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論文

Elucidation of solid particle interfacial phenomena in liquid sodium; Magnetic interactions on liquid metal and solid atoms at the solid interface

Tei, C.; 大高 雅彦; 桑原 大介*

Chemical Physics Letters, 829, p.140755_1 - 140755_6, 2023/10

固体金属粒子の界面に付着した液体ナトリウムの核磁気共鳴(NMR)信号を初めて検出することに成功した。本研究では、液体ナトリウムと液体ナトリウム中に浮遊する金属粒子との相互作用の違いによる緩和時間の違いを確認した。その結果、微小チタン粒子表面と液体金属ナトリウムは化学的ではなく物理的に相互作用していることが明らかとなった。

論文

Relationship between the contact angle of pure Cu and its alloys owing to liquid Na and electronic states at the interface

斉藤 淳一; Monbernier, M.*

Surfaces and Interfaces (Internet), 41, p.103248_1 - 103248_8, 2023/10

Contact angle is an indicator of the wettability between liquid Na and pure metals. This has been evaluated using the atomic interactions obtained from the calculations of the electronic structure of the interface. This study aims to investigate the applicability of the atomic interactions of the interface to the alloys. An interface model between Cu and Na with an alloying element was constructed, and the electronic states of the interface were calculated by the molecular orbital calculation. The bond order, which indicates the strength of the covalent bonding at the interface, and ionicity, which indicates the amount of charge transfer, were obtained as theoretical parameters from the calculation. The contact angles between the Cu or Cu alloys and liquid Na were measured using a droplet of liquid Na at 423 K in a high-purity Ar atmosphere. The contact angles of the Cu alloys were evaluated using these theoretical parameters. As a result, a correlation was obtained between the ratio of the bond order between the substrate metal atoms to the bond order between the Na atom and the substrate metal atoms and the contact angle, which is consistent with previous studies. Furthermore, for the first time, the correlation between the ionicity or difference in the ionicity and contact angle was clarified. The difference in ionicity is the difference between the ionicity of Na atoms and that of the alloying element, indicating the strength of the ionic bonding. It was suggested that Cu and Cu alloys should consider covalent and ionic bonding when evaluating wettability, because Cu has an intermediate electronic state between transition and nontransition metals. Further, it became clear that the evaluation of the contact angle using the atomic interactions at the interface are applicable not only to pure metals but also to alloys.

論文

The Development of a Multiphysics Coupled Solver for Studying the Effect of Dynamic Heterogeneous Configuration on Particulate Debris Bed Criticality and Cooling Characteristics

Li, C.-Y.; Wang, K.*; 内堀 昭寛; 岡野 靖; Pellegrini, M.*; Erkan, N.*; 高田 孝*; 岡本 孝司*

Applied Sciences (Internet), 13(13), p.7705_1 - 7705_29, 2023/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0

For a sodium-cooled fast reactor, the capability for stable cooling and avoiding re-criticality on the debris bed is essential for achieving in-vessel retention when severe accidents occur. However, an unexploited uncertainty still existed regarding the compound effect of the heterogeneous configuration and dynamic particle redistribution for the debris bed's criticality and cooling safety assessment. Therefore, this research aims to develop a numerical tool for investigating the effects of the different transformations of the heterogeneous configurations on the debris bed's criticality/cooling assessment. Based on the newly proposed methodology in this research, via integrating the Discrete Element Method (DEM) with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Monte-Carlo-based Neutronics (MCN), the coupled CFD-DEM-MCN solver was constructed with the originally created interface to integrate two existing codes. The effects of the different bed configurations' transformations on the bed safety assessments were also quantitively confirmed, indicating that the effect of the particle-centralized fissile material had the dominant negative effect on the safety margin of avoiding re-criticality and particle re-melting accidents and had a more evident impact than the net bed-centralized effect. This coupled solver can serve to further assess the debris bed's safety via a multi-physics simulation approach, leading to safer SFR design concepts.

