Kubo, Shigenobu; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Uchida, Masato*; Miyagawa, Takayuki*; Eto, Masao*; Suzuno, Tetsuji*; Matoba, Ichiyo*; Endo, Junji*; Watanabe, Osamu*; et al.
Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05
The authors are developing the design concept of pool-type sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) that addresses Japan's specific siting conditions such as earthquakes and meets safety design criteria (SDC) and safety design guidelines (SDGs) for Generation IV SFRs. The development of this concept will broaden not only options for reactor types in Japan but also the range and depth of international cooperation. A design concept of 1,500 MWt (650 MWe) class pool-type SFR was thought up by applying design technology obtained from the design of advanced loop-type SFR, named JSFR, equipped with safety measures that reflect results from the feasibility study on commercialized fast reactor cycle systems and fast reactor cycle technology development, improved maintainability and repairability, and lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants accident.
Nuclear Safety Research Center, Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness
JAEA-Review 2018-022, 201 Pages, 2019/01
Nuclear Safety Research Center (NSRC), Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is conducting technical support to nuclear safety regulation and safety research based on the Mid-Long Term Target determined by Japanese government. This report summarizes the research structure of NSRC and the cooperative research activities with domestic and international organizations as well as the nuclear safety research activities and results in the period from JFY 2015 to 2017 on the nine research fields in NSRC; (1) severe accident analysis, (2) radiation risk analysis, (3) safety of nuclear fuels in light water reactors (LWRs), (4) thermohydraulic behavior under severe accident in LWRs, (5) materials degradation and structural integrity, (6) safety of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, (7) safety management on criticality, (8) safety of radioactive waste management, and (9) nuclear safeguards.
Yamada, Fumiaki; Imaizumi, Yuya; Nishimura, Masahiro; Fukano, Yoshitaka; Arikawa, Mitsuhiro*
Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/07
The loss-of-reactor-level (LORL) is one of the loss-of-heat-removal-system (LOHRS) of beyond-DBA (BDBA) severe accident. An evaluation method for the LORL which is caused by the coolant leakage in two positions of the primary heat transport system (PHTS) was developed for prototype JSFR which is loop-type sodium-cooled fast reactor. The secondary leakage in cold standby which occurred in different loop from that of the first leakage in rated power operation can lead LORL by excessive declining of the sodium level. Therefore, the sodium level behavior in RV was studied in a representative accident sequence by considering the sodium pumping up into RV, siphon-breaking to stop pumping out from RV and maintain the sodium level, and calculation programs for the transient sodium level in RV. The representative sequence with lowest sodium level was selected by considering combinations of possible leakage positions. As a result of the evaluation considering the countermeasures above, it was revealed that the LOHRS can be prevented by maintaining the sodium level for the operation of decay heat removal system, even in the leakages in two positions of PHTS which corresponds to BDBA.
Kamide, Hideki; Sakamoto, Yoshihiko; Kubo, Shigenobu; Oki, Shigeo; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kamiyama, Kenji
Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles; Next Generation Nuclear Systems for Sustainable Development (FR-17) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/06
Development of a sodium-cooled fast reactor has been implemented in Japan from the viewpoint of severe accident countermeasures in order to strengthen safety of a fast reactor since the Great East Japan Earthquake. This paper describes the progress of design study and research and development related to safety enhancement and the severe accident countermeasures. For the purpose of strengthening of decay heat removal function, several researches have been carried out on the decay heat removal in a core disruptive accident (CDA), diversity and applicability of decay heat removal systems, and thermal hydraulic evaluation methods. In order to elucidate the behavior of molten fuel during CDA, some in-pile and out-of-pile tests has been performed by international collaboration including basic experiments. Core design was also improved from the viewpoint of preventing the occurrence of severe accident.
Vasile, A.*; Ren, L.*; Fanning, T.*; Tsige-Tamirat, H.*; Yamano, Hidemasa; Kang, S.-H.*; Ashurko, I.*
Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles; Next Generation Nuclear Systems for Sustainable Development (FR-17) (USB Flash Drive), 15 Pages, 2017/06
The tasks in the Safety and Operation (SO) topics are categorized into the following three work packages (WP): WP-SO-1 Methods, Models and codes is devoted to the development of tools for the evaluation of safety, WP-SO-2 Experimental Programs and Operational Experiences includes the operation, maintenance and testing experiences in experimental facilities and SFRs (e.g., Monju, Phenix, BN-600 and CEFR), and WP-SO-3 Studies of Innovative Design and Safety Systems relates to safety technologies for GEN-IV reactors such as active and passive safety systems and other specific design features. In this paper, recent activities in the SO project are described.
