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Journal Articles

Measurement of prompt neutron decay constant with spallation neutrons at Kyoto University Critical Assembly using linear combination method

Katano, Ryota; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(2), p.169 - 176, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:17.09(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We proposed the linear combination method as a subcriticality measurement method which estimates the prompt neutron decay constant ($$alpha$$) correlated with the subcriticality using measurement results obtained at multiple detector positions. In the previous study, we confirmed applicability of the linear combination method through the pulsed neutron experiment with DT neutron source at Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). In this study, we conduct the pulsed neutron source experiment with spallation neutrons at KUCA and confirm the robustness of the linear combination to neutron sources.

JAEA Reports

Improvement of accumulator in cryogenic hydrogen system used for 1-MW pulsed spallation neutron source

Aso, Tomokazu; Tatsumoto, Hideki*; Otsu, Kiichi*; Kawakami, Yoshihiko*; Komori, Shinji*; Muto, Hideki*; Takada, Hiroshi

JAEA-Technology 2019-013, 77 Pages, 2019/09

JAEA-Technology-2019-013.pdf:5.59MB

At Materials and Life Science experimental Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), a 1-MW pulsed spallation neutron source is equipped with a cryogenic hydrogen system which circulates liquid hydrogen (20 K and 1.5 MPa) to convert high energy neutrons generated at a mercury target to cold neutrons at three moderators with removing nuclear heat of 3.8 kW deposited there. The cryogenic system includes an accumulator with a bellows structure in order to absorb pressure fluctuations generated by the nuclear heat deposition in the system. Welded inner bellows of the first accumulator was failured during operation, forcing us to improve the accumulator to have sufficient pressure resistance and longer life-time. We have developed elemental technologies for manufacturing welded bellows of the accumulator by a thick plate with high pressure resistance, succeeding to find optimum welding conditions. We fabricated a prototype bellows block and carried out an endurance test by adding a pressure change of 2 MPa repeatedly. As a result, the prototype bellows was successfully in use exceeding the design life of 10,000 times. Since distortions given during welding and assembling affect functionality and lifetime of the bellows, we set the levelness of each element of the bellows as within 0.1$$^{circ}$$. The improved accumulator has already been in operation for about 25,000 hours as of January 2019, resulting that the number of strokes reached to 16,000. In July 2018, we demonstrated that the accumulator could suppress the pressure fluctuation generated by the 932 kW beam injection as designed. As current operational beam power is 500 kW, the current cryogenic hydrogen system could be applicable for stable operation at higher power in the future.

Journal Articles

Experimental validation of the brightness distribution on the surfaces of coupled and decoupled moderators composed of 99.8% parahydrogen at the J-PARC pulsed spallation neutron source

Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Oi, Motoki; Klinkby, E.*; Zanini, L.*; Batkov, K.*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 903, p.38 - 45, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:70.19(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Implementation of a low-activation Au-In-Cd decoupler into the J-PARC 1 MW short pulsed spallation neutron source

Teshigawara, Makoto; Ikeda, Yujiro; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Takada, Hiroshi; Kakishiro, Masanori*; Noguchi, Gaku*; Shimada, Tsubasa*; Seita, Kyoichi*; Murashima, Daisuke*; et al.

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 14, p.14 - 21, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We developed an Au-In-Cd (AuIC) decoupler material to reduce induced radioactivity instead of Ag-In-Cd one, which has a cut off energy of 1eV. In order to implement it into an actual moderator-reflector assembly, a number of critical engineering issues need to be resolved with regard to large-sized bonding between AuIC and A5083 alloys by the hot isostatic pressing process. We investigated this process in terms of the surface conditions, sizes, and heat capacities of large AuIC alloys. We also show a successful implementation of an AuIC decoupler into a reflector assembly, resulting in a remarkable reduction of radioactivity by AuIC compared to AIC without sacrificing neutronic performance.

Journal Articles

On-line subcriticality measurement using a pulsed spallation neutron source

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Yagi, Takahiro*; Pyeon, C.-H.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(4), p.432 - 443, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:88.21(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Progress of target system operation at the pulsed spallation neutron source in J-PARC

Takada, Hiroshi; Naoe, Takashi; Kai, Tetsuya; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro

Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Applications of Accelerators (AccApp '15), p.297 - 304, 2016/00

In J-PARC, we have continuously been making efforts to operate a mercury target of a pulsed spallation neutron source with rated power of 1-MW. One of technical progresses is to mitigate cavitation damages at the target vessel front induced by the 3-GeV proton beam injection at 25 Hz. We have improved the performance of a gas micro-bubbles injection into the mercury target, resulting that no significant cavitation damages was observed on the inner surface of target vessel after operation for 2050 MWh with the 300-kW proton beam. Another progress is to suppress the release of gaseous radioactive isotopes, especially tritium, during the target vessel replacement. We have introduced a procedure to evacuate the target system by an off-gas processing apparatus when it is opened during the replacement operation, achieving to suppress the tritium release through the stack. For example, the amount of released tritium was 12.5 GBq, only 5.4% of the estimated amount, after the 2050 MWh operation. After these progresses, the operating beam power for the pulsed spallation neutron source was ramped up to 500-kW in April, 2015.

