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Study on safety evaluation for nuclear fuel cycle facility under accident conditions

事故時の核燃料サイクル施設に対する安全性評価研究

阿部 仁 ; 田代 信介 ; 森田 泰治 

Abe, Hitoshi; Tashiro, Shinsuke; Morita, Yasuji

核燃料サイクル施設の総合的な安全性を評価するためには、放射性物質の放出挙動評価のためのソースタームデータが必要である。本報ではおもにTRACYで取得してきた溶液燃料臨界事故時に対するソースタームデータについて報告する。過渡臨界後約4.5時間の時点におけるヨウ素の放出割合は、過渡臨界直後に調整トランジェント棒を溶液燃料に再挿入した場合で約0.2%、調整トランジェント棒を挿入せず臨界状態を継続させた場合で約0.9%であった。また、逆炉周期が約100(1/s)の場合で、Xe-141の放出割合は90%以上であった。さらに、現在計画中の火災事故に対する研究計画についても言及する。

Source term data for estimating release behavior of radioactive nuclides is necessary to evaluate synthetic safety of nuclear fuel cycle facility under accident conditions, such as fire and criticality. In JAERI, the data has been obtained by performing some demonstration tests. In this paper, the data for the criticality accident in fuel solution obtained from the TRACY experiment, will be mainly reviewed. At 4.5 h after the transient criticality, the release ratio of the iodine were about 0.2% for re-insertion of transient rod at just after transient criticality and about 0.9% for not re-insertion. Similarly the release coefficient and release ratio for Xe were estimated. It was proved that the release ratio of Xe-141 from the solution was over 90% in case that the inverse period was over about 100 (1/s). Furthermore, outline of the study on the fire accident as future plan will be also mentioned.

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