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Journal Articles

Observation of surface modification of multi-layered mirror induced by soft X-ray laser pulse

Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Ichimaru, Satoshi*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya

Reza Gakkai Dai-483-Kai Kenkyukai Hokoku; Tanhacho Ryoshi Bimu Hassei To Sono Oyo, p.25 - 28, 2015/12

X-ray ablation has been recently achieved using plasma soft X-ray lasers (SXRLs), laser plasma soft X-rays, and X-ray free electron lasers. In order to study the interactions between picosecond SXRL beams and material and multi-layered structure surfaces were irradiated with SXRL pulse. Following irradiation, the substrate surface was observed using a scanning electron microscope and an atomic force microscope. The surface modifications caused by the SXRL beam were clearly seen. The multi-layered mirror is the important component for the EUV lithography. Then, we have started the damage test of multi-layered structure, and the surface modifications caused by the SXRL pulse irradiations were confirmed.

Journal Articles

Construction of a magnetic bottle spectrometer and its application to pulse duration measurement of X-ray laser using a pump-probe method

Namba, Shinichi*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kishimoto, Maki; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Kawachi, Tetsuya

AIP Advances (Internet), 5(11), p.117101_1 - 117101_10, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

To characterize the temporal evolution of ultrashort X-ray pulses emitted by laser plasmas using a pump-probe method, a magnetic bottle time-of-flight electron spectrometer is constructed. The design is determined by numerical calculations of a mirror magnetic field and of the electron trajectory in a flight tube. The performance of the spectrometer is characterized by measuring the electron spectra of xenon atoms irradiated with a laser-driven plasma X-ray pulse. In addition, as a preliminary experiment, two-color above-threshold ionization (ATI) is conducted, in which xenon atoms are simultaneously irradiated with an X-ray laser pump and an IR laser probe. The correlation in the intensity of the Auger sideband spectra and in the time delay of the two laser pulses yields an X-ray pulse width of 5.7 ps, in good agreement with the value obtained using an X-ray streak camera.

Journal Articles

Polarization of amplified spontaneous emission in a plasma active medium

Kim, C. M.*; Steil, H.*; Matou$v{s}$, B.*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Tran, K. A.*; Janulewicz, K. A.*

Physical Review A, 92(4), p.043807_1 - 043807_7, 2015/10


 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.06(Optics)

We present polarization measurement of a Ni-like Ag X-ray laser working in the transient collisional excitation scheme. A calibrated membrane multilayer beam splitter was used to determine the energies of two mutually perpendicular polarization components (s and p components). As a result, we observed a high degree of polarization that fluctuated from shot to shot. The dominant polarization component switched from s to p when pumping was made stronger. The measurement results are discussed from the point of view of the general polarization theory and supported by a numerical simulation based on Maxwell-Bloch equations.

Journal Articles

Observation of dynamics and modification of solid surface using a picosecond soft X-ray laser

Nishikino, Masaharu; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ishino, Masahiko; Minami, Yasuo*; Suemoto, Toru*; Onishi, Naofumi*; Ito, Atsushi*; Sato, Katsutoshi*; Faenov, A.*; et al.

X-Ray Lasers and Coherent X-Ray Sources; Development and Applications XI (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9589), p.958902_1 - 958902_7, 2015/09

Journal Articles

The Observation of a transient surface morphology in the femtosecond laser ablation process by using the soft X-ray laser probe

Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Tomita, Takuro*; Onishi, Naofumi*; Ito, Atsushi*; Eyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kakimoto, Naoya*; Izutsu, Rui*; Minami, Yasuo*; Baba, Motoyoshi*; et al.