論文

Effectiveness evaluation methodology of the measures for improving resilience of nuclear structures against excessive earthquake

栗坂 健一; 西野 裕之; 山野 秀将

Proceedings of 30th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE30) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2023/05

本研究の目的は破損拡大抑制技術によって過大地震時の原子炉構造レジリエンス向上策の有効性評価手法を開発することである。安全上重要な機器・構造物のレジリエンス向上策によって耐震裕度が増すとみなす。同向上策の有効性を評価するため、炉心損傷頻度CDFを指標に選び、CDFの低減を 地震PRAによって定量化する。崩壊熱除去機能喪失に至る事故シーケンスがナトリウム冷却高速炉SFRの地震時CDFに有意な寄与を示す。また、同事故シーケンスは超高温を経て炉心損傷に至る。本研究では過大地震時の振動への対策のみならず超高温での対策も評価するよう手法を考案した。手法の適用性を検討するため、ループ型SFRを想定して試計算を実施した。仮定した範囲内では、レジリエンス向上策は設計地震動の数倍の地震までCDFを有意に低減する効果を示した。適用性検討を通じて、有効性評価手法が開発された。

論文

Analysis by hazard plotting on steam generator tube leak in sodium-cooled fast reactors Phenix and BN600

栗坂 健一

Proceedings of 30th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE30) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2023/05

本研究は、既存のナトリウム冷却高速炉SFRにおける観測データに基づき蒸気発生器SG伝熱管漏えいの発生率の時間トレンドを把握することを目的とする。対象とするSFRは仏国のPhenix及び露国のBN600である。公開文献を基に、管-管板溶接数、管-管溶接数、母材の伝熱面積、SG運転時間、SG伝熱管漏えい発生日、漏えい位置、漏えいモジュールの交換などの漏えい後の是正措置を調べた。これらのデータを踏まえ、漏えい発生までの運転時間を推定し、上記部位毎に伝熱管漏えい発生率の時間トレンドをハザードプロット法により定量化した。結果、Phenixの管-管溶接部の漏えい発生率は繰り返し熱応力によって短期に増大する傾向が示された。長期トレンドとしては、Phenix及びBN600両者の管漏えい発生率は減少傾向を示した。この傾向は溶接及び運転条件の改善並びに初期故障の除去によるものと考えられる。

論文

Development of dynamic PRA methodology for external hazards in sodium-cooled fast reactor via applying Markov chain Monte Carlo method to severe accident analysis code; Assessment of accident management of assigning independent emergency diesel generators to each air cooler

Li, C.-Y.; 渡部 晃*; 内堀 昭寛; 岡野 靖

Proceedings of 30th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE30) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2023/05

Quantitative assessment of the effect of accident management on the various external hazards is essential in the nuclear safety analysis. This study aims to establish the dynamic probabilistic risk assessment methodology for sodium-cooled fast reactors that can consider the transient plant status under continuous external hazards with corresponding countermeasures operating stochastically. Specifically, the Continuous Markov chain Monte Carlo (CMMC) and Deterministic and Stochastic Petri Nets (DSPN) methods are newly applied to the severe accident analysis code, SPECTRA, which can conduct dynamic plant evaluation in the different severe accident conditions of nuclear reactors, to develop an evaluation methodology for typical external hazards. In the DSPN-CMMC-SPECTRA coupled frame, the latest safety functions of the plant components/systems can be stochastically determined by the DSPN-CMMC grounded on the current plant states under continuous hazard and the interaction between the multi-state components/systems; then, SPECTRA can evaluate the following plant state determined by the latest safety function of the components/systems. Therefore, the advantage of this newly developed DSPN-CMMC-SPECTRA frame is having the capability to quantitatively and stochastically evaluate the transient accident progressions that potentially lead to the core damage under the continuous external hazard scenario. As for the preliminary exam on the DSPN-CMMC-SPECTRA frame, one of the typical external hazards of continuous volcanic ashfall is selected in this research. In addition, the numerical investigation of alternative accident management' effects has also been carried out and quantitatively confirmed in this research.

