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Journal Articles

Cryogenic sample environments shared at the MLF, J-PARC

Kawamura, Seiko; Takahashi, Ryuta*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Nakamura, Masatoshi*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Kambara, Wataru*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; et al.

Journal of Neutron Research, 21(1-2), p.17 - 22, 2019/05

The Cryogenics and Magnets group in the Sample Environment team is responsible for operation of cryostats and magnets for user's experiments at the MLF in J-PARC. We have introduced a top-loading $$^4$$He cryostat, a bottom-loading $$^3$$He cryostat, a dilution refrigerator insert and a superconducting magnet. The frequency of use of them dramatically becomes higher in these two years, as the beam power and the number of proposal increase. To respond such situation, we have made efforts to enhance performance of these equipment as follows. The $$^3$$He cryostat originally involves an operation software for automatic initial cooling down to the base temperature and automatic re-charge of $$^3$$He. Recently we made an additional program for automatic temperature control with only the sorb heater. Last year, a new outer vacuum chamber of the magnet with an oscillating radial collimator (ORC) was fabricated. The data quality was drastically improved by introducing this ORC so that the magnet can be used even for the inelastic neutron scattering experiments.

Journal Articles

Colorimetric detection and removal of copper(II) ions from wastewater samples using tailor-made composite adsorbent

Awual, M. R.; Hasan, M. M.*

Sensors and Actuators B; Chemical, 206, p.692 - 700, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:178 Percentile:99.77(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Development in fission track- thermal ionization mass spectrometry for particle analysis of safeguards environmental samples

Lee, C. G.; Iguchi, Kazunari; Inagawa, Jun; Suzuki, Daisuke; Esaka, Fumitaka; Magara, Masaaki; Sakurai, Satoshi; Watanabe, Kazuo; Usuda, Shigekazu

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 272(2), p.299 - 302, 2007/05

 Times Cited Count:44 Percentile:94.37(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Challenge to ultra-trace analytical techniques of nuclear materials in environmental samples for safeguards at JAERI; Methodologies for physical and chemical form estimation

Usuda, Shigekazu; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Kokubu, Yoko; Esaka, Fumitaka; Lee, C. G.; Magara, Masaaki; Sakurai, Satoshi; Watanabe, Kazuo; Hirayama, Fumio; Fukuyama, Hiroyasu; et al.

International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 86(9), p.663 - 675, 2006/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:42.17(Chemistry, Analytical)

The IAEA introduced the environmental sample analysis method, as a powerful tool to detect undeclared nuclear activities, into strengthened safeguards system. The principle of the method is that nuclear signatures can be evidenced if trace amount of nuclear materials in environmental samples taken from inside and outside of nuclear facilities are accurately analyzed. Currently, isotope ratios of uranium and plutonium in "swipe" samples are measured, which are collected in nuclear facilities. In future, the subject of environmental sample analysis will expand to soil, sediment, vegetation, water and airborne dust taken from outside of the nuclear facilities. If physical and chemical form of the nuclear materials is identified, we may estimate their origin, treatment process and migration behavior. This paper deals with the developed analytical techniques for the safeguards environmental samples, the current R&D on techniques related to estimation of the physical and chemical form, and possible analytical methodologies applicable to ultra-trace amounts of nuclear materials.

Journal Articles

Study on the etching conditions of polycarbonate detectors for particle analysis of safeguards environmental samples

Iguchi, Kazunari; Esaka, Konomi; Lee, C. G.; Inagawa, Jun; Esaka, Fumitaka; Onodera, Takashi; Fukuyama, Hiroyasu; Suzuki, Daisuke; Sakurai, Satoshi; Watanabe, Kazuo; et al.

Radiation Measurements, 40(2-6), p.363 - 366, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:59.05(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In particle analysis for safeguards environmental samples, the fission track technique is very important to detect sub-micrometer particles containing uranium. In the technique the authors developed, the particles were recovered onto the polycarbonate membrane filter. The filter was dissolved in solvent and dried to form a thin film of detector, in which the particles were confined. After thermal neutron irradiation and etching, the particles of interest in the detector were easily identified with fission tracks, and were picked up for isotope ratio analysis. It was found, however, that the particles in the vicinity of the detector surface may fall off during the etching process. Therefore, optimization of the etching condition is required. In this work, the effects of etching time and enrichment of uranium in particles were investigated. Preliminary results suggest that etching time should be shorter with the increase in the enrichment.

