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論文

Study of charged particle activation analysis, 2; Determination of boron concentration in human blood samples

池部 友理恵*; 大島 真澄*; 伴場 滋*; 浅井 雅人; 塚田 和明; 佐藤 哲也; 豊嶋 厚史*; Bi, C.*; 瀬戸 博文*; 天野 光*; et al.

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 164, p.109106_1 - 109106_7, 2020/10

ホウ素中性子捕捉療法(BNCT)は難治性がんの治療に有効な放射線療法である。BNCTでは、中性子照射時間や中性子被曝量のコントロールのために、全血試料中の$$^{10}$$B濃度の正確な定量が不可欠である。我々は荷電粒子誘起放射化分析法(CPAA)を全血試料中$$^{10}$$B濃度の非破壊・精密測定に適用した。実験は原子力機構(JAEA)タンデム加速器にて8MeVの陽子ビームを用いて実施した。$$^{10}$$B(p,$$alpha$$)$$^{7}$$Be反応で生成する$$^{7}$$Beからの478keV $$gamma$$線を用いて$$^{10}$$Bを定量した。また血液中の鉄との核反応で生成する$$^{56}$$Coの$$gamma$$線を用いて$$gamma$$線強度を規格化した。実験の結果、開発したCPAA法は血液中の$$^{10}$$B濃度の定量に適用できることが明らかとなった。

論文

Local structure of rare earth elements (REE) in marine ferromanganese oxides by extended X-ray absorption fine structure and its comparison with REE in ion-adsorption type deposits

長澤 真*; Qin, H.-B.*; 山口 瑛子; 高橋 嘉夫*

Chemistry Letters, 49(8), p.909 - 911, 2020/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Speciation of rare earth elements (REE) in marine ferromanganese oxides (MFMO) was conducted by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and sequential extraction to compare the enrichment mechanisms and extraction rates between MFMO and ion-adsorption type deposits, which can be reasonably explained by the formation of inner- and outer-sphere complexes in the two materials for yttrium and other REE.

論文

Tolerance of spin-Seebeck thermoelectricity against irradiation by swift heavy ions

岡安 悟; 針井 一哉*; 小畠 雅明; 吉井 賢資; 福田 竜生; 石田 真彦*; 家田 淳一; 齊藤 英治

Journal of Applied Physics, 128(8), p.083902_1 - 083902_7, 2020/08

The ion-irradiation tolerance of thermoelectric devices based on the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) was investigated by using 320 MeV gold ion (Au$$^{24+}$$) beams modeling cumulative damages due to fission products emitted from the surface of spent nuclear fuels. For this purpose, prototypical Pt/Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$/Gd$$_3$$Ga$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ SSE elements were irradiated with varying the dose level at room temperature and measured the SSE voltage of them. We confirmed that the thermoelectric and magnetic properties of the SSE elements are not affected by the ion-irradiation up to $$10^{10}$$ ions/cm$$^2$$ fluence and that the SSE signal is extinguished around $$10^{12}$$ ions/cm$$^2$$, in which the ion tracks almost fully cover the sample surface. We also performed the hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HAXPES) measurements to understand the effects at the interface of Pt/Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$. The HAXPES measurements suggest that the chemical reaction that diminishes the SSE signals is enhanced with the increase of the irradiation dose. The present study demonstrates that SSE-based devices are applicable to thermoelectric generation even in harsh environments for a long time period.

論文

First online operation of TRIGA-TRAP

Grund, J.*; 浅井 雅人; Blaum, K.*; Block, M.*; Chenmarev, S.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eberhardt, K.*; Lohse, S.*; 永目 諭一郎*; Nagy, Sz.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 972, p.164013_1 - 164013_8, 2020/08

ペニングトラップ型質量分析装置TRIGA-TRAPとTRIGA Mainz研究炉との結合に成功した。これにより、炉心近くに設置した$$^{235}$$U標的の中性子核分裂によって生成された短寿命核の高精度質量測定が可能となった。ターゲットチャンバから表面電離イオン源への短寿命核の効率的な輸送のためにエアロゾルガスジェットシステムを使用した。新規イオン光学系および改良型ビームモニタリングシステムを導入するとともに、実験装置のコミッショニングが終了した。表面イオン源の設計、実験装置の効率、および本装置を用いて得られた最初の結果を報告する。

論文

Signatures of the vortical quark-gluon plasma in hadron yields

田屋 英俊*; Park, A.*; Cho, S.*; Gubler, P.; 服部 恒一*; Hong, J.*; Huang, X.-G.*; Lee, S. H.*; 門内 明彦*; 大西 明*; et al.