X-Ray Lasers and Coherent X-Ray Sources; Development and Applications XI (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9589), p.95890A_1 - 95890A_8, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:34.55

We have improved a soft X-ray laser (SXRL) interferometer synchronized with a Ti:Sapphire laser pulse to observe the single-shot imaging of the nano-scaled structure dynamics of the laser induced materials. By the precise imaging optics and double time fiducial system having been installed, the lateral resolution on the sample surface and the precision of the temporal synchronization between the SXRL and Ti:Sapphire laser pulses were improved to be 700 nm and 2 ps, respectively. By using this system, the initial stage (before 200 ps) of the ablation process of the Pt surface pumped by 80 fs Ti:Sapphire laser pulse was observed by the comparison between the soft X-ray reflective image and interferogram. We have succeeded in the direct observation of the unique ablation process around the ablation threshold such as the rapid increase of the surface roughness and surface vibration.

Journal Articles

Output beam polarisation of X-ray lasers with transient inversion

Janulewicz, K. A.*; Kim, C. M.*; Steil, H.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru

X-Ray Lasers and Coherent X-Ray Sources; Development and Applications XI (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9589), p.95890N_1 - 95890N_7, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We describe measurement results on the polarization state of amplified spontaneous emission signal from a collisionally pumped Ni-like Ag soft X-ray laser with a transient inversion. The result obtained with a calibrated membrane beam splitter as a polarization state (P-state) selector shows that dominance one of the mutually perpendicular electric field components (p- or s-) in the output signal depends on the hydrodynamic state of the plasma medium. Two different hydrodynamic states were referred as a low gain and high gain regimes and the allocated P-states had dominant s- and p-component, respectively. It was also shown that due to correlations between p- and s-components in the process of coherent amplification of noise, correct description of the polarization state requires applying the generalized theory of polarization and formulated there the generalized degree of polarization.

Journal Articles

Soft X-ray laser observation of femtosecond-laser-driven ablation of tungsten

Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ishino, Masahiko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Kato, Yoshiaki*

Chinese Optics Letters, 13(7), p.070002_1 - 070002_3, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:90.02(Optics)

Journal Articles

Observation of the dependence on the fluence and materials in femto-second laser ablation process by using the soft X-ray laser probe

Hasegawa, Noboru; Tomita, Takuro*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Eyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kakimoto, Naoya*; Minami, Yasuo*; Baba, Motoyoshi*; Onishi, Naofumi*; Ito, Atsushi*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2015-001, p.17 - 20, 2015/07

We have succeeded in simultaneous observation of the ablation front and the expansion front with thin filmy structure in the femto-second laser ablation process of a gold target by using the 13.9 nm soft X-ray probe (incident angle to the sample $$sim$$ 70 deg) with soft X-ray interferometer. The dependence on the laser local fluence and materials was obtained by the comparison between gold and tungsten.

Journal Articles

X-ray laser

Sasaki, Akira

Genshiryoku, Ryoshi, Kakuyugo Jiten, 1, p.108 - 109, 2014/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Observation of femtosecond laser ablation on Tungsten by using soft X-ray reflection and interference imaging

Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Tomita, Takuro*; Eyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kakimoto, Naoya*; Onishi, Naofumi*; Ito, Atsushi*; Baba, Motoyoshi*; Minami, Yasuo*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

Reza Gakkai Dai-471-Kai Kenkyukai Hokoku; Tanhacho Ryoshi Bimu Hassei To Sono Oyo, p.9 - 12, 2014/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers 2014 (ICXRL 2014)

Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Daido, Hiroyuki

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 90(9), P. 579, 2014/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Submicron scale image observation with a grazing incidence reflection-type single-shot soft X-ray microscope

Baba, Motoyoshi*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Tomita, Takuro*; Minami, Yasuo*; Takei, Ryota*; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Suemoto, Toru

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(8), p.080302_1 - 080302_4, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:59.19(Physics, Applied)

A grazing incidence reflection-type soft X-ay microscope, using a Fresnel zone plate and a soft X-ray laser with wavelength 13.9 nm and pulse width 7 ps, was developed. Submicron size groove structures made on a Pt film were clearly captured at a single shot exposure, with spatial resolution of about 360 nm. A wide field view of 100 $$mu$$m square was secured under the Kohler illumination. This microscope also had a large depth of focus of more than 100 $$mu$$m and was proven to have a sufficient performance for observing surface morphological changes.

