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Journal Articles

Experimental study on local interfacial parameters in upward air-water bubbly flow in a vertical 6$$times$$6 rod bundle

Han, X.*; Shen, X.*; Yamamoto, Toshihiro*; Nakajima, Ken*; Sun, Haomin; Hibiki, Takashi*

International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 144, p.118696_1 - 118696_19, 2019/12

Journal Articles

Thermodynamic interpretation of uranium(IV/VI) solubility in the presence of $$alpha$$-isosaccharinic acid

Kobayashi, Taishi*; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kitamura, Akira

Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 138, p.151 - 158, 2019/11

The effect of $$alpha$$-isosaccharinic acid (ISA) on the solubility and redox of tetravalent and hexavalent uranium (U(IV), U(VI)) was investigated in the hydrogen ion concentration (pH$$_{c}$$) range of 6$$sim$$13 and at total ISA concentration ([ISA]$$_{rm tot}$$) = 10$$^{-4}$$$$sim$$10$$^{-1.2}$$ mol/dm$$^{3}$$. The dependence of U(IV) solubility on pH$$_{c}$$ and [ISA]$$_{rm tot}$$ suggested the existence of U(OH)$$_{4}$$(ISA)$$_{2}$$$$^{2-}$$ as a dominant species within the investigated pH$$_{c}$$ range of 6$$sim$$12. For the U(VI)-ISA system, UO$$_{2}$$(OH)$$_{3}$$(ISA)$$_{2}$$$$^{2-}$$ was suggested as a dominant species at pH$$_{c}$$ 7$$sim$$13. The formation constants of the U(IV)-ISA and U(VI)-ISA complexes were determined by least-squares fitting of the solubility data. The solubility of U(IV) and U(VI) in the presence of ISA and its effect on the redox behavior were thermodynamically interpreted based on the obtained constants.

Journal Articles

Characterizing the permeability of drillhole core samples of Toki granite, central Japan to identify factors influencing rock-matrix permeability

Kubo, Taiki*; Matsuda, Norihiro*; Kashiwaya, Koki*; Koike, Katsuaki*; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Sasao, Eiji; Lanyon, G. W.*

Engineering Geology, 259, p.105163_1 - 105163_15, 2019/09

Rock matrix permeability is mainly controlled by microcracks. This study aims to identify the factors influencing the permeability of the Toki granite, central Japan. Permeability of core samples, measured by a gas permeameter, largely increases in the fault and fracture zones. Although a significant correlation is identified between permeability and P-wave velocity, this correlation is enhanced by classifying the samples into two groups by the Mn/Fe concentration ratio. Thus, lithofacies is another control factor for permeability due to the difference in mineral composition. Moreover, permeability shows significant negative and positive correlations with Si and Ca concentrations, respectively. These concentrations are probably affected by dissolution of silicate minerals and calcite generation in the hydrothermal alteration process. Therefore, a combination of hydrothermal alteration and strong faulting are the predominant processes for controlling permeability.

Journal Articles

Structural change of borosilicate glass by neutron irradiation

Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Sato, Nobuaki*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Sekimoto, Shun*

KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 105, 2019/08

To understand this structural change of a borosilicate glass by a neutron irradiation in detail, the irradiation test was carried out in KUR in 2017FY. The glass structure was estimated by using Raman spectrometry in 2018FY. Comparing with the Raman spectra of glass samples before and after irradiation, it could be observed the change of peak height of Si-O bridging structure by the irradiation.

Journal Articles

Assessment of internal doses from environmental medias contaminated by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident; Absorption fraction of Cs-137 from contaminated wild boars lived in Fukushima prefecture

Takahara, Shogo; Pratama, M. A.*; Ikegami, Maiko*; Fukutani, Satoshi*

KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 240, 2019/08

This report is the progress report on cooperation research with KURNS (Institute for Integrated Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University). The purpose of this cooperation research is to provide the insights for assessment of doses from internal exposures. To achieve this aim, we experimentally evaluated the absorption fraction in gastrointestinal system of Cs-137 in wild boar contaminated by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

Journal Articles

Radiochemical research for the advancement of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc generator by (n,$$gamma$$) method

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Namekawa, Yoji*; Nishikata, Kaori; Kimura, Akihiro; Shibata, Akira; Sayato, Natsuki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; et al.

KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 155, 2019/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on evaluation method for entrained gas flow rate by free surface vortex

Ito, Kei*; Ito, Daisuke*; Saito, Yasushi*; Ezure, Toshiki; Matsushita, Kentaro; Tanaka, Masaaki; Imai, Yasutomo*

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.6632 - 6642, 2019/08

In this paper, a mechanistic model is proposed to calculate the entrained gas flow rate by a free surface vortex. The model contains the theoretical equation of transient gas core elongation and the empirical equation of critical gas core length for gas bubble detachment. Based on those two equations, the entrained gas flow rate is calculated as the portion of the gas core elongated beyond the critical gas core length per unit time. Then, the mechanistic model was applied to the calculation of the entrained gas flow rate in a simple water experiment. As a result, it is confirmed that the entrained gas flow rate grows rapidly when the liquid (water) flow rate, which determine the strength of a free surface vortex, exceeds a certain threshold value.

Journal Articles

Measurements of thermal-neutron capture cross-section and resonance integral of neptunium-237

Nakamura, Shoji; Kitatani, Fumito; Kimura, Atsushi; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(6), p.493 - 502, 2019/06

The thermal-neutron capture cross-section($$sigma_{0}$$)and resonance integral(I$$_{0}$$) were measured for the $$^{237}$$Np(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{238}$$Np reaction by an activation method. A method with a Gadolinium filter, which is similar to the Cadmium difference method, was used to measure the $$sigma_{0}$$ with paying attention to the first resonance at 0.489 eV of $$^{237}$$Np, and a value of 0.133 eV was taken as a cut-off energy. Neptunium-237 samples were irradiated at the pneumatic tube of the Kyoto University Research Reactor in Institute for Integral Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University. Wires of Co/Al and Au/Al alloys were used as monitors to determine thermal-neutron fluxes and epi-thermal Westcott's indices at an irradiation position. A $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy was used to measure activities of $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Np and neutron monitors. On the basis of Westcott's convention, the $$sigma_{0}$$ and I$$_{0}$$ values were derived as 186.9$$pm$$6.2 barn, and 1009$$pm$$90 barn, respectively.

Journal Articles

Structural approach to understanding the solubility of metal hydroxides

Kobayashi, Taishi*; Nakajima, Shogo*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Matsumura, Daiju; Saito, Takumi*; Sasaki, Takayuki*

Langmuir, 35(24), p.7995 - 8006, 2019/06

Journal Articles

Crack expansion and fracturing mode of hydraulic refracturing from Acoustic Emission monitoring in a small-scale field experiment

Ishida, Tsuyoshi*; Fujito, Wataru*; Yamashita, Hiroto*; Naoi, Makoto*; Fujii, Hirokazu*; Suzuki, Kenichiro*; Matsui, Hiroya

Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 52(2), p.543 - 553, 2019/02

We pressurized and injected water in a hole drilled downward from a floor of the 500 m level gallery in MIU, central Japan. Acoustic emissions (AEs) monitored with 16 sensors in four boreholes located 1 m away from the HF hole exhibited two-dimensional distributions, which likely delineate a crack induced by the fracturing. Expansions of the regions in which AEs occurred were observed only immediately after the first and second BDs. Many AE events in other periods were distributed within the regions where AE events had already occurred. The initial motion polarities of P-waves indicate that tensile-dominant AE events occurred when the regions expanded and they were distributed primarily on the frontiers of the regions where AE events had already occurred. The experimental results suggest that increasing the injection flow rate is effective for generating new cracks in the refracturing, with the new crack expansions being induced by tensile fracturing.