Physical Review C, 102(2), p.021901_1 - 021901_6, 2020/08

 被引用回数:0

We investigate the hadron production from the vortical quark-gluon plasma created in heavy-ion collisions. Based on the quark-coalescence and statistical hadronization models, we show that total hadron yields summed over the spin components are enhanced by the local vorticity with quadratic dependence. The enhancement factor amounts to be a few percent and may be detectable within current experimental sensitivities. We also show that the effect is stronger for hadrons with larger spin, and thus propose a new signature of the local vorticity, which may be detected by the yield ratio of distinct hadron species having different spins such as $$phi$$ and $$eta'$$. The vorticity dependence of hadron yields seems robust, with consistent predictions in both of the hadron production mechanisms for reasonable values of the vorticity strength estimated for heavy-ion collisions.

論文

Decay studies of the long-lived states in $$^{186}$$Tl

Stryjczyk, M.*; Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Cubiss, J.*; Pakarinen, J.*; 他43名*

Physical Review C, 102(2), p.024322_1 - 024322_9, 2020/08

Decay spectroscopy of the long-lived states in $$^{186}$$Tl has been performed at ISOLDE, CERN. The $$alpha$$ decay from the low-spin (2$$^{-}$$) state in $$^{186}$$Tl was observed for the first time and a half-life was determined. Based on the $$alpha$$-decay energy, the relative positions of the long-lived states were fixed, with the (2$$^{-}$$) state as the ground state, the 7$$^{(+)}$$ state at 77(56) keV, and the 10$$^{(-)}$$ state at 451(56) keV. The level scheme of the internal decay of the $$^{186}$$Tl(10$$^{(-)}$$) state, which was known to decay solely through emission of 374-keV $$gamma$$-ray transition, was extended and a lower limit for the $$beta$$-decay branching b$$_{beta}$$ $$>$$ 5.9(3)% was determined. The extracted retardation factors for the $$gamma$$ decay of the 10$$^{(-)}$$ state were compared to the available data in neighboring odd-odd thallium isotopes indicating the importance of the $$pi$$d$$_{3/2}$$ shell in the isomeric decay and significant structure differences between $$^{184}$$Tl and $$^{186}$$Tl.

論文

Nonreciprocal surface acoustic wave propagation via magneto-rotation coupling

Xu, M.*; 山本 慧; Puebla, J.*; Baumgaertl, K.*; Rana, B.*; 三浦 勝哉*; 高橋 宏昌*; Grundler, D.*; 前川 禎通*; 大谷 義近*

Science Advances (Internet), 6(32), p.eabb1724_1 - eabb1724_4, 2020/08

One of the most fundamental forms of magnon-phonon-interaction is an intrinsic property of magnetic materials, the "magnetoelastic coupling." This particular form of interaction has been the basis for describing magnetic materials and their strain related applications, where strain induces changes of internal magnetic fields. Different from the magnetoelastic coupling, more than 40 years ago, it was proposed that surface acoustic waves may induce surface magnons via rotational motion of the lattice in anisotropic magnets. However, a signature of this magnon-phonon coupling mechanism, termed magneto-rotation coupling, has been elusive. Here, we report the first observation and theoretical framework of the magneto-rotation coupling in a perpendicular anisotropic ultra-thin lim Ta/CoFeB/MgO, which consequently induces nonreciprocal acoustic wave attenuation with an unprecedented ratio up to 100% rectification at a theoretically predicted optimized condition. Our work not only experimentally demonstrates a fundamentally new path for investigating magnon-phonon coupling, but also justifies the feasibility of the magneto-rotation coupling based application.

論文

Simulating pA reactions to study the $$phi$$ meson in nuclear matter at J-PARC

Gubler, P.

