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論文

Analysis for the accident at unit 1 of the Fukushima Daiichi NPS with THALES2/KICHE code in BSAF2 project

玉置 等史; 石川 淳; 杉山 智之; 丸山 結

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.72 - 82, 2019/08

原子力機構では、BSAF2計画に参加し、THALES2/KICHEコードを用いた福島第一原子力発電所の事故解析結果を提供した。THALES2/KICHEコードの重要な特徴の一つとして、液相における速度論に基づくヨウ素化学をモデル化している。本報告では、BSAF2計画における共通の境界条件や仮定に加え、格納容器の破損として、ベント弁が完全に閉まらなかったために引き起こされるベントラインからの継続的な漏洩をモデル化した1号機の3週間にわたる解析結果について紹介する。本仮定に基づく解析では、原子炉冷却系や格納容器の圧力履歴を再現できており、解析期間の3週間で環境に放出されたヨウ素及びセシウムの初期インベントリに対する割合は、各々約6%及び約1%であった。

論文

Analysis for the accident at unit 2 of the Fukushima Daiichi NPS with THALES2/KICHE code in BSAF2 project

玉置 等史; 石川 淳; 杉山 智之; 丸山 結

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.100 - 111, 2019/08

JAEAでは、BSAF2計画に参加し、THALES2/KICHEコードを用いた福島第一原子力発電所の事故解析結果を提供した。THALES2/KICHEコードの重要な特徴の一つとして、液相における速度論に基づくヨウ素化学をモデル化している。本報告では、BSAF2計画における共通の境界条件や仮定に基づいた3週間にわたる2号機の解析結果、特にBSAF2計画では、2号機の事故進展に関し、3月14日の20時から15日2時の間に観測された3つの圧力容器内圧力ピークの生じた理由に着目しており、この時期の事故進展挙動を含め紹介する。また、本解析では、圧力抑制室の下部に破損を仮定し、水の漏洩を含め、格納容器圧力挙動を再現した。解析期間の3週間で環境に放出されたヨウ素及びセシウムの初期インベントリに対する割合は、各々約3%及び約0.1%であった。

論文

Analysis for the accident at Unit 3 of the Fukushima Daiichi NPS with THALES2/KICHE Code in BSAF2 project

石川 淳; 玉置 等史; 杉山 智之; 丸山 結

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.536 - 547, 2019/08

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is pursuing the development and application of the integrated severe accident analysis code, THALES2/KICHE for analysis of severe accident progression and source term. The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS) from units 1 to 3 were analyzed using THALES2/KICHE code for better understanding of the accident in the OECD/NEA BSAF2 project. This paper describes three week analysis for the accident at unit 3. The leakage through the drywell head flange and an equipment hutch was assumed in order to reproduce the tendency of drywell pressure history in addition to the intermittent activation of the containment vessel venting system via the suppression chamber. As for the source term analysis, the dominant chemical forms for cesium and iodine were assumed to be cesium iodine (CsI) and cesium molibdate (Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$) based on the insights of the PHEBUS/FP experiments. The iodine chemical reaction kinetics in the containment aqueous phase, which were associated with the production of molecular iodine and organic iodide, were taken into consideration in the present analysis. The released iodine and cesium within three weeks after the earthquake were predicted to be approximately 3% and 6% of the initial inventory, respectively.

論文

Sensitivity analysis of source term in the accident of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station Unit 1 using THALES2/KICHE

玉置 等史; 石川 淳; 杉山 智之; 丸山 結

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2018 (ASRAM 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2018/10

福島第一原子力発電所で生じた事故では、津波を原因とした電源喪失により、炉心損傷及び格納容器の損傷に至り核分裂性物質が環境に放出された。事故時に計測されたデータ及び事故進展解析、また、事故を起こしたプラントの建屋及び格納容器内部の調査により、事故進展の理解は進んでいる。一方でプラント内事故進展解析と放出された放射性物質の拡散解析の連携解析を行っている例は多くはない。原子力機構では、シビアアクシデント解析と確率論的事故影響評価との連携解析を計画している。この連携解析では、多くの不確かな要因による幅広い不確かさ幅が予想される。この連携解析を効率的に行うため、事故を起こしたプラントのうち、はじめに環境へのFP放出があった1号機を対象に、格納容器の破損箇所及び漏えい面積について、原子力機構で開発しているTHALES2/KICHEを用いた感度解析を行った。想定する格納容器の破損個所は、ヘッドフランジ、ペネトレーションシール及び真空破壊弁配管とした。これに加え、ベント弁の一部開を想定した解析結果も含め、報告する。

論文

Evaluation of chemical speciation of iodine and cesium considering fission product chemistry in reactor coolant system

石川 淳; Zheng, X.; 塩津 弘之; 杉山 智之; 丸山 結

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2018 (ASRAM 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2018/10

