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Journal Articles

A Multi-technique tomography-based approach for non-invasive characterization of additive manufacturing components in view of vacuum/UHV applications; Preliminary results

Grazzi, F.*; Cialdai, C.*; Manetti, M.*; Massi, M.*; Morigi, M. P.*; Bettuzzi, M.*; Brancaccio, R.*; Albertin, F.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; et al.

Rendiconti Lincei. Scienze Fisiche e Naturali, 32(3), p.463 - 477, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:22.98(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Pressure resistance thickness of disposal containers for spent fuel direct disposal

Sugita, Yutaka; Taniguchi, Naoki; Makino, Hitoshi; Kanamaru, Shinichiro*; Okumura, Taisei*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 19(3), p.121 - 135, 2020/09

A series of structural analysis of disposal containers for direct disposal of spent fuel was carried out to provide preliminary estimates of the required pressure resistance thickness of the disposal container. Disposal containers were designed to contain either 2, 3 or 4 spent fuel assemblies in linear, triangular or square arrangements, respectively. The required pressure resistance thickness was evaluated using separation distance of the housing space for each spent fuel assembly as a key model parameter to obtain the required thickness of the body and then the lid of the disposal container. This work also provides additional analytical technical knowledge, such as the validity of the setting of the stress evaluation line and the effect of the model length on the analysis. These can then be referred to and used again in the future as a basis for conducting similar evaluations under different conditions or proceeding with more detailed evaluations.

Journal Articles

Proposal of laser-induced ultrasonic guided wave for corrosion detection of reinforced concrete structures in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant decommissioning site

Furusawa, Akinori; Takenaka, Yusuke; Nishimura, Akihiko

Applied Sciences (Internet), 9(17), p.3544_1 - 3544_12, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:57.81(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Remote-controlled, non-destructive testing is necessary to detect corrosion of the reinforced concrete structures at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) de-commissioning site. This work aims to demonstrate that laser-induced ultrasonic guided wave technology can be applied to achieve this task. Hence, accelerated electrolytic corrosion is performed on a reinforced concrete specimen fabricated by embedding a steel rod into mortar. Waveforms of the laser-induced ultrasonic guided wave on the rod are measured with a previously employed piezoelectric transducer (PZT) probe, for each fixed corrosion time. Based on the results of Fourier and wavelet transforms of the waveforms, issues concerning the detection and extent of rebar corrosion are discussed. It is exhibited that the changes in bonding strength due to corrosion are distinguishable in the frequency domain of the ultrasonic signal.

JAEA Reports

Progress report on Nuclear Safety Research Center (JFY 2015 - 2017)

Nuclear Safety Research Center, Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness

JAEA-Review 2018-022, 201 Pages, 2019/01


Nuclear Safety Research Center (NSRC), Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is conducting technical support to nuclear safety regulation and safety research based on the Mid-Long Term Target determined by Japanese government. This report summarizes the research structure of NSRC and the cooperative research activities with domestic and international organizations as well as the nuclear safety research activities and results in the period from JFY 2015 to 2017 on the nine research fields in NSRC; (1) severe accident analysis, (2) radiation risk analysis, (3) safety of nuclear fuels in light water reactors (LWRs), (4) thermohydraulic behavior under severe accident in LWRs, (5) materials degradation and structural integrity, (6) safety of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, (7) safety management on criticality, (8) safety of radioactive waste management, and (9) nuclear safeguards.

Journal Articles

Creep deformation analysis of a pipe specimen based on creep damage evaluation method

Katsuyama, Jinya; Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/07

It has become more important to develop methods for evaluating failure behavior of the nuclear components under severe conditions. We are researching on prediction methods of creep deformation and failure behavior of the nuclear components under elevated temperature conditions based on finite element analysis. In this study, as a part of a project called COSSAL, we performed failure analysis of a large scale pipe experiment to validate our prediction methods based on a creep damage evaluation method. We conclude that creep constitutive law that consider material damage can provide the highest accurate analysis.

Journal Articles

Time domain response analysis for assembly by integrating components

Nakajima, Norihiro; Nishida, Akemi; Kawakami, Yoshiaki; Suzuki, Yoshio; Matsukawa, Keisuke*; Oshima, Masami*; Izuchi, Hisao*

Transactions of 23rd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-23) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2015/08

The digital shaking table is introduced to carry out numerical experiments for the so called STRUCTURE of a petroleum plant. In numerical experiments, STRUCTURE was precisely modelled as it is designed and meshed into fine finite elements. The components of STRUCTURE were meshed one by one, and the code of a finite element analysis for structure of assembly gathered every meshed components to run time domain response analysis. Four waves are applied to the analysis to determine its behaviour. Four waves are namely as El Centro, Taft, Hachinohe, and Geiyo. The results of experiments are discussed by comparing accumulating data in the past. It is concluded to reconfirm the methodology of gathering meshed components and a finite element analysis for structure of assembly with the STRUCTURE.

