiroshi; Atsumi, Takuto*; Uno, Masayoshi*

Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering; Nuclear Energy the Future Zero Carbon Power (ICONE 28) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2021/08

In a postulated accident of fuel pin failure of sodium cooled fast reactor, a fission product cesium will be released from the failed pin as an aerosol such as cesium iodide and/or cesium oxide together with a fission product noble gas such as xenon and krypton. As the result, the xenon and krypton released with cesium aerosol into the sodium coolant as bubbles have an influence on the removal of cesium aerosol by the sodium pool in a period of bubble rising to the pool surface. In this study, cesium aerosol removal behavior due to inertial deposition, sedimentation and diffusion from a noble gas bubble rising through liquid sodium pool was analyzed by a computer program which deals with the expansion and the deformation of the bubble together with the aerosol absorption considering the effects of particle size distribution and agglomeration in aerosols. In the analysis, initial bubble diameter, sodium pool depth and temperature, aerosol particle diameter and density, initial aerosol concentration in the bubble were changed as parameter, and the results for the sensitivities of these parameters on decontamination factor (DF) of cesium aerosol were compared with the results of the previous study in which the effects of particle size distribution and agglomeration in aerosols were not considered. From the results, it was concluded that the sensitivities of initial bubble diameter, the aerosol particle diameter and density to the DF became significant due to the inertial deposition of agglomerated aerosols. To validate these analysis results, the simulation experiments have been conducted using a simulant particles of cesium aerosol under the condition of room temperature in water pool and air bubble systems. The experimental results were compared with the analysis results calculated under the same condition.

Journal Articles

Microparticles with diverse sizes and morphologies from mechanical and laser cutting of fuel debris simulants and geopolymer as a covering material

Zhou, Q.*; Saito, Takumi*; Suzuki, Seiya; Yano, Kimihiko; Suzuki, Shunichi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(4), p.461 - 472, 2021/04

JAEA Reports

Contribution to risk reduction in decommissioning works by the elucidation of basic property of radioactive microparticles (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Ibaraki University*

JAEA-Review 2020-033, 84 Pages, 2021/01

JAEA-Review-2020-033.pdf:4.9MB

JAEA/CLADS had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project in FY2019. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Contribution to Risk Reduction in Decommissioning Works by the Elucidation of Basic Property of Radioactive Microparticles" conducted in FY2019.

Journal Articles

The Evaluation of the properties of the collision-plate-type jet mill for dry recycling of MOX powder

Kawaguchi, Koichi; Segawa, Tomomi; Yamamoto, Kazuya; Makino, Takayoshi; Iso, Hidetoshi; Ishii, Katsunori

Funtai Kogakkai-Shi, 57(9), p.478 - 484, 2020/09

A collision plate type jet mill is assumed to be a pulverizer that can control the particle size for nuclear fuel fabrication. The collision plate type jet mill consists of two modules, a classifier and a mill chamber. Coarse component of powder is cycled in the equipment and finally pulverized into objective particle size. In this report, simulated crushed powders were classified and pulverized step by step, and particle size distribution were compared. The collision plate type jet mil can produce objective size particles with low overgrinding.

Journal Articles

Key factors controlling radiocesium sorption and fixation in river sediments around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, 1; Insights from sediment properties and radiocesium distributions

Tachi, Yukio; Sato, Tomofumi*; Akagi, Yosuke*; Kawamura, Makoto*; Nakane, Hideji*; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Iijima, Kazuki

Science of the Total Environment, 724, p.138098_1 - 138098_11, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:70.14(Environmental Sciences)

To understand and predict radiocesium transport behaviors in the environment, highly contaminated sediments from Ukedo and Odaka rivers around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant were investigated systematically focusing on key factors controlling radiocesium sorption and fixation, including particle size, clay mineralogy and organic matter.

