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Measurement of radioactivity induced by GeV-protons and spallation neutrons using AGS accelerator

AGS加速器を使ったGeV領域の陽子と核破砕中性子による誘導放射能の測定

春日井 好己 ; 甲斐 哲也  ; 前川 藤夫 ; 中島 宏; 高田 弘  ; 今野 力 ; 沼尻 正晴*; 猪野 隆*; 高橋 一智*

Kasugai, Yoshimi; Kai, Tetsuya; Maekawa, Fujio; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Takada, Hiroshi; Konno, Chikara; Numajiri, Masaharu*; Ino, Takashi*; Takahashi, Kazutoshi*

ブルックヘブン国立研究所のAGS(Alternative Gradient Synchrotron)加速器を使って、2.83, 24GeVの陽子及びそれら陽子が水銀ターゲットに入射し発生する核破砕中性子による誘導放射能の測定実験を行った。ホウ素,炭素,アルミ,鉄,銅,ニオブ,酸化水銀,鉛,ビスマス,アクリル,SUS316,Inconel-625及びInconel-718の試料を水銀ターゲットの周りで照射した。照射後、冷却時間2時間から200日において、それぞれの試料の放射能をHPGe検出器で測定した。測定した$$gamma$$線スペクトルから90以上の放射性核種を同定し、それらの放射能データを得た。このレポートは、これらの実験手順,データ処理及び測定結果をまとめたものである。

Measurement of radioactivity induced by high-energy protons with energy of 2.83 and 24 GeV and spallation neutrons produced by bombarding a mercury target with the high-energy protons were performed by using the AGS (Alternative Gradient Synchrotron) accelerator at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The samples of boron, carbon, aluminum, iron, copper, niobium, mercury-oxide, lead, bismuth, acrylic resin, SS-316, Inconel-625 and Inconel-718 were irradiated around the mercury target. After the irradiation, the radioactivity of each sample was measured by using HPGe detectors at the cooling time between 2 h and 200 d. In the processing of the measured $$gamma$$-ray spectra, more than 90 radioactive nucleus were identified, and the radioactivity data were obtained. This report gives the experimental procedure, the data processing and the experimental results in detail.

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