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is pursuing the development and application of the methodologies on fission product (FP) chemistry for source term analysis by using integrated severe accident analysis code THALES2/KICHE. Generally, specific chemical forms of iodine and cesium such as cesium iodide (CsI) and cesium hydroxide (CsOH) were assumed in the source term analysis for light water reactors using an integrated severe accident analysis code. The accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station leads possible chemical effects of B$$_{4}$$C control materials and atmosphere on chemical speciation of iodine and cesium such as cesium metaborate (CsBO$$_{2}$$) and hydrogen iodide (HI). The difference of chemical speciation affects not only the FP behavior in the reactor coolant system (RCS) and transport to containment but also pH value of the suppression pool water in the containment. The pH value is one of the influential factors on the release of gaseous iodine (I$$_{2}$$ and organic iodine) from containment liquid phase. In the present study, the improvement of the THALES2/KICHE code in terms of FP chemistry in RCS was performed and applied to source term analysis for severe accidents at a boil water reactor with Mark-I containment vessel. This paper discusses the chemical speciation of iodine and cesium, and FP behavior and transport to containment.

論文

Bayesian optimization analysis of containment-venting operation in a Boiling Water Reactor severe accident

Zheng, X.; 石川 淳; 杉山 智之; 丸山 結

Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 49(2), p.434 - 441, 2017/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:79.72(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Containment venting is one of essential measures to protect the integrity of the final barrier of a nuclear reactor during severe accidents, by which the uncontrollable release of fission products can be avoided. The authors seek to develop an optimization approach, from a simulation-based perspective, to the venting operations by using an integrated severe accident code, THALES2/KICHE. The effectiveness of containment venting strategies needs to be verified via numerical simulations based on various settings of venting conditions. The number of iterations, however, needs to be controlled for cumbersome computational burden of integrated codes. Bayesian optimization is an efficient global optimization approach. By using Gaussian process regression, a surrogate model of the "black-box" code is constructed. It can be updated simultaneously whenever new simulation results are acquired. With predictions via the surrogate model, upcoming locations of the most probable optimum can be revealed. The sampling procedure is adaptive. The number of code queries is largely reduced for the optimum finding, compared with pure random searches. One typical severe accident scenario of a boiling water reactor is chosen as an example. The research demonstrates the applicability of the Bayesian optimization approach to the design and establishment of containment-venting strategies during severe accidents.

論文

Bayesian optimization analysis of containment venting operation in a BWR severe accident

Zheng, X.; 石川 淳; 杉山 智之; 丸山 結

Proceedings of 13th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (PSAM-13) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2016/10

Containment venting is one of essential measures to protect the integrity of the final barrier of a nuclear reactor, by which the uncontrollable release of fission products can be avoided. The authors seek to develop an optimization approach to the planning of containment-venting operations by using THALES2/KICHE. Factors that control the activation of the venting system, for example, containment pressure, amount of fission products within the containment and pH value in the suppression chamber water pool, will affect radiological consequences. The effectiveness of containment venting strategies needs to be confirmed through numerical simulations. The number of iterations, however, needs to be controlled for cumbersome computational burden of severe accident codes. Bayesian optimization is a computationally efficient global optimization approach to find desired solutions. With the use of Gaussian process regression, a surrogate model of the "black-box" code is constructed. According to the predictions through the surrogate model, the upcoming location of the most probable optimum can be revealed. The number of code queries is largely reduced for the optimum finding, compared with simpler methods such as pure random search. The research demonstrates the applicability of the Bayesian optimization approach to the design and establishment of containment-venting strategies under BWR severe accident conditions.

論文

Influence of adsorption of molecular iodine onto aerosols on iodine source term in severe accident

石川 淳; 伊藤 裕人; 丸山 結

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

Two tests performed in the THAI-2 project of the OECD/NEA on the adsorption of molecular iodine onto chemically inactive and active aerosols were analyzed with ART code for analysis of transportation of radioactive materials during a severe accident in order mainly to estimate adsorption velocities of I$$_{2}$$ onto the aerosols. The results of the analysis for aerosol characteristics including airborne concentration and size distribution were reasonably agreed with the measured tendencies. The total surface areas of the aerosols, contributing to physisorption and chemisorption of I$$_{2}$$, were evaluated to be comparable with the surface area of the THAI test vessel wall. It was found that, giving the adsorption velocity onto aerosol at 10$$^{-5}$$ through 10$$^{-4}$$ m/s, the decreasing tendency in the airborne concentration of I$$_{2}$$ was well reproduced for the test with chemically inactive aerosol. The present analysis also indicated that the adsorption velocity in the test with chemically active aerosol was estimated to be larger than that in the test with chemically inactive aerosol by two orders.

口頭

シビアアクシデント時格納容器ベント操作に対するベイズ的最適化解析

Zheng, X.; 石川 淳; 丸山 結

no journal, , 

ベイズ統計理論を用いた最適化解析手法を構築し、シビアアクシデント(SA)影響緩和対策の一つである格納容器ベントを例にとり、その有効性評価への適用を試みた。Mark-I型格納容器を有するBWRの代表的なSAシーケンスを対象として、原子力機構で開発しているSA総合解析コードTHALES2/KICHEを用い、格納容器外に放出される放射性物質の量が最小となる格納容器ベントの最適な操作方法等を検討した。本最適化解析手法は、SA対策の有効性評価のみならず、SA以外の分野においても活用可能であると考えられる。

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