Journal Articles

Improved cavitation resistance of structural materials in pulsed liquid metal targets by surface hardening

Koppitz, T.*; Jung, P.*; M$"u$ller, G.*; Weisenburger, A.*; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 343(1-3), p.92 - 100, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:46.25(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Cavitation damage of structural materials due to pressure waves is expected to be one of the majior life-time limiting factors in high power liquid metal spallation targets under pulsed operation. Two methods are developed for the European Spallation Source (ESS) to mitigate this damage: Introduction of gas bubbles to surpress the pressure pulse and surface-hardening of structural materials. Surface-hardening of four 8-13%Cr martenstic steels was examined by thermal treatment with pulsed or scanned electron- and laser-beams as well as by nitriding in plasma. A specimens of the 12%Cr steel were tested in liquid mercury under pulsed proton irradiation, and under mechanical pulsed-loading. Surface damage was analysed by optical, confocal-laser, or scanning-electron microscopy, showing in both tests much better resistance of the hardened material compared to standard condition.

Journal Articles

Neutronic optimization of premoderator and reflector for decoupled hydrogen moderator in 1MW spallation neutron source

Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Sakata, Hideaki*; Watanabe, Noboru; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(8), p.827 - 837, 2002/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:74.33(Nuclear Science & Technology)

For a decoupled hydrogen (super critical) moderator, optimization studies have been performed on a premoderator and reflector material (Pb, Be, Fe and Hg) together with the decoupling energy to realize a higher neutronic performance. The result indicated that the best neutronic performance could be obtained for a decoupled H$$_2$$ moderator in a Pb reflector by optimizing the premoderator and adopting an appropriate decoupling energy, even compared with optimized one in a Be reflector.

Journal Articles

Optimization of coupled hydrogen moderator for a short pulse spallation source

Kai, Tetsuya; Teshigawara, Makoto; Watanabe, Noboru; Harada, Masahide; Sakata, Hideaki*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(2), p.120 - 128, 2002/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:62.16(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Neutronic characteristics of coupled moderator proposed in integrated model

Teshigawara, Makoto; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sakata, Hideaki*; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Ikeda, Yujiro; Watanabe, Noboru

JAERI-Research 2001-022, 33 Pages, 2001/05

JAERI-Research-2001-022.pdf:5.16MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Premoderator optimization of decoupled hydrogen moderator

Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Sakata, Hideaki*; Watanabe, Noboru; Ikeda, Yujiro

JAERI-Research 2001-016, 32 Pages, 2001/03

JAERI-Research-2001-016.pdf:1.74MB

An optimization study on the premoderator, the reflector material choice and a length of the liner is carried out for the design of high performance decoupled hydrogen moderator. NMTC/JAM and MCNP-4C are used for the neutronics calculation. The result indicates that, assuming premoderator dimensions and decoupling energy is controlled, the decoupled hydrogen moderator with a premoderator can provide better pulse characteristics than that without the premoderator for a Be reflector. On the selection of the reflector material, it is clearly shown that Pb and Hg reflectors give merits in using the premoderator for higher intensity and reduction of energy deposition in moderator. It is also shown that a H2O premoderator provides a short tail while a D2O premoderator provides the high peak intensity. Minimum liner length is evaluated to be 20 cm from the viewpoint of neutronics.

JAEA Reports

Premoderator extension effect for a decoupled hydrogen moderator

Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Sakata, Hideaki*; Watanabe, Noboru; Ikeda, Yujiro

JAERI-Research 2000-014, p.40 - 0, 2000/03

JAERI-Research-2000-014.pdf:2.99MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent progress in design sutdy of Japanese spallation neutron source

Watanabe, Noboru; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Sakata, Hideaki*; Ikeda, Yujiro; Kaminaga, Masanori; Hino, Ryutaro; Oyama, Yukio

Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-8) (CD-ROM), p.12 - 0, 2000/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Neutronics study on the JAERI 5MW spallation neutron source; Neutronic performance of the reference target-moderator-reflector system and the target shape/size effects

Teshigawara, Makoto*; Watanabe, Noboru*; Takada, Hiroshi; Kai, Tetsuya; Nakashima, Hiroshi; *; Oyama, Yukio; Ikeda, Yujiro; Kosako, Kazuaki*

JAERI-Research 99-020, 33 Pages, 1999/03

JAERI-Research-99-020.pdf:1.83MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Conceptual design study of target-moderator-reflector system for JAERI 5MW spallation source

Watanabe, Noboru*; Teshigawara, Makoto*; Takada, Hiroshi; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Oyama, Yukio; *; Kai, Tetsuya; Ikeda, Yujiro; Kosako, Kazuaki*

Proc. of 14th Meeting of the Int. Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources (ICANS-14), 2, p.728 - 742, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Experience on integrated interface at J-PARC/MLF

Takada, Hiroshi

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Current status of pulsed spallation neutron source at J-PARC

Takada, Hiroshi

no journal, , 

At the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, a pulsed spallation neutron source provides neutrons with high-intensity and narrow pulse width to promote a variety field of materials science by injecting high power proton beam of 3-GeV, 1 MW at repetition rate of 25 Hz. The core components of the spallation neutron source are a mercury target, liquid hydrogen moderators and a reflector with beryllium and iron. Their sizes and arrangement were optimized to get superior neutronics performance for 100% para-hydrogen as the moderator material. Since the lifetime of the mercury target vessel made from SS316L steel is determined by the pitting damage induced by the pressure wave generated at the pulsed proton beam injection, mitigating the pitting damage is the most critical issue to achieve 1 MW operation for long time. So far, gas micro-bubbles injection technique and a target front structure to get faster mercury flow in narrow channel were employed for mitigating the pitting damage in the mercury target vessel. A pitting damage of 25 $$mu$$m was observed on the target front after 670 MWh operation with an average power of 406 kW. In 2018, it is planned to observe the target front of the newly manufactured target after operation with a power of 300 to 500 kW. Further developments of the narrow channel structure of the target front will be carried out. It is also planned to make post irradiation examination to study radiation damage of the target vessel in other facility of Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

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