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Journal Articles

Rapid analytical method of $$^{90}$$Sr in urine sample; Rapid separation of Sr by phosphate co-precipitation and extraction chromatography, followed by determination by triple quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS/MS)

Tomita, Jumpei; Takeuchi, Erina

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 150, p.103 - 109, 2019/08

A rapid analytical method for determining $$^{90}$$Sr in urine samples (1-2 L) was developed to assess the internal exposure of workers in a radiological emergency. Strontium in a urine sample was rapidly separated by phosphate co-precipitation, followed by extraction chromatography with a tandem column of Pre-filter, TRU and Sr resin, and the $$^{90}$$Sr activity was determined by ICP-MS/MS. Measurement in the MS/MS mode with an O$$_{2}$$ reaction gas flow rate 1 mL min$$^{-1}$$ showed no tailing of $$^{88}$$Sr at m/z = 90 up to 50 mg-Sr L$$^{-1}$$. The interferences of Ge, Se and Zr at m/z = 90 were successfully removed by chemical separation. This analytical method was validated by the results of the analyses of synthetic urine samples (1.2-1.6 L) containing a known amount of $$^{90}$$Sr along with 1 mg of each of Ge, Se, Sr and Zr. The turnaround time for analysis was about 10 h, and the detection limit of $$^{90}$$Sr was approximately 1 Bq per urine sample.

Journal Articles

Novel universality class for the ferromagnetic transition in the low carrier concentration systems UTeS and USeS exhibiting large negative magnetoresistance

Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Haga, Yoshinori; Sakai, Hironori; Yamamoto, Etsuji

Physical Review B, 100(6), p.064413_1 - 064413_7, 2019/08

We report the novel critical behavior of magnetization in low carrier concentration systems UTeS and USeS that exhibit the large negative magnetoresistance around the ferromagnetic transition temperatures $$T_{rm C}$$ $$sim$$ 85 and 23 K, respectively. We determine the critical exponents, $$beta$$ for the spontaneous magnetization $$M_{rm s}$$, $$gamma$$ for the magnetic susceptibility $$chi$$, and $$delta$$ for the magnetization isotherm at $$T_{rm C}$$ with several analytical methods. The ferromagnetic states in UTeS and USeS have strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. However, the critical exponents in the two compounds are different from those in the three-dimensional Ising system. Similar exponents have been reported for the uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe$$_2$$ and URhGe. An important finding is that the novel critical phenomenon appears regardless of the charge carrier density or the degree of the itinerancy of the $$5f$$ electrons.

Journal Articles

$$^{125}$$Te-NMR study on a single crystal of heavy fermion superconductor UTe$$_2$$

Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Hattori, Taisuke; Higa, Nonoka; Nakamine, Genki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(7), p.073701_1 - 073701_4, 2019/07

We report $$^{125}$$Te-NMR studies on a newly discovered heavy fermion superconductor UTe$$_2$$. Using a single crystal, we have measured the $$^{125}$$Te-NMR Knight shift $$K$$ and spin-lattice relaxation rate $$1/T_1$$ for fields along the three orthorhombic crystal axes. The data confirm a moderate Ising anisotropy for both the static ($$K$$) and dynamical susceptibilities ($$1/T_1$$) in the paramagnetic state above about 20 K. Around 20 K, however, we have observed a sudden loss of NMR spin-echo signal due to sudden enhancement of the NMR spin-spin relaxation rate $$1/T_2$$, when the field is applied along the easy axis of magnetization (=$$a$$ axis). This behavior suggests the development of longitudinal magnetic fluctuations along the $$a$$ axis at very low frequencies below 20 K.

Journal Articles

Anomalous ferromagnetic ordering in EuCuP

Iha, Wataru*; Kakihana, Masashi*; Matsuda, Shinya*; Honda, Fuminori*; Haga, Yoshinori; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Nakashima, Miho*; Amako, Yasushi*; Gochi, Jun*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; et al.