AIP Conference Proceedings 2249, p.030002_1 - 030002_7, 2020/07

最近の研究成果に基づき、$$phi$$メソンを原子核中に生成するためのpA反応(p:陽子、A:原子核)の数値的シミュレーションに関する発表を行う。特に、実験的に観測されるdi-lepton spectrumの形を詳細に説明し、$$phi$$メソンはどのようなスペクトル関数を持っていれば、実験結果を再現できるかについて議論する。

論文

High-temperature short-range order in Mn$$_3$$RhSi

山内 宏樹; Sari, D. P.*; 渡邊 功雄*; 安井 幸夫*; Chang, L.-J.*; 近藤 啓悦; 伊藤 孝; 石角 元志*; 萩原 雅人*; Frontzek, M. D.*; et al.

Communications Materials (Internet), 1, p.43_1 - 43_6, 2020/07

中性子とミュオンの相補利用により、720Kまでの高温での短距離磁気秩序現象をMn$$_3$$RhSiで発見した。

論文

Enhancement of domain-wall mobility detected by NMR at the angular momentum compensation temperature

今井 正樹; 中堂 博之; 松尾 衛; 前川 禎通; 齊藤 英治

Physical Review B, 102(1), p.014407_1 - 014407_5, 2020/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The angular momentum compensation temperature $$T_{rm A}$$ of ferrimagnets has attracted much attention because of high-speed magnetic dynamics near $$T_{rm A}$$. We show that NMR can be used to investigate domain wall dynamics near $$T_{rm A}$$ in ferrimagnets. We performed $$^{57}$$Fe-NMR measurements on the ferrimagnet Ho$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ with $$T_{rm A}$$ = 245 K. In a multi-domain state, the NMR signal is enhanced by domain wall motion. We found that the NMR signal enhancement shows a maximum at $$T_{rm A}$$ in the multi-domain state. The NMR signal enhancement occurs due to increasing domain-wall mobility toward $$T_{rm A}$$. We develop the NMR signal enhancement model involves domain-wall mobility. Our study shows that NMR in multi-domain state is a powerful tool to determine $$T_{rm A}$$, even from a powder sample and it expands the possibility of searching for angular momentum-compensated materials.

論文

Measurement of $$J/psi$$ at forward and backward rapidity in $$p$$+$$p$$, $$p$$$$+A$$l, $$p$$$$+A$$u, and $$^3$$He+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$ = 200 GeV

Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他358名*

Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014902_1 - 014902_23, 2020/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Charmonium is a valuable probe in heavy-ion collisions to study the properties of the quark gluon plasma, and is also an interesting probe in small collision systems to study cold nuclear matter effects, which are also present in large collision systems. With the recent observations of collective behavior of produced particles in small system collisions, measurements of the modification of harmonium in small systems have become increasingly relevant. We present the results of $$J/psi$$ measurements at forward and backward rapidity in various small collision systems, $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$, $$p$$$$+$$Al, $$p$$$$+$$Au and $$^3$$He$$+$$Au, at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$=200 GeV. The results are presented in the form of the observable $$R_{AB}$$, the nuclear modification factor, a measure of the ratio of the $$J/psi$$ invariant yield compared to the scaled yield in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions. We examine the rapidity, transverse momentum, and collision centrality dependence of nuclear effects on $$J/psi$$ production with different projectile sizes $$p$$ and $$^3$$He, and different target sizes Al and Au. The modification is found to be strongly dependent on the target size, but to be very similar for $$p$$$$+$$Au and $$^{3}$$He$$+$$Au. However, for 0% - 20% central collisions at backward rapidity, the modification for $$^{3}$$He$$+$$Au is found to be smaller than that for $$p$$$$+$$Au, with a mean fit to the ratio of $$0.89pm0.03$$(stat)$${pm}0.08$$(syst), possibly indicating final state effects due to the larger projectile size.

論文

Transition strengths in the neutron-rich $$^{73,74,75}$$Ni isotopes

Gottardo, A.*; de Angelis, G.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Coraggio, L.*; Gargano, A.*; Itaco, N.*; Orlandi, R.; 他52名*

Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014323_1 - 014323_8, 2020/07

Reduced transition probabilities have been measured for the neutron-rich $$^{73,74,75}$$Ni nuclei with relativistic Coulomb excitation performed at the RIKEN Nishina Center. Excitation energies compare well with the result of large-scale shell-model calculations, while $$B(E2)$$ values are larger than predicted. This could indicate an increasing contribution of proton excitations across the $$Z=28$$ shell closure when approaching $$^{78}$$Ni.

