Hashimoto, Shunsuke*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Shibata, Kaoru; Yamada, Takeshi*
Journal of Molecular Liquids, 342, p.117580_1 - 117580_8, 2021/11
Quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) and pulsed-field-gradient nuclear magnetic resonance (PFGNMR) analyses of a nanofluid composed of silicon dioxide (SiO) nanoparticles and a base fluid of ethylene glycol aqueous solution were performed. The aim was to elucidate the mechanism increase in the thermal conductivity of the nanofluid above its theoretical value. The obtained experimental results indicate that SiO particles may decrease the self-diffusion coefficient of the liquid molecules in the ethylene glycol aqueous solution because of their highly restricted motion around these nanoparticles. At a constant temperature, the thermal conductivity increases as the self-diffusion coefficient of the liquid molecules decreases in the SiO nanofluids.
Sun, Y.*; Abe, Yuta; Muta, Hiroaki*; Oishi, Yuji*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(8), p.917 - 925, 2020/08
Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Osaka University*
JAEA-Review 2019-029, 36 Pages, 2020/02
JAEA/CLADS, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Gel Filler that Facilitates Fuel Debris Retrieval". When gel materials such as polymer, silicate and clay minerals with adjusted viscosity are used in the process of debris retrieval, the gel would not leak down from the damaged parts, resulting in the reduction of surrounding air dose rate. In addition, gel materials can reduce the diffusion and scattering of dust that is produced by cutting. For these reasons, we propose a method where inside of a containment vessel is filled by gel materials in order to simplify the debris retrieval.
Takai, Toshihide; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Yamano, Hidemasa
Nuclear Technology, 205(9), p.1164 - 1174, 2019/09
Suzuki, Kiichi; Kato, Masato; Sunaoshi, Takeo*; Uno, Hiroki*; Carvajal-Nunez, U.*; Nelson, A. T.*; McClellan, K. J.*
Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 102(4), p.1994 - 2008, 2019/04
The fundamental properties of CeO were assessed using a range of experimental techniques. The oxygen potential of CeO was measured by the thermogravimetric technique, and a numerical fit for the oxygen potential of CeO is derived based on defect chemistry. Mechanical properties of CeO were obtained using sound velocity measurement, resonant ultrasound spectroscopy and nanoindentation. The obtained mechanical properties of CeO are then used to evaluate the Debye temperature and Gruneisen constant. The heat capacity and thermal conductivity of CeO were also calculated using the Debye temperature and the Gruneisen constant. Finally, the thermal conductivity was calculated based upon laser flash analysis measurements. This result demonstrates that the thermal conductivity has strong dependence upon material purity.
Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Miyahara, Shinya; Uno, Masayoshi*
Netsu Sokutei, 45(1), p.2 - 8, 2018/01
Liquid sodium (Na) has been used as the coolant of fast reactors for the various merits, such as the high thermal conductivity. On the other hand, it is postulated that a steel liner may fail and lead to a sodium-concrete reaction (SCR) during the Na-leak accident. Because of concrete ablation and release of hydrogen gas due to the chemical reactions between Na and concrete components, the SCR is one of the important phenomena in the Na-leak accident. In the study, fundamental experiments related to the SCR were performed using Na and concrete powder. Here, the used concrete powder is milled siliceous concrete which is usually used as the structural concrete in Japanese nuclear power plants. The obvious temperature changes at 3 temperature regions were observed for the reaction process such as Na-melt, NaOH-SiO and Na-HO-SiO reaction, which occurred around 100, 300 and 500C, respectively. Especially, the violent reaction around 500C caused the temperature peak to C, and the reaction heat of kW/g was estimated under the Na-concrete mixing ratio such as . The main components of the reaction products was identified as NaSiO with X-ray diffraction technique. Moreover, the measured thermophysical properties such as melting point, density, specific heat, thermal conductivity and viscosity were similar to those of NaO-SiO ().