論文

Chapter 5, Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFRs)/ Chapter 12, Generation-IV Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) concepts in Japan

久保 重信; 近澤 佳隆; 大島 宏之; 上出 英樹

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors, Second Edition, p.173 - 194, 2023/03

第4世代原子炉の最近の開発進捗を網羅するよう取りまとめ、2016年発行の第1版から第2版として更新したもの。著者らは、本ハンドブックの第5章ナトリウム冷却高速炉ならびに第12章日本における第4世代ナトリム冷却高速炉概念の章を担当し、それぞれナトリウム炉の特徴と安全性を含む新しい技術展開、日本におけるナトリウム炉開発の成果と革新技術、東京電力福島第一原子力発電所事故を受けての安全性強化の取組を示した。

報告書

先進ループ型ナトリウム冷却高速炉の炉心出口部における高サイクル熱疲労の防止に関する実験研究; 炉上部構造下部における温度変動の特徴と温度変動緩和方策

小林 順; 相澤 康介; 江連 俊樹; 長澤 一嘉*; 栗原 成計; 田中 正暁

JAEA-Research 2022-009, 125 Pages, 2023/01

JAEA-Research-2022-009.pdf:29.22MB

先進ループ型ナトリウム冷却高速炉の設計研究が日本原子力研究開発機構で実施されてきた。炉心出口部では、燃料集合体からの高温ナトリウムが制御棒チャンネルや径ブランケット集合体からの低温ナトリウムと混合するために温度変動が生じる。この温度変動によって、炉心上部に位置する炉内構造物の底部周辺に高サイクルの熱疲労が引き起こされる可能性がある。このため、先進ループ型ナトリウム冷却炉の上部プレナムを1/3スケール60度セクタで模擬した試験体を使用した水実験を実施し、炉内構造物の下部で発生する大きな温度変動への対策を検討した。本報告では、炉内構造物下部で発生する温度変動を緩和させる対策構造の効果について確認するとともに、対策構造のRe数依存性や制御棒表面における温度変動の特徴など、得られた知見についてまとめた。

論文

Numerical study of initiating phase of core disruptive accident in small sodium-cooled fast reactors with negative void reactivity

石田 真也; 深野 義隆; 飛田 吉春; 岡野 靖

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 13 Pages, 2023/00

To improve the safety of future SFRs, the development of SFRs with low void reactivity has been promoted. Small SFRs can have a negative void coefficient of reactivity, so the analysis of the CDA event sequence in small SFRs is valuable for the investigation of the reactor characteristics for the future research and development of SFRs. In this study, the typical initiating events of a CDA in small SFRs were evaluated with the computational code, SAS4A. The event progression of ULOF and UTOP in the low void reactivity reactor is found to be slow due to the effective operation of the negative reactivity feedback and the absence of significant positive reactivity insertion. No power excursion occurs in the initiating phase. In ULOF, the cladding melt and relocation behavior becomes more important for the evaluation of the event progression due to its positive reactivity.

論文

The Development of Petri Net-based continuous Markov Chain Monte Carlo methodology applying to dynamic probability risk assessment for multi-state resilience systems with repairable multi-component interdependency under longtermly thereat

Li, C.-Y.; 渡部 晃*; 内堀 昭寛; 岡野 靖

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 23 Pages, 2023/00

For all the nuclear reactor systems, quantitative assessment of the accident management (AM) effects against long-term external hazards became one of the essential issues after the lesson learned from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. However, the influence from the safety systems' stochastic and dynamic shifting between multiple working states, which is related to the interaction with the adjacent components/systems in general, has not been accounted for yet. Therefore, this research aims to develop a dynamic probability risk assessment tool considering repairable multi-component interdependency for investigating the AM influences on the multi-state safety systems under long-term external hazards. Based on the newly proposed methodology in this research via integrating the Petri Net (PN) model with the continuous Markov chain Monte Carlo (CMMC) method, a framework applying PN-CMMC methodology to a severe accident analysis code, SPECTRA, had been originally constructed. Different AM influences on the multi-state decay heat removal systems against long-term volcanic ashfall were also quantitatively confirmed, indicating that halving the repairing time is more influential in suppressing the core damage frequency than doubling the number of adjacent electricity support systems. Therefore, the PN-CMMC-SPECTRA framework can further assess the uncharted dynamic multi-state concerns, leading to a safer AM strategy.