Journal Articles

R&D on safeguards environmental sample analysis at JAERI

Sakurai, Satoshi; Magara, Masaaki; Usuda, Shigekazu; Watanabe, Kazuo; Esaka, Fumitaka; Hirayama, Fumio; Lee, C. G.; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Kono, Nobuaki; Inagawa, Jun; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Determination of detection efficiency curves of HPGe detectors on radioactivity measurement of volume samples

Saegusa, Jun; Kawasaki, Katsuya; Mihara, Akira; Ito, Mitsuo; Yoshida, Makoto

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 61(6), p.1383 - 1390, 2004/12

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:85.48(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Establishment of a clean chemistry laboratory at JAERI; Clean Laboratory for Environmental Analysis and Research (CLEAR)

Hanzawa, Yukiko; Magara, Masaaki; Watanabe, Kazuo; Esaka, Fumitaka; Miyamoto, Yutaka; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Gunji, Katsubumi*; Yamamoto, Yoichi; Takahashi, Tsukasa; Sakurai, Satoshi; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2002-103, 141 Pages, 2003/02

JAERI-Tech-2002-103.pdf:10.38MB

The JAERI has established a facility with a cleanroom: the Clean Laboratory for Environmental Analysis and Research (CLEAR). This report is an overview of the design, construction and performance evaluation of the CLEAR in the initial stage of the laboratory operation in June 2001. The CLEAR is a facility to be used for ultra trace analyses of nuclear materials in environmental samples for the safeguards, for the CTBT verification and for researches on environmental sciences. The CLEAR meets double requirements of a cleanroom and for handling of nuclear materials. Much attention was paid to the construction materials of the cleanroom for trace analysis of metal elements using corrosive acids. The air conditioning and purification system, experimental equipment, utilities and safety systems are also demonstrated. The potential contamination from the completed cleanroom atmosphere during the analytical procedure was evaluated. It can be concluded that the CLEAR has provided a suitable condition for reliable analysis of ultra trace amounts of nuclear materials in environmental samples.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the Colloquium on Ultra-trace Analysis of Environmental Samples; 28 Nov. 2001, JAERI, Tokai, Japan

Takai, Konomi; Sakurai, Satoshi; Usuda, Shigekazu; Watanabe, Kazuo

JAERI-Conf 2002-002, 98 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Conf-2002-002.pdf:4.66MB

The Colloquium on Ultra-trace Analysis of Environmental Samples was held on November 28, 2001 at CLEAR (Clean Laboratory for Environmental Analysis and Research) located at JAERI Tokai Establishment. Eight presentations were made at the colloquium, covering wide area of the relevant works such as development of analytical technology, environmental sample analysis and application to the safeguards. Each presentation was followed by animated discussion. This report assembles the full papers for the presentations reported at the colloquium.

JAEA Reports

Survey data of radionuclides in environmental Samples(I)

; ; ; ; ;

JAERI-M 86-047, 142 Pages, 1986/03

JAERI-M-86-047.pdf:2.85MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Present status of sample environment at J-PARC MLF

Aso, Tomokazu; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; Munakata, Koji*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Kawamura, Seiko; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Watanabe, Masao; Takata, Shinichi; Hattori, Takanori; et al.

no journal, , 

In FY2013, the SE team was officially organized in Technology Development Section in MLF with succeeding the previous ad hoc SE team. We are working on operation of so-called beam-line (BL)-common SE equipment and development of the SE devices as well as the previous SE team. We have already prepared a vertical-field superconducting magnet, a dilution refrigerator insert, a furnace with Nb heater and 2K cryostat as the BL-common SE equipment. In this fiscal year, a bottom-loading type $$^{3}$$He cryostat will be introduced. Moreover, we have just started developing high pressure system by collaborating with High Pressure Group in MLF, to comply with users' requests. We have also discussed the general purpose of apparatus for pulse magnet and for hydrogen environment. We plan to prepare more working area for the SE equipment, whose number gradually increases, and sample preparation and characterization rooms for users in the new building, which is under construction.

Oral presentation

Current status of sample environment at J-PARC MLF

Aso, Tomokazu; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; Munakata, Koji*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Kawamura, Seiko; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Watanabe, Masao; Takata, Shinichi; Hattori, Takanori; et al.

no journal, , 

In FY2013, the SE team was officially organized in Technology Development Section in MLF with succeeding the previous ad hoc SE team. We are working on operation of so-called beam-line (BL)-common SE equipment and development of the SE devices as well as the previous SE team. We have already prepared a vertical-field superconducting magnet, a dilution refrigerator insert, a furnace with Nb heater and 2K cryostat as the BL-common SE equipment. In this fiscal year, a bottom-loading type $$^{3}$$He cryostat will be introduced. Moreover, we have just started developing high pressure system by collaborating with High Pressure Group in MLF, to comply with users' requests. We have also discussed the general purpose of apparatus for pulse magnet and for hydrogen environment. We plan to prepare more working area for the SE equipment, whose number gradually increases, and sample preparation and characterization rooms for users in the new building, which is under construction.

Oral presentation

Recovery and progress in sample environment at JRR-3

Kaneko, Koji; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Shimojo, Yutaka; Yamauchi, Hiroki; Moriai, Atsushi; Asami, Toshio*; Kawana, Daichi*; Sugiura, Ryosuke*; Okawara, Manabu*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Status and news from JRR-3

Kaneko, Koji; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Kumada, Takayuki

no journal, , 

14 (Records 1-14 displayed on this page)
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