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原子力発電所の廃止措置に関する施設特性と廃止措置費用に及ぼす影響評価

Characterization of the nuclear power plants in decommissioning program and influence evaluation on decommissioning costs

水越 清治; 大島 総一郎; 島田 太郎

Mizukoshi, Seiji; Oshima, Soichiro; Shimada, Taro

原子力発電所の廃止措置における解体計画や廃棄物管理計画の観点から米国原子力規制委員会(NRC)が作成したNUREG報告書の110万KWe級参考原子力発電所の機器・構造物重量や放射能特性等の廃止措置に関する基本データを分類,整理し、国内商業用原子力発電所やJPDRと比較,検討した。その結果、参考原子力発電所(BWR)の機器・構造物重量データは国内商業用原子力発電所(BWR)に比べて放射性機器・構造物重量で約28,000トン、非放射性の建屋構造物重量で約124,000トン少ないこと、また、これらの重量の差異が廃止措置費用のおもに解体撤去費用に影響していることが明らかになった。さらに、参考原子力発電所のコンクリートの元素組成割合は放射化に影響を及ぼすB, Ni, Nb等の元素組成割合が国内商業用原子力発電所(PWR)やJPDRとの間で1桁以上の差異があること,これらの元素組成割合の差異は放射能濃度で2$$sim$$3倍程度の差異となり、廃止措置費用のおもに、輸送,処分費に影響を及ぼすことが明らかになった。

The radiological and physical characteristic on decommissioning, such as component and structure weights and radioactivity of the 1.1 MWe class reference nuclear power plants summarized in the NUREG reports of the US NRC were classified,arranged and compared with the domestic commercial nuclear power plants and JPDR from a view point of dismantling plan and waste management for decommissioning. As the results, it was found that the radioactive component and structure weights was about 28,000ton、and non-radioactive structure weights was about 124,000ton less than the domestic commercial BWR. And it was found that this differences has mainly influenced dismantling costs for decommissioning. Farther, it was found that the concrete element composition rates of B, Ni, Nb and so were differerence of one or more figures btween the reference nuclear power plants and the domestic commercial PWR or JPDR.Also,it was found that the this difference became about two or three times by radioactivity concentration and has mainly influenced transport and disposal costs for decommissioning.

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