論文

Thinning behavior of solid boron carbide immersed in molten stainless steel for core disruptive accident of sodium-cooled fast reactor

江村 優軌; 高井 俊秀; 菊地 晋; 神山 健司; 山野 秀将; 横山 博紀*; 坂本 寛*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 10 Pages, 2023/00

Boron carbide (B$$_4$$C)- stainless steel (SS) eutectic reaction behavior is one of the most important issues in the core disruptive accidents (CDAs) of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). In this study, the immersion experiments using B$$_4$$C pellets with molten SS were conducted to evaluate the CDA sequences such as contact event of solid B$$_4$$C with degraded core materials including SS at very high temperature. The immersion experiment aims at understanding the kinetic behavior of solid B$$_4$$C-liquid SS reaction based on the reduced thickness of B$$_4$$C pellet after the experiment in the temperature ranges from 1763 to 1943 K, which is higher than the temperature of solid B$$_4$$C-solid SS reaction. Based on the kinetic consideration of the reaction rate constants for solid B$$_4$$C-liquid SS reaction, it was found that similar temperature dependency was identified between solid B$$_4$$C-liquid SS and solid B$$_4$$C-solid SS. Besides, the reaction rate constants of solid B$$_4$$C-liquid SS were smaller than those of solid B$$_4$$C-solid SS extrapolated in higher temperature region by two or more orders of magnitude due to two different evaluation method for B$$_4$$C side/SS side. It was confirmed that this difference was reasonable through the consideration of previous reaction tests in solid-solid contact for B$$_4$$C side/SS side.

論文

A 3D particle-based simulation of heat and mass transfer behavior in the EAGLE ID1 in-pile test

Zhang, T.*; 守田 幸路*; Liu, X.*; Liu, W.*; 神山 健司

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 179, p.109389_1 - 109389_10, 2022/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:35.78(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The ID1 test was the final target test of the EAGLE experimental framework program. It was used to verify that during a core disruptive accident, the molten fuel could be discharged via wall failure of an inner duct in FAIDUS, a design concept for the sodium-cooled fast reactor. The ID1 results revealed that the wall failure behavior owed to the large heat flow from the surrounding fuel/steel mixture. The present study numerically investigated the heat transfer mechanisms in the test using the finite volume particle method in the three-dimensional domain. The thermal hydraulic behaviors during wall failure were reproduced reasonably. The present three-dimensional simulation mitigated inherent defects of our previous two-dimensional calculation and clarified that the solid fuel and liquid steel close to the outer surface of the duct can expose the duct to high thermal loads, resulting in the wall failure.

論文

Evaluation of fuel reactivity worth measurement in the prototype fast reactor Monju

大釜 和也; 竹越 淳*; 片桐 寛樹; 羽様 平

Nuclear Technology, 208(10), p.1619 - 1633, 2022/10

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:73.56(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju, fuel reactivity worth was measured at six positions as the reactivity corresponding to the differences of critical control rod positions between cores with and without a dummy fuel subassembly. In this paper, the measurements are evaluated in detail, and their reliability and usefulness as the validation data for fast reactor neutronics design methodologies are investigated through a comparison with calculations by using the latest methodology developed in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Calculated-to-experiment values (C/Es) and their uncertainties of fuel reactivity worth were 0.97 to 1.02 and 4% to 6%. Through this study, the measurements and calculations were found consistent and reliable.