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 788, p.361 - 366, 2019/06

Journal Articles

Measurements of thermal-neutron capture cross-section and resonance integral of neptunium-237

Nakamura, Shoji; Kitatani, Fumito; Kimura, Atsushi; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(6), p.493 - 502, 2019/06

The thermal-neutron capture cross-section($$sigma_{0}$$)and resonance integral(I$$_{0}$$) were measured for the $$^{237}$$Np(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{238}$$Np reaction by an activation method. A method with a Gadolinium filter, which is similar to the Cadmium difference method, was used to measure the $$sigma_{0}$$ with paying attention to the first resonance at 0.489 eV of $$^{237}$$Np, and a value of 0.133 eV was taken as a cut-off energy. Neptunium-237 samples were irradiated at the pneumatic tube of the Kyoto University Research Reactor in Institute for Integral Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University. Wires of Co/Al and Au/Al alloys were used as monitors to determine thermal-neutron fluxes and epi-thermal Westcott's indices at an irradiation position. A $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy was used to measure activities of $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Np and neutron monitors. On the basis of Westcott's convention, the $$sigma_{0}$$ and I$$_{0}$$ values were derived as 186.9$$pm$$6.2 barn, and 1009$$pm$$90 barn, respectively.

Journal Articles

Evidence for weak spin-orbit interaction experienced by Cooper pairs in the spin-triplet superconductor UPt$$_3$$; $$^{195}$$Pt-NMR study

Aoyama, Taisuke*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; Kimura, Noriaki*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Onuki, Yoshichika*; To, Hideki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(6), p.064706_1 - 064706_7, 2019/06

Journal Articles

Flow-electrode CDI removes the uncharged Ca-UO$$_{2}$$-CO$$_{3}$$ ternary complex from brackish potable groundwater; Complex dissociation, transport, and sorption

Ma, J.*; Zhang, Y.*; Collins, R. N.*; Tsarev, S.*; Aoyagi, Noboru; Kinsela, A. S.*; Jones, A. M.*; Waite, T. D.*

Environmental Science & Technology, 53(5), p.2739 - 2747, 2019/03

 Percentile:100(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Structure of nitride layer formed on titanium alloy surface by N$$_{2}$$-gas exposure at high temperatures

Takeda, Yusuke; Iida, Kiyoshi*; Sato, Shinji*; Matsuo, Tadatoshi*; Nagashima, Yasuyuki*; Okubo, Nariaki; Kondo, Keietsu; Hirade, Tetsuya

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011023_1 - 011023_3, 2019/03

In this study, we prepared samples under two different conditions, (1) 810$$^{circ}$$C, for 600 min, and (2) 850$$^{circ}$$C, for 720 min. A depth-profile analysis of the surfaces of the samples is conducted through Doppler broadening (DB) measurements of positron annihilation $$gamma$$ rays using a slow positron beam. It was indicated that many of positrons annihilated in defects near the surface. According to the TEM image, there are nano-crystal grains near the surface and then positrons can diffuse in the grains and annihilate in defects at the grain boundaries. Furthermore, DB measurements indicated that there is a depth dependence on the chemical composition where positrons annihilate. EDS spectroscopy measurements also indicated that there is a depth dependence of impurities such as Vanadium. These results indicated change of the chemical composition at the grain boundaries.

Journal Articles

Quantum beats on triplet-positronium reactions in water

Hirade, Tetsuya

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011021_1 - 011021_2, 2019/03

Irradiation of water produce some reactive species such as OH radical. OH is formed by the reaction of a water cation and a water molecule just after ionization. On the other hand, a high energy positron injected in water will form cations and excess electrons even at the end part of the track. And hence, some positrons can form Positronium (Ps) with one of the excess electrons. The electrons in OH and Ps used to be in a same orbital in a water molecule before ionization of that water molecule. Therefore they were singlet at the time of the ionization. Every electron have each own hyperfine coupling constant after ionization. In water, reaction between Ps and OH, such as radical reaction or spin conversion, is possible. Therefore, quantum beats on these reaction can occur and the frequency of quantum beats will indicate the hyperfine coupling constant of OH which depends on the structure around OH. Therefore it is becoming possible to discuss the structure of water and reactivity of OH in the structure.

