Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 126

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Improvement of adsorption performances of Sr adsorption fiber and investigation for realizing simple $$^{90}$$Sr analysis

Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho*; Konda, Miki; Matsueda, Makoto; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Bunseki Kagaku, 69(10/11), p.619 - 626, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

We have developed a Sr adsorption fiber for rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr. The prepared Sr adsorption fiber has a Sr-extraction layer that densely retains a Sr-selective extractant, an 18-crown-6 ether derivative, on the fiber surface. Hydrophobic group-containing polymer chains embedded onto the surface of the fiber allow to form a hydrophobic phase, incorporating Sr-selective extractants. This unique surface structure provides high adsorption capacity, leading to rapid and highly efficient adsorption of Sr$$^{2+}$$. The adsorption capacity of the Sr adsorption fiber was 3 times higher than commercially available 18-crown-6 ether derivative-impregnated resin (Sr Resin). The equilibrium adsorption capacity of the Sr adsorption fiber was comparable to the Sr Resin. The retained $$^{90}$$Sr was finally determined by a GM counter. The total analysis time including the Sr adsorption and measurement was about 1 hour.

Journal Articles

Development of a water purifier for radioactive cesium removal from contaminated natural water by radiation-induced graft polymerization

Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Kasai, Noboru*; Shibata, Takuya; Saiki, Seiichi*; Ueki, Yuji*

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 143, p.33 - 37, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:21.39(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK)-based graft-type polymer electrolyte membranes having high crystallinity for high conducting and mechanical properties under various humidified conditions

Hamada, Takashi; Hasegawa, Shin; Fukasawa, Hideyuki*; Sawada, Shinichi; Koshikawa, Hiroshi; Miyashita, Atsumi; Maekawa, Yasunari

Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3(42), p.20983 - 20991, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:31.64(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of crosslinkers on the preparation and properties of ETFE-based radiation-grafted polymer electrolyte membranes

Chen, J.; Asano, Masaharu; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Yoshida, Masaru

Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 100(6), p.4565 - 4574, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:22.4(Polymer Science)

This study concerns a comparative study of three crosslinkers, divinylbenzene (DVB), 1,2-bis(p,p-vinylphenyl)ethane (BVPE) and triallyl cyanurate (TAC) crosslinked poly(ethylene-co-tetrafluoroethylene) (ETFE)-based radiation-grafted membranes, which were prepared by radiation grafting of p-methylstyrene (MeSt) onto ETFE films and subsequent sulfonation. The effect of the different types and contents of the crosslinkers on the grafting and sulfonation, and the properties such as water uptake, proton conductivity and thermal/chemical stability of the resulting polymer electrolyte membranes was investigated in detail. Introducing crosslink structure into the radiation-grafted membranes leads to a decrease in proton conductivity due to the decrease in water uptake. The thermal stability of the crosslinked radiation-grafted membranes is also somewhat lower than that of the noncrosslinked one. However, the crosslinked radiation-grafted membranes show significantly higher chemical stability characterized in the 3% H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ at 50$$^{circ}$$C. Among the three crosslinkers, the DVB shows a most pronounced efficiency on the crosslinking of the radiation-grafted membranes, while the TAC has no significant influence; the BVPE is a mild and effective crosslinker, showing the moderate influence between the DVB and TAC crosslinkers.

Journal Articles

Polymerization of C$$_{60}$$ thin films by ion irradiation

Narumi, Kazumasa; Sakai, Seiji; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Takanashi, Koki

JAEA-Review 2005-001, TIARA Annual Report 2004, p.238 - 240, 2006/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of C$$_{60}$$ films polymerized by ion irradiation

Narumi, Kazumasa; Sakai, Seiji; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Takanashi, Koki

Fullerenes, Nanotubes, and Carbon Nanostructures, 14(2-3), p.429 - 434, 2006/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Proton conduction properties of crosslinked PTFE electrolyte membranes with different graft-chain structures

