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Finding RHEED conditions sensitive to hydrogen position on Pd(100)

川村 隆明*; 深谷 有喜; 福谷 克之

Surface Science, 722, p.122098_1 - 122098_8, 2022/08



Rapid and efficient chromium (VI) removal from aqueous solutions using nickel hydroxide nanoplates (nNiHs)

Maamoun, I.; Bensaida, K.*; Eljamal, R.*; Falyouna, O.*; 田中 万也; Tosco, T.*; 杉原 裕司*; Eljamal, O.*

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 358, p.119216_1 - 119216_13, 2022/07

In this study, nickel hydroxide nanoplates (nNiHs) were developed to achieve rapid and significant Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions. nNiHs showed an average particle size and crystallite size of 36.8 nm and 8.68 nm, respectively. Different reaction parameters were investigated, including nNiHs dosage, pH, reaction temperature, initial Cr(VI) concentration, and co-existing anions. nNiHs could efficiently remove 20 mg/L Cr(VI) concentration over a wide pH and temperature range(s). Pseudo 2nd order kinetic model and Freundlich isotherm model were the best to fit experimental data. A maximum Cr(VI) sorption capacity of 71.25 mg/g was achieved at the optimal reaction conditions, comparable to the previously reported values. The governing Cr(VI) removal mechanism by nNiHs involved the high dominance of electrostatic adsorption and the low dominance of co-precipitation. The high sorption potential of the nNiHs and the high affinity of the aqueous Cr(VI) species, enabled the proposed adsorbent to yield an efficient performance in binary environmental systems.


Multi-functional magnesium hydroxide coating for iron nanoparticles towards prolonged reactivity in Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions

Maamoun, I.; Falyouna, O.*; Eljamal, R.*; Bensaida, K.*; 田中 万也; Tosco, T.*; 杉原 裕司*; Eljamal, O.*

Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 10(3), p.107431_1 - 107431_17, 2022/06

In this study, the reactive performance of magnesium hydroxide-coated iron nanoparticles was investigated for the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. Short- and long-term progressive-release of reactivity was evaluated through several batch tests. The Multi-functional effect of the environmentally-friendly magnesium hydroxide coating shell was represented by the progressive shell-dissolution in water and preventing the rapid corrosion of the iron core, which resulted in a controlled release of reactivity towards hexavalent chromium. Magnesium hydroxide-coated iron nanoparticles showed good performance in preserving the long-term reactivity within a wide ranges of pH and temperature. The long-term investigation of magnesium hydroxide-coated iron nanoparticles performance towards hexavalent chromium removal confirmed the progressive and maintained reactivity, represented by the continuous release of iron core electrons, to achieve full removal over 50 days reaction time, to be reported for the first time in the literature. The material showed high regeneration abilities up to 5 cycles with 1.36 times average enhancement in hexavalent chromium removal efficiency compared to that of iron. Moreover, it achieved an increase in the shelf-live longevity performance up to 30 days without any storing solution with considerable removal efficiency after 180 min reaction time.


Single crystal growth and magnetic properties of noncentrosymmetric antiferromagnet Mn$$_3$$IrSi

大貫 惇睦*; 金子 良夫*; 青木 大*; 仲村 愛*; 松田 達磨*; 中島 美帆*; 芳賀 芳範; 竹内 徹也*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(6), p.065002_1 - 065002_2, 2022/06

Single crystals of Mn$$_3$$IrSi were grown using Bridgman method. Mn$$_3$$IrSi shows a remarkable increase of the electrical resistivity below antiferromagnetic transition temperature accompanied by a large jump of specific heat.