Eguchi, Yuta; Sugawara, Takanori; Nishihara, Kenji; Tazawa, Yujiro; Inoue, Akira; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi
JAEA-Technology 2015-052, 34 Pages, 2016/03
Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P) planned in the J-PARC project uses minor actinide (MA) fuel which has large decay heat. So it is necessary to consider the increase of the core temperature when the core cooling system is stopped. This change of the core temperature was evaluated by thermal conduction analysis. It was found that the impact of thermal insulation in the empty rectangular lattice matrix area was large. So it is necessary to verify reliability and accuracy of heat transfer effect used in this area. Testing equipment was fabricated to verify the accuracy of calculation model for the empty lattice matrix which was the free convection model of sealed fluid. By using this equipment, thermal distribution and one dimensional heat flow through the lattice were measured. It was observed that the actual equivalent thermal conductivity in the lattice was larger than the free convection model. It was also confirmed that the insertion of the aluminum block into the empty lattice could achieve the higher equivalent thermal conductivity. These results could be the useful data for the thermal conduction analysis.
Tanaka, Kosuke; Sato, Isamu; Hirosawa, Takashi; Kurosaki, Ken*; Muta, Hiroaki*; Yamanaka, Shinsuke*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(10), p.1285 - 1289, 2015/10
Polycrystalline specimens of americium-containing barium plutonate have been prepared by mixing the appropriate amounts of (PuAm)O and BaCO powders followed by reacting and sintering at 1600 K under the flowing gas atmosphere of dry-air. The sintered specimens had a single phase of orthorhombic perovskite structure and were crack-free. The elastic moduli were determined from the longitudinal and shear sound velocities. The Debye temperature was also determined from the sound velocities and lattice parameter measurements. The thermal conductivity was calculated from the measured density at room temperature, literature values of heat capacity, and thermal diffusivity measured by laser flash method in vacuum. The thermal conductivity of americium-containing barium plutonate was roughly independent of the temperature and was almost the same magnitude as that of BaPuO and BaUO.
Suzuki, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Hatano, Toshihisa; Hirose, Takanori; Hayashi, Kimio; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Nishitani, Takeo; Tobita, Kenji; Akiba, Masato
Nuclear Fusion, 46(2), p.285 - 290, 2006/02
This paper presents significant progress in R&D of key technologies on the water-cooled solid breeder blanket for the ITER-TBM in JAERI. By the improvement of heat treatment process for blanket module fabrication, a fine-grained microstructure of F82H, can be obtained by homogenizing it at 1150 C followed by normalizing at 930 C after the HIP process. Moreover, a promising bonding process for a tungsten armor and an F82H structural material was developed by using a uniaxial hot compression without any artificial compliant layer. Also, it has been confirmed that a fatigue lifetime correlation, which was developed for ITER divertor, can be applicable for F82H first wall mock-up. As for R&D on a breeder material, LiTiO, the effect of compression loads on thermal conductivity of pebble beds has been clarified. JAERI have extensively developed key technologies for ITER-TBM, and now steps up into an engineering R&D stage, where integrated performance of TBM structures will be demonstrated by scalable mock-ups.
Tanigawa, Hisashi; Hatano, Toshihisa; Enoeda, Mikio; Akiba, Masato
Fusion Engineering and Design, 75-79, p.801 - 805, 2005/11
In order to elucidate thermo-mechanical behaviour of the blanket with the water-cooled ceramic breeders, the effective thermal conductivity of a compressed LiTiO pebble bed was measured by the hot wire method. The measurement chamber for the thermal conductivity was inserted into a tensile test-apparatus. Under controlled temperature, atmosphere and mechanical loads, the stress-strain property and the effective thermal conductivity of the pebble beds were measured simultaneously. At the temperatures ranging from 673 to 973K, increases of the effective thermal conductivity due to the compressive deformation were confirmed. In addition, it was found that history of the mechanical and thermal loads on the bed affected the thermo-mechanical properties of the pebble bed.
Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Ishihara, Masahiro; Iyoku, Tatsuo; Tsuji, Nobumasa*
Key Engineering Materials, 297-300, p.1698 - 1703, 2005/11
no abstracts in English
Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Hanawa, Satoshi; Iyoku, Tatsuo; Ishihara, Masahiro
Transactions of 18th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-18), p.4822 - 4828, 2005/08
Graphite materials are used for structural components in High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) core because of their excellent thermo/mechanical properties. Thermal conductivity of graphite components is reduced by neutron irradiation in reactor operation. The reduced conductivity is expected to be recovered by thermal annealing effect when irradiated graphite component is heated above irradiated temperature. In the present study, temperature analyses considering the annealing effect of the HTGR core at a depressurization accident were carried out and influence of annealing effect on maximum fuel temperature was investigated. The analyses show that the annealing effect can reduce the fuel temperature about 100C at the maximum, and it is possible to evaluate the maximum fuel temperature more appropriately. It was also shown that the core-temperature of High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) at the safety demonstration tests can be analyzed with the developed evaluation method considering annealing effect.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 74(6), p.1818 - 1829, 2005/06
We provide a detailed quantitative analysis of transport properties in the -wave superconducting state of SrRuO. Specifically, we calculate ultrasound attenuation rate and electronic thermal conductivity within the mean field approximation. The momentum dependence of the gap function is determined by solving the Eliashberg equation for a three-band Hubbard model with the realistic electronic structure of SrRuO. Consequently, we obtain the temperature dependence of the transport coefficients in agreement with the experimental results.
Shiina, Yasuaki; Inagaki, Terumi*
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 48(2), p.373 - 383, 2005/01
Improvement of thermal conductivity of phase change medium would be one of the effective techniques to reduce phase change time in latent heat storage technology. Thermal conductivity would be improved by saturating phase change materials (PCM) in porous metals. Efficiency of effective thermal conductivity on melting time is studied by analyzing melting characteristics of a heat storage circular capsule where porous metal saturated by PCM is inserted. Results show that considerable reduction in melting time was obtained, especially for low conductivity PCMs and for high heat transfer coefficient. Trial estimation of optimum porosity was presented under the conditions of keeping high latent heat capacity and high reduction rate of melting time. Optimum porosity decreases with increase in heat transfer coefficient.
Sumita, Junya; Nakano, Masaaki*; Tsuji, Nobumasa*; Shibata, Taiju; Ishihara, Masahiro
JAERI-Tech 2004-055, 25 Pages, 2004/08
Neutron irradiation remarkably reduces the thermal conductivity of graphite, and the reduced thermal conductivity is recovered by annealing effect if the graphite is heated above the irradiation temperature. Therefore, it is expected that the reduced thermal conductivity of graphite components in the HTGR could be recovered by the annealing effect in accidents, such as a depressurization accident. Then, an analytical investigation of the annealing effect on thermal performance of a HTGR core was carried. The analysis showed that the annealing effect reduces the maximum fuel temperature about 70C, and it is important to introduce the annealing effect appropriately in the temperature analysis of the core components and reactor internals. In addition, an annealing test method was investigated to evaluate the effect quantitatively, and the test plan was made.
Yamada, Reiji; Igawa, Naoki; Taguchi, Tomitsugu
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(Part1), p.497 - 501, 2004/08
SiC fiber reinforced SiC composites (SiC/SiC) have a potential for a structural material for a blanket wall of advanced fusion reactors. To reduce thermal stresses in the wall under heavy thermal loads SiC/SiC composites are expected to have high thermal conductivity as possible. Advanced SiC fibers recently developed, such as Tyranno SA and Hi-Nicalon Type S have been employed for weaving 3D textures as well as those 2D unwoven fabrics. The CVI and PIP/CVI fabrication methods were used. The thermal conductivity at RT was 40-50 W/mK and 35-40 W/mK for Tyranno CVI and PIP/CVI composites, respectively, whereas about 25 and about 17 W/mK at 1000 C. 2D unwoven CVI composites had less than 12 W/mK for RT-1000 C. For Hi-Nicalon Type S, 3D CVI composites had about 35 and about 20 for RT and 1000 C, respectively. The reason of these high thermal conductivities was ascribed to higher density as well as better SiC crystallinity. The fiber configuration effects on the thermal conductivity of SiC/SiC composites were dominant in the low temperature region.
Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Baba, Shinichi; Ishihara, Masahiro; Iyoku, Tatsuo
Nihon Kikai Gakkai M&M 2004 Zairyo Rikigaku Kanfarensu Koen Rombunshu, p.141 - 142, 2004/07
Neutron irradiation reduces the thermal conductivity of graphite, but the reduced thermal conductivity is recovered by annealing effect if the graphite is heated above the irradiation temperature. In this research, annealing effect of thermal conductivity on thermal stress of graphite is investigated. In addition, effect of recovered thermal conductivity on membrane, point and peak stress is also investigated.
Suzuki, Motoe; Saito, Hiroaki*; Iwamura, Takamichi
Nuclear Engineering and Design, 227(1), p.19 - 27, 2004/01
To assess the feasibility of the 31percentPu-MOX fuel rod design of reduced-moderation boiling water reactor in terms of thermal and mechanical behaviors, a single rod which is assumed to be irradiated in the core of RMWR up to 106 GWd/tHM has been analyzed by a fuel performance code FEMAXI-RM which is an extended version of FEMAXI-6 code. In the analysis, design specifications of fuel rod and irradiation conditions have been input, and available models of both MOX fuel and UO fuel have been used complementally. The results are: FGR is several tens of percent, rod internal pressure does not exceed the coolant pressure, and the highest fuel center temperature is 2400K, while cladding diameter increase caused by pellet swelling is within 1percent strain. These predictions suggest that the MOX fuel rod integrity will be held during irradiation in RMWR, though actual behavior of MOX pellet swelling requires to be investigated in detail.
Sogabe, Toshiaki; Ishihara, Masahiro; Baba, Shinichi; Tachibana, Yukio; Yamaji, Masatoshi*; Iyoku, Tatsuo; Hoshiya, Taiji*
Materials Science Research International, 9(3), p.235 - 241, 2003/09
2D-C/C composite is one of the promising materials as a next-generation core material in gas-cooled reactors. Effect of air-oxidation on the thermal diffusivity up to 1673K of the 2D-C/C composite was investigated. The C/C composite specimens for measurement of thermal diffusivity were oxidized from 1 to 11 percent weight loss in air at 823K. Thermal diffusivity at room temperature declined 1020 percent for parallel to lamina direction and 59 percent for that of perpendicular within 11 percent weight loss by oxidation. Thermal diffusivity tended to decrease gradually as the increase of oxidation loss in parallel to lamina, however, it decreased in the beginning of oxidation pretty much and not so changed by further oxidation loss in perpendicular to lamina. Change in thermal conductivity under oxidation condition was also estimated.
Yamada, Reiji; Igawa, Naoki; Taguchi, Tomitsugu; Jitsukawa, Shiro
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311(Part2), p.1215 - 1220, 2002/12
SiC fiber-reinforced SiC composites (SiC/SiC) are considered an advanced structural material for blanket modules of a fusion reactor, which requires high thermal conductivity in order to keep thermal stresses in the material lower than the allowable design stress. The sintered SiC fiber recently developed has obtained high thermal conductivity, so it is highly expected that sintered SiC fiber-reinforced SiC/SiC composites would also show high thermal conductivity. In this study several types of 3D SiC/SiC composites were fabricated by either CVI or PIP method. The results of the thermal conductivity measurements show that the maximum thermal conductivity at room temperature was about 60 W/mK for CVI composites or 25W/mK for PIP ones. These values are considerably higher than those of non-sintered SiC fiber reinforced SiC/SiC composites, which indicates a possibility that the developed materials would be promising. The FEM thremal analysis shows the good agreement between the caluculated and experimental results.