Journal Articles

Reaction between spin-correlated triplet positronium and OH radical in water

Hirade, Tetsuya

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011022_1 - 011022_3, 2019/03

OH radicals which are very reactive are formed by radiation decomposition in water. The behavior of OH radicals is important in corrosion of materials and reactions in living bodies. Recently, the reaction occurring between positronium (Ps) formed by OH radicals formed at the end of the positron track when positron is incident and positronium (Ps) formed by reaction of excess electrons formed with OH radical formation with the thermo-positron, it is reported that quantum beat occurs due to spin correlation. This quantum beat seems to have a period depending on the hyperfine coupling constant of OH radical. It is thought that the period and intensity of the quantum beat depends on the temperature, and it seems that it reflects the state around the OH radical. From the temperature dependence of the quantum beat detected by the reaction of this spin-correlated OH radical and triplet positronium we will explain what the liquid structure might be.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure in heavy fermion compound UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ through directional Compton profile measurement

Koizumi, Akihisa*; Kubo, Yasunori*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Sakurai, Yoshiharu*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(3), p.034714_1 - 034714_6, 2019/03

 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Nitride fuel cycle, 2; R&D for minor actinides transmutation

Takano, Masahide

NSA/Commentaries, No.24, p.163 - 167, 2019/03

This article summarizes R&D status of the nitride fuel cycle for minor actinides (MA) transmutation. Status of nitride fuel fabrication, material properties and fuel performance code, pyrochemical reprocessing, and nitrogen-15 enrichment are described.

Journal Articles

Novel critical behavior of magnetization in URhSi; Similarities to the uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe$$_2$$ and URhGe

Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji

Physical Review B, 99(9), p.094417_1 - 094417_12, 2019/03

 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We study the critical behavior of dc magnetization in the uranium ferromagnet URhSi around the ferromagnetic phase transition at $$T_{rm C}{,}{sim}{,}$$10 K. The critical exponent $$beta$$ for the spontaneous magnetization below $$T_{rm C}$$, $$gamma$$ for the magnetic susceptibility, and $$delta$$ for the magnetic isotherm at $$T_{rm C}$$ have been determined as $$beta$$ = 0.300 $$pm$$ 0.002, $$gamma$$ = 1.00 $$pm$$ 0.02, and $$delta$$ = 4.32 $$pm$$ 0.04 by the scaling analysis and the critical isotherm analysis. Magnetization has strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in the ferromagnetic state of URhSi. However, the universality class of the critical phenomenon does not belong to the 3D Ising system ($$beta$$ = 0.325, $$gamma$$ = 1.241, and $$delta$$ = 4.82). The obtained exponents in URhSi are similar to those in uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe$$_2$$ and URhGe. We discuss the static and dynamical magnetic properties of URhSi in comparison with those in UGe$$_2$$, URhGe and UCoGe.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen gas measurements of phosphate cement irradiated during heat treatment

Irisawa, Keita; Kudo, Isamu*; Taniguchi, Takumi; Namiki, Masahiro*; Osugi, Takeshi; Nakazawa, Osamu

QST-M-16; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2017, P. 63, 2019/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Micro-PIXE analysis study of ferrite products synthesized from simulated radioactive liquid waste containing chemical hazardous elements

Abe, Tomohisa; Shimazaki, Takejiro; Osugi, Takeshi; Nakazawa, Osamu; Yamada, Naoto*; Yuri, Yosuke*; Sato, Takahiro*

QST-M-16; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2017, P. 140, 2019/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Influence of ultrasonic irradiation on cesium retention ability of biotite

Arisaka, Makoto

JAEA-Research 2018-014, 27 Pages, 2019/02


Influence of ultrasonic irradiation on cesium (Cs) retention ability of biotite was examined in order to support of management of wastes generated by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident. Suspensions of Cs exchanged biotite were ultrasonically irradiated at three frequencies of 200, 430, and 950 kHz. The concentration of Cs in the aqueous phase increased, when the irradiation frequency of the ultrasonic is 430 kHz, compared with that without irradiation. This result means decrease of Cs retention ability of biotite. In addition, we observed two phenomena, that (i) the stability of suspension decreased after ultrasonic irradiation and (ii) the Cs concentration continued to increase after the irradiation. However, phenomena were hardly reproducible with a limited of experiments.