Journal Articles

Measurements of gamma-ray emission probabilities in the decay of americium-244g

Nakamura, Shoji; Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakao, Taro*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Uehara, Akihiro*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(1), p.123 - 129, 2019/01

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Accurate data of $$gamma$$-ray emission probabilities are frequently needed when one quantitatively determines the amount of isotope by $$gamma$$-ray measurements or obtains neutron capture cross-sections using them. Americium-243, one of the most important minor actinides, produces $$^{244}$$Am after neutron capture. The 744-keV $$gamma$$-ray decaying from the ground state of $$^{244}$$Am has a relatively large $$gamma$$-ray emission probability c.a. 66%, however, its uncertainty is as large as 29%. The uncertainty of the $$gamma$$-ray emission probability leads to a major factor of the systematic uncertainty on determining an amount of isotope, and therefore the $$gamma$$-ray emission probability was measured by using an activation method and an examined level structure of $$^{244}$$Cm. In this study, the emission probability of 744-keV $$gamma$$ ray was derived as 66.5$$pm$$1.1%, and its uncertainty was improved from 29% to 2%.

Journal Articles

A Probabilistic Approach to Assess External Doses to the Public Considering Spatial Variability of Radioactive Contamination and Interpopulation Differences in Behavior Pattern

Takahara, Shogo; Iijima, Masashi*; Yoneda, Minoru*; Shimada, Yoko*

Risk Analysis, 39(1), p.212 - 224, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.43(Public, Environmental & Occupational Health)

A dose assessment model was developed based on measurements and surveys of individual doses and relevant contributors in Fukushima City for four population groups: Fukushima City Office staff, Senior Citizens' Club, Contractors' Association, and AgriculturalCooperative. In addition, probabilistic assessments were performed for these population groups by considering the spatial variability of contamination and interpopulation differencesresulting from behavior patterns. As a result of comparison with the actual measurements, the assessment results for participants from the Fukushima City Office, Senior Citizens' Club and the Agricultural Cooperative agreed with the measured values. By contrast, the measurements obtained for the participants from the Contractors' Association were not reproduced well in the present study. To assess the doses to this group, further investigations of association members' work activities and the related dose reduction effects are needed.

Journal Articles

Anomalous Hall effect in a triangular-lattice antiferromagnet UNi$$_4$$B

Oyamada, Akira*; Inohara, Takao*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.128 - 131, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Selection of borosilicate glass composition for neutron irradiation test

Nagai, Takayuki; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*

KURRI Progress Report 2017, P. 128, 2018/08

In this study, to understand the structural change of a borosilicate glass by a neutron irradiation in detail, the neutron irradiation test was carried out for 50 min in the Pn-2 of the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR). The structural change of glass sample after the irradiation will be estimated in 2018FY. Before the irradiation test, the glass composition was selected to estimate a structural change accurately by Raman spectrometry and 2 kinds of Li free borosilicate glass for the irradiation test samples were prepared.

Journal Articles

Study on neutron beam pulse width dependence in the nuclear fuel measurement by the neutron resonance transmission analysis

Kitatani, Fumito; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Toh, Yosuke; Hori, Junichi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki*; Nakajima, Ken*

KURRI Progress Report 2017, P. 99, 2018/08

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect of high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets for Mo-99 production

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Nishikata, Kaori; Namekawa, Yoji*; Kimura, Akihiro; Shibata, Akira; Sayato, Natsuki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Zhang, J.*

KURRI Progress Report 2017, P. 126, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Local gas-liquid two-phase flow characteristics in rod bundle geometry

Xiao, Y.*; Shen, X.*; Miwa, Shuichiro*; Sun, Haomin; Hibiki, Takashi*

Konsoryu Shimpojiumu 2018 Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 2 Pages, 2018/08

In order to develop constitutive equations of two-fluid model in rod bundle flow channels, experiments of adiabatic air-water upward two-phase flow in 6$$times$$6 rod bundle flow channel were performed. Local flow parameters such as void fraction, interfacial area concentration (IAC) and so on were measured by a double-sensor optical probe. The area-averaged void fraction and IAC data were compared with the predictions from a drift-flux model and an IAC correlation.