Electric monopole transition from the superdeformed band in $$^{40}$$Ca

井手口 栄治*; Kib$'e$di, T.*; Dowie, J. T. H.*; Hoang, T. H.*; Kumar Raju, M.*; 青井 考*; Mitchell, A. J.*; Stuchbery, A. E.*; 清水 則孝*; 宇都野 穣; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 128(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_6, 2022/06



Radioactive particles from a range of past nuclear events; Challenges posed by highly varied structure and composition

Johansen, M. P.*; Child, D. P.*; Collins, R.*; Cook, M.*; Davis, J.*; Hotchkis, M. A. C.*; Howard, D. L.*; Howell, N.*; 池田 篤史; Young, E.*

Science of the Total Environment, p.156755_1 - 156755_24, 2022/06

While they have appeared only recently in earth's history, radioactive particles from anthropogenic sources are widespread in global environments and present radiological harm potentials to living organisms. Here we compare a varied set of particles from past nuclear fission and non-fission sources in Australia of highly diverse magnitudes, release modes, and environments. Numerous radioactive particles persist in soils 60 + years after their release events. Particles can be distinguished by their Ca/Fe and Si/Fe elemental ratios, which in this study range over orders of magnitude and reflect the materials available during their individual formation events. The particles from nuclear testing have dominant $$^{239+240}$$Pu activity concentrations, relative to $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs, which increases long-term radiological hazard from alpha emissions if inhaled or ingested, and contrasts with particles from nuclear power accidents (e.g., Fukushima). Internal fracturing is more prevalent than previously reported, and fracturing is greater in Ca-rich vs. Si-dominated matrices.


Urea-introduced ionic liquid for the effective extraction of Pt(IV) and Pd(II) ions

上田 祐生; 江口 綾乃; 徳永 紘平; 菊池 圭*; 杉田 剛; 岡村 浩之; 長縄 弘親

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 61(19), p.6640 - 6649, 2022/05



Precise magnetization measurements down to 500 mK using a miniature $$^3$$He cryostat and a closed-cycle $$^3$$He gas handling system installed in a SQUID magnetometer without continuous-cooling functionality

島村 一利*; 輪島 裕樹*; 牧野 隼士*; 阿部 聡*; 芳賀 芳範; 佐藤 由昌*; 河江 達也*; 吉田 靖雄*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 61(5), p.056502_1 - 056502_7, 2022/05

We have conducted precise magnetization measurements down to 500 mK using a commercial magnetometer. The gas handling system contains two sorption pumps filled with granular charcoals. $$^3$$He gas is pressurized up to ambient pressure for liquification at 3 K and the vapor is pumped for cooling. We demonstrate the performance of the system by observing the Meissner effect of aluminum below the superconducting transition temperature.


Homogeneity of (U, $$M$$)O$$_2$$ ($$M$$ = Th, Np) prepared by supercritical hydrothermal synthesis

白崎 謙次*; 田端 千紘*; 砂賀 彩光*; 酒井 宏典; Li, D.*; 小中 真理子*; 山村 朝雄*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 563, p.153608_1 - 153608_11, 2022/05

添加剤を変えながらウラン酸化物(U, $$M$$)O$$_2$$ ($$M$$=Th, Np)固溶体を超臨界水熱合成で調製した。それらの試料の均質性をVegard則に基づいた結晶構造解析や、(U, Np, Na)O$$_2$$固溶体については、$$^{23}$$Na核核磁気共鳴(NMR)によって調べた。その結果、(i) (U, Th)O$$_{2+x}$$固溶体の場合は、炭酸アンモニウムを添加剤として、IV価ウランから出発し、(ii) (U, Np)O$$_{2+x}$$の場合は、エタノールを添加剤として、VI価ウランから出発すると、均質な試料が得られることがわかった。


Large antisymmetric interlayer exchange coupling enabling perpendicular magnetization switching by an in-plane magnetic field

増田 啓人*; 関 剛斎*; 山根 結太*; Modak, R.*; 内田 健一*; 家田 淳一; Lau, Y.-C.*; 深見 俊輔*; 高梨 弘毅

Physical Review Applied (Internet), 17(5), p.054036_1 - 054036_9, 2022/05



Violation of the magnonic Wiedemann-Franz law in the strong nonlinear regime

仲田 光樹; 大沼 悠一*; Kim, S. K.*

Physical Review B, 105(18), p.184409_1 - 184409_7, 2022/05



Observation of domain structure in non-collinear antiferromagnetic Mn$$_3$$Sn thin films by magneto-optical Kerr effect

