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Migration mechanisms of $$^{237}$$Np and $$^{241}$$Am through loess media

黄土層中における$$^{237}$$Np及び$$^{241}$$Amの移行メカニズム

田中 忠夫 ; 向井 雅之 ; 前田 敏克; 松本 潤子 ; 小川 弘道; Li, Z.*; Wang, X.*; Fan, Z.*; Guo, L.*; Liu, C.*

Tanaka, Tadao; Mukai, Masayuki; Maeda, Toshikatsu; Matsumoto, Junko; Ogawa, Hiromichi; Li, Z.*; Wang, X.*; Fan, Z.*; Guo, L.*; Liu, C.*

中国山西省から採取した黄土中における$$^{237}$$Np(V)及び$$^{241}$$Am(III)の移行実験をカラムシステムで実施するとともに、NpとAmの黄土への吸着メカニズムを溶媒抽出法で調べた。カラムへ流入したNpのほとんどはカラム流入端に吸着し、その吸着は表面錯体形成に基づくことがわかった。また、黄土層中におけるNpの移行は分配係数モデルでおおむね評価できることを示した。一方、Amは流入液中で粒子状化学種を形成し、移行する間に黄土層によって捕獲されることがわかった。そのような粒子状Am化学種の移行は濾過理論で説明できることを示した。

Migration experiments of $$^{237}$$Np(V) and $$^{241}$$Am(III) have been performed using a column system, to investigate migration behavior of Np and Am through a column packed with loess, taken from Shanxi, China. Adsorption mechanisms of Np and Am on the loess were examined by a chemical extraction method. In the case of the Np, most of Np adsorbed on the influent edge of the column. The Np adsorbed on the loess was mainly controlled by surface complexation. However, the migration of Np in the loess media could be roughly evaluated by using the distribution coefficient. In the case of the Am, particulate Am species was formed in the influent solution and moved in the column. The Am adsorbed on the loess was controlled by irreversible reactions. The migration behavior of particulate Am in the loess media could be expressed by the filtration theory.

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パーセンタイル:26.72

分野:Chemistry, Analytical

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