Journal Articles

Numerical modeling assistance system in finite element analysis for the structure of an assembly

Nakajima, Norihiro; Nishida, Akemi; Kawakami, Yoshiaki; Suzuki, Yoshio; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Iigaki, Kazuhiko

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2015/05

A numerical analysis controlling and managing system is implemented on K, which controls the modelling process and data treating, although the manager only controls a structural analysis by finite element method. The modeling process is described by the list of function ID and its procedures in a data base. The manager executes the process by order in the list for simulation procedures. The manager controls the intention of an analysis by changing the analytical process one to another. Experiments were carried out with static and dynamic analyses.

Journal Articles

Design study around beam window of ADS

Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kurata, Yuji; Sasa, Toshinobu; Umeno, Makoto*; Nishihara, Kenji; Saito, Shigeru; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Takano, Hideki*; et al.

Proceedings of 4th International Workshop on the Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators, p.325 - 334, 2005/11

The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) is conducting the research and development (R&D) on the Accelerator-Driven Subcritical System (ADS) for the effective transmutation of minor actinides (MAs). The ADS proposed by JAERI is the 800 MWth, Pb-Bi cooled, tank-type subcritical reactor loaded with (MA+Pu) nitride fuel. The Pb-Bi is also used as the spallation target. In this study, the feasibility of the ADS was discussed with putting the focus on the design around the beam window. The partition wall was placed between the target region and the ductless-type fuel assemblies to keep the good cooling performance for the hot-spot fuel pin. The flow control nozzle was installed to cool the beam window effectively. The thermal-hydraulic analysis showed that the maximum temperature at the outer surface of the beam window could be repressed below 500 $$^{circ}$$C even in the case of the maximum beam power of 30 MW. The stress caused by the external pressure and the temperature distribution of the beam window was also below the allowable limit.

JAEA Reports

Plan of vibration tests for estimation of seismic performance of ITER tokamak

Takeda, Nobukazu; Nakahira, Masataka

JAERI-Tech 2004-073, 59 Pages, 2005/01


The ITER toamak is composed of major components such as superconducting magnet and vacuum vessel whose operation temperatures are changed from room temperature to 4 K and room temperature to 200$$^{circ}$$C, respectively. The gravity support of the tokamak is flexible in order to accept the thermal deformation caused by temperature change. This structural feature causes the complex behaviors of the tokamak during seismic events. Therefore, the mechanical characteristics of the flexible support have to be investigated in detail. The present report describes the global plan of the series of vibration tests to estimate the seismic performance of the ITER tokamak. Although it is ideal that the vibration tests are carried out using a full-scale model, scale models are planned due to the limitation of the test facilities. The test results can be estimated by a scaling law. When the scaling law cannot be applied to some performances, the test is performed using a full-scale model. In addition, the other tests such as vacuum vessel and small-scaled models of the support structure are also planned.

Journal Articles

A Neutron crystallographic analysis of a rubredoxin mutant at 1.6 ${AA}$ resolution

Chatake, Toshiyuki*; Kurihara, Kazuo; Tanaka, Ichiro*; Tsyba, I.*; Bau, R.*; Jenney, F. E. Jr.*; Adams, M. W. W.*; Niimura, Nobuo

Acta Crystallographica Section D, 60(8), p.1364 - 1373, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:88.89(Biochemical Research Methods)

A neutron diffraction study has been carried out at 1.6 ${AA}$ resolution on a mutant rubredoxin from ${it Pyrococcus furiosus}$ using the BIX-3 single-crystal diffractometer at the JRR-3 reactor of JAERI. In order to study the unusual thermostability of rubredoxin from ${it P. furiosus}$, the hydrogen-bonding patterns were compared between the native and a 'triple-mutant' variant where three residues were changed so that they are identical to those in a mesophilic rubredoxin. In the present study, some minor changes were found between the wild-type and mutant proteins in the hydrogen-bonding patterns of the Trp3/Tyr3 region. The H/D-exchange ratios in the protein were also studied. The results suggest that the backbone amide bonds near the four Cys residues of the FeS$$_{4}$$ redox center are most resistant to H/D exchange. In addition, the 1.6 ${AA}$ resolution of the present neutron structure determination has revealed a more detailed picture than previously available of some portions of the water structure, including ordered and disordered O-D bonds.

