Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho*; Konda, Miki; Matsueda, Makoto; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro
Bunseki Kagaku, 69(10/11), p.619 - 626, 2020/10
We have developed a Sr adsorption fiber for rapid analysis of Sr. The prepared Sr adsorption fiber has a Sr-extraction layer that densely retains a Sr-selective extractant, an 18-crown-6 ether derivative, on the fiber surface. Hydrophobic group-containing polymer chains embedded onto the surface of the fiber allow to form a hydrophobic phase, incorporating Sr-selective extractants. This unique surface structure provides high adsorption capacity, leading to rapid and highly efficient adsorption of Sr. The adsorption capacity of the Sr adsorption fiber was 3 times higher than commercially available 18-crown-6 ether derivative-impregnated resin (Sr Resin). The equilibrium adsorption capacity of the Sr adsorption fiber was comparable to the Sr Resin. The retained Sr was finally determined by a GM counter. The total analysis time including the Sr adsorption and measurement was about 1 hour.
Kusaka, Ryoji; Watanabe, Masayuki
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(9), p.1046 - 1050, 2020/09
Aono, Ryuji; Mitsukai, Akina; Haraga, Tomoko; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka
JAEA-Data/Code 2020-006, 70 Pages, 2020/08
Radioactive wastes which generated from research and testing reactors in Japan Atomic Energy Agency are planning to be buried at the near surface disposal field. Therefore, it is required to establish the method to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations of radioactive wastes by the time it starts disposal. In order to contribute to this work, we collected and analyzed the samples generated from JPDR and JRR-4. In this report, we summarized the radioactivity concentrations of 19 radionuclides (H, C, Cl, Co, Ni, Sr, Nb, Tc, Ag, I, Cs, Eu, Eu, U, U, Pu, Pu, Am, Cm) which were obtained from radiochemical analysis of those samples.
Fujimori, Kosuke*; Kitaura, Mamoru*; Taira, Yoshitaka*; Fujimoto, Masaki*; Zen, H.*; Watanabe, Shinta*; Kamada, Kei*; Okano, Yasuaki*; Kato, Masahiro*; Hosaka, Masahito*; et al.
Applied Physics Express, 13(8), p.085505_1 - 085505_4, 2020/08
To clarify the existence of cation vacancies in Ce-doped GdAlGaO (Ce:GAGG) scintillators, we performed gamma-ray-induced positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (GiPALS). GiPAL spectra of GAGG and Ce:GAGG comprised two exponential decay components, which were assigned to positron annihilation at bulk and defect states. By an analogy with Ce:YAlO, the defect-related component was attributed to Al/Ga-O divacancy complexes. This component was weaker for Ce, Mg:GAGG, which correlated with the suppression of shallow electron traps responsible for phosphorescence. Oxygen vacancies were charge compensators for Al/Ga vacancies. The lifetime of the defect-related component was significantly changed by Mg co-doping. This was understood by considering aggregates of Mg ions at Al/Ga sites with oxygen vacancies, which resulted in the formation of vacancy clusters.
Uno, Masayoshi*; Nishi, Tsuyoshi*; Takano, Masahide
Comprehensive Nuclear Materials, 2nd Edition, Vol.7, p.202 - 231, 2020/08
On the thermodynamic and thermophysical properties of the actinide nitrides in Comprehensive Nuclear Materials published by Elsevier as the first edition in 2012, we have revised them by adding some brand-new data. The main topics added are the solid solubility of the actinide nitrides into the zirconium nitride matrix for transmutation fuel, the lattice expansion of actinide nitrides induced by self-irradiation damage, the influence of defects accumulation on thermal conductivity, and the thermal expansion in curium nitride lattice.
Nakamura, Shoji; Endo, Shunsuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Shibahara, Yuji*
KURNS Progress Report 2019, P. 132, 2020/08
Research and development were made for accuracy improvement of neutron capture cross section data on Am among minor actinides. First, the emission probabilities of decay rays were obtained with high accuracy, and the amount of the ground state of Am produced by reactor neutron irradiation of Am was examinded by -ray measurement. Next, the total amount of isomer and ground states was examoned by -ray measurement.
