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Report No.
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Design study on core characteristics of sodium cooled fast reactors; Mixed oxide fuel cores

Yamadate, Megumi; Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki; Naganuma, Masayuki ; Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Takaki, Naoyuki

Phase-II of the Feasibility Study on Commercialized Fast Reactor Cycle System in Japan (F/S) has been started since April 2001 and the design studies of various FR and recycle concepts are being conducted. In this report the JFY2001 studies of sodium cooled FR with mixed oxide fuel are summarized. The main results are as following. (1) Large scale reactors (1,500 MWe) (a) As for the large scale homogeneous ABLE type fuel core, we aimed to improve the effective average burn-up (that includes contribution of blankets) in order to reduce the fuel cycle cost. The specifications of Phase-I core and fuel were modified, which results in reducing the numbers of radial blanket sub-assemblies. As a result, the effective average burn-up was improved from 63 GWd/t to 77GWd/t. (b) As for the inner-duct sub-assembly core, the thickness of inner-duct was decided according to the evaluation of inner-duct expansion. As a result, the core reveals greater burn-up swing by about 0.6% $$Delta$$k/kk' than that of the ABLE type fuel core. (c) As for the heterogeneous core, the inner-blanket shuffling concept was studied in order to improve the effective average burn-up and the thermal hydraulic characteristics, As a result, though the breeding ratio decreases in some extent, the possible improvement is obtained in the effective average burn-up (from 56 GWd/t to 80 GWd/t) and core thermal hydraulic design. (2) Medium scale reactors (500 MWe) (a) As for the medium scale core, with the aim of an attractive core concept the high internal conversion ration core was studied. As a result, the obtained typical core concept reveals around 1.05 of breeding ratio with core diameter 10% greater than conventional one and without radial blanket. The core achieves over 100 GWd/t of the effective average burn-up with the potential capability of long operation cycle.

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