JAEA Reports

Activity median aerodynamic diameter relating to contamination at Plutonium Fuel Research Facility in Oarai Research and Development Center; Particle size analysis for plutonium particles using imaging plate

Takasaki, Koji; Yasumune, Takashi; Hashimoto, Makoto; Maeda, Koji; Kato, Masato; Yoshizawa, Michio; Momose, Takumaro

JAEA-Review 2019-003, 48 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Review-2019-003.pdf:3.81MB

June 6, 2017, at Plutonium Fuel Research Facility in Oarai Research and Development Center of JAEA, when five workers were inspecting storage containers containing plutonium and uranium, resin bags in a storage container ruptured, and radioactive dust spread. Though they were wearing a half face mask respirator, they inhaled radioactive materials. In the evaluation of the internal exposure dose, the aerodynamic radioactive median diameter (AMAD) is an important parameter. We measured 14 smear samples and a dust filter paper with imaging plates, and estimated the AMAD by image analysis. As a result of estimating the AMAD, from the 14 smear samples, the AMADs are 4.3 to 11 $$mu$$m or more in the case of nitrate plutonium, and the AMADs are 5.6 to 14 $$mu$$m or more in the case of the oxidized plutonium. Also, from the dust filter paper, the AMAD is 3.0 $$mu$$m or more in the case of nitrate plutonium, and the AMAD is 3.9 $$mu$$m or more in the case of the oxidized plutonium.

JAEA Reports

Development of simulation code for MOX dissolution using silver-mediated electrochemical method (Contract research)

Kida, Takashi; Umeda, Miki; Sugikawa, Susumu

JAERI-Data/Code 2003-001, 29 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Data-Code-2003-001.pdf:6.34MB

MOX dissolution using silver-mediated electrochemical method will be employed for the preparation of plutonium nitrate solution in the criticality safety experiments in NUCEF. A simulation code for the MOX dissolution has been developed for the operating support. In this report an outline of the simulation code is proposed and a comparison with the experimental data and a parameter study on the MOX dissolution rate are described.The principle of this code is based on Zundelevich's model for PuO$$_{2}$$ dissolution using Ag$$^{2+}$$. The influence of nitrous acid on the material balance of Ag$$^{2+}$$ and the surface area of MOX powder on the basis of particle size distribution are taken into consideration in this model. A comparison with experimental data was carried out to confirm a validity of this model. It was confirmed that the behavior of MOX dissolution could adequately be simulated using the appropriate MOX dissolution rate constant. The parameters affecting the dissolution rate were studied, it was found that MOX particle size was major governing factor on the dissolution rate.

Journal Articles

Particle size analysis of radioactive aerosols formed by irradiation of argon using 65MeV quasi-monoenergetic neutrons

Endo, Akira; Noguchi, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Susumu; Kanda, Yukio*; Oki, Yuichi*; Iida, Takao*; Sato, Kaoru; Tsuda, Shuichi

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 56(4), p.615 - 620, 2002/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.34(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Formation mechanism and size distribution of radioactive aerosol particles generated in a high-energy neutron field were studied in order to evaluate a particle size parameter for internal dose evaluation in high-energy accelerator facilities. Argon gas containing DOP aerosols was irradiated by a 65MeV quasi-monoenergetic neutron beam of TIARA. The number size distribution of the DOP aerosols and the activity-weighted size distribution of $$^{38}$$Cl and $$^{39}$$Cl aerosols, formed from the (n, 2np) and (n, np) reactions of $$^{40}$$Ar, were measured using an electrical low-pressure impactor. The activity-weighted size distribution of the radioactive aerosols was well explained by the simple attachment model of the radioactive atoms to the DOP aerosols.

Journal Articles

Aersols under reactor dismantlement

Ikezawa, Yoshio

Earozoru Kenkyu, 5(3), p.212 - 216, 1990/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Situation of JPDR decommissioning

; Ikezawa, Yoshio

Hoken Butsuri, 25(3), p.294 - 298, 1990/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

On the particle size distribution of hydrolyzed plutonium(IV) polymer

;

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 84(2), p.269 - 275, 1984/00

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:58.06(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Penetration of high efficiency air filters for submicron DOP aerosol using a laser particle spectrometer

*; *;

Proc.5th Int.Symp.on Contamination Control, p.23 - 26, 1980/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experiences in monitoring airborne radioactive contamination in JAERI

; ; Yabe, Akira

Proc.of 5th Int.Radiation Protection Association Congress, p.217 - 220, 1980/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization of tetrafluoroethylene by radiation, 2; Effects of reaction conditions on polymer particle size and number

; ; Seguchi, Tadao; ; Machi, Sueo

Journal of Polymer Science; Polymer Chemistry Edition, 17(1), p.111 - 127, 1979/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Calibration of cascade impactor by two-stage method

; ; ; ;

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 11(11), p.510 - 515, 1974/11

 Times Cited Count:0

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of deposition fraction of aerosol particles in a horizontal straight metal pipe

; ; ;

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 11(7), p.300 - 307, 1974/07

 Times Cited Count:5

no abstracts in English

22 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)