Ogi, Hiromichi*; Arai, Yoichi; Aihara, Haruka; Watanabe, So; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori
JAEA-Technology 2021-007, 27 Pages, 2021/06
Chemical Processing Facility (CPF) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing the fast reactor fuel reprocessing and vitrification technology. The various kinds of radioactive liquid wastes, which were generated by those experiments and analysis, stored in the hot cells and glove boxes of CPF. The treatment of radioactive liquid wastes were started since July 2015; however, treatment of several kinds of liquid wastes are revealed to be difficult due to contain the various hazardous chemicals. Therefore, in order to establish the new technology suitable for radioactive liquid waste treatment, several collaborative research programs with several universities and national research organizations were started. The combined project lead by JAEA was named to be STRAD (Systematic Treatments of Radioactive liquid wastes for Decommissioning) project. In this project, the process flow for treatment of several actual liquid wastes were established. In this report, treated method and progress of actual liquid wastes of CPF are summarized.
Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Ono, Shimpei; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Fumiya*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Hagura, Naoto*; Kubota, Toshio*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 477, p.54 - 59, 2020/08
Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Ono, Shimpei; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Fumiya*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Kubota, Toshio*
QST-M-23; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2018, P. 59, 2020/03
Watanabe, So; Senzaki, Tatsuya; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Nakatani, Kiyoharu*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Horiuchi, Yusuke*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(3), p.1273 - 1277, 2019/12
Baron, P.*; Cornet, S. M.*; Collins, E. D.*; DeAngelis, G.*; Del Cul, G.*; Fedorov, Y.*; Glatz, J. P.*; Ignatiev, V.*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Khaperskaya, A.*; et al.
Progress in Nuclear Energy, 117, p.103091_1 - 103091_24, 2019/11
The results of an international review of separation processes for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) recycling in future closed fuel cycles with the evaluation of Technology Readiness Level are reported. This study was made by the Expert Group on Fuel Recycling Chemistry (EGFRC) organised by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). A unique feature of this study was that processes were classified according to a hierarchy of separations aimed at different elements within spent fuel (uranium; uranium-plutonium co-recovery; minor actinides; high heat generating radionuclides) and also the Head-end processes, used to prepare the SNF for chemical separation, were included. Separation processes covered both wet (hydrometallurgical) and dry (pyro-chemical) processes.
Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Arai, Yoichi; Aihara, Haruka; Motoyama, Risa; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Kajinami, Akihiko*
Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.66 - 70, 2019/09
A wide variety of hazardous and radioactive liquid waste has generated derived from an advanced aqueous separation experiments in the Chemical Processing Facility. Therefore, they should be stabilized for the safety handling and management. In this study, we report a precipitation or an oxidation for hazardous materials, a solvent extraction for recovery of nuclear materials, and a concentration of solution by a freeze-drying method.
Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori
International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(4), p.191 - 194, 2019/04
High level radioactive solid waste is reduced the volume or stabilized in the Chemical Processing Facility in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. A plastic product is molten with a heating mantle and reduced the volume. A non-flammable such as metal is cut with a band saw machine for reducing the volume. A used adsorbent in the extraction chromatograph process was heated with an electric furnace using non-radioactive materials, and the experimental result suggests that organic materials in the used adsorbent were decomposed stably.
Nomura, Kazunori; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Shibata, Atsuhiro
International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(5), p.209 - 212, 2019/00
Nakahara, Masaumi; Sano, Yuichi; Nomura, Kazunori; Takeuchi, Masayuki
Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 51(3), p.237 - 242, 2018/03
For evaluating the Pu partitioning behavior under the condition of high Pu concentration in the feed solution by the acid split method, the counter current experiment was carried out. The Pu content in the U/Pu product was 1.51 times higher than that in the feed solution. In the Pu partitioning section, Pu polymerization and third phase formation were observed, and the operation of centrifugal contactors was stable.
Sano, Yuichi; Watanabe, So; Nakahara, Masaumi; Aihara, Haruka; Takeuchi, Masayuki
Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference (GLOBAL 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2017/09
JAEA has been promoting MA recycle project using a FR fuel cycle named as SmART cycle concept. The SmART cycle contains the recovery of all actinides, in which total amount of MA is estimated to around 1-2g, at CPF from the FR Joyo spent fuel, the fabrication of MA bearing MOX fuel pellets and pins at AGF with recovered actinides, and the irradiation test of the fabricated fuels at the Joyo. In this paper, recent activities on actinides recovery in CPF, which will make a significant contribution to the SmART cycle, were summarized.
Tada, Kohei; Kitawaki, Shinichi; Watanabe, So; Aihara, Haruka; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori
Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference (GLOBAL 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 3 Pages, 2017/09
Radioactive liquid waste containing chloride ion (Cl) is generated by chemical analysis for process control of pyroprocessing. To realize discharging this liquid waste to the sea, it's necessary to carry out the process in order to separate Cl and recover U, Pu. This study carried out a combination of the AgCl precipitation method and extraction chromatography method to separate Cl and recover U, Pu. The result of precipitation test showed that U and Pu didn't occur the co-precipitation after the test. The result of solid phase extraction test showed that 95% of Pu was successfully recovered from the liquid waste. It was difficult to analyze radioactivity about U because the concentration of U is not enough. These results showed that these process has the feasibility of the discharging the liquid waste to the sea.
Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 23(2), p.201 - 202, 2016/12
This paper reports an overview of a planed session, "How is the ability of the waste form glass?; Current status of the performance assessment of the waste form glass in the geological disposal system", held by the NUCE in 2016 AESJ Fall Meeting. Five panelists respectively introduced case studies and/or aspects from the view point of performance assessment, current status in the world including Japan, basic sciences and computation sciences.
Aihara, Haruka; Arai, Yoichi; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Takeuchi, Masayuki
Procedia Chemistry, 21, p.279 - 284, 2016/12
Watanabe, So; Nomura, Kazunori; Kitawaki, Shinichi; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Kofuji, Hirohide; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki
Procedia Chemistry, 21, p.101 - 108, 2016/12
Takeuchi, Masayuki; Aihara, Haruka; Nakahara, Masaumi; Tanaka, Kotaro*
Procedia Chemistry, 21, p.182 - 189, 2016/12
A simulation technology with electrolyte thermodynamic model has been developed to evaluate the precipitation behavior in reprocessing solution based on nitric acid solution. The simulation results were compared with the experiment data from non-radioactive simulated HLLW with ten elements and Pu-Zr-Mo solution, and the reliability of the thermodynamic model was verified. Most of the precipitation species was zirconium molybdate hydrate from the both data. It is demonstrated that the chemical species and amount of the precipitation calculated by thermodynamic model reflected well that of experiments. This study has shown the thermodynamic simulation model is one of the useful tools to estimate the behavior of precipitation from the reprocessing solution.
Aihara, Haruka; Kitawaki, Shinichi; Nomura, Kazunori; Taguchi, Katsuya
Proceedings of 21st International Conference & Exhibition; Nuclear Fuel Cycle for a Low-Carbon Future (GLOBAL 2015) (USB Flash Drive), p.1076 - 1083, 2015/09
Yamagishi, Isao; Odakura, Makoto; Ichige, Yoshiaki; Kuroha, Mitsuhiko; Takano, Masahide; Akabori, Mitsuo; Yoshioka, Masahiro*
Proceedings of 21st International Conference & Exhibition; Nuclear Fuel Cycle for a Low-Carbon Future (GLOBAL 2015) (USB Flash Drive), p.1113 - 1119, 2015/09
The characteristics of insoluble residues in fine suspension at the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant were analyzed. The insoluble residues were washed with oxalic acid solution to dissolve zirconium molybdate residues. XRD profiles of unwashed residues showed the presence of a noble metal alloy, zirconium molybdate, and zirconia, but zirconium molybdate was not found after washing. More than 50% of the Sb-125 and Pu in thee residues was washed out as well. The noble metal alloy composed of Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, and Pd occupied more than 90% of the total weight of 12 elements (Ca, Cr, Fe, Ni, Zr, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd, Te, and U) found in the residues. In consideration of the chemical forms of 12 elements, the alloy-to-residue weight ratio was evaluated to be 64% and 78% with and without 18% of an unknown component, respectively.
Washiya, Tadahiro; Yano, Kimihiko; Kaji, Naoya; Yamada, Seiya*; Kamiya, Masayoshi
Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05
On March 11, 2011, a severe nuclear accident occurred at Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO)'s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (hereinafter called as F1). After the accident, the Council for the Decommissioning was established, mainly by the government and TEPCO, and a road map for the F1 decommissioning was drawn up. In the road map, the fuel debris removal from the reactors is scheduled to launch around 2020. In this study, the characteristics and technological issues of each potential treatment scenario were extracted, and the scenarios were prioritized in advance of formal evaluations in the future. The preliminary evaluation results show that long term storage and direct disposal have more positive aspects in terms of economic efficiency and radioactive waste generation. On the other hand, stabilizing processing, aqueous processing, and pyrochemical processing have been estimated to have more disadvantages in such aspects.
Nakahara, Masaumi; Koma, Yoshikazu; Nakajima, Yasuo
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 50(11), p.1062 - 1070, 2013/11
The acid split method for Pu partitioning without reductant was investigated for improving nuclear proliferation resistance, safety, and cost. A practical acid split flow sheet was configured using a extraction calculation code, and countercurrent experiment was carried out based on their calculation results. 0.15 mol/dm HNO was supplied at 21C for the Pu stripping. The Pu content of the U/Pu product increased to 2.28 times larger than that of the feed solution. In addition, the Pu leakage to the U product was 0.47%. The experimental results indicate that the proposed flow sheet is effective for fast reactor fuel reprocessing.
Nakayoshi, Akira; Kitawaki, Shinichi; Fukushima, Mineo; Murakami, Tsuyoshi*; Kurata, Masaki
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 441(1-3), p.468 - 472, 2013/10
Electrorefining is one of the main steps of pyroreprocessing where spent nuclear fuels are recycled. Electrorefining is conducted in a molten salt of LiCl-KCl eutectic (59:41 mol%) containing actinide chlorides (AnCl) at 773 K. In order to operate and maintain the electrorefiner, it is necessary to accumulate fundamental data on LiCl-KCl-AnCl salt such as the melting point. In this study, based on X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis, a partial phase diagram of (LiCl-KCl)eut.-UCl pseudo-binary system and partial phase diagram of LiCl-KCl-UCl system were developed, which UCl concentration was up to 20 mol%.