内村 友宏*; Yoon, J.-Y.*; 佐藤 佑磨*; 竹内 祐太郎*; 金井 駿*; 武智 涼太*; 岸 桂輔*; 山根 結太*; DuttaGupta, S.*; 家田 淳一; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 120(17), p.172405_1 - 172405_5, 2022/04

We perform a hysteresis-loop measurement and domain imaging for $$(1100)$$-oriented $$D0_{19}$$-Mn$$_{3+x}$$Sn$$_{1-x}$$ $$(-0.11 le x le 0.14)$$ thin films using magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) and compare it with the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) measurement. We obtain a large Kerr rotation angle of 10 mdeg., comparable with bulk single-crystal Mn$$_3$$Sn. The composition $$x$$ dependence of AHE and MOKE shows a similar trend, suggesting the same origin, i.e., the non-vanishing Berry curvature in the momentum space. Magnetic domain observation at the saturated state shows that x dependence of AHE and MOKE is explained by an amount of reversible area that crucially depends on the crystalline structure of the film. Furthermore, in-depth observation of the reversal process reveals that the reversal starts with nucleation of sub-micrometer-scale domains dispersed in the film, followed by a domain expansion, where the domain wall preferentially propagates along the $$[11bar{2}0]$$ direction. Our study provides a basic understanding of the spatial evolution of the reversal of chiral-spin structure in non-collinear antiferromagnetic thin films.


Effect of uranium deficiency on normal and superconducting properties in unconventional superconductor UTe$$_2$$

芳賀 芳範; Opletal, P.; 常盤 欣文; 山本 悦嗣; 徳永 陽; 神戸 振作; 酒井 宏典

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 34(17), p.175601_1 - 175601_7, 2022/04

Single crystals of the unconventional superconductor UTe$$_2$$ have been grown in various conditions. Superconducting samples are nearly stoichiometric within an experimental error of about 1%, while non-superconducting sample significantly deviates from the ideal composition. The superconducting UTe$$_2$$ showed that the large density of states was partially gapped in the normal state, while the non-superconducting sample is characterized by the relatively large electronic specific heat as reported previously.


Insights into boron removal from water using Mg-Al-LDH; Reaction parameters optimization & 3D-RSM modeling

Eljamal, O.*; Maamoun, I.; Alkhudhayri, S.*; Eljamal, R.*; Falyouna, O.*; 田中 万也; 香西 直文; 杉原 裕司*

Journal of Water Process Engineering (Internet), 46, p.102608_1 - 102608_13, 2022/04

In this study, calcined Mg-Al layered double hydroxide was successfully synthesized for boron removal from aqueous solutions. Batch experiments were conducted considering various reaction conditions, including initial pH, reaction temperature, initial boron concentration, Mg-Al-CLDH dosage, ambient condition, and co-existing ions effect, for optimizing boron removal efficiency. Results showed that sorption kinetic rate became higher by approaching towards the neutral pH conditions, while it declined at the strong acidic or alkaline conditions. Mg-Al-CLDH was capable of removing high boron concentration from aqueous solutions at a reasonable dosage, with a comparable sorption capacity to the other reported studies. Moreover, high boron removal rates were observed at high reaction temperatures, reflecting the endothermic nature of the reaction, and reached equilibrium within less than 6 h. Moreover, results of 3D-RSM modeling confirmed that the middle-high range of Mg-Al-CLDH dosage values was the suitable range to achieve high boron removal efficiency, in spite of pH, temperature, and initial concentration effects. Furthermore, isotherm modeling confirmed that boron removal by Mg-Al-CLDH occurred via a mono-layer sorption, and thermodynamic modeling revealed the positive value of entropy change, indicating that the randomness of the solid/liquid interaction increased within the adsorption process of boron. Spent Mg-Al-CLDH showed great reusability performance by considerable boron removal efficiency over three consecutive regeneration cycles, confirming the high potential and applicability of the presented adsorbent in real water treatment applications.