Haraga, Tomoko; Tsujimura, Hiroto*; Miyauchi, Saori*; Kamimura, Takuya*; Shibukawa, Masami*; Saito, Shingo*
Electrophoresis, 41(13-14), p.1152 - 1159, 2020/07
A novel combination of CE-based separation techniques was used for the precise fractionation of ionic compounds from impurities. The combination of on-capillary concentration and separation using transient isotachophoresis, with multiple injections and a two-point detection system provided higher efficiency, and accuracy at a microliter-scale injection volume, than when CE was individually used for purification. In this paper, we present successful applications of the CE fractionation techniques for the purification of fluorescein, fluorescein-4-isothiocyanate, two fluorescent metal ion probes, and a fluorescein-modified DNA aptamer. The purity of the isolated fluorescent probes ranged from 95 to 99%. The purified probe solutions were practical for use as purified stock solutions. The method developed was useful for the purification of anionic fluorescent reagents to be of ultratrace analytical grade for use with CE-LIF.
Shibahara, Yuji*; Nakamura, Shoji; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Iwamoto, Osamu
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 325(1), p.155 - 165, 2020/07
The measurements of isotopic ratios of Cs samples by thermal ionization mass spectrometry were performed for the analysis of their samples used to evaluate nuclear data obtained for Cs. To obtain a high intensity and stable ion beam, the effects of additive agents on the ionization of Cs were examined. The effect of silicotungstic acid on the ionization of Cs was the largest among the additive agents studied in the present study, while the silicotungstic acid also showed the largest isobaric interference of polyatomic ions. It was demonstrated that as small as 210 g of a Cs sample was sufficient to achieve the analytical precision required to measure the Cs/Cs ratio in the case where an additive agent of TaO/glucose was employed. After examining of the analytical conditions, such as the interference effect due to Ba, the measurements of the isotopic ratios of two Cs samples used in our study using TIMS were conducted, and it was discussed how much the ratios contributed to evaluation of the neutron capture cross-section of Cs.
Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences (Internet), 20, p.28 - 31, 2020/06
Kuroda, Kenta*; Arai, Yosuke*; Rezaei, N.*; Kunisada, So*; Sakuragi, Shunsuke*; Alaei, M.*; Kinoshita, Yuto*; Bareille, C.*; Noguchi, Ryo*; Nakayama, Mitsuhiro*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.2888_1 - 2888_9, 2020/06
Sato, Nobuaki*; Kirishima, Akira*; Watanabe, Masayuki
Uran No Kagaku (I); Kiso To Oyo, 184 Pages, 2020/06
This particular book deals with fundamental items related with chemistry of Uranium and consists of basic section and practical section. In the basic section, inorganic and radiochemistry of Uranium was described. On the other hand, in the practical section, the process chemistry related with reprocessing of nuclear fuels and "debris" involved with Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant accident were described. This book is intended for use by scientists, engineers and students in the nuclear industry in their education and/or professional practice.
Aoyagi, Noboru; Nguyen, T. T.*; Kumagai, Yuta; Nguyen, T. V.*; Nakada, Masami; Segawa, Yukari; Nguyen, H. T.*; Le, B. T.*
ACS Omega (Internet), 5(13), p.7096 - 7105, 2020/04
Nakamura, Shoji; Shibahara, Yuji*; Kimura, Atsushi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(4), p.388 - 400, 2020/04
The thermal-neutron capture cross-section () and resonance integral(I) were measured for the Cs(n,)Cs reaction by an activation method and mass spectrometry. We used Cs contained as an impurity in a normally available Cs standard solution. An isotope ratio of Cs and Cs in a standard Cs solution was measured by mass spectrometry to quantify Cs. The analyzed Cs samples were irradiated at the hydraulic conveyer of the research reactor in Institute for Integral Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University. Wires of Co/Al and Au/Al alloys were used as neutron monitors to measure thermal-neutron fluxes and epi-thermal Westcott's indices at an irradiation position. A gadolinium filter was used to measure the , and a value of 0.133 eV was taken as the cut-off energy. Gamma-ray spectroscopy was used to measure induced activities of Cs, Cs and monitor wires. On the basis of Westcott's convention, the and I values were derived as 8.570.25 barn, and 45.33.2 barn, respectively. The obtained in the present study agreed within the limits of uncertainties with the past reported value of 8.30.3 barn.
Matsuda, Shinya*; Ota, Joji*; Nakaima, Kenri*; Iha, Wataru*; Gochi, Jun*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; Nakashima, Miho*; Amako, Yasushi*; Honda, Fuminori*; Aoki, Dai*; et al.