Sawada, Shinichi; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Asano, Masaharu; Terai, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Masaru

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 30(4), p.943 - 946, 2005/12

We synthesized crosslinked-polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) electrolyte membranes by a radiation grafting technique under different conditions, and then investigated their proton conduction properties at controlled temperatures and relative humidities (R.H.) by an AC impedance method. The density and length of graft chains were controlled by varying the pre-irradiation dose and grafting time, respectively. When the pre-irradiation dose was fixed at 15 kGy to make the graft chains an uniform density, the elongation of the graft chain increased the ion exchange capacity (IEC), there by enhancing their proton conductivity. The membrane with an IEC of 2.8 meq/g possessed the maximum conductivity reaching 0.20 S/cm at 80 $$^{circ}$$C and R.H. 95%. At almost the same IEC, membranes with more and shorter graft chains showed higher conductivity than those with less and longer chains. This result was probably related to the different structures of hydrophilic domains as proton-conducting pathways.

Journal Articles

Preparation of an extractant-impregnated porous membrane for the high-speed separation of a metal ion

Asai, Shiho; Watanabe, Kazuo; Sugo, Takanobu*; Saito, Kyoichi*

Journal of Chromatography A, 1094(1-2), p.158 - 164, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:43.21(Biochemical Research Methods)

The analysis of radioactive species in radioactive wastes is essential to the safe and economical disposal of such wastes. Among radioactive species, alpha- and beta-emitting nuclides should be purified prior to various radiometric determinations. To overcome the disadvantages of the conventional separation techniques, we have proposed functional porous hollow-fiber membranes that achieve a high speed operation assisted by convective flow. Stable immobilization in aqueous media is ensured by the hydrophobic interaction between the hydrophobic moiety of the extractant and octadecyl part of octadecylamino group. In this study, HDEHP, which shows the selectivity for rare earth elements, such as yttrium, was immobilized onto the porous membrane. The amount of immobilized HDEHP increased with increasing molar conversion. This can be explained by the fact that an increase in the C$$_{18}$$NH group allows the polymer brush to extend itself due to electrostatic repulsion originating from the amino part of the C$$_{18}$$NH group.

Journal Articles

Impedance spectra analysis of thermoresponsive poly(acryloyl-$$_{L}$$-proline methyl ester) gel membrane in LiCl solution

Chen, J.; Asano, Masaharu; Tsubokawa, Norio*; Maekawa, Yasunari; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Yoshida, Masaru

Journal of Polymer Science, Part B; Polymer Physics, 43(20), p.2843 - 2851, 2005/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Polymer Science)

Impedance spectra analysis of a thermo-responsive poly(acryloyl-$$_{L}$$-proline methyl ester) (poly(A-ProOMe)) hydrogel membranes in an aqueous solution of LiCl was carried out using a simple equivalent model. The hydrogel membrane was synthesized by $$gamma$$-radiation-induced polymerization and crosslinking of A-ProOMe monomer aqueous solution in a glass-cast. By means of the impedance spectra analysis, a novel method for the calculation of the ionic conductivity of the hydrogel membranes in LiCl solution was proposed. The calculated ionic conductivity was in agreement well with the determined value. In addition, effects of temperature and LiCl concentration on the impedance spectra and ionic conductivity of the gel membrane were analysized. Results indicated that the impedance spectra analysis is a very useful tool for evaluating the electric properties of gel membranes in an electrolyte solution. The poly(A-ProOMe) gel membrane in 1.0 M LiCl solution showed a high ionic conductivity of about 0.2 S/cm at 14$$^{circ}$$C. The temperature-dependence of the ionic conductivity was a complex nonlinear form due to the volume phase transition of the thermo-responsive poly(A-ProOMe) gel membrane, and the volume phase transition temperature appeared to be decreased with the increase in the LiCl concentration.