論文

Investigation on natural circulation behavior for decay heat removal in reactor vessel of sodium-cooled fast reactor under severe accident condition, 1; Effect of decay-heat conditions on natural circulation behavior under dipped-type DHX operation conditions

辻 光世; 相澤 康介; 小林 順; 栗原 成計

Proceedings of 12th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS12) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2022/10

ナトリウム冷却高速炉(SFR)において、炉心溶融を含むシビアアクシデント時の安全性強化のため、炉内冷却機器の設計と運用を最適化することが重要である。SFRの原子炉容器を模擬した1/10縮尺の水試験装置を用いて、原子炉容器内部の自然循環現象を把握するための水試験を実施している。本報では、炉心燃料とコアキャッチャ上の燃料デブリの発熱割合が原子炉容器内部の自然循環挙動へ与える影響を調査するために、浸漬型DHXを運転した条件で実施した実験結果を示す。全体の発熱量を一定として、全体の発熱量に対するコアキャッチャ上の燃料デブリの発熱割合を20%, 80%とした2条件で原子炉容器内部の温度分布及び流速分布を計測した。炉心部とコアキャッチャ上の燃料デブリの発熱割合による炉容器内の自然循環挙動への影響を定量的に把握した。

論文

Preliminary deformation analysis of the reactor vessel due to core debris accumulation onto the reactor vessel bottom for sodium-cooled fast reactor

小野田 雄一; 山野 秀将

Proceedings of 12th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS12) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2022/10

原子力機構におけるナトリウム冷却高速炉の設計では、シビアアクシデントが生じた場合に、さまざまな設計対策により損傷炉心物質を原子炉容器内で安定的に冷却する方針(炉容器内保持: IVR)をとっている。IVRに失敗する可能性は非常に低いものの、確率論的リスク評価の研究では、IVRの失敗を含むさまざまなシナリオの検討が必要となる。そこで本研究では、原子炉容器内におけるデブリの安定冷却に関わる事象スペクトルを幅広く検討するため、コアキャッチャーのスカート部にデブリが堆積する場合の原子炉容器の変形・破損挙動を、構造解析コードFNAS-STARを用いて数値的に解析した。原子炉容器の破損条件を調査する観点から、出力密度の異なる2ケースの解析を実施した。今回の想定条件下における高出力密度のケースでは、原子炉容器の温度が約1100$$^{circ}$$Cに達すると原子炉容器が大幅に変形し、その破損判断基準に到達した。

論文

Development of safety design criteria and safety design guidelines for Generation IV sodium-cooled fast reactors

二神 敏; 久保 重信; Sofu, T.*; Ammirabile, L.*; Gauthe, P.*

Proceedings of International Conference on Topical Issues in Nuclear Installation Safety; Strengthening Safety of Evolutionary and Innovative Reactor Designs (TIC 2022) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2022/10

In the framework of the GIF, an effort to develop Safety Design Criteria (SDC) for SFR systems was initiated in 2011. For this purpose, an SDC task force (SDC-TF) was formulated in July 2011. The SDC-TF members consist of representatives of CIAE (China), CEA (France), JAEA (Japan), KAERI, KINS (Republic of Korea), IPPE (Russia), ANL, INL, ORNL (United States of America), EC and IAEA. This paper describes the outline of the SDC and SDGs contents and its development background as shown above. These SDC and SDGs refer related IAEA safety standards, such as SSR-2/1 Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Design, SSG-52 Design of the Reactor Core for Nuclear Power Plants. This paper focuses on both technology neutral aspects, which are common parts between the SDC/SDG and IAEA standards, and SFR specific aspects.

論文

Sodium fire collaborative study progress; CNWG fiscal year 2022

Louie, D. L. Y.*; 青柳 光裕

SAND2022-14235 (Internet), 29 Pages, 2022/10

本報告書は、米国サンディア国立研究所と原子力機構のナトリウム燃焼分野に係る2022年共同研究成果の報告書である。MELCORコードに導入されているナトリウムプール燃焼モデルと関連する解析の入力項目、プール燃焼モデルの改良についての説明が述べられている。改良モデルを含むプール燃焼モデルを評価するために、JAEAにより過去に実施されたF7-1およびF7-2ナトリウムプール燃焼実験に対してベンチマーク解析を実施し、解析結果の考察とともに更なるモデル改良の検討を行った。最後に、これまでの成果を踏まえた2023年度のMELCOR解析の方向性が述べられている。

論文

Study on the discharge behavior of the molten-core materials through the control rod guide tube; Investigations of the effect of an internal structure in the control rod guide tube on the discharge behavior