Philosophical Magazine, 100(10), p.1244 - 1257, 2020/04
Hosha Kagaku, (41), p.31 - 33, 2020/03
This commentary article introduced researches involved in encouragement award 2019 of the Japan Society of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences. Vibrational sum frequency generation (VSFG) spectroscopy and interfacial studies of solvent extraction of lanthanides and actinides using VSFG spectroscopy were described.
Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagai, Yasuki*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Minato, Futoshi; Kawabata, Masako*; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Watanabe, Satoshi*; Saeki, Hideya*; Motoishi, Shoji*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(3), p.034201_1 - 034201_7, 2020/03
We found anomalously large yields of Ga, Ga, Zn and Cu by neutron irradiation on a ZnO sample in a polyethylene shield. Neutron beams are generated from the Be() reaction for 50 MeV deuterons. The yields obtained were more than 20 times larger than those in the unshielded sample. On the other hand, the yields of Ga, Ga, Zn and Cu from a metallic Zn sample and the yields of Cu, Ni and Zn from the ZnO and Zn samples were almost insensitive to the shield conditions. This finding would provide us a unique capability of accelerator neutrons to simultaneously produce a large amount of several radioisotopes, including proton induced reaction products, by using a single sample. The experimental data were compared with the yields estimated by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System and the result was discussed.
Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Haga, Yoshinori; Taniguchi, Toshifumi*; Iha, Wataru*; Ashitomi, Yosuke*; Yara, Tomoyuki*; Kida, Takanori*; Tahara, Taimu*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Nakashima, Miho*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(3), p.034705_1 - 034705_15, 2020/03
Oishi, Tomoji*; Kimura, Yu*; Nakajima, Kiyohiko*; Watanabe, Masayuki; Aoyagi, Noboru
Materials Sciences and Applications, 11(3), p.195 - 203, 2020/03
A high-efficiency synthesis method for a latent pigment of red pigment diketo-pyrrolo-pyrrole (Pig. Red 272:272DPP), which is important as a functional organic pigment, was investigated, and the investigation results revealed that irradiation of microwaves (MWs) for several seconds to 272 DPP in NMP (N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone) solvent yielded DPP latent pigment (272DPP-BOC) at a high yield of 86.2%. Two kinds of latent-pigment crystals, namely, red and yellow, were obtained by recrystallization, and it was found that the fluorescence-emission properties of the two kinds differ significantly. Single-crystal X-ray structural analysis showed that the difference in the fluorescence-emission properties of the two types is derived from the difference in their crystal structures.
Tobita, Minoru*; Haraga, Tomoko; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Seki, Kotaro*; Omori, Hiroyuki*; Kochiyama, Mami; Shimomura, Yusuke; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka
JAEA-Data/Code 2019-016, 72 Pages, 2020/02
In the future, radioactive wastes which generated from research and testing reactors in Japan Atomic Energy Agency are planning to be buried for the near surface disposal. Therefore, it is required to establish the method to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations of radioactive wastes by the time it starts disposal. In order to contribute to this work, we collected and analyzed the samples generated from JRR-2, JRR-3 and Hot laboratory facilities. In this report, we summarized the radioactivity concentrations of 25 radionuclides (H, C, Cl, Co, Ni, Sr, Nb, Mo, Tc, Ag, Sn, I, Cs, Eu, Eu, U, U, U, Pu, Pu, Pu, Pu, Am, Am, Cm) which were obtained from radiochemical analysis of those samples.
Hirade, Tetsuya; Michishio, Koji*; Kobayashi, Yoshinori*; Oshima, Nagayasu*
Acta Physica Polonica A, 137(2), p.109 - 112, 2020/02
Recently, it was reported that the positronium (Ps) bubble in Room Temperature Ionic Liquids (RTILs) showed some phenomena that were very different from them observed in other molecular liquids. Now the reason of these interesting phenomena is being understood. The structure caused by the ionic interaction between anions and cations can exist even at the higher temperatures than the melting temperatures. It was the reason why the oscillation of Ps bubble was observed at the temperatures near the melting temperatures in RTILs. The temperature dependence of the Ps bubble size estimated by the triplet Ps (-Ps) pick-off annihilation lifetime indicated that there was a nano-meter structure remained by ionic interactions even at high temperatures. The -Ps pick-off annihilation lifetime will be a strong tool to study nano-structure in RTILs.