Journal Articles

On the radiation-induced polyaddition of bisperfluoroisopropenyl terephthalate with 1,4-dioxane

Enomoto, Kazuyuki*; Narita, Tadashi*; Maekawa, Yasunari; Yoshida, Masaru; Hamana, Hiroshi*

Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, 125(7), p.1153 - 1158, 2004/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:88.15(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Radical polyaddition of bis($$alpha$$-trifluoromethyl-$$beta$$,$$beta$$-difluorovinyl) terephthalate (BFP) with 1,4-dioxane (DOX) afforded higher molecular weight polymers under $$gamma$$-rays compared to those yielded by benzoyl peroxide initiation. More detailed study on the radiation-induced polyaddition of BFP with DOX and optimization of the reaction conditions were carried out. It was necessary to irradiate with doses of 2000, 1500, and 750 kGy, to obtain quantitative conversion of BFP at the feed molar ratio DOX/BFP of 8.0, 16, and 32, respectively. Step-growth polymerization mechanism was suggested by the measurements of molecular weights of the polymers obtained with several irradiation doses. It was concluded that the molecular weight of the polymer could be controlled by the feed molar ratio of DOX/BFP and irradiation doses. The reaction between polymers might take place after the quantitative conversion of BFP. Radiation-induced radical polyaddition mechanism of BFP with DOX was proposed.

Journal Articles

Formation of carbon nanotubes under conditions of Co+C$$_{60}$$ film

Lavrentiev, V.; Abe, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Shunya; Naramoto, Hiroshi; Narumi, Kazumasa

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 323(1-4), p.303 - 305, 2002/10

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:39.01(Physics, Condensed Matter)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Transportation of significant metals recovered in real sea experiment of adsorbents

Takeda, Hayato*; Onuma, Kenji*; Tamada, Masao; Kasai, Noboru; Katakai, Akio; Hasegawa, Shin; Seko, Noriaki; Kawabata, Yukiya*; Sugo, Takanobu

JAERI-Tech 2001-062, 66 Pages, 2001/10

JAERI-Tech-2001-062.pdf:5.5MB

Real sea experiment for the recovery of significant metals such as uranium and vanadium has been carried out at the offing of Mutsu establishment to evaluate the adsorption performance of adsorbent synthesized by radiation-induced graft-polymerization. After elution of uranium and vanadium from the adsorbent, their metals were adsorbed onto the conventional chelate resin. This chelate resin in a plastic column was further put in a cylindrical stainless transport container. The container was transported to the facility for separation and purification by a truck for the exclusive loading. The maximum concentration is 60 Bq/g when the uranium is adsorbed on the chelate resin. Transportation of recovered metals can be treated as general substance since these amount and concentration are out of legal control. However, the recovered metals were transported in conformity to L type transportation as a voluntary regulation. The strength analysis of the container was equal to the safety level of IP-2 type which is higher transportation grade than L type .

Journal Articles

Polymerisation process of 1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne epitaxially grown films studied by high-resolution electron microscopy

*; Isoda, S.*; Kurata, Hiroki; *; *; Kobayashi, Takashi*

Polymer, 39(3), p.591 - 597, 1998/00

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:72.6(Polymer Science)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Polymerization of phosphor-containing oligomer induced by electron-beam irradiation

*; *; ; Hatada, Motoyoshi

Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 55, p.1643 - 1649, 1995/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Polymer Science)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Immobilization of yeast cells on hydrogel carriers obtained by radiation-induced polymerization

L.Z.Xin*; M.Carenza*; Kaetsu, Isao*; Kumakura, Minoru*; Yoshida, Masaru; Fujimura, Takashi

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 40(6), p.579 - 584, 1992/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of ionic interaction on the entrapping of drug into porous microspheres and drug release characteristics

*; Hosoi, Fumio; ; *

Chem.Pharm.Bull., 35(5), p.2045 - 2051, 1987/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

In vitro release of salicylic acid from modified porous microspheres

*; Hosoi, Fumio; ; *

Yakuzaigaku, 47(3), p.154 - 160, 1987/03

no abstracts in English

126 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)