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission of isomers in $$^{188}$$Bi

Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bissell, M. L.*; Chrysalidis, K.*; 他29名*

Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014319_1 - 014319_12, 2020/07

$$beta$$-delayed fission ($$beta$$DF) decay of a low-spin (ls) and a high-spin (hs) isomer in $$^{188}$$Bi was studied at the ISOLDE facility at CERN. Their $$beta$$DF partial half-lives were determined: $$T_{rm 1/2p}$$, $$beta$$DF($$^{188}$$Bi$$^{hs}$$)= 5.6(8) $$times$$ 10$$^{3}$$ s and $$T_{rm 1/2p}$$, $$beta$$DF($$^{188}$$Bi$$^{ls}$$)=1.7(6) $$times$$ 10$$^{3}$$ s. This work is the first $$beta$$DF study of two states in one isotope and allowsthe spin dependence of low-energy fission to be explored. The fission fragment mass distribution of a daughter nuclide $$^{188}$$Pb, following the $$beta$$ decay of the high-spin isomer, was deduced and indicates a mixture of symmetric and asymmetric fission modes.

論文

Detailed spectroscopy of doubly magic $$^{132}$$Sn

Benito, J.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Korgul, A.*; Piersa, M.*; Adamska, E.*; Andreyev, A. N.; $'A$lvarez-Rodr$'i$guez, R.*; 他81名*

Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014328_1 - 014328_18, 2020/07

The structure of the doubly magic $$^{132}_{50}$$Sn$$_{82}$$ has been investigated at the ISOLDE facility at CERN, populated both by the $$beta$$-decay of $$^{132}$$In and $$beta$$--delayed neutron emission of $$^{133}$$In. The level scheme of $$^{132}$$Sn is greatly expanded with the addition of 68 $$gamma$$-ray transitions and 17 levels. The identification of particle-hole multiplets both for protons and neutrons and the transition rates connecting different particle-hole configurations may provide input on the two-body matrix elements and single-particle states for state-of-the-art calculations.

論文

Spectrum of singly heavy baryons from a chiral effective theory of diquarks

Kim, Y.*; 肥山 詠美子*; 岡 眞; 鈴木 渓

Physical Review D, 102(1), p.014004_1 - 014004_9, 2020/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

カイラル対称性に基づく有効理論を、現象論的なクォーク模型の閉じ込めポテンシャルと組み合わせることにより、ヘビークォークを1子含むバリオンの質量や構造の予言をおこなった。とりわけ、ダイクォーク質量の逆ヒエラルキー効果がチャームおよびボトムバリオンの質量準位に反映されることを予言した。

論文

Search for $$B^0$$ decays to invisible final states ($$+gamma$$) at Belle

Ku, Y.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他153名*

Physical Review D, 102(1), p.012003_1 - 012003_9, 2020/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report searches for $$B^0torm{invisible}$$ and $$B^0torm{invisible}+gamma$$ decays, where the energy of the photon is required to be larger than 0.5 GeV. These results are obtained from a $$711,{rm fb}^{-1}$$ data sample that contains $$772 times 10^6 Bbar{B}$$ pairs and was collected near the $$Upsilon,(4S)$$ resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB $$e^+ e^-$$ collider. We observe no significant signal for either decay and set upper limits on their branching fractions at $$90%$$ confidence level of $$mathcal{B},(B^0torm{invisible}) < 7.8times10^{-5}$$ and $$mathcal{B},(B^0torm{invisible}+gamma) < 1.6times10^{-5}$$.