Journal Articles

Report on 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers (ICXRL2014)

Nishikino, Masaharu; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Daido, Hiroyuki

Reza Kenkyu, 42(8), p.678 - 679, 2014/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Surface nano-structuring produced by spallation of metal irradiated by an ultrashort laser pulse

Inogamov, N. A.*; Zhakhovsky, V. V.*; Ashitkov, S. I.*; Emirov, Y. N.*; Faenov, A. Y.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Ishino, Masahiko; Kando, Masaki; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 500(11), p.112070_1 - 112070_6, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:0.87

The mechanism of formation and geometry of surface structures are discussed for the case of single pulse acting on a well-polished metal surface. We demonstrate that the complex surface nano-structures are formed after laser irradiation due to the thermomechanical spallation of ultrathin surface layer of melt. Spallation is accompanied by a strong foaming of melt followed by breaking of the foam. After several nanoseconds the foam remnants freeze up with formation of complex nano-structures on a target surface.

Journal Articles

Development of a highly coherent X-ray laser

Nishikino, Masaharu; Tanaka, Momoko; Kawazome, Hayato; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sasaki, Akira; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kishimoto, Maki; Nagashima, Keisuke; Onishi, Naofumi*

AIP Conference Proceedings 827, p.499 - 504, 2006/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

X-ray lasers

Daido, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Naohiro*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Moribayashi, Kengo

Reza Handobukku Dai-2-Han, p.325 - 335, 2005/04

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of the high stability target system for double-target X-ray laser

Sukegawa, Kota*; Kishimoto, Maki; Kado, Masataka

JAERI-Tech 2004-077, 21 Pages, 2005/01


no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Mach-Zehnder interference microscopy using a highly coherent X-ray laser

Nishikino, Masaharu; Kawazome, Hayato; Tanaka, Momoko; Kishimoto, Maki; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nagashima, Keisuke

IPAP Conference Series 7 (Proceedings of 8th International Conference on X-ray Microscopy (XRM 2005)), p.423 - 425, 2005/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Design of chirp-pulse amplification laser system and test results of key elements for high-repetition rate soft X-ray lasers

Ochi, Yoshihiro; Hasegawa, Noboru; Suzuki, Yoji; Sukegawa, Kota*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Kishimoto, Maki; Nagashima, Keisuke

JAERI-Tech 2004-062, 32 Pages, 2004/11


We have designed new chirp-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system for 0.1 Hz repetition rate soft X-ray laser system. We adopted the optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier (OPCPA) for a pre-amplifier because of its pulse controllability. For a main-amplifier, we decided to use a zigzag-slab amplifier because of its thermal radiation ability. In order to avoid the inhomogeneous spatial profile of the amplified laser beam, the image of the incident laser light created by a serrated aperture is transferred by use of an image relay system. In this report, we will show the preliminary test of each amplifier using a prototype system and the details of the final system design.

Journal Articles

Picosecond view of microscopic-scale polarization clusters in paraelectric BaTiO$$_{3}$$

Tai, R.; Namikawa, Kazumichi; Sawada, Akikatsu*; Kishimoto, Maki; Tanaka, Momoko; Lu, P.*; Nagashima, Keisuke; Maruyama, Hiroshi*; Ando, Masami*

Physical Review Letters, 93(8), p.087601_1 - 087601_4, 2004/08


 Times Cited Count:69 Percentile:10.52(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The polarization clusters existing in both the ferroelectric and the paraelectric phase of BaTiO$$_{3}$$ are directly observed and characterized for the first time by a picosecond soft X-ray laser speckle technique. These dynamic clusters appear continuously across the Curie temperature Tc. The clusters' distance increases approximately linearly with temperature, while their mean size does not change significantly. The polarization exhibits a maximum at a temperature about 5 degree above Tc. The clusters' short-range correlation strength diverges as (T-Tc)$^-$0.41$$pm$$0.02 as temperature decreases toward Tc.

90 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)