Journal Articles

Neutron crystallographic study on rubredoxin from ${it Pyrococcus furiosus}$ by BIX-3, a single-crystal diffractometer for biomacromolecules

Kurihara, Kazuo; Tanaka, Ichiro*; Chatake, Toshiyuki*; Adams, M. W. W.*; Jenney, F. E. Jr.*; Moiseeva, N.*; Bau, R.*; Niimura, Nobuo

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(31), p.11215 - 11220, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:48 Percentile:61.21(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The structure of a rubredoxin (Rd) from ${it Pyrococcus furiosus}$, an organism that grows optimally at 100 $$^{circ}$$C, was determined using the neutron single-crystal diffractometer for biological macromolecules (BIX-3) at the JRR-3 reactor of JAERI. Data were collected at room temperature up to a resolution of 1.5 ${AA}$, and the completeness of the data set was 81.9 %. The model contains 306 H atoms and 50 D atoms. A total of 37 hydration water molecules were identified. The model has been refined to final agreement factors of ${it R}$ = 18.6 % and ${it R}$$$_{free}$$ = 21.7 %. Several orientations of the O-D bonds of side chains, whose assignments from X-ray data were previously ambiguous, were clearly visible in the neutron structure. While most backbone N-H bonds had undergone some degree of H/D exchange throughout the molecule, five H atom positions still had distinctly negative (H) peaks. The neutron Fourier maps clearly showed the details of an extensive set of H bonds involving the ND$$_{3}$$$$^{+}$$ terminus that may contribute to the unusual thermostability of this molecule.

Journal Articles

Towards to realize a quake-proof information control and management system for nuclear power plant

Nakajima, Norihiro; Kimura, Hideo; Higuchi, Kenji; Aoyagi, Tetsuo; Suzuki, Yoshio; Hirayama, Toshio; Yagawa, Genki

Dai-23-Kai Nihon Shimyureshon Gakkai Taikai Happyo Rombunshu, p.117 - 120, 2004/06

The pablic acceptance of nuclear power plants operations requests information of status for the safety and ease. Previous technology in computational scinece is generarlly carried out the analysis as an uniform structure, although the plants are assembled by thousand of parts. The proposed approach is to develope assembled structural analysis and fluid/heat analyis in assembled structures under the natural and actual environmnet such as daily operation, small quakeing which does not induce shut down procedure, and so on.

JAEA Reports

Structual design study of a proton beam window for a 1-MW spallation neutron source

Teraoku, Takuji*; Terada, Atsuhiko*; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kaminaga, Masanori; Ishikura, Shuichi*; Hino, Ryutaro

JAERI-Tech 2003-026, 77 Pages, 2003/03


A 1-MW spallation neutron source aiming at materials and life science researches will be constructed under the JAERI-KEK Proton Accelerator Project(J-PARC). The proton beam window functions as a boundary wall between a high vacuum area and a helium atmosphere and it is cooled by light water because high heat-density is generated in the window material by interactions with the proton beam. Then, uniformity of the water flow is requested at the window to suppress a hot-spot that causes excessive thermal stress and cooling water boiling. Also, the window has to be strong enough in its structure for inner stress due to water pressure and thermal stress due to heat generation. In this report, we propose two types of proton beam windows, flat-type and curved-type. We evaluated the strength of structure and thermal hydraulic analysis. As a result, it was found that sufficient heat removal was assured with uniform water flow at the window, and the stress could be maintained below allowable stress values. Accordingly, it was confirmed that the proton beam window designs were feasible.

JAEA Reports

Structural integrity assessment of intermediate heat exchanger in the HTTR based on results of rise-to-power test

Takeda, Takeshi; Tachibana, Yukio; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

JAERI-Tech 2002-091, 45 Pages, 2002/12


no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Crystalline and nearly stoichiometric vanadium nitride thin film by PLD

Dai, Z.*; Miyashita, Atsumi; Yamamoto, Shunya; Narumi, Kazumasa; Naramoto, Hiroshi

Thin Solid Films, 347(1-2), p.117 - 120, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:75.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Journal Articles

Structural analysis of blanket system and vacuum vessel for international thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER)

*; Koizumi, Koichi; Takatsu, Hideyuki; *; Nakahira, Masataka; Tada, Eisuke; Tsunematsu, Toshihide

Fusion Technology 1996, 0, p.1403 - 1406, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

37 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)