論文

Dalitz analysis of $$D^{0}to K^{-}pi^{+}eta$$ decays at Belle

Chen, Y. Q.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他181名*

Physical Review D, 102(1), p.012002_1 - 012002_12, 2020/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We present the results of the first Dalitz plot analysis of the decay $$D^{0}to K^{-}pi^{+}eta$$. The analysis is performed on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 953 $$rm{fb}^{-1}$$ collected by the Belle detector at the asymmetric-energy $$e^{+}e^{-}$$ KEKB collider. The Dalitz plot is well described by a combination of the six resonant decay channels $$bar{K}^{*}(892)^0eta$$, $$K^{-}a_0(980)^+$$, $$K^{-}a_2(1320)^+$$, $$bar{K}^{*}(1410)^0eta$$, $$K^{*}(1680)^-pi^{+}$$ and $$K_2^{*}(1980)^-pi^{+}$$, together with $$Kpi$$ and $$Keta$$ S-wave components. The decays $$K^{*}(1680)^{-}to K^{-}eta$$ and $$K_{2}^{*}(1980)^{-}to K^{-}eta$$ are observed for the first time. We measure ratio of the branching fractions, $$frac{mathcal{B}(D^{0}to K^{-}pi^{+}eta)}{mathcal{B}(D^{0}to K^{-}pi^{+})}=0.500 pm 0.002 {rm(stat)} pm0.020 {rm(syst)}pm 0.003 {rm (mathcal{B}_{PDG})}$$. Using the Dalitz fit result, the ratio $$frac{mathcal{B}(K^{*}(1680) to K eta)}{mathcal{B}(K^{*}(1680)to Kpi)}$$ is measured to be $$0.11 pm 0.02 {rm(stat)}^{+0.06}_{-0.04}{rm(syst)} pm 0.04{rm(mathcal{B}_{{PDG}})}$$; this is much lower than the theoretical expectations ($$approx 1$$) made under the assumption that $$K^{*}(1680)$$ is a pure $$1^{3}D_1$$ state. The product branching fraction $$mathcal{B}(D^0 to [K_2^{*}(1980)^- to K^{-} eta] pi^{+}) = (2.2^{+1.7}_{-1.9})times10^{-4}$$ is determined. In addition, the $$pieta^{prime}$$ contribution to the $$a_0(980)^{pm}$$ resonance shape is confirmed with 10.1$$sigma$$ statistical significance using the three-channel Flatte model. We also measure $$mathcal{B}(D^0tobar{K}^{*}(892)^0eta)=(1.41^{+0.13}_{-0.12})%$$. This is consistent with, and more precise than, the current world average $$(1.02pm0.30)%$$, deviates with a significance of more than $$3sigma$$ from the theoretical predictions of (0.51-0.92)%.

論文

Sequential nature of ($$p,3p$$) two-proton knockout from neutron-rich nuclei

Frotscher, A.*; G$'o$mez-Ramos, M.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Orlandi, R.; 他86名*

Physical Review Letters, 125(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_7, 2020/07

Twenty-one two-proton ($$p,3p$$) knock-out cross sections of neutron-rich radioactive isotopes were measured in inverse kinematics using the MINOS time-projection chamber at RIBF, RIKEN. The proton angular distributions, measured for the first time, reveal that the reaction kinematics of the ($$p,3p$$) reaction is consistent with sequential proton collisions within the projectile nucleus.

論文

Acoustic ferromagnetic resonance and spin pumping induced by surface acoustic waves

Puebla, J.*; Xu, M.*; Rana, B.*; 山本 慧; 前川 禎通*; 大谷 義近*

Journal of Physics D; Applied Physics, 53(26), p.264002_1 - 264002_7, 2020/06

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:21.49(Physics, Applied)

Voltage induced magnetization dynamics of magnetic thin films is a valuable tool to study anisotropic fields, exchange couplings, magnetization damping and spin pumping mechanism. A particularly well established technique is the ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) generated by the coupling of microwave photons and magneti- zation eigenmodes in the GHz range. Here we review the basic concepts of the so-called acoustic ferromagnetic resonance technique (a-FMR) induced by the coupling of surface acoustic waves (SAW) and magnetization of thin films. Interestingly, additional to the benefits of the microwave excited FMR technique, the coupling be- tween SAW and magnetization also offers fertile ground to study magnon-phonon and spin rotation couplings. We describe the in-plane magnetic field angle dependence of the a-FMR by measuring the absorption / trans- mission of SAW and the attenuation of SAW in the presence of rotational motion of the lattice, and show the consequent generation of spin current by acoustic spin pumping.

論文

Devil's staircase transition of the electronic structures in CeSb

黒田 健太*; 新井 陽介*; Rezaei, N.*; 國定 聡*; 櫻木 俊輔*; Alaei, M.*; 木下 雄斗*; Bareille, C.*; 野口 亮*; 中山 充大*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.2888_1 - 2888_9, 2020/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:100(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Solids with competing interactions often undergo complex phase transitions. Among them, CeSb is the most famous material where a number of the distinct magnetic phases called devil's staircase appear. We observed the electronic structure evolution across the devil's staircase transitions using bulk-sensitive angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy.

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