Abrupt change in electronic states under pressure in new compound EuPt$$_3$$Al$$_5$$

小泉 尭嗣*; 本多 史憲*; 佐藤 芳樹*; Li, D.*; 青木 大*; 芳賀 芳範; 郷地 順*; 長崎 尚子*; 上床 美也*; 金子 良夫*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(4), p.043704_1 - 043704_5, 2022/04

A new ternary europium compound EuPt$$_3$$Al$$_5$$ is reported. It orders antiferromagnetically at 12.4 K. Application of hydrostatic pressure varies the transition temperature and the compound becomes non-magnetic above the critical pressure 9 GPa. The pressure-temperature phase diagram is indicative of a possible valence crossover at the critical pressure.


$$alpha$$-clustering in atomic nuclei from first principles with statistical learning and the Hoyle state character

大塚 孝治; 阿部 喬*; 吉田 亨*; 角田 佑介*; 清水 則孝*; 板垣 直之*; 宇都野 穣; Vary, J. P.*; Maris, P.*; 上野 秀樹*

Nature Communications (Internet), 13(1), p.2234_1 - 2234_10, 2022/04



Multipole polaron in the devil's staircase of CeSb

新井 陽介*; 黒田 健太*; 野本 拓也*; Tin, Z. H.*; 櫻木 俊輔*; Bareille, C.*; 明比 俊太朗*; 黒川 輝風*; 木下 雄斗*; Zhang, W.-L.*; et al.

Nature Materials, 21(4), p.410 - 415, 2022/04

Low-energy electronic structures of CeSb which shows multiple phase transitions known as devil's staircase were examined by combination of laser angle-resolved photoemission, Raman and neutron scattering spectroscopies. A new type of electron-boson coupling between the mobile electrons and quadrupole CEF-excitations of the 4f orbitals was found. The coupling is exceedingly strong and exhibits anomalous step-like enhancement during the devil's staircase transition, unveiling a new type of quasiparticle, named multipole polaron.


Direct and alternating magnon spin currents across a junction interface irradiated by linearly polarized laser

仲田 光樹; 大沼 悠一*

Physical Review B, 105(14), p.144436_1 - 144436_7, 2022/04



Heavy-quark spin polarization induced by the Kondo effect in a magnetic field

末永 大輝*; 荒木 康史; 鈴木 渓; 安井 繁宏*

Physical Review D, 105(7), p.074028_1 - 074028_19, 2022/04

本論文では、クォーク物質中での近藤効果が、磁場下においてヘビークォークのスピン偏極を誘起する新たなメカニズムを提案する。高密度クォーク物質中では、アップ・ダウン等のライトクォークに対してチャーム・ボトム等のヘビークォークが不純物として働き、カラー交換により相互作用を増幅する「QCD近藤効果」が起こることが理論的に示唆されている。この際にヘビークォークとライトクォークによって構成される近藤凝縮により、ヘビークォークとライトクォークのスピンは混成する。そのため、クォーク物質中でライトクォークが磁場と結合すると、近藤凝縮を介してヘビークォークのスピン偏極も誘起される。このメカニズムを示すため、Nambu-Jona-Lasinio型の相互作用を持つモデルを用い、$$U(1)_{rm EM}$$ゲージ対称性を考慮した頂点補正を加味して計算を行う。これにより磁場下で誘起されるヘビークォークのスピン偏極を線形応答理論に基づいて調べ、近藤効果の発現によってヘビークォークのスピン偏極が如実に誘起されることを示す。これらの結果は今後、符号問題を回避した格子シミュレーションにより検証が期待される。


Theory of Emergent Inductance with Spin-Orbit Coupling Effects

山根 結太*; 深見 俊輔*; 家田 淳一

Physical Review Letters, 128(14), p.147201_1 - 147201_6, 2022/04


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