加藤 慎也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司; Akaev, A.*; Vurim, A.*; Baklanov, V.*

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-13) (Internet), 12 Pages, 2022/09

炉心崩壊事故(CDA)における溶融炉心物質の原子炉内保持(IVR)はナトリウム冷却高速炉の安全性を高めるために最も重要である。IVRを確保するための主要な課題の一つは、溶融炉心物質を炉心領域から効率的に排出するための制御棒案内管(CRGT)の設計である。CRGTの設計の有効性はCDA解析によって評価されるが、この解析には試験研究と連携した計算機コードの開発が合理的である。そこで、EAGLE-3プロジェクトと呼ばれる共同研究において、CRGTを介した溶融炉心物質の流出挙動を課題の一つとして試験研究が進められてきた。本試験研究で得られた知見はSIMMERコードの開発に反映される。このプロジェクトでは、CRGTを通じた溶融炉心物質の流出挙動を把握するために、溶融アルミナを燃料模擬物質とした一連の炉外試験が行われた。本研究では、CRGT内の内部構造物が溶融炉心物質の流出挙動に与える影響を調べるため、内部構造物を有するダクトを溶融アルミナが流下する炉外試験のデータを分析した。さらに、SIMMERコードによる試験後の解析を行い、試験結果との比較を行った。

論文

Analysis on cooling behavior for simulated molten core material impinging to a horizontal plate in a sodium pool

松下 肇希*; 小林 蓮*; 堺 公明*; 加藤 慎也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-13) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2022/09

ナトリウム冷却高速炉の炉心損傷事故では、溶融炉心物質が制御棒案内管などの流路を通って炉心領域下の炉心入口プレナムに流れ込む。溶融炉心物質は、ナトリウム冷却材中で入口プレナムの水平板に衝突しながら冷却・固化されると見込まれる。しかし、水平構造物に衝突した溶融炉心物質の固化・冷却挙動は、これまで十分に研究されていなかった。これはナトリウム冷却高速炉の安全性向上の観点から解明が必要な重要な現象である。そこで、カザフスタン共和国国立原子力センターの実験施設において、模擬溶融炉心物質(アルミナ: Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$)を水平構造物上のナトリウム冷却材中に放出する一連の実験が実施された。本研究では、高速炉安全性評価コードSIMMER-IIIを用いたナトリウム試験に関する解析を実施した。解析結果と実験データの比較により、解析手法の妥当性を確認した。また、ジェット衝突時の冷却・固化挙動を評価した。その結果、溶融炉心物質が水平板への衝突により破砕され、周辺部へ飛散することがわかった。さらに、模擬溶融炉心物質がナトリウムによって冷却され、その後、固化することを確認した。

論文

Hydrogen release reaction from sodium hydride with different sample quantities

土井 大輔

Proceedings of 29th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 29) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2022/08

In sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs), hydrogen is a major nonmetallic impurity in the coolant during normal operation. A higher hydrogen concentration than the gas-liquid equilibrium had been transiently detected in the gas space of the actual SFR plant. However, the chemical reactions that caused hydrogen generation, which involve several sodium compounds, have not been identified. Furthermore, the thermal behavior of these hydrogen release reactions has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, the hydrogen release behavior of sodium hydride, which could be involved in all of these reactions, was clarified by two experimental methods dealing with different sample quantities. In the thermal analysis with a semi-micro sample of about 1mmol, the hydrogen generation was demonstrated by mass spectrometry as the sample mass decreased, suggesting thermal decomposition. A monomodal hydrogen release curve similar to the thermal analysis result was obtained in the heating experiment with a macro amount sample of about 1mol. These experimental results showed consistent activation energies within the standard error. Therefore, it was elucidated that the ideal reaction behavior obtained by thermal analysis could be sufficiently extrapolated to the reaction behavior occurring in a larger amount of sample. These findings provide fundamental insights into the thermal decomposition of sodium hydride and are indispensable for analyzing hydrogen release behavior in other hydrogen release reactions involving sodium hydride.

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