Journal Articles

Determination of $$^{107}$$Pd in Pd purified by selective precipitation from spent nuclear fuel by laser ablation ICP-MS

Asai, Shiho; Ohata, Masaki*; Yomogida, Takumi; Saeki, Morihisa*; Oba, Hironori*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 411(5), p.973 - 983, 2019/02

 Percentile:100(Biochemical Research Methods)

Determination of radiopalladium $$^{107}$$Pd is required for ensuring the radiation safety of Pd extracted from spent nuclear fuel for recycling or disposal. We employed laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) to simplify an analytical procedure of $$^{107}$$Pd. Pd was separated through selective Pd precipitation reaction from spent nuclear fuel. Laser ablation allows direct measurement of the Pd precipitates, skipping the dissolution and dilution procedure. In this study, $$^{102}$$Pd in natural Pd standard solution was used as an internal standard, taking advantage of its absence in spent nuclear fuel. The Pd precipitate was uniformly embedded on the surface of the centrifugal filter, forming a microscopically thin flat surface of Pd. The resulting homogeneous Pd layer is suitable for obtaining a stable signal ratio of $$^{107}$$Pd/$$^{102}$$Pd. The amount of $$^{107}$$Pd obtained by LA-ICP-MS corresponds to the values obtained by conventional solution nebulization measurement.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and electrical properties of the ternary compound U$$_2$$Ir$$_3$$Si$$_5$$ with one-dimensional uranium zigzag chains

Li, D. X.*; Honda, Fuminori*; Miyake, Atsushi*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Haga, Yoshinori; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; Maurya, A.*; Sato, Yoshiki*; Tokunaga, Masashi*; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(5), p.054408_1 - 054408_9, 2019/02

Journal Articles

High-field phase diagram of the heavy-fermion metal CeIn$$_3$$; Pulsed-field NMR study on single crystals up to 56 T

Tokunaga, Yo; Orlova, A.*; Bruyant, N.*; Aoki, Dai*; Mayaffre, H.*; Kr$"a$mer, S.*; Julien, M.-H.*; Berthier, C.*; Horvati$'c$, M.*; Higa, Nonoka; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(8), p.085142_1 - 085142_5, 2019/02

 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeIn$$_3$$ exhibits a field-induced anomaly associated with Fermi surface reconstruction at $$H^*sim$$ 45 T, well below the antiferromagnetic (AFM) critical field that exceeds 60 T. In order to explore the origin of this anomaly, we have measured $$^{115}$$In NMR spectra in pulsed magnetic fields up to 56 T using high-quality single crystals. To within experimental resolution, we do not detect any change in the NMR spectra that could suggest a modification in either the character of the hyperfine field or the electric field gradient at In sites through $$H^*$$. This strongly suggests that the 45 T anomaly cannot be simply ascribed to a field-induced change in the magnetic structure of the AFM state.

Journal Articles

$$^{239}$$Pu nuclear magnetic resonance in the candidate topological insulator PuB$$_4$$

Dioguardi, A. P.*; Yasuoka, Hiroshi*; Thomas, S. M.*; Sakai, Hironori; Cary, S. K.*; Kozimor, S. A.*; Albrecht-Schmitt, T. E.*; Choi, H. C.*; Zhu, J.-X.*; Thompson, J. D.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035104_1 - 035104_6, 2019/01

 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We present a detailed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study of $$^{239}$$Pu in bulk and powdered single-crystal plutonium tetraboride (PuB$$_4$$), which has recently been investigated as a potential correlated topological insulator. The $$^{239}$$Pu NMR spectra are consistent with axial symmetry of the shift tensor showing for the first time that $$^{239}$$Pu NMR can be observed in an anisotropic environment and up to room temperature. The temperature dependence of the $$^{239}$$Pu shift, combined with a relatively long spin-lattice relaxation time ($$T_1$$), indicate that PuB$$_4$$ adopts a nonmagnetic state with gaplike behavior consistent with our density functional theory calculations. The temperature dependencies of the NMR Knight shift and $$T^{-1}$$ imply bulk gaplike behavior confirming that PuB$$_4$$ is a good candidate topological insulator.

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