Journal Articles

Estimation of porosity and void fraction profiles in a packed bed of spheres using X-ray radiography

Ito, Daisuke*; Ito, Kei*; Saito, Yasushi*; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Matsuba, Kenichi; Kamiyama, Kenji

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 334, p.90 - 95, 2018/08

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Two-phase flow through porous media must be well understood to develop a severe accident analysis code not only for light water reactor but also sodium-cooled fast reactor. When a core disruptive accident occurs in sodium-cooled fast reactor, the fuel inside the core become melted and interacts with the coolant. As a result, gas-liquid two-phase flow will be formed in the debris bed, which may have porous nature depending on the cooling process. In such condition, the local porosity and its distribution are very important to characterize two-phase flow field in the porous media. In this study, X-ray radiography was applied to measure the local porosity in the packed bed of spheres. The radial profiles were estimated from the chordal profiles measured by the X-ray method and compared with the previous porosity model. In addition, the void fraction radial profiles were also obtained in air-water two-phase flow.

Journal Articles

Occupation sites and valence states of Co dopants in (La, Co)-codoped M-type Sr ferrite; $$^{57}$$Fe and $$^{59}$$Co nuclear magnetic resonance studies

Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, Taisuke; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Ueda, Hiroaki*; Tanioku, Yasuaki*; Michioka, Chishiro*; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi*; Takao, Kenta*; Shimoda, Aiko*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(6), p.064403_1 - 064403_10, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:59.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To specify preferential occupation sites of Co substituents and to clarify charge and spin states of Co ions in (La, Co)-cosubstituted hexagonal magnetoplumbite-type (M-type) Sr ferrite, $$^{57}$$Fe and $$^{59}$$Co nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra are measured under zero and external magnetic fields using powdered and single crystalline specimens. To a considerable degree, the charge compensation between La$$^{3+}$$ and Co$$^{2+}$$ works in the equal (La, Co)-codoped case, where more than half of the Co ions are considered to be present in the minority spin $$4f_1$$ sites at the center of the oxygen tetrahedra, with the $$S$$ = 3/2 state carrying a small orbital moment owing to spin-orbit interaction. The remaining small number of high-spin Co$$^{2+}$$ ($$S$$ = 3/2, $$L$$ = 1) ions with unquenched orbital moments would be distributed to the other octahedral $$12k$$, $$2a$$, and $$4f_2$$ sites.

Journal Articles

Investigation of $$alpha$$ clustering with knockout reactions

Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko*

Physical Review C, 98(2), p.024614_1 - 024614_6, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:49.68(Physics, Nuclear)

In $$alpha$$ clustering studies, it is very important to probe the $$alpha$$ cluster amplitude at nuclear surface since $$alpha$$ spectroscopic factor is not necessarily a direct measure of the $$alpha$$ clustering. We consider $$^{20}$$Ne($$p$$,$$palpha$$)$$^{16}$$O and $$^{120}$$Sn($$p$$,$$palpha$$)$$^{116}$$Cd at 100 - 400 MeV within the distorted wave impulse approximation (DWIA) framework. We introduce a $textit{masking function}$ which shows how the reaction amplitude in the nuclear interior is suppressed and defines the probed region of the $$alpha$$ cluster wave function. It is clearly shown by means of the masking function that thanks to the absorption of distorting potentials, the $$alpha$$ knockout reaction probes the $$alpha$$ cluster amplitude in the nuclear surface region, which is the direct measure of well-developed $$alpha$$ cluster states.

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