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Behavior of irradiated PWR fuel under simulated RIA conditions; Results of the NSRR tests GK-1 and GK-2

反応度事故模擬条件下における照射済PWR燃料の挙動; NSRR GK-1及びGK-2実験結果

笹島 栄夫; 杉山 智之; 中村 武彦*; 更田 豊志

Sasajima, Hideo; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Nakamura, Takehiko*; Fuketa, Toyoshi

本報告書は、安全性試験研究炉(NSRR)において実施した反応度事故模擬実験、GK-1及びGK-2の結果についてまとめたものである。実験は、九州電力(株)玄海1号機で燃料燃焼度42.1MWd/kgUまで照射された14$$times$$14型PWR燃料に対して行った。計装を施した試験燃料棒を二重カプセルに装荷し、NSRRにおいて0.1MPa, 293Kの静止水冷却条件下でパルス照射実験を実施した。GK-1実験の発熱量は505J/g、燃料エンタルピは389J/g、GK-2実験の発熱量は490J/g、燃料エンタルピは377J/gに達した。被覆管表面ではDNBが生じ、最高温度はGK-1で589K、GK-2で569Kに達した。パルス照射後の被覆管径方向最大残留歪みはGK-1で2.7%、GK-2で1.2%となったが、燃料棒破損には至らなかった。パルス照射中の燃料棒内自由空間への核分裂ガス放出率はGK-1で11.7%、GK-2で7.0%であった。

Results from power burst tests, GK-1 and GK-2, conducted at the NSRR, are summarized. The tests were performed on a 14$$times$$14 PWR fuel rod irradiated to a burnup of 42 MWd/kgU in the Genkai unit #1 of Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc. The instrumented test fuel rod in a double-container-type capsule was subjected to the pulse-irradiation with stagnant water cooling condition at 0.1 MPa and 293 K. Deposited energy and peak fuel enthalpy were 505 J/g and 389 J/g in the Test GK-1, and 490 J/g and 377 J/g in the Test GK-2, respectively. During the pulse-irradiations, DNB occurred and the cladding surface temperature reached 581 K and 569 K in the Tests GK-1 and -2, respectively. The maximum cladding hoop strain was 2.7% in the Test GK-1 and 1.2% in the Test GK-2. However, the test fuel rods did not fail. Estimated fission gas releases during the pulse-irradiations were 11.7% and 7.0% in the Tests GK-1 and -2, respectively.

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