Sakai, Takaaki; Ren, L.*; Tsige-Tamirat, H.*; Vasile, A.*; Kang, S.-H.*; Ashurko, Y.*; Fanning, T.*
Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/06
Guo, L.*; Morita, Koji*; Tobita, Yoshiharu
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(2), p.271 - 280, 2016/02
Mascari, F.*; Nakamura, Hideo; Umminger, K.*; De Rosa, F.*; D'auria, F.*
Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.4921 - 4934, 2015/08
Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kato, Atsushi; Nabeshima, Kunihiko; Otaka, Masahiko; Uzawa, Masayuki*; Ikari, Risako*; Iwasaki, Mikinori*
Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2015/05
Design study and evaluation for SDC and safety SDG on the BOP of the demonstration JSFR including fuel handling system, power supply system, component cooling water system, building arrangement are reported. For the fuel handling system, enhancement of storage cooling system has been investigated adding diversified cooling systems. For the power supply, existing emergency power supply system has been reinforced and alternative emergency power supply system is added. For the component cooling system and air conditioning, requirements and relation between safety grade components are investigated. Additionally for the component cooling system, design impact when adding decay heat removal system by sea water has been investigated. For reactor building, over view of evaluation on the external events and design policy for distributed arrangement is reported. Those design study and evaluation provides background information of SDC and SDG.
Takada, Shoji; Shimizu, Atsushi; Kondo, Makoto; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Shinohara, Masanori; Seki, Tomokazu; Tochio, Daisuke; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sawa, Kazuhiro
Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2015/05
In the loss of forced core cooling test using High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), the forced cooling of reactor core is stopped without inserting control rods into the core and cooling by Vessel Cooling System (VCS) to demonstrate the inherent safety of HTGR be secured by natural phenomena to make it possible to design a severe accident free reactor. In the test, the local temperature was supposed to exceed the limit from the viewpoint of long-term use at the uncovered water cooling tube by thermal reflectors in the VCS, although the safety of reactor is kept. The local higher temperature position was specified although the temperature was sufficiently lower than the maximum allowable working temperature, and natural circulation of water had insufficient cooling effect on the temperature of water cooling tube below 1C. Then, a new safe and secured procedure for the loss of forced core cooling test was established, which will be carried out soon after the restart of HTTR.
Saito, Shinzo; Okamoto, Koji*; Kataoka, Isao*; Sugiyama, Kenichiro*; Muramatsu, Ken*; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Kondo, Satoru; Yonomoto, Taisuke
Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2015/05
Watanabe, Osamu*; Oyama, Kazuhiro*; Endo, Junji*; Doda, Norihiro; Ono, Ayako; Kamide, Hideki; Murakami, Takahiro*; Eguchi, Yuzuru*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(9), p.1102 - 1121, 2015/03
A natural circulation (NC) evaluation methodology has been developed to ensure the safety of a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) of 1500MW adopting the NC decay heat removal system (DHRS). The methodology consists of a 1D safety analysis which can evaluate the core hot spot temperature taking into account the temperature flattening effect in the core, a 3D fluid flow analysis which can evaluate the thermal-hydraulics for local convections and thermal stratifications in the primary system and DHRS, and a statistical safety evaluation method. The safety analysis method and the 3D analysis method have been validated using results of a 1/10 scaled water test simulating the primary system of the SFR and a 1/7 scaled sodium test simulating the primary system and the DHRS, and the applicability of the safety analysis for the SFR has been confirmed by comparing with the 3D analysis. Finally, a statistical safety evaluation has been performed for the SFR using the safety analysis method.
Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2014/12
This paper presents the typical characteristics of sodium combustion and subsequent reaction heat transfer behaviors observed and investigated in sodium columnar leak and fire experiment which was conducted in an enclosed steel vessel with large inner volume of about 100 m. Especially the experiment was carried out with the main focus on the burning phenomenon within a limited spatial area in the case of large sodium leak rate as well as on the multi-dimensional thermal-hydraulics both near a sodium burning zone and in a whole region in the vessel. The investigated experimental results show us that the sodium combustion of columnar leak and its splashed droplets would lead to important oxygen deficiency behavior near the burning region, and be followed by the limitation or saturation of maximum sodium burning rate.
Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Tochio, Daisuke; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takada, Shoji; Yan, X.; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Sakaba, Nariaki; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(11-12), p.1427 - 1443, 2014/11
In a safety demonstration test involving a loss of both reactor reactivity control and core cooling, HTGRs such as the HTTR, which is the only HTGR in Japan, demonstrate that the reactor power would stabilize spontaneously. In the test at an initial power of 30%, when the insertion of all control rods was disabled and all gas circulators were tripped to reduce the coolant flow rate to zero, a reactor transient was initiated and examined. The results confirmed that the reactor power would decrease immediately and become effectively zero.
Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Iyoku, Tatsuo
Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-11) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2005/10
Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are in progress to verify the inherent safety features, to improve the safety design and the technologies for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The coolant flow reduction test by tripping one or two out of three gas circulators is one of the safety demonstration tests. The reactor power safely becomes a stable level without a reactor scram and the temperature transient of the reactor-core is very slow. The SIRIUS code was developed to analyze reactor transient during the tests with reactor dynamics. This paper describes the validation of the SIRIUS code with the measured values of one and two gas circulators tripping test at 30% (9 MW). It was confirmed that the SIRIUS code was able to analyze the reactor transient within 10% during the tests. The result of this study and the way of resolving problems can be applied to development for not only the commercial HTGRs but also the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) as one of the Generation IV reactors.
Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki
JAERI-Data/Code 2005-003, 31 Pages, 2005/06
Safety demonstration tests using the High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) are in progress to verify the inherent safety features for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The coolant flow reduction test by tripping gas circulators is one of the safety demonstration tests. The reactor power safely brings to a stable level without a reactor scram and the temperature transient of the reactor-core is very slow. The TAC/BLOOST code was developed to analyze reactor and temperature transient during the coolant flow reduction test taking account of reactor dynamics. This paper describes the validation result of the TAC/BLOOST code with the measured values of gas circulators tripping tests at 30 % (9 MW). It was confirmed that the TAC/BLOOST code was able to analyze the reactor transient during the test.
Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sakaba, Nariaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Takada, Eiji*; Tochio, Daisuke; Owada, Hiroyuki*
JAERI-Tech 2005-015, 26 Pages, 2005/03
Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are in progress since 2002 to verify the inherent safety features and to improve the safety design and evaluation technologies for HTGRs, as well as to contribute to not only the commercial HTGRs but also the research and development for the VHTR one of the Generation IV reactor candidates. This paper describes the reactivity insertion test (SR-3), the coolant flow reduction test by tripping of gas circulators (S1C-3/S2C-3), and the partial flow loss of coolant test (SF-2) planned in March 2005 with their detailed test method, procedure and results of pre-test analysis. From the analytical results, it was found that the negative reactivity feedback effect of the core brings the reactor power safely to a stable level without a reactor scram.
Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Tachibana, Yukio; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Ueta, Shohei; Hanawa, Satoshi
Nuclear Engineering and Design, 233(1-3), p.291 - 300, 2004/10
The High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) is particularly attractive due to its capability of producing high temperature helium gas and due to its inherent safety characteristics. The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), which is the first HTGR in Japan, was successfully constructed at the Oarai Research Establishment of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. The HTTR achieved full power of 30MW at a reactor outlet coolant temperature of about 850C on December 7, 2001 during the "rise-to-power tests". Two kinds of tests were carried out during the "rise-to-power tests". One is commissioning test to get operation permit by the government and another is test to confirm a performance of the reactor, heat exchanger, control system. From the test results of the "rise-to-power tests" up to 30MW, the functionality of the reactor and the cooling system were confirmed, and it was also confirmed that an operation of reactor facility can be performed safely.
Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Tachibana, Yukio; Sakaba, Nariaki; Iyoku, Tatsuo
Nuclear Engineering and Design, 233(1-3), p.301 - 308, 2004/10
Safety demonstration tests using the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) are conducted for demonstrating inherent safety features of High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs) as well as for providing core and plant transient data for validation of HTGR safety analysis codes. The safety demonstration tests are divided to the first phase and second phase tests. In the first phase tests, simulation tests of anticipated operational occurrences and anticipated transients without scram (ATWS) are conducted. The second phase tests will simulate accidents such as a depressurization accident (loss of coolant accident). The first phase tests simulating reactivity insertion events and coolant flow reduction events started in FY 2002. The first phase safety demonstration tests will continue until FY 2005, and the second phase tests will be carried out from FY 2006.
Iwamura, Takamichi; Okubo, Tsutomu; Akie, Hiroshi; Kugo, Teruhiko; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Kureta, Masatoshi; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Araya, Fumimasa; Okajima, Shigeaki; et al.
JAERI-Research 2004-008, 383 Pages, 2004/06
The present report contains the achievement of "Research and Development on Reduced-Moderation Light Water Reactor with Passive Safety Features", which was performed by Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), Hitachi Ltd., Japan Atomic Power Company and Tokyo Institute of Technology in FY2000-2002 as the innovative and viable nuclear energy technology (IVNET) development project operated by the Institute of Applied Energy (IAE). In the present project, the reduced-moderation water reactor (RMWR) has been developed to ensure sustainable energy supply and to solve the recent problems of nuclear power and nuclear fuel cycle, such as economical competitiveness, effective use of plutonium and reduction of spent fuel storage. The RMWR can attain the favorable characteristics such as high burnup, long operation cycle, multiple recycling of plutonium (Pu) and effective utilization of uranium resources based on accumulated LWR technologies.